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Bridges, Hon. Styles, chairman, Appropriations Committee, United
Columbia, United States Senate.
tion of Labor
House of Representatives.
250 260 88
30 16su 2127
XL 3/99 31150-160 HLE
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1948
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:15 a.m. in the committee room, Senate Office Building, Senator George D. Aiken (chairman of the committee) presiding.
Present: Senators Aiken, Thye, McClellan, and Hoey.
This is a hearing of the full Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments on the subject of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. The act, Public Law 601 of the Seventy-ninth Congress, provides in section 102 (1) g (2) (C)such committee shall have the duty of
evaluating the effects of laws enacted to reorganize the legislative and executive branches of the Government. The act is, of course, the reorganization of the legislative branch. A copy will be included in the record of the hearing at the conclusion of my statement.
The act went into effect on the first day of the first session of the Eightieth Congress and many people consider it to be the most thoroughgoing reorganization which Congress has ever attempted. We have now had one full year of operation under the act and it is desirable that we take stock of our position; that we determine wherein the act has been effective; and that we attempt to strengthen it in the places where it may be weak. That is the purpose of these hearings.
We wish to develop every side of the questions which will be raised and we shall have testimony from both major political parties, from congressional leaders, from committee chairmen, and from outside experts who have studied the effectiveness of the act without becoming enmeshed in its day-to-day operations. It is anticipated that hearings will be held today, tomorrow, and Wednesday, and that they will then be adjourned to February 17, at which time we hope to hear from Senator La Follette, who was one of the two authors of the act, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and others who cannot appear this week. At the conclusion of the hearings, the committee will consider the recommendations which it will wish to make to the Senate.
This morning we are concerned with the broad aspects of the Legislative Reorganization Act and have invited the leaders of the Senate majority and minority parties to testify, along with Mr.
Robert Heller of Cleveland, Ohio. Senator Barkley is unable to be
We are glad to have you with us, Senator. We would like to have your ideas as to where the Reorganization Act may be weak and how it can be strengthened so as to permit a better functioning of the legislative processes.
(The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, Public Law 601, 79th Cong., is as follows:)
[PUBLIC LAW 601-79TH CONGRESS]
That (a) this Act, divided into titles and sections according to the following table of contents, may be cited as the “Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946":
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE I-CHANGES IN RULES OF SENATE AND HOUSE Sec. 101. Rule-making power of the Senate and House.
PART 1-STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE
Sec. 102. Standing committees of the Senate.
Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.
Committee on Rules and Administration.
PART 2-RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Sec. 121. Standing committees of the House of Representatives.
Committee on Agriculture.
Committee on Ways and Means.
TABLE OF CONTENTS-Continued
TITLE 1-CHANGES IN RULES OF SENATE AND HOUSE-Continued
PART 3- PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO BOTH HOUSES
Sec. 131. Private bills banned.
PART 1-STATUTORY PROVISIONS RELATING TO CONGRESSIONAL PERSONNEL
Sec. 201. Increase in compensation for certain Congressional officers.
PART 2-STATUTORY PROVISIONS RELATING TO COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS
Sec. 221. Improvement of Congressional Record.
PART 3-PROVISIONS RELATING TO CAPITOL AND PAGES
Sec. 241. Remodeling of caucus rooms and restaurants.
TITLE III-REGULATIONS OF LOBBYING ACT
TITLE IV-FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS Act
PART 1-SHORT TITLE AND DEFINITIONS
Sec. 401. Short title.
PART 2- ADMINISTRATIVE ADJUSTMENT OF TORT CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
Sec. 403. Claims of $1,000 or less.
PART 3-SUITS ON TORT CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
Sec. 410, Jurisdiction.
PART 4-PROVISIONS COMMON TO PART 2 AND PART 3
Sec. 420. One year statute of limitations.