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when they shall have originated in the Senate, to the President of the United States in person, and report the fact and date of such presentation to the Senate. Such committee shall also have the duty of assigning office space in the Senate Wing of the Capitol and in the Senate Office Building.
“(3) Each standing committee shall continue and have the power to act until their successors are appointed.
“(3) Each standing committec is authorized to fix the number of its members (but not less than one-third of its entire membership) who shall constitute a quorum thereof for the transaction of such business as may be considered by said committee, subject to the provisions of section 133 (d) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946.
“(4) Each Senator shall serve on two standing committees and no more; except that Senators of the majoirty party who are members of the Committee on the District of Columbia or of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments may serve on three standing committees and no more.”
SEC. 103. Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended to read as follows:
“AMENDMENTS TO APPROPRIATION BILLS “1. All general appropriation bills shall be referred to the Committee on Appropriations, and no amendments shall be received to any general appropriation bill the effect of which will be to increase an appropriation already contained in the bill, or to add a new item of appropriation, unless it be made to carry out the provisions of some existing law, or treaty stipulation, or Act, or resolution previously passed by the Senate during that session; or unless the same be moved by direction of a standing or select committee of the Senate, or proposed in pursuance of an estimate submitted in accordance with law.
“2. The Committee on Appropriations shall not report an appropriation bill containing amendments proposing new or general legislation or any restriction on the expenditure of the funds appropriated which proposes a limitation not authorized by law if such restriction is to take effect or cease to be effective upon the happening of a contingency, and if an appropriation bill is reported to the Senate containing amendments proposing new or general legislation or any such restriction, a point of order may be made against the bill, and if the point is sustained, the bill shall be recommitted to the Committee on Appropriations.
“3. All amendments to general appropriation bills moved by direction of a standing or select committee of the Senate, proposing to increase an appropriation already contained in the bill, or to add new items of appropriation, shall, at least one day before they are considered, be referred to the Committee on Appropriations, and when actually proposed to the bill no amendment proposing to increase the amount stated in such amendment shall be received; in like manner, amendments proposing new items of appropriation to river and harbor bills, establishing post roads, or proposing new post roads, shall, before being considered, be referred to the Committee on Public Works.
“4. No amendment which proposes general legislation shall be received to any general appropriation bill, nor shall any amendment not germane or relevant to the subject matter contained in the bill be received; nor shall any amendment to any item or clause of such bill be received which does not directly relate thereto; nor shall any restriction on the expenditure of the funds appropriated which proposes a limitation not authorized by law be received if such restriction is to take effect or cease to be effective upon the happening of a contingency; and all questions of relevancy of amendments under this rule, when raised, shall be submitted to the Senate and be decided without debate; and any such amendment or restriction to a general appropriation bill may be laid on the table without prejudice to the bill.
“5. No amendment, the object of which is to provide for a private claim, shall be received to any general appropriation bill, unless it be to carry out the provisions of an existing law or a treaty stipulation, which shall be cited on the face of the amendment.
“6. (a) Three members of the following-named committees, to be selected by their respective committees, shall be ex officio members of the Committee on Appropriations, to serve on said committee when the annual appropriation bill
making appropriations for the purposes specified in the following table opposite the name of the committee is being considered by the Committee on Appropriations: Name of Committee
Purpose of Appropriation Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. For the Department of Agriculture. Committee on Civil Service
For the Post Office Department. Committee on Armed Services... For the Department of War; for the
Department of the Navy. Committee on the District of Columbia. For the District of Columbia. Committee on Public Works...
For Rivers and Harbors. Committee on Foreign Relations. For the Diplomatic and Consular Service.
“(b) At least one member of each committee enumerated in subparagraph (a), to be selected by his or their respective committees, shall be a member of any conference committee appointed to confer with the House upon the annual appropriation bill making appropriations for the purposes specified in the foregoing table opposite the name of his or their respective committee.
"7. When a point of order is made against any restriction on the expenditure of funds appropriated in a general appropriation bill on the ground that the restriction violates this rule, the rule shall be construed strictly and, in case of doubt, in favor of the point of order."
PART 2-RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEC. 121. (a) Rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives is amended to read as follows:
“(a) There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Congress, the following standing committees:
“1. Committee on Agriculture, to consist of twenty-seven Members. “2. Committee on Appropriations, to consist of forty-three Members. "3. Committee on Armed Services, to consist of thirty-three Members. “4. Committee on Banking and Currency, to consist of twenty-seven Members. "5. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, to consist of twenty-five Members.
“6. Committee on the District of Columbia, to consist of twenty-five Members. “7. Committee on Education and Labor, to consist of twenty-five Members.
“8. Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments, to consist of twenty-five Members
“9. Committee on Foreign Affairs, to consist of twenty-five Members. “10. Committee on House Administration, to consist of twenty-five Members.
“11. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to consist of twentyseven Members.
“12. Committee on the Judiciary, to consist of twenty-seven Members. “13. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, to consist of twenty-five Members.
“14. Committee on Public Lands, to consist of twenty-five Members. “15. Committee on Public Works, to consist of twenty-seven Members. “16. Committee on Rules, to consist of twelve Members. "17. Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. “18. Committee on Veterans' Affairs, to consist of twenty-seven Members. “19. Committee on Ways and Means, to consist of twenty-five Members.
"(b) (1) The Speaker shall appoint all select and conference committees which shall be ordered by the House from time to time.
“(2) At the commencement of each Congress, the House shall elect as chairman of each standing committee one of the Members thereof; in the temporary absence of the chairman, the Member next in rank in the order named in the election of the committee, and so on, as often as the case shall happen, shall act as chairman; and in case of a permanent vacancy in the chairmanship of any such committee the House shall elect another chairman.
"(3) All vacancies in standing committees in the House shall be filled by election by the House. Each Member shall be elected to serve on one standing committee and no more; except that Members who are elected to serve on the
Committee on the District of Columbia or on the Committee on Un-American Activities may be elected to serve on two standing committees and no more, and Members of the majority party who are elected to serve on the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments or on the Committee on House Administration may be elected to serve on two standing committees and no more."
(b) Rule XI of the Rules of the House of Representatives is amended to read as follows:
“POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES
“(1) All proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the subjects listed under the standing committees named below shall be referred to such committees, respectively: Provided, That unless otherwise provided herein, any matter within the juridsiction of a standing committee prior to January 2, 1947, shall remain subject to the jurisdiction of that committee or of the consolidated committee succeeding generally to the jurisdiction of that committee.
“(a) Committee on Agriculture.
“4. Adulteration of seeds, insect pests, and protection of birds and animals in forest reserves.
"5. Agricultural colleges and experiment stations.
“6. Forestry in general, and forest reserves other than those created from the public domain.
“7. Agricultural economics and research.
“16. Agricultural production and marketing and stabilization of prices of agricultural products.
“17. Crop insurance and soil conservation.
"5. Pay, promotion, retirement, and other benefits and privileges of members of the armed forces.
“6. Selective service. "7. Size and composition of the Army and Navy. “8. Forts, arsenals, military reservations, and navy yards. “9. Ammunition depots. “10. Conservation, development, and use of naval petroleum and oil shale "11. Strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense. "12. Scientific research and development in support of the armed services. “(d) Committee on Banking and Currency. "1. Banking and currency generally.
"2. Financial aid to commerce and industry, other than matters relating to such aid which are specifically assigned to other committees under this rule.
“3. Deposit insurance.
"9. Control of prices of commodities, rents, or services.
“2. The status of officers and employees of the United States, including their compensation, classification, and retirement.
“3. The postal service generally, including the railway mail service, and measures relating to ocean mail and pneumatic-tube service; but excluding post roads.
“4. Postal-savings banks.
“1. All measures relating to the municipal affairs of the District of Columbia in general, other than appropriations therefor, including—
12. Puhlic health and safety, sanitation, and quarantine regulations. “3. Regulation of sale of intoxicating liquors. “4. Adulteration of food and drugs. "5. Taxes and tax sales. “6. Insurance, executors, administrators, wills, and divorce. “7. Municipal and juvenile courts. “8. Incorporation and organization of societies. “9. Municipal code and amendments to the criminal and corporation laws. “(g) Committee on Education and Labor. "1. Measures relating to education or labor generally. “2. Mediation and arbitration of labor disputes. “3. Wages and hours of labor.
“4. Convict labor and the entry of goods made by convicts into interstate commerce.
“5. Regulation or prevention of importation of foreign laborers under contract. “6. Child labor. 67. Labor statistics. “8. Labor standards. "9. School-lunch program. "10. Vocational rehabilitation. “11. United States Employees' Compensation Commission.
“12. Columbia Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind; Howard University; Freedmen's Hospital; and Saint Elizabeths Hospital.
“13. Welfare of miners.
“(A) receiving and examining reports of the Comptroller General of the United States and of submitting such recommendations to the House as it deems necessary or desirable in connection with the subject matter of such reports;
"(B) studying the operation of Government activities at all levels with a view to determining its economy and efficiency;
“(C) evaluating the effects of laws enacted to reorganize the legislative and executive branches of the Government;
"(D) studying intergovernmental relationships between the United States and the States and municipalities, and between the United States and inter
national organizations of which the United States is a member. “(i) Committee on Foreign Affairs. : "1. Relations of the United States with foreign nations generally.
“2. Establishment of boundary lines between the United States and foreign nations.
"3. Protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation.
“9. Acquisition of land and buildings for embassies and legations in foreign countries.
“10. Measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard American business interests abroad.
“11. United Nations Organization and international financial and monetary organizations.
"12. Foreign loans.
“(A) Employment of persons by the House, including clerks for Members and committees, and reporters of debates.
“(B) Expenditure of the contingent fund of the House.
“(C) The auditing and settling of all accounts which may be charged to the contingent fund.
“(D) Measures relating to accounts of the House generally. “(E) Appropriations from the contingent fund.
“(F) Measures relating to services to the House, including the House Restaurant and administration of the House Office Buildings and of the House wing of the Capitol.
“(G) Measures relating to the travel of Members of the House.
“(H) Measures relating to the assignment of office space for Members and committees.
“(I) Measures relating to the disposition of useless executive papers.
"(J) Except as provided in paragraph (o) 8, matters relating to the Library of Congress and the House Library; statuary and pictures; acceptance or purchase of works of art for the Capitol; the Botanic Gardens; management of the Library of Congress; purchase of books and manuscripts; erection of monuments to the memory of individuals.
“(K) Except as provided in paragraph (o) 8, matters relating to the Smithsonian Institution and the incorporation of similar institutions.
“(L) Matters relating to printing and correction of the Congressional Record.
"(M) Measures relating to the election of the President, Vice President, or Members of Congress; corrupt practices; contested elections; credentials and qualifications; and Federal elections generally. “(2) Such committee shall also have the duty of
“(A) examining all bills, amendments, and joint resolution after passage by the House; and in cooperation with the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, of examining all bills and joint resolutions which shall have passed both Houses, to see that they are correctly enrolled; and when signed by the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate, shall forthwith present the same, when they shall have originated in the House, to the President of the United States in person, and report the fact and date of such presentation to the House;
“(B) reporting to the Sergeant at Arms of the House the travel of Members of the House;
"(C) arranging a suitable program for each day observed by the House of Representatives as a memorial day in memory of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives who have died during the preceding period, and to arrange for the publication
of the proceedings thereof. “(k) Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. “1. Interstate and foreign commerce generally.
“2. Regulation of interstate and foreign transportation, except transportation by water not subject to the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
“3. Regulation of interstate and foreign communications.
“6. Interstate oil, compacts; and petroleum and natural gas, except on the public lands.
“7. Securities and exchanges.
“8. Regulation of interstate transmission of power, except the installation of connections between Government water power projects.
“9. Railroad labor and railroad retirement and unemployment, except revenue measures relating thereto.
“10. Public health and quarantine. “11. Inland waterways.
“12. Bureau of Standards, standardization of weights and measures, and the metric system.
“(1) Committee on the Judiciary.