Page images
PDF
EPUB

ber cannot be safely spared out of the same; in which case, they shall raise, officer, clothe, arm and equip, as many of such extra number, as they judge can be safely spared ; and the officers and men, so clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled. The United States in Congress assembled, shall never engage in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal, in time of peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and expenses necessary for the defence and welfare of the United States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor agree upon the number of vessels of war to be built or purchased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a Commander in Chief of the Army or Navy, unless nine States assent to the same ; nor shall a question on any other point, except for adjourning from day to day, be determined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States in Congress assembled. The Congress of the United States shall have power to adjourn to any time within the year, and to any place within the United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer duration than the space of six months, and shall publish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof relating to Treaties, Alliances, or Military Operations, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the delegates of each State, on any question, shall be entered on the Jourmal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the delegates of a State, or any of them, at his or their request, shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the Legislatures of the several States. ART. X. The Committee of the States, or any nine of them, shall be authorised to execute, in the recess of Congress, such of the powers of Congress as the United States in Congress assembled, by the consent of nine States, shall from time to time think expedient to vest them with ; provided that no power be delegated to the C

[ocr errors]

said Committee, for the exercise of which, by the Arti-
cles of Confederation, the voice of nine States, in the
Congress of the United States assembled, is requisite.
ART. XI. Canada acceding to this Confederation, and
joining in the measures of the United States, shall be
admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this
Union ; but no other Colony shall be admitted into the
same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine States.
ART. XII. All Bills of Credit emitted, Monies borrow-
ed and Debts contracted by, or under the authority of
Congress, before the assembling of the United States, in
pursuance of the present Confederation, shall be deemed
and considered as a charge against the United States;
for payment and satisfaction whereof, the said United
States, and the public faith, are hereby solemly pledged.
ART. XIII. Every State shall abide by the determin-
ation of the United States in Congress assembled, on all
questions which by this Confederation are submitted to
them. And the Articles of this Confederation shall be
inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall
be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time here-
after be made in any of them, unless such alteration
be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and
be afterwards confirmed by the Legislatures of every
State.
These Articles shall be proposed to the Legislatures of all
the United States, to be considered, and if approved by
them, they are advised to authorise their Delegates to
ratify the same in the Congress of the United States;
which being done the same shall become conclusive.
By order of Congress,
HENRY LAURENS, PRESIDENT.

[ocr errors]

THE

CONSTITUTION
OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

WITH THE AMENDMENTS THERETO. --><>

CONSTITUTIONT.

WE, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, Do or DAIN AND EstabLISH this CONSTITUTION for the UNITED STATEs of AMERICA.

ARTICLE I.

Sec. 1. ALL Legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives. SEc. 2. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term often years, in such manner as they shall by law direct.

The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative ; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New-Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations, one ; Connecticut, five ; NewYork, six; New-Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, one ; Maryland, six ; Virginia, ten ; North-Carolina, five; South-Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. - The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. SEc. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. The Vice-President of the United States shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall exercise the office of president of the United States. .

The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice shall preside: and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit, under the United States ; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law. Sec. 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof: But the congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators. The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. Sec. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum, to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house may provide. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question, shall at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting. SEc. 6. The senators and representatives shall receive a compensation for their o to be ascertained by

« PreviousContinue »