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CHAPTER XI.

GENERAL OFFICERS AND AIDS.

Par.

Par.

350b

General officers of the line and

Generals and lieutenant genstaff 350a erals, number----

3500 Increase in number of general

Same-Pay and allowances_---- 350e officers of the line----Same-Officers eligible for ap

pointment as, in time of peace--

3500 350a. General officers of the line and staff.Officers commissioned to and holding in the Army the office of a general officer shall hereafter be known as general oslicers of the line; officers commissioned to and holding in the Army an office other than that of a general officer, but to which the rank of a general officer is attached, shall be known as general officers of the staff. Sec. 4, Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 167).

350b. Increase in number of general officers of line.-The number of general officers of the line now authorized by law is hereby increased by four major generals and nineteen brigadier generals. Id.

350c. Same-Officers eligible for appointment as, in time of peace.—Hereafter in time of peace major generals of the line shall be appointed from officers of the grade of brigadier general of the line, and brigadier generals of the line shall be appointed from officers of the grade of colonel of the line of the Regular Army. Id.

5500. Generals and lieutenants general, number.-Section eight of the act entitled “An act to authorize the President to increase temporarily the military establishment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917, shall be held and construed to authorize the President, in accordance with the provisons of said act and for the period of the existing emergency only, to appoint as generals the Chief of Staff and the commander of the United States forces in France; and as lieutenant general each commander of an army or army corps organized as authorized by existing laws. Sec. 3, Act of Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 410).

(For section 8, act of May 18, 1917, authorizing the temporary appointment of general officers in the National Army and for filling vacancies in the Regular Army resulting from such appointments, see pars. 1603 and 1664, post.)

350e. Same-Pay and allowances.—The pay of the grades of general and lieutenant general shall be $10,000 and $9,000 a year, respectively, with allowances appropriate to said grades as determined by the Secretary of War. Id., 411.

(For the ensuing provisions of this section see pars. 352a and 373a, post.)

CHAPTER XII.

RANK AND COMMAND-TACTICAL AND TERRITORIAL

ORGANIZATIONS.

l'ar.

Par. Relative rank of Navy and

Pay to clerks, messengers, and Army officers

352a laborers at headquarters of Relative rank — Commissioned

several territorial departservice in Marine Corps to

ments, territorial districts, be considered in determining- 353a tactical divisions, and briComposition of brigades, divi

gades, service schools, and sions, and corps.

356a office of the Chief of Staff --- 362a Brigade, division, and corps or

Same--Increased pay for forganizations may be increased

eign service, employment of or decreased

356) Filipinos, assignment to duty Composition of regiments not to

in War Department.

362b be increased nor number of

Ileadquarters clerks to be regiments decreased

3360 known as Ariny field clerks; Additional machine-gun compa

rates of pay for; subject to nies for Infantry and Cavalry

Articles of War.--

302c brigades and divisions_------ 3.5601 Same--Employed and assigned Armored motor-car machine-gun

by Secretary of War; not to companies for divisions; com

be assigned to duty in War position of.-350e Department

3020 352a. Relative rank of Navy and Army officers.-- Brigadier generals of the Army shall hereafter rank relatively with rear admirals cf the lower half of the grade. Sec. 3, Act of Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 411).

(For the preceding provisions of this section see pars, 2500 and 250e, aute, and for the ensuing provision see par 373a, post.)

353a. Relative rank-Commissioned service in Marine Corps to be considered in determining. Any second lieutenant of the United States Marine Corps who may have been appointed second lieutenant of artillery since the second day of February, nineteen hundred and one, and prior to the passage of this Act, shall, in determining his lineal and relative rank, be entitled to the same credit for prior commissioned service as a lieutenant of volunteers appointed under the Act entitled " An Act to increase the efficiency of the permanent Military Establishment of the United States," approved February 54208°--18-6

81

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second, nineteen hundred and one. Act of Dec. 20, 1904 (33 Stat. 595).

356a. Composition of brigades, divisions, and corps.—The mobile troops of the Regular Army of the United States shall be organized, as far as practicable, into brigades and divisions. The President is authorized, in time of actual or threatened hostilities, or when in his opinion the interests of the public service demand it, to organize the brigades and divisions into such Army corps or armies as may be necessary. The typical Infantry brigade shall consist of a headquarters and three regiments of Infantry. The typical Cavalry brigade shall consist of a headquarters and three regiments of Cavalry. The typical Field Artillery brigade shall consist of a headquarters and three regiments of Field Artillery. The typical Infantry division shall consist of a headquarters, three Infantry brigades, one regiment of Cavalry, one Field Artillery brigade, one regiment of Engineers, one field signal battalion, one aero squadron, one ammunition train, one supply train, one engineer train, and one sanitary train. The typical Cavalry division shall consist of a headquarters, three Cavalry brigades, one regiment of Field Artillery (horse), one battalion of mounted Engineers, one field signal battalion (mounted), one aero squadron, one ammunition train, one supply train, one engineer train, and one sanitary train. The typical army corps shall consist of a headquarters, two or more Infantry divisions, one or more Cavalry brigades or a Calvary division, one Field Artillery brigade, one telegraph battalion, and one field signal battalion, and such ammunition, supply, engineer, and sanitary trains as the President may deem necessary. A brigade, a division, an army corps, and an army headquarters shall consist of such oflicers, enlisted men, and civilians as the President may prescribe. Each supply train, ammunition train, sanitary train, and engineer train shall consist of such officers and enlisted men and shall be organized as the President may prescribe, the line officers necessary therewith to be detailed under the provisions of sections twenty-six and twenty-seven, Act of Congress approved February second, nineteen hundred and one. Nothing herein contained, however, shall prevent the President from increasing or decreasing the number of organizations prescribed for the typical brigades, divisions, and army corps, or from prescribing new and different organizations and personnel as the efficiency of the service may require. Sec. 3, act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 166).

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* Held, That in the organization of brigade headquarters the above provision would not authorize the creation of any grade not known to the law, such as a suggested brigade sergeant major, but that the President in the organization of brigade, division, or Army corps headquarters may employ such enlisted men in the grades and within the numerical limits authorized by law, in addition to those required for organizations, as he may determine to be necessary

356b. Brigade, division, and corps organizations may be increased or decreased.The President is authorized to increase or decrease the number of organizations prescribed for the typical brigades, divisions, or army corps of the Regular Army, and to prescribe such new and different organizations and personnel for army corps, divisions, brigades, regiments, battalions, squadrons, companies, troops, and batteries as the efficiency of the service may require. Par. 3, Sec. 1, Act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 76).

(For preceding provisions of this paragraph of section 1, see paragraphs 1630 and 1031.)

356c. Composition of regiments not to be increased nor number of regiments decreased. The number of organizations in a regiment shall not be increased nor shall the number of regiments be decreased. 1d, 77.

356d. Additional machine-gun companies for Infantry and Cavalry brigades and divisions.- The President in his discretion may organize, officer, and equip for each Infantry and Cavalry brigade three machine-gun companies, and for each Infantry and Cavalry division four machine-gun companies, all in addition to the machine-gun companies comprised in organizations included in such brigades and divisions. Id.

356e. Armored motor-car machine-gun companies for divisions, composition of.The President in his discretion may organize for each division one armored motor-car machine-gun company. The machine-gun companies organized under this section shall consist of such commissioned and enlisted personnel and be equipped in such manner as the President may prescribe. Id.

(For the ensuing provision of this paragraph of section 1, see paragraph 1632.)

362a. Pay to clerks, messengers, and laborers at headquarters of several territorial departments, territorial districts, tactical divisions and brigades, service schools, and office of the Chief of Staff.One chief clerk, at the office of the Chief of Staff, $2,250 per annum; three clerks, at $2,000 each per annum; twelve clerks, at $1,800 each per annum; fifteen clerks, at $1,600 each per annum; thirty-eight clerks, at $1,400 each per annum; seventy clerks, at $1,200 each per annum; sixty-five clerks, at $1,000 each per annum; six clerks (Filipinos), at $500 each per annum; one captain of the watch, at $900 per annum; three watchmen, at $720 each per annum; one

for the purpose, and may, therefore, include in the organization of a brigade headquarters as a part thereof and not detailed from any organization a sergeant major with the rank, pay, and allowances of whatever grade of sergeant major he may designate: And further, That he may also include in the organization of a brigade headquarters as personnel thereof and not pertaining to any other organization such enlisted men of other grues authürized by law as he may deem necessary. (War Dept. Bull. 34, Sept. 12, 1916.)

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