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States fails to supply sufficient forage, and the loss is consequent · thereon, or for the loss of necessary equipage, in consequence of the

loss of his horse, shall be allowed and paid the value thereof, not to exceed two hundred dollars. But any payment which is made to any one for the use and risk, or for forage, after the death, loss, or abandonment of his horse, shall be deducted from the value thereof, unless he satisfies the paymaster at the time he makes the payment, or thereafter shows, by proof, that he was remounted, in which case the deduction shall only extend to the time he was on foot. And any payment made to any person above mentioned, on account of clothing to which he is not entitled by law, shall be deducted from the value of his horse or accouterments. Sec. 3482, R. S.

217c. Payment for property lost while in military service. Every person who sustains damage by the capture or destruction by an enemy, or by the abandonment or destruction by the order of the commanding general, the commanding officer, or quartermaster, of any horse, mule, ox, wagon, cart, sleigh, harness, steamboat or other vessel, railroad-engine or railroad-car, while such property is in the military service, either by impressment or contract; or who sustains damage by the death or abandonment and loss of any horse, mule, or ox, while in the service, in consequence of the failure on the part of the United States to furnish the same with sufficient forage, or whose horse, mule, ox, wagon, cart, boat, sleigh, harness, vessel, railroadengine, or railroad-car is lost or destroyed by unavoidable accident while such property is in the service, shall be allowed and paid the value thereof at the time when such property was taken into the service, except in cases where the risk to which the property would be exposed was agreed to be incurred by the owner: Provided, It appears that such loss, capture, abandonment, destruction, or death was without any fault or negligence on the part of the owner of the property, and while the property was actually employed in the service of the United States. Sec. 3483, R. S.

217d. Payment for horses lost by capture. The two preceding sections shall extend to all cases of the loss of horses by any officer, noncommissioned officer, or private in the military service of the United States, while in the line of his duty in such service, by capture by the enemy, whenever it shall appear that such officer, non-commissioned officer, or private was ordered by his superior officer to surrender to the enemy, and such capture was made in pursuance of such surrender. Sec. 3484, R. S.

217e. Payment for condemned horses and equipage.-Whenever any horse is condemned by a board of officers, on account of his unfitness for service, in consequence of the Government failing to supply forage, such horse and his equipage shall be allowed and paid for: Provided, It shall be proven, by satisfactory evidence, whether oral or written, that the condemned horse and the equipage were turned over to a quartermaster of the Army, whether any receipt therefor was given and produced, or not. Sec. 3485, R. S.

217f. Payment to guardian for horse lost by minor in military service.-When any minor engaged in the military service of the United States, and provided with a horse or equipments, or with military accouterments, by his parent or guardian, dies, without paying for the property, and the same is lost, captured, destroyed, or abandoned, in the manner before mentioned, such parent or guardian shall be allowed pay therefor, on making satisfactory proof, as in other cases, and the further proof that he is entitled thereto by having furnished the same. Sec. 3486, R. 8.

217g. Payment to owner for horse furnished and lost in military service.-When any person other than a minor, engaged in the military service, is provided with a horse or equipments, or with military accouterments, by any person, being the owner thereof, who takes the risk of such horse, equipments, or military accouterments, on himself, and the same is lost, captured, destroyed, or abandoned, in the manner before mentioned, such owner shall be allowed pay therefor, on making satisfactory proof, as in other cases, and the further proof that he is entitled thereto, by having furnished the same, and having taken the risk on himself. Sec. 3487, R. S.

218a. T'ime limit for filing claim for arrears of pay, etc., of Volunteers during Civil War.-No claim for arrears of pay, bounty, or other allowances growing out of the service of Volunteers who served in the Army of the United States during the Civil War shall be received or considered by the accounting officers of the Treasury unless filed in the office of the Auditor for the War Department on or before December thirty-first, nineteen hundred and twelve. Act of Dec. 22, 1911 (37 Stat. 49).

218b. Same-Attorneys' fees for prosecution of claims prohibited; penalty.Hereafter no agent or attorney shall demand or accept, for his services in connection with the prosecution of claims for arrears of pay, bounty, or other allowances due on account of the services during the Civil War of an officer or enlisted man of the Regular or Volunteer Armies of the United States, filed after the passage of this Act, any fee for any services rendered in connection therewith. Whoever shall violate this provision upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding five hundred dollars or imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or both, and shall be disbarred from practice before the Treasury Department. Id.

220a. Liability of persons making false claims against United States.-- Any person not in the military or navai forces of the United States, or in the militia called into or actually employed in the service of the United States, who shall do or commit any of the acts prohibited by any of the provisions of section fifty-four hundred and thirtyeight, Title “Crimes," shall forfeit and pay to the United States the sum of two thousand dollars, and, in addition, double the amount of damages which the United States may have sustained by reason of the doing or committing such act, together with the costs of suit; and such forfeiture and damages shall be sued for in the same suit. Sec. 3.490, R. S.

245a. Lost checks--Issuance of duplicates.-Whenever any original check is lost, stolen, or destroyed disbursing officers and agents of the United States are authorized, within three years from the date of such check, to issue a duplicate check, under such regulations in regard to its issue and payment, and upon the execution of such bond, with sureties, to indemnify the United States, and proof of loss of original check, as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe. Sec. 3647, R. S., as amended by act of Mar. 21, 1916 (39 Stat. 37).

CHAPTER VI.

POSTAL LAIS.

Par. Letters written by soldiers, etc.,

in foreign countries to be
transmitted free..

251a Use of mails.

253a-253e Letters, writings, etc., in viola

tion of provisions of act de

clared nonmailable matter--- 253a Same-Opening letters----- 253b Same--Letters, writings, etc., ad

vocating treason, etc., declared
nonmailable------

233c Same-Using, etc., mails or Pos

tal Service for transmission of
matter declared nonmailable

by this title; punishment.---- 2530 Same-Jurisdiction of offense.. 253e Print newspapers or publica

tions in foreign languages,
matters unlawful to be pub-
lished in

253f

Par. Same-Filing translation before mailing

2538 Sa me- Publications nonmailable, when ---

253h Same--Permits to publish.- 253i Same-Copies of permits and

revocations of; publications under permit to bear certificates as to----

253j Punishment for making aslidavit

containing false statement.-- 253k Postmaster General to contract for all envelopes.

251a Same Envelopes for all Gov

ernment service to be contracted for

254b

251a. Letters written by soldiers, etc., in foreign countries to be transmitted free.- Letters written and mailed by soldiers, sailors, and marines assigned to duty in a foreign country engaged in the present war may be mailed free of postage, subject to such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Postmaster General. Sec. 1100, Act of Oct. 3, 1917 (40 Stat. 327).

USE OF MAILS.

253a. Letters, writing, etc., in violation of provisions of Act declared non mailable matter.-Every letter, writing, circular, postal card, picture, print, engraving, photograph, newspaper, pamphlet, book, or other publication, matter or thing, of any kind, in violation of any

of the provisions of this Act is hereby declared to be nonmailable matter and shall not be conveyed in the mails or delivered from

any postoffice or by any letter carrier. Title XII, Sec. 1, Act of June 15, 1919 (40 Stat. 230).

253b. Same-Opening letters.-Nothing in this Act shall be so construed as to authorize any person other than an employee of the Dead Letter Office, duly authorized thereto, or other person upon a search warrant authorized by law, to open any letter not addressed to himself. Id.

(See paragraphs 1425e and 1425f, post, as to censorship of communications by mail, etc., under the “Trading with the Enemy Act” of October 6, 1917.)

253c. Same-Letters, writings, etc., advocating treason, etc., declared nonmailable.-Every letter, writing, circular, postal card, picture, print, engraving, photograph, newspaper, pamphlet, book, or other publication, matter or thing, of any kind, containing any matter advocating or urging treason, insurrection, or forcible resistance to any law of the United States, is hereby declared to be nonmailable. Sec. 2, Id.

253d. Same-Using, etc., mails or Postal Service for transmission of matter declared nonmailable by this title; punishment.-Whoever shall use or attempt to use the mails or Postal Service of the United States for the transmission of any matter declared by this title to be nonmailable, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. Sec. 3, Id.

253e. Same-Jurisdiction of offense. Any person violating any provision of this title may be tried and punished either in the district in which the unlawful matter or publication was mailed, or to which it was carried by mail for delivery according to the direction thereon, or in which it was caused to be delivered by mail to the person to whom it was addressed. Id, 231.

(For general provisions of this act applicable to this title, see paragraphs 1475r-1475u.)

253f. Print, newspapers or publications in foreign languages, matters unlawful to be published in.-Ten days after the approval of this Act and until the end of the war, it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, corporation, or association, to print, publish, or circulate, or cause to be printed, published, or circulated in any foreign language, any news item, editorial or other printed matter, respecting the Government of the United States, or of any nation engaged in the present war, its policies, international relations, the state or conduct of the war, or any matter relating thereto. Sec. 19, Act of Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat., 425).

253g. Same-Filing translation before mailing.–This section shall not apply to any print, newspaper, or publication where the publisher or distributor thereof, on or before offering the same for mailing, or in any manner distributing it to the public, has filed with the postmaster at the place of publication, in the form of an affidavit, a true

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