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fault or neglect upon the part of the person to whom it is issued, the Secretary of War shall cause a new rosette or knot to be issued to such person without charge therefor. Id.

1584. Same-Penalty for unauthorized wearing of.--Any person who is not an enlisted man of the Enlisted Reserve Corps and shall not have participated in at least one encampment for the military instruction of citizens, conducted under the auspices of the War Department, and who shall wear such rosette or knot shall be guilty of misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not exceeding $300, or imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both. ld.

1585. Assignment of members to organizations of Regular Army or organization of into units or detachments of any arm, etc.—The President is authorized to assign meinbers of the Enlisted Reserve Corps as reserves to particular organizations of the Regular Army, or to organize the Enlisted Reserve Corps, or any part thereof, into units or detachments of any arm, corps, or department in such manner as he may prescribe, and to assign to such units and detachments oflicers of the Regular Army or of the Officers' Reserve Corps, herein provided for. Id.

1586. May be ordered to active service annually for purpose of instruction or training.--To the extent provided from time to time by appropriations the Secretary of War may order enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps to active service for purposes of instruction or training for periods not to exceed fifteen days in any one calendar

year. 1d.

1587. Same-Periods of active service may be extended with consent of cnlisted men. With the consent of such enlisted men and within the limits of funds available for such purposes, such periods of active service may be extended for such number of enlisted men as may be deemed necessary. Id., 196.

1588. Same-Pay and allowances while in active service.-Enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps shall receive the pay and allowances of their respective grades, but only when ordered into active service, including the time required for actual travel from their homes to the places to which ordered and return to their homes. Id.

"The question was submitted whether enlisted men of the Aviation Section, Signal Enlísical Reserve Corps, are entitled to increased pay when on duty requiring them to participate regularly and frequently in aerial flihts.

Hold, that they are so entitleil, under the same conditions as are enlisted men of the Regular Army on such dury, for the re:son that sertion 3 of the act of July 18, 1914 (38 Stat., 514), creating the Aviation Sertion of the Signal Corps and prescribing the personnel, provides that ench aviation enlisted man shull receive additional pay when on such duty: anul sertion 13. national lefense art, only repeals inconsistent provisions of the prior low, leaving this provision in forre; and section 55), national defense act. provides that members of the Eulistel Reserve Corps, when in active servire." shall be entitled to the piny and allowances of the corresponding grades of the Regular Army," etc. (War Dept. Bull. 54, Sept. 20, 1917.)

1589. Not entitled to retirement or retirement pay; pensional:le status.-Said enlisted men shall not be entitled to retirement or re. tirement pay, nor shall they be entitled to pensions except for physical disability incurred in line of duty while in active service or while traveling under orders of competent authority to or from designated places of duty. Id.

1590. Uniform to be same as for enlisted men of Regular Army and to be issued in kind. The uniform to be worn by enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, except corps insignia, shall be the same as prescribed for enlisted men of the Regular Army Reserve, and that in lieu of any money allowance for clothing there shall be issued to each enlisted man of the Enlisted Reserve Corps in time of peace such articles of clothing and equipment as the President may direct. Id.

1591. Same--Clothing or other equipment to remain property of United States.---Any clothing or other equipment issued to any enlisted man of the said corps shall remain the property of the United States, and in case of loss or destruction of any article, the article co lost or destroyed shall be replaced by issue to the enlisted man and the value thereof deducted from any pay due or to become due him, unless it shall be made to appear that such loss or destruction was 210t due to neglect or other fault on his part. Id.

1592. Same-Unserviceable to be replaced.—Any clothing or other equipment issued to enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps which shall have become unserviceable through ordinary wear and tear in the service of the United States shall be received back by the United States and serviceable like articles issued in lieu thereof. Id.

1593. Arms, clothing, and equipment issued to be accounted for on discharge.-When enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps shall be discharged or otherwise separated from the service, all arms, equipage, clothing, and other property issued to them shall be accounted for under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War. Id.

1594. Enlisted men ordered to active service subject to rules and articles of war.-Any enlisted man of the Enlisted Reserve Corps crdered to active service or for purposes of instruction or training shall, from the time he is required by the terms of the order to obey the same, be subject to the laws and regulations for the government of the Army of the United States. Id.

1595. May be discharged when services no longer required or for misconduct.The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to discharge any enlisted member of the Enlisted Reserve Corps when his services shall be no longer required, or when he shall have by misconduct unfitted himself for further service in the said corps. Id.

1596. Certificate of enlistment forfeited, in addition to other punishment, for failure to obey order assigning to active duty.-Any enlisted man of said corps who shall be ordered upon active duty as herein provided and who shall willfully fail to comply with the terms of the order so given him shall, in addition to any other penalty to which he may be subject, forfeit his certificate of enlistment. Id.

1597. In time of actual or threatened hostilities may be ordered to active duty with Regular Army.- In time of actual or threatened hostilities the President may order the Enlisted Reserve Corps, in such numbers and at such times as may be considered necessary, to active service with the Regular Army, and while on such service members of said corps shall exercise command appropriate to their several grades and rank in the organizations to which they shall be assigned and shall be entitled to the pay and allowances of the corresponding grades in the Regular Army, with increase of pay for length of service as now allowed by law for the Regular Army. Id.

1598. Same-May be mustered into the volunteer service with grades held in their corps.—Upon a call by the President for a volunteer force the members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps may be mustered into the service of the United States as volunteers for duty with the Army in the grades held by them in the said corps, and shall be entitled to the pay and allowances of the corresponding grades in the Regular Army, with increase of pay for length of service, as now provided by law for the Regular Army. Id.

1599. Same-Certificate of enlistment does not give vested right to be 80 mustered.-Enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps shall not acquire by virtue of issuance of certificates of enlistment to them a vested right to be mustered into the volunteer service of the United States. Id., 197.

CHAPTER XLI.

PLANTS FOR MANUFACTURE OF ARJIS, AMMUNI. TION, AND SUPPLIES-BOARDS AND COUNCIL OF NA. TIOXAL DEFENSE, ETC.

Par. Plants for manufacture of arms,

ammunition, and supplies. 1600–1604 Purchase of products of, in time

of actual or threatened war.. 1600 Same-On refusal of plant to Oll

orders Goverument may take possession; penalty imposed on manufacturers for noncompliance

1601 Same-Compensation or rental

for use of plant to be fair and just

1602 List of private arms and ammu

nition plants, showing capacity, etc --

1603 SameList of private manufac

turing plants capable of being transformed into ammunition fuctories, with plans for such transformation----

1601 Board on Mobilizatiou of Indus

tries Essential to Military Preparedness.--

1603 Board to investigate Govern

ment manufacture of arms,

munitions, and equipment---- 1606 Procurement of gauges, dies,

tools, drawings, etc., for inanufacture of arms and ammuni. nition

1607 Same-May be purchased without advertisement..

1608 Same --Appropriation for pur

chase of, for manufacture of ammunition -

1609 Same--Appropriation for pur

chase of, for manufacture of arius.

1610

Par. Same-Appropriation for pur

chase of, for manufacture of Field Artillery ammunition

for National Guard -------- 1611 Cooperation of departments,

bureaus, and Council of National Defense in standardiz. ing and testing standard

gauges, screw threads, etc.--- 1611a Procurement of rights to ipven.

tions for control by radiodynamic energy of movement of torpedoes -

1612 Same-Acquisition conditional

op favorable report of board

of Arnsy and Navy officers.-- 1613 Commissioner of Patents, in

event of contract, to issue patents to United States cover

ing the inventions, etc.----- 1614 Sime-lustallation of one radio

dynamic torpedo unit, pro

vided rights are required.-- 1015 Same-Inventions important to

armament or defense of United States

1616 Keeping secret inventions, and

withholding grant of patent

therefor during time of war. 1610a Inventions abandoned, when--- 1610b Compensation to patentee for

use of inventions tendered to Government

1616c Council of Vitional Defense. 1617-1621 Composition and purpose of ---- 1617 Same-Appointment, composi

tion, and duties of advisory commission

1618

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