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CHAPTER XXII.

THE SIGNAL CORPS.

of

Par. Composition of, and details to

the Aviation Section---- 879a Increase of commissioned and

enlisted strength, including Aviation Section

879b Same Temporary officers, appointment, etc

879c Same-Examination prior to appointment, promotion, or detail

8790 Same-Appointment by Presi

dent, and by President with
consent of Senate.

879e Appointment of general officers

for, including Aviation Section---

879f Vacancies in Regular Army,

etc., from temporary appoint

ments in Signal Corps.---- 879g Pay, allowances, etc., of tem

porary officers and enlisted men of same as for corresponding grades in Regular Army

8791 Present authorized strength of

Regular or National Army
not to be decreased.---

879i Ollicers' and Enlisted Reserve

Corps of Aviation Section, pay, etc..

879j Same-Payments to be made

by disbursing officers, Quartermaster Corps ---

879k Exchange of typewriters and adding machines

883a Aviation Section----- 889a-889u Created, duties, etc

889a Same-Officers and enlisted

men provided for to be additional to regular corps allotment.

889b

Par. Same-Details from line offi

cers, tour of service, and re

detail of proficient aviators-- 8890 Sane--Aviation students, selec

tion, tour of service, etc.; no vacancies created by such detachment.--

8890 Same-Details not compulsory in time of peace---

889e Same-Assignment to cease if

officer is inefficient, etc------ 889f Same-Aviation officers rated,

junior military aviators, etc-- 8899 Same-Rating, increased grade

and pay of junior military
aviators, aviation students,
etc

889h Same-Personnel enlisted

men, rating of aviation mechanician

8891 Sane--Instruction in art of fly

ing, and increase of pay-- 889j Saune-Qualification certificates

required, examinations for, etc

889k Same--Issue of certificates of qualification -

8891 Same--Service as aviation stu

dents prior to detail, rating requirements for military aviators, etc.---

8S9m Same-Payments in case of death from accident.--

889n Aviation officers, ratings of and qualifications for ---

8890 Same-Rank and pay of ---- 889p Same-Increased pay and al

lowances authorized in act of March 2, 1913, repealed.----- 889q

Par.

Par. Married officers of line of Army

Consolidation of appropriation eligible for detail to aviation

for National Advisory Comduty; enlisted men of avia

mittee for Aeronautics.---- 889ii tion section to be instructed

Increase in Aviation Section, ratin art of flying----

889r ings of aviation officers ---- 899jj Age of officer not a bar to origi

Same-Length of service for ratnal detail, and neither age

ings of military aviator and nor rank a bar to subsequent

military aeronaut; exception. 889kk details

8898 Same--Increase in rank and pay Aviator, Signal Corps, appoint

of aviation officers.--

88311 ment of qualified civilians as. 8891 Same-Increased pay while on Same--Pay and provision for

duty requiring aerial flights. 889mm discharge of.-

889u Rating of enlisted men in AviaAdvisory Committee for Aero

tion Section ---

889nn nautics --8891-889aa SameIncrease of pay-

88900 Composition of

889v

Purchase, manufacture, etc., of Same-No compensation for

airships, guns, equipment, members

889w
buildings, etc.---

-- 899pp Same-Duty to supervise re

Same-Establishment of aviasearch, etc

889x
tion stations, etc..

88999 Same-Rules of conduct for.-- 889y Public lands for temporary barSame--Appropriation for ex

racks, quarters, hospitals, and perimental work, etc.

8892
other buildings, etc----

SS9rr Same-Annual report to include

Purchase, etc., of special clothitemized statement of expend

ing, apparel, and equipment 889ss itures

889aa

Expenses of officers, etc., on esAppropriation for purchase,

pecial aviation duty at home manufacture, etc., of airships

and abroad.----

889tt and other aerial machines for

Same-Special course in foreign the Aviation Section------ 889bb

aviation schools and manufacAj propriation for payment of

turing establishments

889uu officers and enlisted men of

Development of suitable types of the Aviation Section, Officers'

aviation engines, etc--------- 889vv Reserve Corps and Enlisted

Plants, etc., for manufacture of Reserve Corps, when called

airplanes, aircraft, engines, into active service

889cc
etc----

889ww Appropriation for development

Instructions to aviation students of suitable type of aviation

at technical schools and colmotor.--

889dd
leges---

8S9xx Secretary of War to receive offi

Mileage to officers and enlisted cers and enlisted men of Coast

men of foreign armies serving Guard for instruction in avia

with the Aviation Section --- 889yy tion at aviation schools -- 889ee Appropriation for carrying into Obtaining basic patents for man

effect provisions of act------

88922 ufacture and development of

Aircraft Board------- 889aaa-889iii aircraft ---

889ff Purpose for which created ---- 889aaa Same--Purchase arrangements SameCompensation of board advantageous to Government

and appointment of its chairmay be entered into------ 889gg man and civilian members... 889bbb Same--Bond to be required

Same-Tenure of board and ofwhere validity of patents is in

fice of its members; compenlitigation

889hh sation of civilian members.-- 889cce

Par.

Par, Same-Supervise and direct

Same-Age limits for draft.--- 800e purchase, manufacture, etc., of

Same-Grades of chauffeur, first aircraft, and equipment, etc. 889ddd class, and chauffeur created.- 8901 Same--May make recommenda

Same-Pay and allowances of tions as to contracts------ 889eee chauffeurs.---

890; Same-Employment of clerks,

Same-Rank of chauffeurs.-- 890h technical advisers, etc.; pay

Organization into divisions, of

889fff brigades, regiments, etc.----- 890i Same-Rent offices, purchase Same-Organization of headequipment and supplies, ad.

quarters and headquarters deministrative expenses, etc.,

tachments --

890j fund for.--

889ggg Collection of forwarding charges Same-Duplication of existing

due connecting commercial or office or organization ------ 889hhh radio companies for transmisSame-Annual report to Con

sion of Government business; gress of salaries paid to clerks

vouchers and claims for. and employees

880i | Property returns to be made Enlisted force, composition of.. 890a semiannually

901a Same-Organization of

into

Settlement of accounts between companies, battalions, and

other bureaus of War Departaero squadrons

890b ment, etc., and the Signal Lime-May be mounted.--- 8900 Corps

901b Increase in enlisted men by enlistment or cruft...

8000

---- 898a

THE SIGNAL CORPS.

879a. Composition of and details to the Aviation Section.-The Signal Corps shall consist of one Chief Signal Officer, with the rank of brigadier general; three colonels; eight lieutenant colonels; ten majors; thirty captains; seventy-five first lieutenants; and the Aviation Section, which shall consist of one colonel; one lieutenant colonel; eight majors; twenty-four captains; and one hundred and fourteen first lieutenants, who shall be selected from among officers of the Army at large of corresponding grades or from among officers of the grade below, exclusive of those serving by detail in staff corps or departments, who are qualified as military aviators, and shall be detailed to serve as aviation officers for periods of four years unless sooner relieved; and the provisions of section twenty-seven of the Act of Congress approved February second, nineteen hundred and one, are hereby extended to apply to said aviation officers and to vacancies created in any arm, corps, or department of the Army by the detail of said officers therefrom; but nothing in said Act or in any other law now in force shall be held to prevent the detail or redetail at any time, to fill a vacancy among the aviation oflicers au

* For provision in section 3, Act of October 6, 1917, giving the Chief Signal Officer the rank, pay, and allowances of major general, see paragraph 373, ante.

thorized by this Act, of any officer who, during prior service as an aviation officer of the Aviation Section, shall have become proficient in military aviation. Sec. 13, Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 174).

(For the ensuing provision of this section see paragraph 8890.)

879b. Increase of commissioned and enlisted strength, including Aviation Section.-For and during the existing emergency, the President be, and is hereby, authorized to increase the present authorized commissioned and enlisted strength of the Signal Corps of the Army, including the Aviation Section thereof. Sec. 1, Act of July 24, 1917 (40 Stat. 243).

879c. SameTemporary officers, appointment, etc.To provide the additional commissioned personnel required by this Act the President is authorized to promote, appoint, detail, or attach as temporary officers in the Signal Corps, including the Aviation Section thereof, officers of the Regular Army, National Army, or National Guard, or the Officers' Reserve Corps, or to appoint temporarily enlisted men of the Regular Army, enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, or persons from civil life. Sec. 2, id.

879d. Same-Examination prior to appointment, promotion or detail.—No person shall be so promoted, appointed, detailed, or attached until he shall have been found physically, mentally, and morally qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of War. 1d.

879e. Same-Appointment by President, and by President with consent of Senate.-Officers with rank not above colonel shall be appointed and commissioned by the President alone, irrespective of the rank or grade held by them on the date of the passage of this Act, and that oflicers above the grade of colonel shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, irrespective of the rank or grade held by them on the date of the passage of this Act. Id.

(For sections 3 and 4 of this act see paragraphs 8900-890j, post.)

879f. Appointment of general officers for, including Aviation SectionThe President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, is authorized to appoint for the period of the existing emergency such general officers of appropriate grades as may be necessary for staff duty and for duty with such brigades and divisions of the troops of the Signal Corps, including the Aviation Section thereof, as may be organized by the President. Sec. 5, Id., 244.

879g. Vacancies in Regular Army, etc., from temporary appointments to Signal Corps.-Vacancies in all grades of the Regular Army, National Army, or National Guard resulting from the temporary appointment of officers thereof to higher grades shall be filled or vacated as provided for in sections eight and nine of the

* See paragraphs 1663–1667, post.

Act authorizing the President to increase temporarily the military establishment of the United States and approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen. Id.

(For section 6 and 7 of this act see paragraphs 889jj-88900, post.)

879h. Pay, allowances, etc., of temporary officers and enlisted men same as for corresponding grades in Regular Army. All officers and enlisted men of the temporary forces of the Signal Corps, including the Aviation Section thereof provided for herein, shall be in all respects on the same footing as to pay, allowances, and pensions as permanent officers and enlisted men of corresponding grades and length of service in the Regular Army. Sec. 8, Id., 245.

879i. Present authorized strength of Regular or National Army not to be decreased.-Nothing in this Act shall operate to decrease the present authorized strength of the Regular Army or National Army heretofore authorized by law. Id.

879j. Officers' and Enlisted Reserve Corps of Aviation Section, pay, etc.-Also to pay and otherwise provide for such officers of the Officers' Reserve Corps of the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps and such enlisted men of the Enlisted Reserve Corps of the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps as may be called into active service and such enlisted men as may be enlisted in the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps under the provisions of section two of the Act to increase temporarily the military establishment of the United States, approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, or any subsequent Act temporarily increasing the commissioned or enlisted personnel of the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps and such civilian employees as may be necessary, for the payment of their traveling and other necessary expenses when not traveling with troops. Sec. 9, Id., 246.

(For the preceding provisions of this section see paragraphs 889pp-S89uu, and 1293h, post, and for the ensuing provisions see paragraphs 889vv--889yy, post.)

879k. Same-Payments to be made by disbursing officers, Quartermaster Corps.--Hereafter all reserve officers and enlisted men of the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps shall be paid by Quartermaster Corps disbursing officers from funds transferred to their credit from Signal Corps appropriations. Id.

(For the ensuing provision of this section see paragraph 8S9vv, post.)

883a. Exchange of typewriters and adding machines.—Hereafter the Signal Corps may exchange typewriters and adding machines in the purchase of similar equipment. Act of Mar. 4, 1915 (38 Stat.

See paragraph 1641, post.

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