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All 69 Stat. 473. c. the opportunity for the residents of the communities to assume the obligations and privileges of local self-government; and

d. the encouragement of the construction of new homes at the communities.

CHAPTER 2. DEFINITIONS

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SEC. 21. DEFINITIONS.—The intent of Congress in the definitions as given in this section should be construed from the words or phrases used in the definitions. As used in this Act

a. The term “Commission" means the Atomic Energy Commission. b. The term "community” means that area at

(1). Oak Ridge, Tennessee, designated on a map on file at the principal office of the Commission, entitled "Minimum Geographic Area, Oak Ridge, Tennessee", bearing the legend "Boundary Line, Minimum Geographic Area, Oak Ridge, Tennessee" and marked "Approved, 21 April 1955, K. D. Nichols, General Manager”; or

(2) Richland, Washington, designated on a map on file at the principal office of the Commission, entitled “Minimum Geographic Area, Richland, Washington”, bearing the legend “Boundary Line, Minimum Geographic Area, Richland, Washington” and marked “Approved, 21 April 1955, K. D. Nichols, General Manager.” c. The term "house" includes the lot on which the house stands.

d. The term “member of a family" means any person who, on the first offering date, resides in the same dwelling unit with one or more of the following relatives (including those having the same relationship through marriage or legal adoption): spouse, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, brother, sister, son, daughter, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first cousin.

ē. The term “mortgage" shall include deeds of trust and such other classes of lien as are given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of real estate under the laws of the State in which the real estate is located.

f. The term "municipal installation" includes, without limitation, schools, hospitals, police and fire protection systems, sewerage and refuse disposal plants, water supply and distribution installations, streets and roads, libraries, parks, playgrounds and recreational means, municipal government buildings, other properties suitable for municipal or comparable local public service purposes, and any fixtures, equipment, or other property appropriate to the operation, maintenance or repair of the foregoing.

g. The term “occupant” means a person who, on the date on which the property in question is first offered for sale, is entitled to residential occupancy of the Government-owned house in question, or of a family dwelling unit in such house, in accordance with a lease or license agreement with the Commission or its property-management contractor.

h. The term "offering date” means the date the property in question is offered for sale.

i. The term “project area” means that area which on the effective date of this Act constitutes the Federal area at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, or Hanford, Washington.

j. The term "project-connected person" means any person who, on the first offering date, is regularly employed at the project area in one of the following capacities :

(1) An officer or employee of the Commission or any of its contractors or subcontractors, or of the United States or any

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All 69 Stat. 474.

agency thereof (including members of the Armed Forces), or of a State or political subdivision or agency thereof;

(2) An officer or employee employed at a school or hospital located in the project area;

(3) A person engaged in or employed in the project area by any professional, commercial, or industrial enterprise occupying premises located in the project area; or

(4) An officer or employee of any church or nonprofit organization occupying premises located in the project area. k. The term “resident” means any person who, on the date on which the property in question is first offered for sale is either

(1) an occupant in a residential unit designated for sale at the community, or

(2) a project-connected person who is entitled, in accordance with' a lease or similar agreement, to residential occupancy of

privately owned rental housing in the community. 1. The term "utility” means any electrical distribution system, any public transportation system, or any public communication system, and any fixtures, equipment, or other property appropriate to the operation, maintenance or repair of the foregoing.

CHAPTER 3. LOTS, APPRAISALS, AND PRICES Sec. 31. Lots.—The Commission is authorized to plat each community immediately upon passage of this Act, or immediately upon the inclusion of the community within the provisions of this Act. The Commission may establish lot boundaries, and realine, divide, or enlarge existing tracts as it deems appropriate.

Sec. 32. APPRAISAL8.—The Commission shall proceed to secure appraisals of all property at the community which is to be sold pursuant to this Act. The appraisals shall be made by the Federal Housing Commissioner or his designee. The Commission shall reimburse the Federal Housing Commissioner for the cost of such appraisals. Appraisals made under this section shall be the appraisals on which the Federal Housing Commissioner may insure any mortgage or loan under the National Housing Act until such time as he finds that the appraisal values generally in the community no longer represent the fair market values of the properties.

Sec. 33. Basis of APPRAISAL.-Except for lots sold pursuant to the provisions of section 57a., the appraised value shall be the current fair market value of the Government's interest in the property.

Sec. 34. POSTING.–Lists showing the appraised value of each parcel of property to be offered for sale to priority purchasers shall, prior to the offering of such property for sale, be made available for public inspection, at reasonable times, at the offices of the Commission at the community. Seo. 35. SALES PRICES.

a. In the sale to priority purchasers of properties on which are located Government-owned single or duplex houses, the sales price shall be the appraised value less a deduction of 15 per centum of the appraised value and less the deductions provided by section 36.

b. In all other cases the sales price to priority purchasers shall be the appraised value less the deductions provided by section 36, except that sales made under sections 53 b. and c. shall be made

at the prices set forth therein. Sec. 36. IMPROVEMENTS.

a. In addition to any other deduction which may be permitted from the sales price for residential property, there shall, upon

All 69 Stat. 475. application by the prospective purchaser, be deducted the amount by which the current fair market value of the Government's interest in the premises is enhanced as a result of improvements to the premises made by, or at the expense of, the prospective purchaser.

b. A junior occupant of a duplex house, which was purchased by the senior occupant, shall, upon application therefor, be entitled to a credit, against the purchase price of any residential property purchased through the exercise of a priority right established under the provisions of section 42, for the amount by which the current fair market value of the Government's interest in the duplex house of which he was an occupant is enhanced as a result of improvements to the premises of such duplex house made by, or at the expense of, the junior occupant.

c. The value of the improvements as specified in subsections 36 a. and b. shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of section 32.

d. Persons purchasing property pursuant to the provisions of section 52, who do not desire to avail themselves of the indemnity provisions contained in sections 63 through 66, shall be entitled to an additional deduction of 10 per centum of the appraised value of the property in addition to any other deduction set forth in this section.

CHAPTER 4. CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY AND

PRIORITIES

SEC. 41. CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY.

a. Immediately upon passage of this Act, the Commission shall classify all real property (including such improvements and such fixtures, equipment and other personal property incident thereto as it may deem appropriate) within each community in accordance with such classifications as shall insure reasonably similar treatment for reasonably similar property. The Classification shall be made by such procedures, consistent with this chapter, as it shall determine.

b. The commission may, but shall not be required to, classify any other real property at or in the vicinity of the community,

whether within or outside of that community. Sec. 42. PRIORITIES.— The Commission shall establish, by rule or regulation, a detailed system of reasonable and fair priority rights applicable to the sale of Government-owned property to private purchasers at each community. The priorities shall

a. be uniform in each class or subclass of property;.

b. give such preference to occupants and project-connected persons and to incoming employees of the Commission, of a contractor, or of a licensee as the Commission finds necessary or desirable, giving due consideration to the following factors:

(1) The retention and recruitment of personnel essential to the atomic energy program;

(2) The minimization of dislocations within the community;

(3) "The expeditious accomplishment of the disposal pro

(4) The desirability of encouraging private firms to locate or remain in the community; c. give the occupant of a Government-owned single family house, and the senior occupant of a duplex house, at least ninety days in which to exercise the first right of priority;

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All 69 Stat. 476.

d. permit persons who have formerly been occupants, projectconnected persons, or inhabitants of the community, upon application therefor, to have such priority as the Commission finds to be fair and equitable; and

e. not impair any rights, including purchase rights, conferred by existing leases and covenants; Sec. 43. TRANSFERABILITY.—No priority shall be transferable, except

a. a husband and wife may exercise a priority in their joint names;

b. a religious organization may exercise the priority which would otherwise belong to its priest, minister, or rabbi, regardless of whether that position happens to be filled at the time of the exercise of the priority;

c. two or more priority holders having a common interest in a building or location may assign their interests to a single assignee; and

d. the Commission may permit such other transfers as it finds to be fair and equitable.

CHAPTER 5. SALES OF PROPERTY FOR PRIVATE USE

Sec. 51. APPLICATION.—The provisions of this chapter shall be made applicable at each community as soon as the Commission makes a finding in writing that there is a reasonable possibility that the Government-owned real property at such community can be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Sec. 52. DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY.

a. The Commission shall offer for disposal all real property (including such improvements thereon and such fixtures, equipment, and other personal property incident thereto as it may deem appropriate) within the community which is presently under lease or license agreement with the Commission or its community management contractor for residential, commercial or industrial, agricultural, church or other nonprofit use, or which, in the opinion of the Commission, is appropriate for such use, other than

(1) structures which in the opinion of the Commission should be removed from the community because of their unsatisfactory type of construction, condition, or location; or

(2) property which in the opinion of the Commission should be transferred pursuant to chapter 7 or chapter 8. b. The Commission may, but shall not be required to, dispose of any other real property at the community, whether within or outside of that community.

c. Such property shall be disposed of on such terms and conditions, consistent with this chapter, as the Commission shall prescribe in the national interest, and without regard to any preferences or priorities whatever except those provided for pursuant to this Act. Transfers by the Commission of such property shall not impair rights under existing leases and covenants, including

any purchase rights therein conferred. SEC. 53. SALES.

a. Where rights of priority have been granted pursuant to the provisions of this Act to Government-owned property, it shall be offered for sale to priority purchaser by giving notice to those eligible for such priority. Such notice shall (1) be in such manner as the Commission shall prescribe, (2) identify the property to be sold, and (3) state the terms and conditions of sale and the date of the offer which, in the case of occupants of single

All 69 Stat. 477. family or duplex houses, shall expire not less than ninety days after the date of the offer.

b. Any property (other than church property) classified for sale under section 41 and offered for sale under section 52, as to which no priority right has been conferred, or as to which all priority rights have expired, shall be advertised for sale to the highest bidder, subject to the right of the Commission to reject any or all bids, and also subject to the right of an occupant of a Government-owned single family or duplex house to buy such house by paying an amount equal to the highest bid. No bid shall be accepted which is below the appraised value or, in the case of Government-owned single and duplex houses is below 85 per centum of the appraised value.

c. As to any property which has not been sold under subsection 53 b. within one year after the first advertisement for sale under subsection 53 b. the Commission may make such disposition, on such terms and conditions, as it may deem appropriate, but the Commission shall give an occupant of a Government-owned single family or duplex house such further opportunity to purchase such house as shall be fair and equitable.

d. Property for use of churches, in respect of which all priority rights have expired, may be disposed of by advertising and competitive bid, or by negotiated sale or other transfer at such prices, terms, and conditions as the Commission shall determine to be

fair and equitable. Sec. 54. CASH SALES.-All sales shall be for cash, and the buyer shall arrange for the necessary financing, except as provided in chapter 6 of this Act.

Sec. 55. FORM AND PROVISIONS OF INSTRUMENTS.-Deeds executed in connection with the disposal of property pursuant to the provisions of this Act

a. shall be as simple as the Commission shall find to be appropriate, and may contain such warranties or covenants of title and other provisions (including any indemnity) as the Commission may deem appropriate;

b. with respect to any dormitories or apartment houses and any property used or to be used for construction of housing developments for rental purposes, may retain or acquire such rights to the Commission to designate the future occupants of part or all of such properties as it may deem appropriate to insure the availability of housing for employees of the Commission and its contractors;

c. may require that the transferee, his heirs, successors, and assigns shall compensate the Commission for any municipal services provided by the Commission at rates which will not be in excess of the average tax for such services in the immediate vicinity of the community; and any amounts due and unpaid for such compensation (together with interest and costs thereon) shall, as of the date on which such amounts become delinquent, be a lien in favor of the United States upon the premises sold by the Commission, though not valid as against any mortgagee, pledgee, purchaser, or judgment creditor until notice thereof has been filed in accordance with the laws of the State in which the property is situated or in the office of the clerk of the United States district court for the judicial district in which the property subject to the lien is situated, if such State has not by law provided for the filing of such notice;

d. in transferring any property pursuant to sections 31 and 52, may impose such restrictions and requirements relating to the

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