The Spirit of Cardinal Newman (Classic Reprint)

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Fb&c Limited, Jan 19, 2018 - 228 pages
Excerpt from The Spirit of Cardinal Newman

Loneliness, or inexplicable aching need, or impulse, or paralysis, of individuals and of multitudes, he passed to the end in such stress of soul that often it grew hard for him to communicate a comfort of which he stood in such sore need himself. Yet the Prophet and the Martyr would fain be an Apostle, too; and across the barriers of style (for to many the very rhetoric, the archaisms, the modernisms of his style are a barrier), of taste (for he loved, defiantly, Oxford; and much Victorianism of culture and of tradition is irremediably his), and even of religious temperature (for to the end he feared lest sights of earth to sin give birth, and bring the tempter near, and could not joy wholeheartedly even in the sunlit hours of May) we feel the yearning, wistful, strong and tempestuous human heart speaking to our own, and our own responds, and we yield to his seduction.

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About the author (2018)

English clergyman John Henry Newman was born on February 21, 1801. He was educated at Trinity College, University of Oxford. He was the leader of the Oxford movement and cardinal after his conversion to the Roman Catholic Church. In 1822, he received an Oriel College fellowship, which was then the highest distinction of Oxford scholarship, and was appointed a tutor at Oriel. Two years later, he became vicar of St. Mary's, the Anglican church of the University of Oxford, and exerted influence on the religious thought through his sermons. When Newman resigned his tutorship in 1832, he made a tour of the Mediterranean region and wrote the hymn "Lead Kindly Light." He was also one of the chief contributors to "Tracts for the Times" (1833-1841), writing 29 papers including "Tract 90", which terminated the series. The final tract was met with opposition because of its claim that the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England are aimed primarily at the abuses of Roman Catholicism. Newman retired from Oxford in 1842 to the village of Littlemore. He spent three years in seclusion and resigned his post as vicar of St. Mary's on October 9, 1845. During this time, he wrote a retraction of his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church and after writing his "Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine," he became a Roman Catholic. The following year, he went to Rome and was ordained a priest and entered the Congregation of the Oratory. The remainder of Newman's life was spent in the house of the Oratory that he established near Birmingham. He also served as rector of a Roman Catholic university that the bishops of Ireland were trying to establish in Dublin from 1854-1858. While there, he delivered a series of lectures that were later published as "The Idea of a University Defined" (1873), which says the function of a university is the training of the mind instead of the giving of practical information. In 1864, Newman published "Apologia pro Vita Sua (Apology for His Life)" in response to the charge that Roman Catholicism was indifferent to the truth. It is an account of his spiritual development and regarded as both a religious autobiography and English prose. Newman also wrote "An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent" (1870), and the novels "Loss and Gain" (1848), Callista" (1856) and "The Dream of Gerontius" (1865). Newman was elected an honorary fellow of Trinity College, Oxford, in 1877 and was made cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in 1879. He died on August 11, 1890.

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