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Now, therefore, the Government of the United States and the Republic of Panama being desirous to establish permanently the boundary lines of the above-mentioned lands and waters so taken over by the United States, to that end have resolved to enter into the following agreement, for which purpose the President of the United States of America has commissioned His Excellency William Jennings Price, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to the Government of Panama, and the President of the Republic of Panama has commissioned His Excellency Ernesto T. Lefevre, Sec. retary of State in the office of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Panama, who, having exchangel their respective full powers, have entered into the following boundary convention:
It is agreed that the boundary lines of the zone of land of ten miles in width described in article II of the said Canal Treaty shall remain as defined and established by the agreement of June the 15th, 1904, above mentioned, and subsequently located on the ground and monumented as shown by exhibit “A” accompanying this Convention, with the modifications hereinafter set out in respect to the cities of Panama and Colon and their adjacent harbors.
In conformity with articles II and III of said Treaty the rights of the United States to the use, occupation, and control of the areas to be covered by the waters of Gatun Lake and all that part of the shores of the lake up to an elevation of one hundred feet above mean sea level, and the islands in said lake, is hereby recognized, and in like manner the right of the United States to the use, occupation, and control of the peninsulas bordering on said lake to which there is no access except over lands of the Canal Zone or from the waters of Gatun Lake, is hereby recognized.
The one hundred feet contour line above referred to, as well as the peninsulas above mentioned, shall be conveniently monume ed and marked upon the ground by the United States, with the intervention of a representative or representatives of the Republic of Panama designated for that purpose, and sketched upon a special map.
It is agreed that the permanent boundary line between the City of Panama and the Canal Zone shall be as follows:
Beginning at a concrete monument located above high water mark on the shore of Panama Bay, south of the Balboa Road on the slope of the headland called “ Punta Mala,” and north thirty-two degrees and thirty minutes west (N. 32° 30' W.) and one hundred and fifty (150) meters from about the center of an island called Gavilan.”
From the above concrete monument (marked “A” on the map) the boundary line runs north twenty degrees and two minutes east (N. 20° 2' E.) six hundred and thirty-three and seven-tenths (633.7) meters to a concrete monument (marked “B” on the map) located at the intersection of the easterly line of the Zone Boundary road, and the northerly line of the road leading from Panama to Balboa; thence north thirty-six degrees and forty-two minutes east (N. 36° 42' E.) nine hundred and sixty-six and eighty-five hundredths (966.85) meters to a concrete monument (marked “C” on the map) on the northerly side of the road leading to Ancon Hospital grounds; thence north three degrees and nineteen minutes east (N. 3° 19' E.) one hundred and forty-eight and fortysix one-hundredths (148.46) meters to an iron rail property monument; thence north eight degrees and fourteen minutes, and forty seconds west (N. 8° 14' 40'' W.) one hundred and fifty-one and thirty-three one-hundredths meters (151.33) to a point; thence north thirty-seven degrees and forty-five minutes east (N. 37° 45' E.) fourteen and thirty-three one-hundredths meters to a point in the road on the present boundary line; thence along said present boundary north no degree and forty-seven minutes west (N. 0° 47' W.) sixty-six and forty-four one-hundredths meters (66.44) to a point; thence north seventy-six degrees and fifty-nine minutes east (N. 76° 59' E.) forty-two and forty-five one-hundredths (42.45) meters to a point; thence south seventy-two degrees and eleven minutes east (S. 72° 11' E.) one hundred and fifty-nine and twentyseven one hundredths (159.27) meters to a point near Calidonia Bridge; thence
north three degrees and eight minutes east (N. 3° 8' E.) crossing the Panama Railroad Company's tracks, seventy-seven and three-tenths (77.3) meters to a point twelve and two-tenths (12.2) meters from the center line of the main track of the said Panama Railroad; thence parallel to the said railroad in a north-westerly direction, two hundred and ninety and five-tenths (290.5) meters to a point on the present boundary line; thence north forty-nine degrees, thirteen minutes and ten seconds west (N. 49° 13' 10" W.) and one hundred and sixty-five and thirty-seven one-hundredths (165.37) meters to an iron rail monument, twelve and three-tenths meters from the center of the main line track of the Panama Railroad; thence north forty-six degrees, thirty-nine minutes and thirty seconds west (N. 46° 39' 30'' W.) two hundred and twenty and four one-hundredths (220.04) meters to a Panama Railroad Boundary monument twenty-two and one-tenth (22.1) meters from the center line of Panama Railroad main line track; thence north forty-nine degrees and fourteen minutes west (N. 49° 14' W.) and parallel with the Panama Railroad track two hundred and ninety and thirty-six one-hundredths (290.36) meters to Rio Curundu; thence following the course of Rio Curundu upstream to a point (marked “E” on the map) where the said Rio Curundu is intersected by a straight line drawn through the point of intersection on the canal axis (marked Cocoli” on the map) perpendicular to that part of the Canal axis of A. D. 1906 which extends in a straight line southeasterly from the said point marked “Cocoli ” to the point of intersection (marked “Bay” on the map) the former point of intersection being situated between Miraflores and Corozal, and the latter point in Ancon Harbor; thence from “E” north sixtythree degrees and thirty minutes east (N. 63° 30' E.) two thousand and eight and six-tenths (2,008.6) meters to a concrete monument (marked “F” on the map) on the present boundary between the Canal Zone and the Republic of Panama; thence along this boundary south twenty-six degrees and thirty-four minutes east (S. 26° 34' E.) about four thousand seven hundred and fortyfour and five-tenths (4,744.5) meters to monument No. 99 and thence continuing on this line to the shore of Panama Bay at low water mark; thence following the mean low water line around the shore of Panama Bay to a point on the boundary line between Panama Harbor and Ancon Harbor; thence north seventy-two degrees, fourteen minutes west (N. 72° 14' W.) to a monument “A,” the point of beginning, except that the entire area of the middle island on the map called Las Tres Hermanas shall be under the jurisdiction of the United States of America.
Points "A,” “B” and “ C," above referred to, are the same points mentioned in the original agreement between the Government of the Republic of Panama and the Canal Zone Government, dated June 15, 1904.
All bearings in this description and on the map mentioned above are referred to true meridian and all coordinates are in accordance with the Panama-Colon Datum.
The Government of Panama agrees that the portion of the roadway now existing between the Ancon Post Office and the Tivoli Dispensary and connecting the Tivoli Road with the roads leading to Balboa and the Ancon Hospital grounds, which will fall within Panaman jurisdiction as a result of the boundary lines established in accordance with the foregoing description, will be kept open and of the same grade as same now is and will be maintained in good serviceable condition by the said Government of Panama so that it will afford a free, uninterrupted and unobstructed permanent public thoroughfare, unless in the future provided otherwise by the mutual agreement of the chief executive authorities of the Republic of Panama and the Panama Canal.
It is agreed that the harbor of the City of Panama shall include the maritime waters in front of the City of Panama lying to the north and east of a line be ginning at a concrete monument set on “Punta Mala ” marked “A” on the map already referred to in this Convention, and running south seventy-two degrees and fourteen minutes east (S. 72° 14' E.) through the middle island of the three islands known as “ Las Tres Hermanas,” but excluding the said middle island, and extending three marine miles from mean low water mark at Punta Mala; and that the harbor of Ancon shall include the waters lying south and west of said line, but including the said middle island which shall be deemed to be
within the harbor of Ancon. The said middle island hereby included within the harbor of Ancon is situated about south twelve degrees, thirty minutes west (S. 12° 30' W.) eight hundred and fifty-six (856) meters from the point of Las Bovedas and lies in latitude north eight degrees, fifty-six minutes (N. 8° 56') plus one thousand and fifty-eight and eighty-eight hundredths (1,058.88) meters and longitude west seventy-nine degrees, thirty-two minutes (W. 79° 32') plus three hundred forty-two and six-tenths (342.6) meters, the datum of said latitude and longitude being what is generally known as the Panama-Colon Datum. All bearings are referred to true meridian.
The foregoing description of the City of Panama and Panama Harbor conform to the accompanying blue print marked exhibit “ B."
It is agreed that the permanent boundary line between the City of Colon and the Canal Zone shall be as follows:
Beginning at a point on the western shore of Boca Chica (sometimes called Folks River) marked “A” on the map, and fifty (50) meters to the eastward of the center line of the main line of track of the Panama Railroad; thence northward and northwestward, always parallel with said railroad track, and at a uniform distance of fifty (50) meters from the center line thereof to the center of Bolivar Street (sometimes called “C” street), said point being marked “B” on the map; thence northerly along the center line of said Bolivar Street, to the center line of Eleventh Street, this point of intersection being marked "C" on the map; thence westerly along the center line of Eleventh Street, a distance of one hundred sixty-two and fifty-three hundredths (162.53) meters to a cross on the sea wall along Limon Bay, said point being marked “D” on the map; thence north seventy-eight degrees, thirty minutes and thirty seconds west (N. 78° 30' 30" W.) to the shore of Limon Bay at mean low water mark; thence following the mean low water line around the shore in a northerly, easterly, southerly, and westerly direction to the point of beginning, except that at the site of the old Colon lighthouse a detour is made, as shown on the map, to exclude an area of land to be used as the site for a United States battery, which site shall be deemed to be within the Canal Zone.
The site for a United States battery above mentioned, which is to be included within the jurisdiction of the Canal Zone, is described as follows:
The initial point is a tack in a stake on Colon point, situated with reference to* certain prominent points as follows: South forty-one degrees, six minutes east (S. 41° 6' E.) twenty-five and twenty-two one-hundredths (25.22) feet from the southwest interior corner of the upper pavement of the swimming pool; south eleven degrees, thirty-seven minutes west (S. 11° 37' W.) one hundred twenty-seven and sixty-eight one-hundredths (127.68) feet from a cross mark on a bolt set in a concrete base thirteen and nine-tenths (13.9) feet to the northeast of the center of the northeastern edge of the swim pool; south thirtyfive degrees, eighteen minutes west (S. 35° 18' W.), two hundred sixty-six and seventy-five one-hundredths (266.75) feet from the northwestern corner of the Hotel Washington; and north sixty-eight degrees, twenty-nine minutes west (N. 68° 29' W.), five hundred forty-three and ninety-five one-hundredths (543.95) feet from the cross mark on a rail set il. a concrete base at a point where the south building line of Secona Street intersects the center line of Bottle Alley ; from this initial point south forty-three degrees, no minutes west (S. 43° 00' W.), two hundred fifty-eight and five-tenths (258.5) feet to a point; thence north forty-seven degrees, no minutes west (N. 47° 00' W.) ninety and sixtyfour one-hundredths (90.64) feet to a point; thence by a urve to the right with a radius of fifty-six and eighty-six one-hundredths (56.86) feet and a central angle of forty-five degrees, no minutes (45.00'), forty-four and sixty-six onehundredths (44.66) feet to a point; thence by a curve to the right with a radius of ninety-one (91) feet and a central angle of forty-five degrees, no minutes (45° 00'), seventy-one and forty-seven one-hundredths (71.47) feet to a point; thence north forty-three degrees, no minutes east (N. 43° 00' E.), one hundred seventy-seven and five-tenths (177.5) feet to a point; thence south forty-seven decrees, no minutes east (S. 47° 00' E.), one hundred fifty-seven and five-tenths (157.5) feci to the point of beginning, containing ninety-one one-hundredths (0.91) acres, more or less. All bearings are referred to true meridian (PanamaColon Datum).
The harbor of Colon shall consist of those maritime waters lying to the westward of the City of Colon and bounded as follows:
The southerly boundary of the harbor of Colon is in a line running north seventy-eight degrees, thirty minutes and thirty seconds west (N. 78° 30' 30' W.), which begins at a cross cut in the concrete sea wall on the easterly side of Limon Bay and on the center line of Eleventh Street, Colon, produced west. erly. This point is marked “D” on the map designated exhibit “ C.” Begir.' ning at mean low water mark on Limon Bay on the above described line the boundary runs northwesterly along said line to a point in Limon Bay marked! “E” on the map, and located three hundred and thirty (330) meters east of the center line of the Panama Canal; thence turning to the right and running in a northerly direction the line runs parallel with the above mentioned center line and at a distance of three hundred and thirty (330) meters easterly there. from until it meets an imaginary straight line drawn through the lighthouse on Toro Point having a bearing of south seventy-eight degrees and thirty minutes and thirty seconds east (S. 78° 30' 30'' E.), this intersection point being marked “F” on the map; thence turning to the right and running along the above-mentioned line south seventy-eight degrees, thirty minutes and thirty seconds east (S. 78° 30' 30'' E.) to a point on the boundary of the abovementioned site for the United States battery; thence turning to the right and running along the said boundary line of said site to the mean low water line of Limon Bay; thence turning to the right and running along said water line in a generally southerly direction to the point of beginning at the foot of Eleventh Street.
All bearings in this description and on the plan mentioned above are referred to true meridian (Panama-Colon Datum).
The foregoing description of the City of Colon and Colon Harbor conform to the accompanying blue print marked exhibit “ C.”
It is agreed that the Republic of Panama shall have an easement over and through the waters of the Canal Zone in and about Limon and Manzanillo bays to the end that vessels trading with the City of Colon may have access to and exit from the harbor of Colon, subject to the police laws and quarantine and sanitary rules and regulations of the United States and of the Canal Zone established for said waters.
The United States also agrees that small vessels may land at the east wall which extends along the shore to the south of the foot of Ninth Street and re'cently constructed by the Panama Railroad Company in the harbor of Colon free of any wharfage or landing charges that might otherwise accrue to the said company under the terms of its concessions from the Government of Colombia'; and the United States further agrees that it will construct and maintain á landing pier in a small cove on the southerly side of Manzanillo Island in the northwesterly portion of the arm of the sea known as Boca Chica (some. times called Folks River), to be used as a shelter harbor for small coasting boats of the Republic of Panama, without any wharfage or other landing charges.
Inasmuch as the highway known as the “ Sabanas Road will come entirely within the bounds of the City of Panama under this agreement the authorities of the Canal Zone are hereby relieved of the duty to repair and maintain such road, or any part of it, and the same shall be done henceforth by the authorities of the Republic at their cost and expense.
It is agreed that the Republic of Panama will not construct nor allow the construction of any railway across the Sabanas or other territory hereby transferred to that Republic without a mutually satisfactory agreement having been previously arrived at between the two governments; and this shall be without prejudice to any right the United States may have to object to such railway projection under any of the provisions of the Canal Treaty of November 18, 1903.
The contracting parties hereby agree that this Convention shall not diminish, exhaust, or alter any rights acquired by them heretofore in conformity with the Canal Treaty of November 18, 1903; and it is further expressly agreed that the United States, in the exercise of the rights granted to it under articles II and III of the said Canal Treaty and subject to article VI of said Treaty, may enter upon and use, occupy, and control the whole or any portion of the Sabanas land, or other territory hereby transferred to the Republic of Panama, as the same may be necessary, or convenient, for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation, or protection of the Canal or of any auxiliary canals, or other works necessary and convenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation, or protection of said enterprise.
This agreement shall not be construed to modify the rights of the authorities of the Canal Zone to employ citizens of the Republic of Panama residing in the territory of the Republic as provided in section V of the above-mentioned agreement of June 15, 1904, and for which purpose the Government of the Republic granted the permission required by paragraph 2 of article 7 of the Panamanian Constitution.
The civil and criminal cases pending in the courts of the Canal Zone and the Republic of Panama at the time of the execution of this Convention shall not be affected hereby but the same shall be proceeded with to final judgment and disposed of in the courts where they are now pending as though this agreement had not been entered into.
The exhibits accompanying this agreement are signed by the representatives of the respective governments for identification. This Convention, when signed by the plenipotentiaries of the high contracting parties, will be ratified by the two governments in conformity with their respective constitutional laws, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Panama at the earliest date possible.
In faith whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention in duplicate and have hereunto affixed their respective seals.
Done at the City of Panama, the second day of September, in the year of our Lord, nineteen hundred and fourteen. (SEAL.]
WILLIAM JENNINGS PRICE. (SEAL.]
E. T. LEFÉVRE. And whereas the said Convention has been duly ratified on both parts and the ratifications of the said Convention were exchanged in the City of Panama on the eleventh day of February, one thousand nine hundred and fifteen;
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention to be made public to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this eighteenth day of February in the year
of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and fifteen, and of the In[SEAL.] dependence of the United States of America the one hundred and thirty-ninth.
WOODROW WILSON. By the President: W. J. BRYAN
Secretary of State.