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TT would be a bad return to the conti1. nued favours we experience from the Public, if our zeal and industry was not proportioned to the importance of the subjects on which we treated, and to their interest in them. The transactions of foreign nations, however general or extensive their consequences, however connected by intereft or alliance we might be in them, or however brilliant the matter which they afforded for history, are not only of a fecondary but very remote consideration, when placed in any degree of comparison with the subjects of which we now treat. Our public affairs are unfortunately at prefent the history of all that part of the world which affords materials for any. Britains, however deeply, are not alone interested in the consequences. They may extend, not only to the refined, but widely into the more uncultivated parts of the Globe. It

therefore

therefore behoved us, not to pass through negligence, omit through hurry, or render obscure by an ill-timed brevity, any matter which tended to the elucidation of a subject, in which our Readers are so immediately and deeply concerned. The time of publication was with us, and we will believe with them, by no means the principal object of attention. We might have saved much labour and time by publishing early, and of course, more imperfectly.

Our Publisher has liberally seconded our views in affording the expence consequent of so great an extension of the Historical Article. He thinks he cannot do too much to testify his gratitude to the Public, and desires we would observe, that from the abundance of matter which is now necessarily discussed, it trebles in extent the amount of the History in any year of the late war. For ourselves, if we have the happiness to experience a continuance of that approbation with which we have been so long honoured by the Public, it will be an additional spur to our future industry.

THE

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Retrofpeflive view of American affairs in the year 1775. Motives which

lead to the invasion of Canada. Forts of Chamble and St. John taken. Montreal taken. General Carleton retires to Quebec. Armed vessels farrender. Arnold appears before Quebec. Is joined by General Montgomery. The city fummoned. Siege. Attempt to take Quebec by efra. lade. Montgomery killed. Arnold wounded. Rebels retire from before ibe walls,

S the hopes of a reconci. sign of the Quebec aet, had early A liation with the mother drawn their attention and awaken

1 country, upon the condi. ed their apprehensions, in relation ticas claimed by the Americans, to the dangers with which they became more faint, so they grew were threatened from that quarter. more daring in their designs, and These apprehensions produced the ttended their views to the remote address to the French inhabitants consequences, as well as to the im- of Canada, of which we have for. mediate conduct of a war. The ap- merly taken notice. parent tendency, and avowed de. The success which attended the Vol. XIX.

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expedition to the Lakes, with sovereign, carry war into his dothe reduction of Ticonderoga and minions, and invade a province to Crown-Point, in the beginning of which they could lay no claim, the summer 1775, by which, it nor pretend no right, seemed such might be said, that the gates of an outrage, as not only overthrew Canada were thrown open, ren. every plea of justifiable resistance, dered the affairs of that country but would militate with the eltamore immediately interesting, and blished opinions, principles, and encouraged the Congress to a bold feelings of mankind in general. measure, which they would not On the other hand, the danger otherwise perhaps have ventured was pressing and great. The exupon. This was no less than the traordinary powers placed in the fending of a force for the invasion hands of General Carleton, the and reduction of that country. Governor of Canada, by a late

A measure of so extraordinary a commiflion, were new, alarming, nature required the most serious and evidently pointed out the purconfideration. The commencing poses for which they were granted. of an offensive war with the love. By there he was authorized to em. reign, was a new and perilous un- body and arm the Canadians, 10 dertaking. It seemed totally to march them out of the country for change the nature of the ground the subjugation of the other colo. on which they food in the prelent nies, and to proceed, even to capidispute. Opposition to government tal punishments, against all those, had hitherto been conducted on and in all places, whom he should the apparent design, and avowed deem rebels and opposers of the principle only, of supporting and laws. The ftrong powers of godefending certain rights and im. vernment which he also poflefied munities of the people, which within his province, were equal to were supposed, or pretended, to those of the moft arbitrary Euro. be unjustly invaded. Opposition, pean monarchs, and had been alor even refiftance, in such a case, ready felt both by the English and supposing the premises to be fairly French subjects. Thus, though ftated, is thought by many to be the Canadians had hitherto refused entirely conGstent with the princi. to be embodied, or to march upon ples of the Pritih conflitution; any terms out of the province, it and this opinion is said to have was eafily seen, that as soon as the received the sanction of precedents Governor': authority was supported of the first authority. At any rate, by the arrival of a body of English the questions in dispute were of forces, they would be obliged imfoch a nature, that mankind might plicitly to obey him, as well in for ever be divided in opinion, as that, as all other matters. He had to the matter of right or wrong, besides already engaged a confijustice or injustice, opprellion or derable number of the Canada, good government. But to render and other Indians, in his service, themselves at once the aggressors, and if his arms once became preand not content with vindicating dominant, the defire of spoil and their own real or pretended rights, blood would bring them in crowds to fly wantonly in the face of the from the remotel desarts to his

a fillance.

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