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DR BENJAMIN FRANKLION,

CONSISTING OF

ESSAYS,

NIVMOROUS, MORAL, AND LITERARI :

WITH

His Life,

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.

NEW-YORK:

PRINTED, AND PUBLISHED BY W. VAN NURDIN

NO 393 WATER STREET,

1825.

HMVARD COLLEGL LIDERY

FROM
THE BEQUEST OF
EVERT JANSEN WENDELL

1918

+7-131

bi

BY THE EDITOR.

As biography is a species of history which records

the lives and characters of remarkable persons, it consequently becomes an interesting subject, and is of general utility. It would be but fair to assert, that almost every civilized nation on the globe bas, at one period or other, produced distinguished indi. viduals in various stations of life.

Mr. Jefferson, the President of the United States of America, in his “ Notes on Virginia,” thus speaks in answer to the assertion of the Abbé Raynal, inat “ America has not yet produced one good poet, one able mathematician, one man of genius, in a single art, or a single science."--"When we shall have exististed as a nation,” says Ms. J. " as long as the Greeks did before they produced a Homer, the Romans a Virgil, the French a kacine and Voltaire, the English a Shakespeare and Milton, should this reproach be still true, we will inquire fom what unfriendly causes it has proceeded, that the other countries of Europe and quarters of the earth shall not have inscribed any name in the roll of poets. In war we have produced a Washington, whose memory will be adored while liberty shall have votaries; whose name will triumph over time, and will in future ages assume its just station among the most celebrated worthies of the world, when that wretched philosophy shall be forgotten which would arrange him among the degene racies of nature. In physics, we have produced a FRANKLIN, than whom no one of the present age has

made more important discoveries, nor has enriched philosophy with more, or more ingenious solutions of the phenomena of nature. We have supposed Mr. Rittenhouse second to no astronomer living; that in genius he must be the first, because he is selftaught," &c.

In philosophy, England can boast of a Bacon the most eminent professor in this science the world has ever produced. The Essays of this great writer is one of the best proofs we can adduce of his tran scendent abilities; and America claims the enlightened FRANKLIN, a man who has not left his equal

behind him, and whose Life and Writings are the subject of the following sheets.

To say more in this place of our Author, would be anticipating what is hereafter mentioned: it will therefore only be necessary tn add, that due atten. tion has been paid in the selection of such of his proeluctions as may be adapted to general perusal.

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