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JOURNAL

OF THE

ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY

OF ENGLAND.

SECOND SERIES,

VOLUME THE SIXTI.

PRACTICE WITH SCIENCE.

LONDON:

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

THESE EXPERIMENTS, IT IS TRUE, ARE NOT EASY ; STILL THEY ARE IN THE POWER OF EVERY THINKING HUSBANDMAN. HE WHO ACCOMPLISHES BUT ONE, OF HOWEVER LIMITED APPLICATION, AND TAKES CARE TO REPORT IT FAITHFULLY, ADVANCES THE SCIENCE, AND, CONSEQUENTLY, THE PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURE, AND ACQUIRES THEREBY A RIGHT TO THE GRATITUDE OF HIS FELLOWS, AND OF THOSE WHO COME AFTER. TO MAKE MANY SUCH IS BEYOND THE POWER OF MOST INDIVIDUALS, AND CANNOT BE EXPECTED. THE FIRST CARE OF ALL SOCIETIES FORMED FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF OUR SCIEXCE SHOULD BE TO PREPARE THE FORMS OF SUCH EXPERIMENTS, AND TO DISTRIBUTE THE EXECUTION OF THESE AMONG THEIR MEMBERS.

Vox THAER, Principles of Agriculture.

LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET,

AND CHARING CROSE.

CONTENTS OF VOL. VI.

SECOND SERIES.

1.- Report on the Agriculture of Belgium : the Result of a Journey

made at the request of the Council by Dr. Augustus Voelcker

and H. M. Jenkins, F.G.S. (Reporter)

1

II.-Farm Labourers, their Friendly Societies, and the Poor Law.

By the Rev. J. Y. Stratton, Rector of Ditton, Kent

87

III.-On Straw Chaff. By Samuel Jonas. Letter to H. M. Jenkins,

Esq.

119

IV.-Reports on Steam Cultivation by Machinery let by the Landlord,

as practised on the Northumberland Estate of His Grace the

Duke of Northumberland. By Jos. Snowball, Chief Agent.. 121

V.-The Potato in Jersey. By C. P. Le Cornu. Prize Essay 127

VI.-Report of the Consulting Chemist for 1869

140

VII.- Field Experiments on Mangolds. By Dr. Augustus Voelcker .. 150

VIII.-On Beet-root-Pulp. By Dr. Augustus Voelcker

155

IX.-Report on Cheshire Dairy-farming. By H. M. Jenkins, F.G.S. 163

X.-Report on the American Cheese-factory System, and its adapta-

bility to English Dairy Districts. By H. M. Jenkins, F.G.S. 173

XI.—On the Treatment of the Reclaimed Bog-land of Whittlesea

Mere. By W. Wells, M.P.

203

XII.–Village Sanitary Economy. By J. Bailey Denton, M. Inst. C.E.,

Agricultural and Sanitary Engineer

208

XIII.— Report on the Farm-Prize Competition, "1870. By ü. w.

Keary ..

251

XIV.-The Farming of Monmouthshire. By W. Fothergill

275

XV.-Report of Experiments upon Wheat, Barley, and Swedes, under-

taken by Members of the Cirencester Chamber of Agriculture.

By John Wrightson, F.C.S., Professor of Agriculture in the

Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester

299

XVI.-On the Dairy-Factories of Sweden. By M. Juhlin-Dannfelt,

Superintendent of the Experimental Farm and Agricultural

College at Stockholm

323

ܕܪ

V, lxix

List of Officers of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, 1870-71 i, lxy

Standing Committees for 1870

lxvii

Reports of the Council to the General Meetings, December 9, 1869,

and May 23, 1870

Distribution of Members and Council

Cash Accounts and Balance sheets, from 1st July to Dec. 31, 1869,

and from 1st January to 30th June, 1870

xii, lxxiv

Yearly Cash Account, from 1st January to December 31, 1869
Country Meeting Account, Manchester, 1869
Memoranda of Meetings, Payment of Subscription, &c.

..xvi, lxxiii
Oxford Meeting, 1870 : Schedule of Prizes

xvii

List of Judges and Award of Prizes lxxvi, lxxviii

Conditions relating to the Educational Examinations, 1870

xxix
Members' Chemical Analysis and Veterinary Privileges xxx-xxxii, cxvii-cxix
Charter and Bye-laws

xxxiii
Agricultural Education.--Examinatioù Papers, 1870

xiv
XV

cx

DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER.
The Binder is desired to collect together all the Appendix matter, with Roman numeral folios, and

place it at the end of each volumo of the Journal, excepting Titles and Contents, and Statistics

&c., which are in all cases to be placed at the beginning of ihe Volume: the lettering at the back to

include a statement of the year as well as the volume; the first volume belonging to 1839-40, the

second to 1841, the third to 1842, the fourth to 1843, and so on.

In Reprints of the Journal all Appendix matter and, in one instance, an Article in the body of

the Journal (which at the time had become obsolete), were omitted; the Roman numeral folios,
however (for conveniecce of reference), were reprinted without alteration in the Appendix matter
retained.

VITAL STATISTICS:- POPULATION; BIRTHS; DEATHS;

EMIGRATION; METEOROLOGY; IMPORTATIONS OF GRAIN; SALES OF BRITISH WHEAT; PRICES OF CORN AND OTHER PRODUCE; AND PAUPERISM, &c.

[The facts are derived chiefly from the Reports of the REGISTRAR-GENERAL ;

the Meteorological Reports of Mr. GLAISHER; the Returns of the BOARD OF TRADE, and of the INSPECTOR-GENERAL OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.),

POPULATION of the UNITED KINGDOM, estimated to the middle of the year 1869 (exclusive of islands in the British seas) Males ..

14,727,427 Females

15,894,004

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BIRTHS and Deaths in the LAST SIX MONTHS of 1869. Summer Quarter (July, August, September).—Births registered were 190,132. The annual birth-rate of the season to 1000 persons living was 34:45; the average derived from ten corresponding summers of 1859—68 was 34.04.

Deaths registered were 114,654. The annual death-rate of the season per 1000 of population was 20-77; the average derived from ten corresponding summers of 1859-68 was 20•63.

The mortality of the quarter experienced by the people inhabiting the chief towns was, at the annual rate, per 1000 of population, of 23-32, the average being 22.90. In districts that comprise small towns, villages, and open country, it was 17.36, the average being 17.79.

The people married during the quarter at the annual rate of 15.88 per 1000 of population, while the average of ten preceding quarters was 16.37. The marriage-rate, therefore, was slightly below the average, but while circumstances of an exceptional character caused VOL. VI.-8. S.

A

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