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COMPILATION

OF THE

SOCIAL SECURITY LAWS

INCLUDING THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT,
AS AMENDED, AND RELATED ENACTMENTS

THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 1960

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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS

WILBUR D. MILLS, Arkansas, Chairman CECIL R. KING, California

ROBERT W. KEAN, New Jersey THOMAS J. O'BRIEN, Illinois

NOAH M. MASON, Illinois HALE BOGGS, Louisiana

JOHN W. BYRNES, Wisconsin EUGENE J. KEOGH, New York

ANTONI N. SADLAK, Connecticut BURR P. HARRISON, Virginia

HOWARD H. BAKER, Tennessee FRANK M. KARSTEN, Missouri

THOMAS B. CURTIS, Missouri A. S. HERLONG, JR., Florida

WALTER M. MUMMA, Pennsylvania EUGENE J. MCCARTHY, Minnesota

STEVEN B. DEROUNIAN, New York
FRANK IKARD, Texas
THADDEUS M. MACHROWICZ, Michigan
JAMES B. FRAZIER, JR., Tennessee
AL ULLMAN, Oregon
JAMES A. BURKE, Massachusetts

LEO H. IRWIN, Chief Counsel
JOHN M. MARTIN, Jr., Assistant Counsel
THOMAS A. MARTIN, Minority Counsel

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PREFACE

Amendments to Social Security Act

The original Social Security Act was enacted August 14, 1935. Since then it has been amended on a number of occasions. Some of the laws amending the original Act have made rather extensive and significant changes. Among these laws are the Social Security Act Amendments of 1939 (53 Stat. 1360), the Social Security Act Amendments of 1946 (60 Stat. 978), the Social Security Act Amendments of 1950 (64 Stat. 477), the Social Security Amendments of 1954 (68 Stat. 1052), the Social Security Amendments of 1956 (70 Stat. 807), the Social Security Amendments of 1958 (72 Stat. 1013), and the Social Security Amendments of 1960 (74 Stat. 924). A listing of all the laws which have amended the Social Security Act can be found in the Appendix. Administration of Social Security Act

Administration of the original Social Security Act was largely the responsibility of the Social Security Board. The exceptions to this were parts 1, 2, 3, and 5 of title V which were administered by the Children's Bureau, then in the Departmeni of Labor; part 4 of title V which increased the appropriations authorized for carrying out the Act of June 2, 1920 (now the Vocational Rehabilitation Act); and title VI which authorized grants to the States for public health work.

The Board was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1939; its functions were thenceforth to be carried on by it under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. By Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1946, the functions of the Social Security Board, as well as the functions of the Children's Bureau (and the functions of the Secretary of Labor) under title V of the Social Security Act, were transferred to the Federal Security Administrator, and the Board was abolished.

The Bureau of Employment Security, with its unemployment compensation and employment service functions, was transferred from the Federal Security Agency to the Department of Labor by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1949.

The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was created by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953. To it were transferred all functions of the Federal Security Agency, which was abolished. The functions of the Federal Security Administrator were transferred to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. References to Federal Security Administrator

In the provisions of the Social Security Act amended by the Social Security Amendments of 1954, 1956, 1958, and 1960, references to the "Federal Security Administrator" or "Administrator" were changed

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IV

PRETACE

to the “Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare” or “Secretary," respectively. For example, section 709 of the Social Security Amendments of 1960 provides :

SEC. 709. As used in this Act and the provisions of the Social Security Act amended by this Act the term “Secretary," unless the context otherwise requires, means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

This substitution has also been made in this compilation in the other provisions of the Social Security Act, even though the Social Security Amendments of 1954, 1956, 1958, and 1960 may not have done so, since Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 in effect also made this change. References to Internal Revenue Code

Section 7852 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 provides that references in other laws to any provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 shall, "where not otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent thereof," be deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of the new Code. Consequently, references in the Social Security Act to provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 have been changed accordingly. Appropriation Acts

From time to time, appropriation acts have carried provisions of a substantive nature affecting the Social Security Act. It is, therefore, desirable to refer to the current appropriation act or acts to determine whether any such provision affects the portion of the Social Security Act in which the reader may be interested. Contents in general

This compilation contains: (a) The Social Security Act, as amended, as in effect on December 31, 1960, plus all sections of the amending acts having a current effect on the Social Security Act, but which are not part of the Social Security Act, and the provisions of the Social Security Act repealed by the Social Security Amendments of 1960 and all prior amending acts; (b) current and prior pertinent provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 and excerpts from the Internal Revenue Code of 1939; and (c) provisions of other laws relating to the Social Security Act.

In each title of the Social Security Act, the text footnote series begins with the number one. In each of the following divisions of the compilation the text footnote series also begins with the number one: Sections of the Amending Acts Having a Current Effect on the Social Security Act; Repealed Provisions of the Social Security Act; Provi. sions of the Internal Revenue Code; and Provisions of Other Laws Relating to Social Security Act. Where a footnote refers to a deletion of material from the text of the Act, the footnote numeral is shown in the text at the point at which the deleted material appeared, unless otherwise indicated. Effect of compilation

This compilation has been prepared solely for convenient reference purposes. It does not have the effect of law.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS*

SociaL SECURITY ACT AS AMENDED:

Title -Grants to States for Old-Age Assistance and Medical

Assistance for the Aged----

Title Il-Federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance

Benefits..

Title III-Grants to States for Unemployment Compensation Ad-

ministration..

Title IV- Grants to States for Aid to Dependent Children..

Title V-Grants to States for Maternal and Child Welfare.

Title VI - Public Health Work (Repealed).

Title VII- Administration..

Title VIII–Taxes With Respect to Employment (now part of the

Internal Revenue Code, see below).--

Title IX- Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Employment Security -

Title X-Grants to States for Aid to the Blind..

Title XI-General Provisions.

Title XII- Advances to State Unemployment Funds.--

Title XIII-Reconversion Unemployment Benefits for Seamen (the

provisions of this title have expired) -

Title XIV-Grants to States for Aid to the Permanently and Totally

Disabled..

Title XV–Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees and

the Ex-Servicemen's Unemployment Compensation Program -

SECTIONS OF AMENDING ACTS HAVING A CURRENT EFFECT ON THE SOCIAL

SECURITY Act:

Social Security Act Amendments of 1939.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1946.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1950.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1952-

Social Security Act Amendments of 1954.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1956_

Social Security Act Amendments of 1957.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1958.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1959.

Social Security Act Amendments of 1960-

REPEALED PROVISIONS OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT:

Social Security Act of 1935...

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1950 Amendments..

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1954 Amendments.--.

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1956 Amendments..

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1957 Amendments..

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1958 Amendments...

Excerpts From the Social Security Act, as Amended, as in Effect

Prior to the 1960 Amendments...

PROVISIONS OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1954:

Subtitle A-Income Taxes:

Chapter 1- Normal Taxes and Surtaxes...

Chapter 2—Tax on Self-employment Income.

Subtitle C-Employment Taxes:

Chapter 21- Federal Insurance Contributions Act.

Chapter 22—Railroad Retirement Tax Act.

Chapter 23— Federal Unemployment Tax Act.

Chapter 25—General Provisions Relating to Employment Taxes.

Subtitle F-Procedure and Administration:

Chapter 61-Information and Returns.

Chapter 62-Time and Place for Paying Tax..

*This table of contents does not appear in the law.

311

324

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355

359

377

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