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the case of any individual shall not exceed an amount equal to one month's benefit even though the failure to report is with respect to more than one month.81

Report of Earnings to Secretary

(h) 82 (1) (A) If an individual is entitled to any monthly insurance benefit under section 202 during any taxable year in which he has earnings or wages, as computed pursuant to paragraph (5) of subsection (f), 88 in excess of the product of $100 times the number of months in such year, such individual (or the individual who is in receipt of such benefit on his behalf) shall make a report to the Secretary of his earnings (or wages) for such taxable year. Such report shall be made on or before the fifteenth day of the fourth month following the close of such year, and shall contain such information and be made in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.84 Such report need not be made for any taxable year (i) beginning with or after the month in which such individual attained the age of 72, or (ii) if benefit payments for all months in such taxable year) in which such individual is under age 72 have been suspended under the provisions of the first sentence of paragraph (3) of this subsection.

(B) If the benefit payments of an individual have been suspended for all months in any taxable year under the provisions of the first sentence of paragraph (3) of this subsection,85 no benefit payment shall be made to such individual for any such month in such taxable year after the expiration of the period of three years, three months, and fifteen days following the close of such taxable year unless within such period the individual, or some other person entitled to benefits under this title on the basis of the same wages and self-employment income, files with the Secretary information showing that a benefit for such month is payable to such individual.

(2) If an individual fails to make a report required under paragraph (1), within the time prescribed therein, for any taxable year and any deduction is imposed under subsection (b) 86 by reason of his earnings for such year, he shall suffer additional deductions as follows:

(A) if such failure is the first one with respect to which an additional deduction is imposed under this paragraph, such additional deduction shall be equal to his benefit or benefits for the last month of such year for which he was entitled to a benefit under section 202;

(B) if such failure is the second one for which an additional deduction is imposed under this paragraph, such additional deduction shall be equal to two times his benefit or benefits for the

81 P. L. 86–778, sec. 209 (b) provides that no deduction shall be imposed on or after September 13, 1960, under sec. 203 (f) of the Social Security Act [redesignated as sec. 203 ($)] as in effect prior to such date, on account of fallure to file a report of an event described in sec. 203 (c) of the Act, as in effect prior to September 13, 1960, and no such deduction imposed prior to such date shall be collected thereafter.

82 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (c) redesignated former subsec. (g) as subsec. (h) effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

85 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (f) (1). substituted "paragraph (5) of subsection (f)" for "paragraph (4) of subsection (e)" effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

84 The regulations of the Secretary are contained in Chapter III of Title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

85 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (1) (2) substituted "of this subsection" in lieu of "of subsection (g)," effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

86 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (f) (3) substituted "subsection (b)" for "subsection (b) (1)," effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

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last month of such year for which he was entitled to a benefit under section 202;

(C) if such failure is the third or a subsequent one for which an additional deduction is imposed under this paragraph, such additional deduction shall be equal to three times his benefit or benefits for the last month of such year for which he was entitled to a

benefit under section 202; except that the number of the additional deductions required by this paragraph with respect to a failure to report earnings for a taxable year shall not exceed the number of months in such year for which such individual received and accepted insurance benefits under section 202 and for which deductions are imposed under subsection (b) by reason of his earnings. In determining whether a failure to report earnings is the first or a subsequent failure for any individual, all taxable years ending prior to the imposition of the first additional deduction under this paragraph, other than the latest one of such years, shall be disregarded.

(3) If the Secretary determines, on the basis of information obtained by or submitted to him, that it may reasonably be expected that an individual entitled to benefits under section 202 for any taxable year will suffer deductions imposed under subsection (b) 88 by reason of his earnings for such year, the Secretary may, before the close of such taxable year, suspend the total or less than the total 89 payment for each month in such year (or for only such months as the Secretary may specify) of the benefits payable on the basis of such individual's wages and self-employment income; and such suspension shall remain in effect with respect to the benefits for any month until the Secretary has determined whether or not any deduction is imposed for such month under subsection (b). The Secretary is authorized, before the close of the taxable year of an individual entitled to benefits during such year, to request of such individual that he make, at such time or times as the Secretary may specify, a declaration of his estimated earnings for the taxable year and that he furnish to the Secretary such other information with respect to such earnings as the Secretary may specify.. A failure by such individual to comply with any such request shall in itself constitute justification for a determination under this paragraph that it may reasonably be expected that the individual will suffer deductions imposed under subsection (b) 90 by reason of his earnings for such year. If, after the close of à taxable year of an individual entitled to benefits under section 202 for such year, the Secretary requests such individual to furnish a report of his earnings (as computed pursuant to paragraph (5) of subsection (f) 91 for such taxable year or any other information with respect to such earnings which the Secretary may specify, and the individual fails to comply with such request, such failure shall in itself constitute justification for a determination that such individual's benefits are subject to deductions under subsection (b) 92 for each month in such taxable year (or only for such months thereof as the Secretary may specify) by reason of his earnings for such year.

87 See footnote 86, p. 45. 88 See footnote 86, p. 45.

89 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (f) (4), substituted "suspend the total or less than the total payment,” for "suspend the payment” effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

90 See footnote 86, p. 45. 91 See footnote 83, p. 45. 99 See footnote 86, p. 45.

Circumstances Under Which Deductions and Reductions Not Required

(i) 93 In the case of any individual, deductions by reason of the provisions of subsection (b), (c), (g), or (h) 94 of this section, or the provisions of section 222 (b), shall, notwithstanding such provisions, be made from the benefits to which such individual is entitled only to the extent that such deductions reduce the total amount which would otherwise be paid, on the basis of the same wages and self-employment income, to such individual and the other individuals living in the same household.

Attainment of Age Seventy-two (j) For the purposes of this section, an individual shall be considered as seventy-two years of age during the entire month in which he attains such

age.

Noncovered Remunerative Activity Outside the United States (k) An individual shall be considered to be engaged in noncovered remunerative activity outside the United States if he performs services outside the United States as an employee and such services do not constitute employment as defined in section 210 and are not performed in the active military or naval service of the United States, or if he carries on a trade or business outside the United States (other than the performance of service as an employee) the net income or loss of which (1) is not includible in computing his net earnings from selfemployment for a taxable year and (2) would not be excluded from net earnings from self-employment, if carried on in the United States, by any of the numbered paragraphs of section 211 (a). When used in the preceding sentence with respect to a trade or business (other than the performance of service as an employee), the term “United States” does not include the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, or American Samoa 95 in the case of an alien who is not a resident of the United States (including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa) 96 and the term “trade or business” shall have the same meaning as when used in Section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.97

Good Cause for Failure to Make Reports Required (1) The failure of an individual to make any report required by subsection (g) or (h) (1) (A) 98 within the time prescribed therein

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23 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (c) redesignated subsec. (h) as subsec. (1), effective with respect to monthly benefits for months after December 1960.

04 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (g), substituted "subsection (b), (c), (g), or (h)," for "subsection (b), (f) or (g)” effective with respect to monthly benefits for months after December 1960,

05 P. L. 86–778, sec. 103 (b) substituted “the Comomnwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, or American Samoa” for “Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands," applicable only with respect to service performed after 1960; except that insofar as the carrying on of a trade or business (other than performance of service as an employee) is concerned, this amendment applies only in the case of taxable years beginning after 1960.

90 P. L. 86–778, sec. 103 (b) substituted “the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa,” for “Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands." For effective date, see footnote 95 above.

97 See p. 312. 98 P. L. 86–778, sec. 211 (h) substituted "subsection (g) or (h) (1) (A)" for "subsection (f) or (g) (1) (A).To the extent that this amendment applies to sec. 203 (g) of the Social Security Act as amended by P. L. 86–778, it is effective with respect to monthly benefits for months after December 1960 and, to the extent that it applies to sec. 203 (h) (1) (A) of the Social Security Act as amended by P. L. 86–778, it is effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 1960.

shall not be regarded as such a failure if it is shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary that he had good cause for failing to make such report within such time. The determination of what constitutes good cause for purposes of this subsection shall be made in accordance with regulations of the Secretary.

Overpayments and Underpayments Sec. 204. (a) Whenever an error has been made with respect to payments to an individual under this title (including payments inade prior to January 1, 1940), proper adjustments shall be made, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary,100 by increasing or decreasing subsequent payments to which such individual is entitled. If such individual dies before such adjustment has been completed, adjustment shall be made by increasing or decreasing subsequent benefits payable with respect to the wages and self-employment income which were the basis of benefits of such deceased individual.

(b) There shall be no adjustment or recovery by the United States in any case where incorrect payment has been made to an individual who is without fault (including payments made prior to January 1, 1940), and where adjustment or recovery would defeat the purpose of this title or would be against equity and good conscience.

(c) No certifying or disbursing officer shall be held liable for any amount certified or paid by him to any person where the adjustment or recovery of such amount is waived under subsection (b), or where adjustment under subsection (a) is not completed prior to the death of all persons against whose benefits deductions are authorized.

Evidence, Procedure, and Certification for Payment Sec. 205. (a) The Secretary shall have full power and authority to make rules and regulations and to establish procedures, not inconsistent with the provisions of this title, which are necessary or appropriate to carry out such provisions, and shall adopt reasonable and proper rules and regulations to regulate and provide for the nature and extent of the proofs and evidence and the method of taking and furnishing the same in order to establish the right to benefits hereunder 101

(b) The Secretary is directed to make findings of fact, and decisions as to the rights of any individual applying for a payment under this title. Upon request by any such individual or upon request by a wife, widow, former wife divorced, husband, widower, child, or parent who makes a showing in writing that his or her rights may be prejudiced by any decision the Secretary has rendered, he shall give such applicant and such other individual reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing with respect to such decision, and, if a hearing is held, shall, on the basis of evidence adduced at the hearing, affirm, modify, or reverse his findings of fact and such decision. Any such request with respect to such a decision must be filed within such period after such decision as may be prescribed in regulations of the Secretary,102

99 See footnote 100. 100 Regulations of the Secretary are contained in Chapter III of Title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

101 See footnote 100 above.

102 Regulations of the Secretary are contained in Chapter III of Title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

except that the period so prescribed may not be less than six months after notice of such decision is mailed to the individual making such request. The Secretary is further authorized, on his own motion, to hold such hearings and to conduct such investigations and other proceedings as he may deem necessary or proper for the administration of this title. In the course of any hearing, investigation, or other proceeding, he may administer oaths and affirmations, examine witnesses, and receive evidence. Evidence may be received at any hearing before the Secretary even though inadmissible under rules of evidence applicable to court procedure. (c) (1) For the purposes of this subsection

(A) The term "year" means a calendar year when used with respect to wages and a taxable year (as defined in section 211 (e)) when used with respect to self-employment income.

(B) The term “time limitation" means a period of three years, three months, and fifteen days.

(C) The term “survivor* means an individual's spouse, former wife divorced, child, or parent, who survives such individual. (2) On the basis of information obtained by or submitted to the Secretary, and after such verification thereof as he deems necessary, the Secretary shall establish and maintain records of the amounts of wages paid to, and the amounts of self-employment income derived by, each individual and of the periods in which such wages were paid and such income was derived and, upon request, shall inform any individual or his survivor, or the legal representative of such individual or his estate, of the amounts of wages and self-employment income of such individual and the periods during which such wages were paid and such income was derived, as shown by such records at the time of such request.

(3) The Secretary's records shall be evidence for the purpose of proceedings before the Secretary or any court of the amounts of wages paid to, and self-employment income derived by, an individual and of the periods in which such wages were paid and such income was derived. The absence of an entry in such records as to wages alleged to have been paid to, or as to self-employment income alleged to have been derived by, an individual in any period shall be evidence that no such alleged wages were paid to, or that no such alleged income was derived by, such individual during such period.

(4) Prior to the expiration of the time limitation following any year the Secretary may, if it is brought to his attention that any entry of wages or self-employment income in his records for such year is erroneous or that any item of wages or self-employment income for such year has been omitted from such records, correct such entry or include such omitted item in his records, as the case may be. After the expiration of the time limitation following any year

(A) the Secretary's records (with changes, if any, made pursuant to paragraph (5)) of the amounts of wages paid to, and self-employment income derived by, an individual during any period in such year shall be conclusive for the purposes of this title;

(B) the absence of an entry in the Secretary's records as to the wages alleged to have been paid by an employer to an individual during any period in such year shall be presumptive evidence for

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