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3-YEAR

(B) LIMIT WHERE CLAIM NOT FILED WITHIN PERIOD.-If the claim was not filed within such 3-year period, the amount of the credit or refund shall not exceed the portion of the tax paid during the 2 years immediately preceding the filing of the claim.

(C) LIMIT IF NO CLAIM FILED.-If no claim was filed, the credit or refund shall not exceed the amount which would be allowable under subparagraph (A) or (B), as the case may be, if claim was filed on the date the credit or refund is allowed.

SEC. 6513. TIME RETURN DEEMED FILED AND TAX CONSIDERED PAID.

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(c) RETURN AND PAYMENT OF SOCIAL SECURITY TAXES AND INCOME TAX WITHHOLDING.-Notwithstanding subsection (a), for purposes of section 6511 with respect to any tax imposed by chapter 21 or 24

(1) If a return for any period ending with or within a calendar year is filed before April 15 of the succeeding calendar year, such return shall be considered filed on April 15 of such succeeding calendar year; and

(2) If a tax with respect to remuneration paid during any period ending with or within a calendar year is paid before April 15 of the succeeding calendar year, such tax shall be considered paid on April 15 of such succeeding calendar year

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SEC. 6521. MITIGATION OF EFFECT OF LIMITATION IN CASE OF RE

LATED TAXES UNDER DIFFERENT CHAPTERS.

(a) SELF-EMPLOYMENT TAX AND TAX ON WAGES.—In the case of the tax imposed by chapter 2 (relating to tax on self-employment income) and the tax imposed by section 3101 (relating to tax on employees under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act)

(1) If an amount is erroneously treated as self-employment income, or if an amount is erroneously treated as wages, and

(2) If the correction of the error would require an assessment of one such tax and the refund or credit of the other tax, and

(3) If at any time the correction of the error is authorized as to one such tax but is prevented as to the other tax by any law or

rule of law (other than section 7122, relating to compromises), then, if the correction authorized is made, the amount of the assessment, or the amount of the credit or refund, as the case may be, authorized as to the one tax shall be reduced by the amount of the credit or refund, or the amount of the assessment, as the case may be, which would be required with respect to such other tax for the correction of the error if such credit or refund, or such assessment, of such other tax were not prevented by any law or rule of law (other than section 7122, relating to compromises).

(b) DEFINITIONS. -For purposes of subsection (a), the terms "selfemployment income” and “wages" shall have the same meaning as when used in section 1402 (b).

CHAPTER 67-INTEREST

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Sec. 6601. Interest on underpayment, nonpayment, or extensions of time

for payment, of tax.

391

SEC. 6601. INTEREST ON UNDERPAYMENT, NONPAYMENT, OR EXTEN

SIONS OF TIME FOR PAYMENT, OF TAX. (a) GENERAL RULE.—If any amount of tax imposed by this title (whether required to be shown on a return, or to be paid by stamp or by some other method) is not paid on or before the last date prescribed for payment, interest on such amount at the rate of 6 percent per annum shall be paid for the period from such last date to the date paid.

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(c) LAST DATE PRESCRIBED FOR PAYMENT.–For purposes of this section, the last date prescribed for payment of the tax shall be determined under chapter 62 with the application of the following rules:

(1) EXTENSIONS OF TIME DISREGARDED.— The last date prescribed for payment shall be determined without regard to any extension of time for payment.

(2) INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS.—In the case of an election under section 6152 (a) to pay the tax in installments

(A) The date prescribed for payment of each installment of the tax shown on the return shall be determined under section 6152 (b), and

(B) The last date prescribed for payment of the first installment shall be deemed the last date prescribed for pay

ment of any portion of the tax not shown on the return. (3) JEOPARDY. The last date prescribed for payment shall be determined without regard to any notice and demand for payment issued, by reason of jeopardy (as provided in chapter 70), prior to the last date otherwise prescribed for such payment.

(4) LAST DATE FOR PAYMENT NOT OTHERWISE PRESCRIBED.-In the case of taxes payable by stamp and in all other cases in which the last date for payment is not otherwise prescribed, the last date for payment shall be deemed to be the date the liability for tax arises (and in no event shall be later than the date notice and demand for the tax is made by the Secretary or his delegate).

(f) APPLICABLE RULES.-Except as otherwise provided in this title

(1) INTEREST TREATED AS TAX.-Interest prescribed under this section on any tax shall be paid upon notice and demand, and shall be assessed, collected, and paid in the same manner as taxes. Any reference in this title (except subchapter B of chapter 63, relating to deficiency procedures) to any tax imposed by this title shall be deemed also to refer to interest imposed by this section on such tax.

(2) NO INTEREST ON INTEREST.-No interest under this section shall be imposed on the interest provided by this section.

(3) INTEREST ON PENALTIES, ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS, OR ADDITIONS TO THE TAX.-Interest shall be imposed under subsection (a) in respect of any assessable penalty, additional amount, or addition to the tax only if such assessable penalty, additional amount, or addition to the tax is not paid within 10 days from the date of notice and demand therefor, and in such case interest shall be imposed only for the period from the date of the notice and demand to the date of payment.

(4) PAYMENTS MADE WITHIN 10 DAYS AFTER NOTICE AND DEMAND.-If notice and demand is made for payment of any amount, and if such amount is paid within 10 days after the date of such notice and demand, interest under this section on the amount so paid shall not be imposed for the period after the date of such notice and demand.

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(h) LIMITATION ON ASSESSMENT ON COLLECTION.-Interest prescribed under this section on any tax may be assessed and collected at any time during the period within which the tax to

which such interest relates may be collected. CHAPTER 68-ADDITIONS TO THE TAX, ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS, AND ASSESSABLE PENALTIES

Page Sec. 6651. Failure to file tax return.

392 Sec. 6656. Failure to make deposit of taxes.

392 Sec. 6659. Applicable rules.-

393 Sec. 6674. Fraudulent statement or failure to furnish statement to employee

393 SEC. 6651. FAILURE TO FILE TAX RETURN.

(a) ADDITION TO THE Tax.- In case of failure to file any return required under authority of subchapter A of chapter 61 (other than part III thereof), of subchapter A of chapter 51 (relating to distilled spirits, wines, and beer), or of subchapter A of chapter 52 (relating to tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, and cigarette papers and tubes), or of subchapter A of chapter 53 (relating to machine guns and certain other firearms), on the date prescribed therefor (determined with regard to any extension of time for filing), unless it is shown that such failure is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect, there shall be added to the amount required to be shown as tax on such return 5 percent of the amount of such tax if the failure is for not more than 1 month, with an additional 5 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which such failure continues, not exceeding 25 percent in the aggregate.

(b) PENALTY IMPOSED ON NET AMOUNT DUE.--For purposes of subsection (a), the amount of tax required to be shown on the return shall be reduced by the amount of any part of the tax which is paid on or before the date prescribed for payment of the tax and by the amount of any credit against the tax which may be claimed upon the return.

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SEC. 6656. FAILURE TO MAKE DEPOSIT OF TAXES.

(a) PENALTY.-In case of failure by any person required by this title or by regulation of the Secretary or his delegate under this title to deposit on the date prescribed therefor any amount of tax imposed by this title in such government depositary as is authorized under section

6302 (c) to receive such deposit, unless it is shown that such failure is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect, there shall be imposed upon such person a penalty of 1 percent of the amount of the underpayment if the failure is for not more than 1 month, with an additional 1 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which such failure continues, not exceeding 6 percent in the aggregate. For purposes of this subsection, the term “underpayment” means the excess of the amount of the tax required to be so deposited over the amount, if any, thereof deposited on or before the date prescribed therefor.

(b) PENALTY Nor IMPOSED AFTER DUE DATE FOR RETURN. For purposes of subsection (a), the failure shall be deemed not to continue beyond the last date (determined without regard to any extension of time) prescribed for payment of the tax required to be deposited or beyond the date the tax is paid, whichever is earlier.

SEC. 6659. APPLICABLE RULES.

(a) ADDITIONS TREATED AS Tax.—Except as otherwise provided in this title

(1) The additions to the tax, additional amounts, and penalties provided by this chapter shall be paid upon notice and demand and shall be assessed, collected, and paid in the same manner as taxes;

(2) Any reference in this title to "tax" imposed by this title shall be deemed also to refer to the additions to the tax, additional amounts, and penalties provided by this chapter. (b) ADDITIONS TO TAX FOR FAILURE TO FILE RETURN OR PAY Tax.Any addition under section 6651 or section 6653 to a tax imposed by another subtitle of this title shall be considered a part of such tax for the purpose of applying the provisions of this title relating to the assessment and collection of such tax (including the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 63, relating to deficiency procedures for income, estate, and gift taxes).

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SEC. 6674. FRAUDULENT STATEMENT OR FAILURE TO FURNISH STATE

MENT TO EMPLOYEE. In addition to the criminal penalty provided by section 7204, any person required under the provisions of section 6051 to furnish à statement to an employee who willfully furnishes a false or fraudulent statement, or who willfully fails to furnish a statement in the manner, at the time, and showing the information required under section 6051, or regulations prescribed thereunder, shall for each such failure be subject to a penalty under this subchapter of $50, which shall be assessed and collected in the same manner as the tax on employers imposed by section 3111.

CHAPTER 75—CRIMES, OTHER OFFENSES, AND
FORFEITURES

Page Sec. 7201. Attempt to evade or defeat tax--

394 Sec. 7202. Willful failure to collect or pay tax-

394 Sec. 7203. Willful failure to file return, supply information, or pay tax-- 394 Sec. 7204. Fraudulant statement or failure to make statement to employees.

394 Sec. 7206. Fraud and false statements_

394 Sec. 7207. Fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents_

395 SEC. 7201. ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX.

Any person who willfully attempts in any manner to evade or defeat any tax imposed by this title or the payment thereof shall, in addition to other penalities provided by law, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. SEC. 7202. WILLFUL FAILURE TO COLLECT OR PAY OVER TAX.

Any person required under this title to collect, account for, and pay over any tax imposed by this title who willfully fails to collect or truthfully account for and pay over such tax shail, in addition to other penalties provided by law, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. SEC. 7203. WILLFUL FAILURE TO FILE RETURN, SUPPLY INFORMATION,

OR PAY TAX. Any person required under this title to pay any estimated tax or tax, or required by this title or by regulations made under authority thereof to make a return other than a return required under authority of section 6015 or section 6016), keep any records, or supply any information, who willfully fails to pay such estimated tax or tax, make such return, keep such records, or supply such information, at the time or times required by law or regulations, shall, in addition to other penalties provided by law, be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. SEC. 7204. FRAUDULENT STATEMENT OR FAILURE TO MAKE STATE

MENT TO EMPLOYEES. In lieu of any other penalty provided by law (except the penalty provided by section 6674) any person required under the provisions of section 6051 to furnish a statement who willfully furnishes a false or fraudulent statement or who willfully fails to furnish a statement in the manner, at the time, and showing the information required under section 6051, or regulations prescribed thereunder, shall, for each such offense, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.

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SEC. 7206. FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS.
Any person who

(1) Declaration under penalties of perjury.-Willfully makes and subscribes any return, statement, or other document, which contains or is verified by a written declaration that it is made under the penalties of perjury, and which he does not believe to be true and correct as to every material matter; or

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