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Presidents

Secretaries of State

Date of com

mission

Mar. 22, 1920

Woodrow Wilson -- Frank Lyon Polk, of New York (Undersecretary).

Acting Feb. 14, 1920, to Mar. 13, 1920.
Bainbridge Colby, of New York...

Entered upon duties Mar. 23, 1920. Retired Mar. 4, 1921.
Warren G. Harding - Charles Evans Hughes, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Mar. 5, 1921.
Calvin Coolidge --- Continued from last administration. Retired Mar. 4, 1925.

Frank Billings Kellogg, of Minnesota

Entered upon duties Mar. 5, 1925.

Mar. 4, 1921

Feb. 16, 1925

II. COUNSELORS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE (1909–1919)

(Title changed to Undersecretary of State July 1, 1919)

Counselors for the Department of State

Date of com

mission

Aug. 21, 1909

Dec. 16, 1910

Apr. 21, 1913

Henry M. Hoyt, of Pennsylvania..

Entered upon duties Aug. 27, 1909. Died Nov. 20, 1910. Chandler P. Anderson, of New York.

Entered upon duties Dec. 16, 1910. Retired Apr. 22, 1913. John Bassett Moore, of New York.-

Entered upon duties Apr. 23, 1913. Retired Mar. 4, 1914. Robert Lansing, of New York.-

Entered upon duties Apr. 1, 1914. Retired June 23, 1915. Frank Lyon Polk, of New York. --

Entered upon duties Sept. 16, 1915. Retired June 30, 1919.

Mar. 27, 1914

Aug. 30, 1915

III. UNDERSECRETARIES OF STATE (1919–1927)

Undersecretaries of State

Date of com.

mission

June 26, 1919

June 11, 1920

Mar. 7, 1921

Frank Lyon Polk, of New York -

Entered upon duties July 1, 1919. Retired June 15, 1920. Norman H. Davis, of New York...

Entered upon duties June 15, 1920. Retired Mar. 7, 1921. Henry P. Fletcher, of Pennsylvania.

Entered upon duties Mar. 8, 1921. Retired Mar. 6, 1922. William Phillips, of Massachusetts.

Entered upon duties Apr. 26, 1922. Retired Apr. 11, 1924. Joseph C. Grew, of New Hampshire....

Entered upon duties Apr. 16, 1924. Retired June 30, 1927.

Mar. 31, 1922

Mar. 7, 1924

Robert E. Olds, of Minnesota

Entered upon duties July 1, 1927.

May 19, 1927

Assistant Secretaries of State

Date of com

mission

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Ambrose Dudley Mann, of Ohio.-

Retired May 8, 1855.
William Hunter, jr., of Rhode Island (Chief Clerk)--

Ad interim May 9, 1855, to Oct. 31, 1855.
John A. Thomas, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Nov. 1, 1855. Retired Apr. 3, 1857. John Appleton, of Maine...

Entered upon duties Apr. 4, 1857. Retired June 10, 1860. William H. Trescot, of South Carolina..-

Entered upon duties June 11, 1860. Retired Dec. 20, 1860. William Hunter, of Rhode Island (Chief Clerk).

Ad interim Mar. 1, 1861, to Mar. 5, 1861. Frederick W. Seward, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Mar. 6, 1861. Retired Mar. 4, 1869. J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Apr. 1, 1869. Retired Nov. 13, 1871. Charles Hale, of Massachusetts...

Entered upon duties Feb. 19, 1872. Retired Jan. 24, 1873. J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York..

Entered upon duties Jan. 25, 1873. Retired June 30, 1874. John L. Cadwalader, of New York..

Entered upon duties July 1, 1874. Retired Mar. 20, 1877. Frederick W. Seward, of New York..

Entered upon duties Mar. 21, 1877. Retired Oct. 31, 1879. John Hay, of Ohio.-

Entered upon duties Nov. 1, 1879. Retired May 3, 1881. Robert R. Hitt, of Illinois.-

Entered upon duties May 4, 1881. Retired Dec. 19, 1881. J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York.---

Entered upon duties Dec. 20, 1881. Retired July 7, 1882. John Davis, of the District of Columbia ...

Entered upon duties July 8, 1882. Retired Feb. 23, 1885. James D. Porter, of Tennessee.

Entered upon duties Mar. 21, 1885. Retired Sept. 10, 1887.
George L. Rives, of New York..

Entered upon duties Nov. 21, 1887. Retired Mar. 5, 1889.
William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts
Entered upon duties Apr. 11, 1889. Retired Mar. 20, 1893.

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Assistant Secretaries of State

Date of com

mission

Mar. 20, 1893

Nov. 1, 1893

Feb. 11, 1896

May 3, 1897

Apr. 27, 1898

Oct. 25, 1898

Josiah Quincy, of Massachusetts...

Entered upon duties Mar. 21, 1893. Retired Sept. 22, 1893. Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan...

Entered upon duties Nov. 11, 1893. Retired Feb. 11, 1896. William Woodville Rockhill, of Maryland.--

Entered upon duties Feb. 14, 1896. Retired May 10, 1897. William R. Day, of Ohio..

Entered upon duties May 11, 1897. Retired Apr. 27, 1898. John Bassett Moore, of New York.

Entered upon duties Apr. 28, 1898. Retired Sept. 16, 1898. David J. Hill, of New York.

Entered upon duties Oct. 25, 1898. Retired Jan. 28, 1903.
Francis B. Loomis, of Ohio.----

Entered upon duties Feb. 9, 1903. Retired Oct. 10, 1905.
Robert Bacon, of New York.--
Entered upon duties Oct. 11, 1905. Retired Jan. 27, 1909.

Callan O’Laughlin, of the District of Columbia ----
Entered upon duties Jan. 28, 1909. Retired Mar. 5, 1909.
Huntington Wilson, of Illinois..

Entered upon duties Mar. 6, 1909. Retired Mar. 19, 1913. John E. Osborne, of Wyoming-

Entered upon duties Apr. 21, 1913. Retired Dec. 14, 1916. William Phillips, of Massachusetts.

Entered upon duties Jan. 25, 1917. Retired Mar. 25, 1920.

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Fred Morris Dearing, of Missouri..

Entered upon duties Mar. 15, 1921. Retired Feb. 28, 1922.

Mar. 31, 1922

Leland Harrison, of Illinois.-

Entered upon duties Apr. 4, 1922. Retired Apr. 1, 1927.
Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia...

Entered upon duties under title of Assistant Secretary of State July 1, 1924.
Died July 4, 1924.

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J. Butler Wright, of Wyoming

Entered upon duties under title of Assistant Secretary of State July 1, 1924.

Retired Apr. 18, 1927.
Wilbur J. Carr, of New York.--

Entered upon duties July 1, 1924.
John Van A. MacMurray, of New Jersey ---

Entered upon duties Nov. 19, 1924. Retired May 19, 1925.

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Robert E. Olds, of Minnesota..

Entered upon duties Oct. 5, 1925. Retired June 30, 1927.

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July 27, 1866

William Hunter, of Rhode Island...

Entered upon duties July 27, 1866. Died July 22, 1886.
Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia...
Entered upon duties Aug. 6, 1886. Title changed to Assistant Secretary of State

July 1, 1924.

Aug. 3, 1886

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Aug. 3, 1886

Feb. 11, 1892

Apr. 13, 1893

John Bassett Moore, of Delaware..

Entered upon duties Aug. 6, 1886. Retired Sept. 30, 1891. William M. Grinnell, of New York..-

Entered upon duties Feb. 15, 1892. Retired Apr. 16, 1893. Edward H. Strobel, of New York.

Entered upon duties Apr. 17, 1893. Retired Apr. 16, 1894. William Woodville Rockhill, of Maryland..-

Entered upon duties Apr. 17, 1894. Retired Feb. 13, 1896. William Woodward Baldwin, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Feb. 29, 1896. Retired Apr. 1, 1897.

Apr. 14, 1894

Feb. 24, 1896

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Sept. 25, 1909

Apr. 21, 1913

Mar. 13, 1914

Jan. 24, 1917

Chandler Hale, of Maine...

Entered upon duties Oct. 14, 1909. Retired Apr. 21, 1913. Dudley Field Malone, of New York.--

Entered upon duties Apr. 22, 1913. Retired Nov. 22, 1913. William Phillips, of Massachusetts

Entered upon duties Mar. 17, 1914. Retired Jan. 24, 1917. Breckinridge Long, of Missouri

Entered upon duties Jan. 29, 1917. Retired June 8, 1920. Van Santvoord Merle-Smith, of New York..--

Entered upon duties June 24, 1920. Retired Mar. 4, 1921.
Robert Woods Bliss, of New York.

Entered upon duties Mar. 16, 1921. Retired May 3, 1923.
J. Butler Wright, of Wyoming---
Entered upon duties June 11, 1923. Title changed to Assistant Secretary of State

July 1, 1924.

June 21, 1920

Mar. 15, 1921

Jan. 30, 1923

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