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PERSONS RETIRED FROM THE DEPARTMENT UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT OF MAY 22, 1920

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IX. ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE

The Secretary of State is charged, under the direction of the President, with the duties appertaining

to correspondence with the public ministers and the consuls of the United States and with the representatives of foreign powers accredited to the United States, and to negotiations of whatever character, relating to the foreign affairs of the United States. He is also the medium of correspondence between the President and the chief executives of the several States of the United States; he has the custody of the seal of the United States, and countersigns and affixes such seal to all treaties, Executive proclamations, to various commissions, and to warrants for the extradition of fugitives from justice. He is regarded as the first in rank among the members of the Cabinet. He is also the custodian of the treaties made with foreign States, and of the laws of the United States. He grants and issues passports, and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the United States are issued through his office. He publishes the laws and resolutions of Congress, amendments to the Constitution, and proclamations declaring the admission of new States into the Union.

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The Undersecretary of State is the principal assistant of the Secretary of State in the discharge of

his various functions, aiding in the formulation and execution of the foreign policies of the Government, in the reception of representatives of foreign governinents, etc. In matters which do not require the personal attention of the Secretary of State he acts for the Secretary of State, and in the absence of the Secretary of State he becomes the Acting Secretary of State. The Undersecretary of State is charged with the general direction of the work of the Department of State and of the Foreign Service.

Robert E. OLDS, Undersecretary of State
SPENCER PHENIX, Assistant to the Undersecretary

Clerks

Helena M. Cuthbertson

Helen W. Cook
L. Adelaide Watson

Eldora C. Lawson

Clayborne Tennille, Messenger

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ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE

The Assistant Secretary charged with the supervision of all consular activities and the work of the

several bureaus and divisions of the Department relating thereto. He is also legislative and Budget officer of the Department and is charged with the supervision of the preparation of estimates of appropriations for the Department and for the Foreign Service and of their presentation to Congress. He has supervision over the Passport Division and the Visa Office and is a member of the Foreign Service Personnel Board.

WILBUR J. CARR, Assistant Secretary of State

BEULAH M. GRIFFITH, Private Secretary
FELIX COLE!

ROBERT D. LONGYEAR!
Rebekah L. de Lashmutt, Clerk
Arthur J. Smith, Messenger

BUDGET OFFICE
B. LESLIE VIPOND, in Charge

Helen F. Doran, Clerk

CONSULAR COMMERCIAL OFFICE
FREDERICK T. F. DUMONT,' in Charge

Assistants

CAROL H. FOSTER,' in Charge
John G. ERHARDT 1

CHARLES D. WESTCOTT 1
CLINTON E. MacEACHRAN

JAMES G. FINLEY 1
Economic Analysts
Aloysius Wenger

Raymond E. Murphy

Senior Readers
Helen L. Daniel

Elsie B. Cheever

Junior Readers
Ann E. Mullen

Charlotte Bradshaw

Clerks James L. Duncan

Beatrice L. Comeau

Margaret C. Sunderland John A. Tonner

Myrtle F. Athey

Winne B. Oswald Anna B. Ferber

Susanna Hemry

Max J. Irland Joseph P. Burg

Helen G. Preil

George Rose, 3d
John D. Sturgeon, Laborer

Edward J. Tobin, Messenger

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE

Assistant Secretary charged with all matters pertaining to political, economic, and commercial

policies having to do with Europe and the Near East, and such other duties as may be assigned to him by the Secretary of State. He is a member of the Foreign Service Personnel Board.

William R. Castle, JR., Assistant Secretary of State

Louis E. MUNDY, Private Secretary

Mary Agnes Breen, Clerk
Charles A. Reeder, Messenger

1 Foreign Service officer.

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE Assistant Secretary charged with all matters pertaining to political, economic, and commercial

policies having to do with Latin America, and such other duties as may be assigned to him by the Secretary of State.

FRANCIS WHITE, Assistant Secretary of State

EUNICE A. LINCOLN, Private Secretary
SYDNEY Y. SMITH
CHARLES LEE COOKE

JAMES CLEMENT DUNN!

Clerks
Anna Belle Newcomb

Frances J. Frankenhoff
Thomas Sayers, Messenger

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE

Assistant Secretary charged with all matters pertaining to political, economic, and commercial

policies having to do with the Far East, and such other duties as may be assigned to him by the
Secretary of State.

Nelson T. JOHNSON, Assistant Secretary of State
GEORGE A. MORLOCK, Private Secretary

Marion Arnold, Clerk
Colbert S. Syphax, Messenger

OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR Drafts and interprets treaties, conventions, protocols, and other international agreements; deals

with questions of municipal, foreign, and international law, and handles diplomatic claims
of American citizens against foreign governments; claims of foreigners against the Govern-
ment of the United States; questions of personal and private rights of aliens in the United
States and of American citizens in foreign countries, such as acquisition, inheritance, and
transfer of property; arrest, detention, fines, imprisonment, personal injury, acts of insurgents,
taxation, breach or annulment of concessions or other contracts; failure to pay interest or
principal on Government obligations, sequestration or confiscation of property; complaints
regarding action of executive, legislative, judicial, or military authorities; questions concern-
ing the rights and privileges of American diplomatic and consular officers abroad and of foreign
diplomatic and consular officers in the United States, and concerning the rights and immunities
of sovereigns and public property; questions relating to the jurisdiction over and control of
public or private vessels; questions relating to citizenship, naturalization, expatriation, extra-
dition, and extraterritoriality; questions relating to the acts and rights of belligerents, neutrals,
and insurgents on land or sea; and a large number of miscellaneous legal questions not included
in the above classification.

GREEN H. HACKWORTH, Solicitor
JAMES ALAN Nash, Administrative Assistant

Assistants to the Solicitor

JACOB A. METZGER
JOSEPH R. BAKER
RALPH W. S. HILL
RICHARD W. FLOURNOY, JR.
WILLIAM R. VALLANCE
CHARLES M. BARNES
HERBERT B. COLLINS

JOSEPH B. MATRÉ
ANNA A. O'NEILL
FRANK X. WARD
FRANCIS COLT DE WOLF
STEPHEN LATCHFORD
FRANCIS M. ANDERSON
RAYMOND V. SHEPLER

RAYMOND T. YINGLING
FREDERICK M. DIVEN
John K. M. EWING
IRVIN STEWART
CONWAY N. KITCHEN
ETHEL L. LAWRENCE
JAMES OLIVER MURDOCK

1 Foreign Service officer.

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OFFICE OF THE CHIEF CLERK AND ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT General supervision of the clerks and other employees of the Department and of routine depart

mental matters; purchase of supplies; custody of the property of the Department; supervision and assignment of office rooms and space; issuance of passes, when required, to persons entitled to enter the building; authentication of applications for automobile licenses of foreign diplomatic officers residing in Washington; correspondence on departmental matters; leaves of absence and sick leave; preparation and custody of efficiency records of the Department. The chief clerk signs authentications and such other papers as the Secretary of State may direct. The appointment section of his office receives and has custody of applications for appointment in the departmental service and of the indorsements of applicants; has charge of correspondence relating thereto; preparation of nominations to the Senate of Foreign Service officers and other officers commissioned by the Department of State whose appointments are subject to confirmation by the Senate; issuance of commissions, exequaturs, and warrants of extradition; bonding of Foreign Service officers and other officers accountable to the Department for moneys received or expended; assists in the civil service and departmental personnel matters; oaths of office; has custody of the seal of the United States.

E. J. Ayers, Chief Clerk and Administrative Assistant
PERCY F. ALLEN, Assistant and Chief of Appointment Section

Clerks
Margaret R. Shedd
Alvin G. Estes

Grace E. Alexander
Forrest D. Van Valin

Charles F. Funkhouser

John E. Richardson, Typewriter repairman
Warren McBeth, Messenger

James R. Warren, Chauffeur to the Secretary

Laborers
Nicholas Anthony
Samuel Small

Edward Clayburn
Robert W. Brown
James Hill

Moses McWhorter, jr..
Milton Baker
Stephen Payne

James A. Davis

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