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rian says, “ Thus God rendered the wickedness ss of ABIMELECH, which he did unto his father, ss in slaying his seventy brethren *.5
So the royal Psalmist, after he had described his danger from his enemies, and his confidence in God for his deliverance, says, iss Salvation beso longs unto the LORD: thy blessing is upon thy ss people t.'s
In like manner our blessed LORD, after he had delivered his parable of the marriage-fupper, and had represented the man that appeared without a wedding-garment, and his tremendous doom, says, ss For many are called, but few are ss chosen 1.55 And,
After the sacred Writer had told us, that s Many that believed, came, and confessed, and ss shewed their deeds; and that many of them ss which used curious arts, brought their books ss together, and burned them before all men; ss and that they counted the price of them, and ss found it fifty thousand pieces of silver ;ss he adds this remark, ss So mightily grew the Word ss of God, and prevailed liss
$ 4. As to the use of this Figure, it is evi-, dent,
(1) That it gives a variety to our discourses; and by variety attention is undoubtedly kept alive,
D. and consequently we may hope the deeper imprelsions by the means will be made upon our readers or auditors.
(2) The Epiphonema may be very serviceable às a kind of moral, or general improvement and use of the subject we have been discoursing upon ; and thus our hearers or readers may receive instruction, and substantial and durable benefit.
(3) The genius or skill of the writer or speaker may be shewn by a pertinent and useful Epiphonema, which, though it may naturally be deduced from our subject, yet might not be obvious to all, and so may be an evidence of our wisdom in deriving it from our preceding difcourse.
$ 5. As to directions concerning the Epiphonema, it may not be improper to observe,
(1) That it should not be too frequent. Should this be the case, our discourses might be liable to be censured as formal and affected, and too frequently checked in what should be a strong impetuous current, for the sake of sage and motal reflexions. Though the Epiphonema may diversify our speeches or compositions, yet, by being too often used, we may abate our force, and restrain that fire, which after all is the orator's or writer's best recommendation, and suprémé glory.
(2) Our reflexions should not only contain some plain and evident truth, but should also naturally spring from the discourse from whence we
CONSIDERED. 467 derive them from, otherwise we may render our design in making them abortive and vain.
(3) Let our Epiphonemas, in general at least, be short. Let them be like massy, weighty bullion, instead of being expanded into a vast amplification, while their ideas by the means become jejune and languid. Remarks upon what we have said, should, like an arrow or thunderbolt, strike at once; and success is to be expected from compacted force, rather than a weak and subtile diffusion.
9. THE VARIOUS KINDS OF i F I G U R E S
THO' FIGURES no new fense on words impose,
1 Yet language with their radiant beauties glows : So clothes on men nor fize nor shape bestow, Yet 'tis to them we half our graces owe.
Figures sometimes o’er Words extend their sway, And sometimes Sentiments their pow'rs obey. Figures of Words some other words destroy ; Figures of Sentiment no words annoy, But, founded upon sense, they endless life enjoy.
An ECPHonesis strong commotion feels, Exclaims, and our impatient sense reveals. “ Welcome, sweet hour, (the dying Christian cries, “ While pleasure sparkles from his swimining eyes) “ Period at once of sorrow, and of fin, “ Corporeal anguish, and the war within.
« what « O what bleft objects open to my fight, .. " My God, my Saviour, and the realms of night! :: “ O what perfection! what divine employ! " What an eternity of love and joy!”
Not so the sinner. Death uplifts his dart, And aims the point impoison’d' at his heart: How his lips quiver ! how his eye-balls glare ! ! How his soul labours with intense despair! “ Ah wretched creature ! whither shall I Ay, << Clinging to life, and yet compell’d to die? . " To die - O! what is that? - I must appear “ Before that God whom I refus’d to hear, «' To love, to honour; whose avenging ire 6. Will plunge me down into the lake of fire, “ For ever -O! for ever, there to dwell; “ Ah! there's the horror, there's the hell of hell: « And that's my doom "Convulsions seize his breath, His accents faulter, and he finks in death. . , ,
An APORIA agitates the mind, And now to this, and now to that inclin'd. $. Me miserable! which way shall I fee? “ If to the capitol, there I must see « The pavement swimming with my brother's gore, “ My brother, who must bless my eyes no more :: “ Or should I home return, there there appears i “ My mother bow'd with age, and drown'd in tears *.”
EPANCRTHOSIS our too languid words Retracts, and more emphatical affords. ! His laws, but I that character recal, - His curses that to ruin doom'd us all t."
H h 3 ..CICERO. See page 135. i + Cicero. See page 142