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new-devised discipline, as that he thought all churches and congregations for governments ecclesiastical, were to be measured and squared by the practice of Geneva. Therefore, when he returned home, he took many exceptions against the established government of the church of England, and the observation of its rites and cereinonies, and the administration of its holy sacrainents; and buzzed these conceits into the heads of divines, young preachers, and scholars of the university of Cainbridge, and drew after him a great number of disciples and fola lowers. Cartwright afterwards disturbs the state of the university; is recommended to be quiet, but to no pur. pose; is at last expelled, after having refused to assist at a conference which Archbishop Whitgift offered him. Cartwright afterwards published, in 1591, a book of new discipline, for which he was proceeded against in the Star Chamber.

ARCHBISHOP WHITGIFT. THE mention of this great prelate, whom queen Eliza-, beth used to call her little black husband, gives us an occasion to quote what the judicious and temperate Hooker says of him, which is alone sufficient to wipe off all the foul aspersions cast upon his name by the Puritans.

“ He always governed," says Hooker, "with that moderation which useth by patience to suppress boldness, and to make them conquer

that suffer."

LORD BURLEIGH. THIS great statesman was very much pressed by some of the disaffected divines in his time, who waited on him in a body, to make some alterations in the articles and liturgy. He desired them to go into the next room themselves, and bring him in their unanimous opinion upon some disputed points. They returned, however, without being able to agree. "Why, gentlemen,” said he," how can you expect that I should alter any point in dispute, when you who must be more competent, from your situation, to judge than I can, possibly be, cannot agree yourselves in what manner you would have me alter it."

With respect to the education of children he used to say: so that the unthrifty looseness of youth in this age

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was the parents' faults, who made them men seven years too soon, having but children's judgments.”

The same great man was wont to say, “I will never trust any inan not of sound religion ; for he that is false to God, can never be true to inan.”


IN the year 1652 this person, who was a zealous Independent, was made vice-chancellor of Oxford, " in which office,” (says Wood,) “he being also one of the visitors, he endeavoured to put down habits, formalities, and all ceremony, notwithstanding he before had taken an oath to observe the statutes and maintain the privileges of the university ; but was opposed in this also by the Presbyterians. While he did undergo the said office, he, instead of being a grave example to the university, scorned all formality, undervalued the office, by going in quirpo like a young scholar, with powdered hair, snake-bone bandstrings, (or bandstrings with very large tassels), lawn band, a large set of ribands pointed, at his knees, and Spanish leather boots, with large lawn tops, and his hat mostly cocked.” Yet Wood afterwards candidly says of him, that "he was a person well skill'd in the tongues, Rabbin'nical learning, Jewish rites and customs; that he had a great command of his English pen, and was one of the must genteel and fairest writers who have appeared against the church of England, as handling his adversaries with far more civil, decent, and temperate language than many of his fiery brethren, and by confining himself wholly to the cause, without the unbecoming mixture of personal slanders and reflection."

Dr. Owen was a very voluniinous writer of the high Calvinistical cast, but many of his works may be read 'with profit, particularly his Exercitations on the epistle to the Hebrews, 4 vols. folio. He died in 1683,

DR. BENTLEY. DURING the celebrated controversy between Mr. Boyle and Dr. Bentley, on the subject of the Epistles of Phalaris, some. Cambridge wags made the following pun, They exhibited in a caricature Phalaris's guards thrusting Bentley into the tyrant's brazen bull, and this label issuing froin the doctor's mouth, “ I'had much rather be roasted than boyl'd!"


THIS excellent prelate will ever be had in grateful remembrance by all true Protestants in general, as well as by members of the Church of England in particular, for his noble stand against Popery. After his advancement to the episcopacy, many pleasant stories are told of his good hanour and munificence, among which is the following.

As he was much beloved by the gentry and clergy of his diocese, his hospitable table was much frequented. A neighbouring gentleman used to visit him with his lady, who was of a very particular disposition. She happened to dine there once when she was pregnant and near her time. At dinner soup was served up

in a noble silver turenne. When she caine home, she was, or pretended to be, much indisposed. Her husband, who was good and affectionate, requested to know if she longed for any thing, or what could remove her illness. She said she was ashamed to own it, but that she longed for the silver turenne which she had seen at Bishop Hough’s. Her husband endeavoured to prevail with her to put aside such thoughts, as quite unreasonable, and the denial of which could be of no bad consequence; but she continued for some days so indisposed, and so ruffled, that she prevailed on her husband to go to the bishop, and acquaint himn with it. He did so reluctantly, and, with great concern, told his lordship that he could not possibly reason her out of her whim. The good prelate told him, that he would most readily gratify his lady in any thing which was within his power, rather than that any ill should happen to her. He accordingly sent the turenne, which was most joyfully received, and many thanks returned. After she had happily lain in, and was got abroad again, the Bishop wrote her a polite letter of congratulation, requesting the return of the turenne, as he himself longed for it; at the same time saying, that whenever she should be in a like condition, and again longed for the turenne, it should be at her service.

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HINT TO ANTIQUARIES. THE eminent Dr. Stukely, whose industry and ingenuity as an antiquary are universally known, was once engaged with some other curious persons on a tour in Hertfordshire, in quest of old remains. In their progress they came to a place called Cæsar's stile, situated on the brow of an eminence. No sooner was the place named, than the doctor stopped all of a sudden, and after an attentive survey of the neighbouring ground, pronounced it di rectly to be the scite of a fortified pass, which Cæsar had left behind him in his march from Cowey-Stakes to Verulam. Some of the company demurring to this opinion, a debate arose, and an aged labouring man coming up, the doctor asked him with great confidence, “Whether that was not called Cæsar's Stile?" . Aye, Master," said he," that it is; I have good reason to know it, for many a day did I work upon it for old Bob Cæsar, rest his soul. He lived in yonder farm, and a sad road was it before he made this stile.”



THIS amiable prelate, whose daughter was married to Sir William Jones, was a man of great liberality. A** violent Welch squire having taken offence at a poor cu. rate, who employed his leisure hours in mending clocks and watches, applied to the bishop with a formal complaint against him for carrying on a mechanical busi. ness. His lordship baving heard the complaint, told the squire he might depend upon it, that the strictest justice should be done in ihe case: accordingly the mechanical divine was sent for a few days after, when the Bishop asked him, “ How he dared to disgrace his diocese by becoming a mender of clocks and watches?” The other, with all humility, answered, “ To satisfy the wants of a wife and ten children!” có That wont do with me," rejoined his lordship, “ I'll inflict such a punishment upon you, as shall make you leave off your pitiful trade, I prot mise you;” and immediately calling in his secretary, or dered him to make out a presentation for the astonished curate to a living then vacant, worth one hundred and fifty pounds a year.



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A new Form of Catechetical Explanation of the Grounds
and Precepts of the Christian Doctrine, from the first
Principles of Natural Religion, under the Gospel Co-
renant ; designed principally for the Senior Classes of
Schools, or others of riper Years, &e. By the Rev. Wit-
LIAM SANDFORD, Vicar of Castlerea, in the Diocese
of Elphin. 12mo. pp. 374. 35. Rivingtons.
ELIGIOUS education is of the utmost importance ;

and in this respect, as in all others, a strict regard should be had to method and system, the better to furnish the juvenile mind with a clear and connected knowlege of that doctrine which is to be his rule of life and hope of salvation.

Many excellent books have been written for the express purpose of grounding youth in the principles and duties of religion; but, with the exception of Archbishop Secker's Lectures on the Church Catechism, we have not met with any one so fully adapted to that end as the volume before us.

The author has compressed within a moderate compass the best answers that have been given to the various doubts of sceptics and attacks of infidels; and he places the great proofs of our religion in an order and language the most likely to produce permanent satisfaction in the unbiassed mind.

The arrangement is such, in fact, as to render the volume a preparatory body of divinity; and it may be read with advantage by those who have gone through larger works, and even by those who have pursued an extensive course of theological study.

The arguments of each section are broken into a few plain questions for the exercise of the pupil ; but these are very judiciously placed at the foot of each page, so as to prevent the order of reading from being interrupted.

One or two extracts will be sufficient to confirm what we have said upon this performance.

The first shall be on the institution of the Sabbath, (page 73.)

“ The Sabbath is mentioned above as having been observed Vol. XI. Churchm. Mag. for Aug, 1806

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