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No rate has been, as yet, established for car service; but the law is plain. It requires that all cars shall be hauled at a reasonable and impartial rate. The present uniform arrangement is to allow the car owner 1 cents per mile for the use of his car, whether loaded or empty. This arrangement gives, on an average, thirty per cent. of the gross receipts on through freight transported in transportation company cars to the transportation companies. Thus the railroads have themselves, without legislation, fixed the thirty per cent. as a fair allowance for car service. It is a more liberal arrangement for the car owner than the Commissioners would probably have fixed had there been no precedent to follow; but since that schedule for car service has been fixed for through freight, by the railroads, they could not complain of its application to way freight. It is worth more both to furnish cars and to do the hauling for a short distance than for a long, and by allowing thirty per cent. to one and seventy per cent. to the other, an equitable division would be made, which would be equally applicable to short and long hauls, to way and through freight, and to all stations. The Railway Law of Illinois, by thus requiring the railroads to allow the competitive system already in vogue, as regards through freight, to be applied universally, has struck the key note of the practical solution of the transportation problem. Where competition is possible monopoly is impossible.

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tion..

46, 78-83

-365, 420

415

-88, 419

See Dartmouth College, Chica-
go and Alton Case, Unjust Dis-
crimination.

Car Service......21, 302-309, 407, 417
Also Appendix.

Commutation Tickets.............................

409

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