« PreviousContinue »
Welfare and the Public Health Service. Some of the major amendments are listed in table A of the appendix.
Other programs administered by the Department and the Service such as, for example, programs relating to water pollution control, air pollution control, and Indian health services, have been enacted as separate statutes and have been included in this compilation for the reasons already stated.
The Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 (Public Law 845, 80th Congress, 62 Stat. 1155) was replaced by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1956. (Public Law 660, 84th Congress, 70 Stat. 498) which included provisions for comprehensive programs for water pollution control; interstate cooperation; research, investigation, training; grants for water pollution control programs; grants for construction of treatment works; and enforcement measures against pollution of interstate waters. The 1961 Amendments (Public Law 87–88, 75 Stat. 204) vested all functions under the act in the Secretary, and among other things expanded the enforcement authority, increased maximum grants for construction of treatment works, and authorized the establishment of field laboratory and research facilities.
The act of July 14, 1955 (Public Law 159, 84th Congress, 69 Stat. 322), as amended by the act of September 22, 1959 (Public Law 86– 365, 73 Stat. 646), and the act of October 9, 1962 (Public Law 87-761, 76 Stat. 760), provides for studies, investigations, and dissemination of information and for grants and contracts for research, training, and demonstration projects in the field of air pollution control.
The act of August 5, 1954 (Public Law 568, 83d Congress, 68 Stat. 674), effective July 1, 1955, transferred to the Surgeon General, for administration under the direction of the Secretary, all functions, responsibilities, and authority of the Department of the Interior relating to the conservation of the health of Indians; and provided for the transfer and administration of health facilities. It was amended by the act of July 31, 1959 (Public Law 86–121, 73 Stat. 267), to authorize the Surgeon General to construct, improve, extend, or otherwise provide and maintain essential sanitation facilities for Indians; to arrange for participation with tribal groups, local authorities, etc., in the construction costs and in subsequent operation and maintanance of facilities; and to transfer completed facilities to State o local authorities and Indian tribes, or in the case of domestic facilities, to individual Indians.
The act of August 16, 1957 (Public Law 85–151, 71 Stat. 370), authorized the use, under prescribed conditions, of appropriations for the construction of Indian health facilities, to pay part of the cost of construction of community health facilities serving both Indians and non-Indians.
84th Congress, as amended).
B. Air pollution :
(1) Air Pollution Control Research Training, and Technical Assistance
(Public Law 159, 84th Congress, as amended).
(2) Studies of Motor Vehicle Exhausts (Public Law 86-493).
C. Indian health:
(1) Indian hospital, health, and sanitation facilities (including transfer
maintenance and operation of hospital and health facilities for
Indians to Public Health Service) (Public Law 568, 83d Congress
(2) Community hospital facilities (Public Law 85–151).
(3) Sanitation facilities on Menominee Reservation (Public Law 87–
Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953.
Table A-Major amendments of the Public Health Service Act since 1944.