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become a prey to the Geomalacus. Since then I the Saw-fish to penetrate the timbers of vessels with have introduced more Vitrinæ, and a few of the his "saw," although it is a powerful weapon to following species :-Zonites glaber, 2. nitidulus, attack whales and other cetaceous animals; whereas 2. purus, Z. crystallinus, two Hélix fusca, twó the Sword-fish is a well-known enemy to ships, one H. caperata, two H. hirsuta, and three Clausilia of these “swords" being found, some years ago, laminata, with the following results: all the shells sticking to the depth of eighteen inches in the representing the genus Helix are empty, with the lower timbers of Her Majesty's ship Fawn. The shells more or less scraped away and perforated; all writer in the Leisure Hour says the fish he describes the Vitrina shells are empty, but left perfect; and has been pronounced " delicious" food by all who some few of the 2. purus and 2. crystallinus are | have tasted it; moreover the flesh of the Saw-fish is tenantless. The Clausilia and the other two species hard and ill-tasted. Upon the whole, it is clear that of Zonites remain untouched. Whetber all these the fish described in the Leisure Hour, whatever may have fallen victims to the rapacity of Geoma species of sword-fish it may be, is not the Sawfish. lacus maculosus, may be questionable, but I would H. Allingham. suggest that the probable cause of your last month's correspondent from Banbury finding so Fossils. — A correspondent in last month's many of the Vitrina shells empty, might be owing SCIENCE-GOSSIP asks for information relative to to the ravages of the black slug, Arion ater, and its corn-brash and forest marble fossils in the West of congener the Arion hortensis. Experiments carefully England. In answer thereto, I beg to state that in observed would no doubt determine this point. a little work published by Stanford, of Charing Allow me to say further, that in my experiment Cross, entitled "Geology of Weymouth and the Isle with the Geomalacus I added occasionally a piece of Portland,” there is a good deal of interesting of carrot, which seemed to suit the taste of this matter relating to the above, with list of fossils rare Irish slug; also a dead shell of Succinea putris &c.-T.W. has been nearly eaten away.-Thos, Rogers.

BRIMSTONE BUTTERFLY.—There is a variety of DOES THE MOON APFECT LUNATICS ?-Could you

this species with orange-coloured patches in the inform me in what way the moon affects lunatics?

fore wings, which occurs in France. Possibly it is Having heard that it did, and being unable to find it

a specimen of this variety to which Mr. H. Moore in any book, I should be glad if you could inform

refers in his note in last month's SCIENCE-GOSSIP. me through SCIENCE-GOSSIP.-R. P. U.

A hybrid between two such widely separated species

as Gonepteryx Rhamni and Colias Edusa would be SPARUS.--On the 15th ult. a fisherman of Helford most unlikely to occur.-Harry Leslie. harbour brought to me a Sparus boöps, which he had just caught in a herring.net. It was twelve

A WHITE BRIMSTONE (p. 95).-I scarcely believe inches in length and two inches in depth. The Mr. Moore is justified in imagining that the butterfly silvery gleam of the body and of its yellow stripes referred to is a hybrid between G. Rhamni and Č. was most brilliant; there were patches as of bur. Edusa, since this, variety of the Brimstone and the nished gold in front of the eyes. The first British typical form have both been reared from the same recorded specimen was caught near the entrance of batch of eggs. This variety is occasionally met with. Falmouth harbour in 1842, and was brought to my In the south of Europe a variety is met with called brother, Alfred Fox, who had a coloured drawing

G. Cleopatra, in which the orange patches cover of it taken, of which Jonathan Couch published a nearly the whole of the upper wings.-W. H. copy in his valuable book on British fishes. It is Warner, Kingston, Abingdon. a more faithful representation of this beautiful fish than that given by Bloch. Dr. Cocks, of Falmouth, PASSION-FLOWER.-I have been told that the passent a Boöps, caught at a later period (in the same

sion-flower was used in the early Christian churches fishing-ground), to the British Museum. I have

as a symbolic reveration of faith, because of the often seen this fish in the market of Algiers. The

resemblance discovered by some of the Catholic Sword-fish is justly esteemed there; its flesh is, I

fathers in different portions of the flower to our think, preferable to that of other Scomberidæ ; such

Saviour's passion. Thus: the five anthers are the as the Thunny or Mackerel. It probably swallows wounds; the stigmas represent the nails; the rays the blood and other juices of the fish that it wounds, of the corona, the crown of thorns; and the ten as it is almost toothless. Its ear-bones must be

parts of the perianth are apostles; Peter and Juda very minute or rudimentary, as I could not discover being absent--the one who betrayed, the other who any.-C. Fox.

denied our Lord.-H, E. Watney. THE SWORD-FISH.-The author of the article STARLINGS.—These birds, like swallows, are "Notes from the South Pacific,” in the Leisure migratory birds. In the northern parts of this Hour for January, has not, in my opinion, "fallen

country, where the winters are severe, the Starling, into error in describing the Saw-fish as the Sword. on the approach of the cold season, wings its flight fish;at the same time, I have not seen a sword southward, returning to its old haunts about Febru. fish with the saw-like teeth which are figured in | ary or (if the season be inclement) March. In the the cuts illustrating his paper. The Saw-fish south of England, during mild winters, they will (Pristis antiquorum), length in some instances, 12 to often remain. At Charminster, a pretty little Dorset 15 feet (a specimen of which is in my posses. village, we had frequently the Starling all the year sion), is of the Shark family, and has its head pro round, unless a very severe season set in, and then longed by a long flat plate, bearing osseous spines we missed them for a short time. The country implanted like teeth on each margin, and resem people in Dorset are very fond of starling dumplings; bling a saw. The specimen before me measures 34 and they are often sold for a shilling a dozen by the inches in length, and has 26 teeth on each side, each labourers. The chief winter food of starlings contooth being if inch long. It was found in a river sists of berries of all descriptions; such as mounin Demerara. Your correspondent “ E. H. R.” is tain ash, haws, and grain. A gentleman of my certainly right in saying it would be impossible for acquaintance used to make quite a friendship with a colony of starlings which dwelt on the eaves of a an action seemed not unlikely. Though the little neighbouring house. During the summer time, when pest was scarcely visible to the naked eye, the the cherries were ripe, be used to lay some on his edges of the moreen curtains, the chair-bottoms, window-sill, and, being an invalid, it used to pass the insides of the piano and chiffonier, as well as * many a weary hour pleasantly away, watching his other parts of the house and furniture, were quite

pet starlings. During the two years of his confine white with them. I recommended the best means ment, those birds became quite tame and sociable, I could think of to destroy them,-ventilation, really looking out for their dessert and their hand brushing, fumigation with sulphur, the use of ful of corn, which was daily placed for them. One carbolic acid, &c. The only other way, besides day a friend sent him some starlings for a dumpling, through the medium of the furniture, in which when he remarked he would as soon think of turning they were suspected to have been imported, was in cannibal as eating any of those poor starlings, for a hox of figs. The acarus was extremely hairy, they had beguiled many a sad and painful hour, and pointed in front, and gibbous behind ; but I send their voices were heard first in the morning, and mounted specimens, which may be given to any. their cheerful chatter was bis lullaby at cre. I do body who takes an interest in the mites.-R. G. not fancy I could relish them myself, although I believe they are very savoury.-Barbara Wallace Fufe. LESSER PETTYCHAP, OR CAIFF-CHAFF (Sylvia

hippolais). -The early appearance of this lively little THE STARLING.-In reply to “H. O. S.," the warbler is recorded on p. 93, by Mr. Westropp, who Starling is resident in England throughout the noticed it on March 9th. Six days later it was year, and is probably also a partial migrant. In chirping in a shrubbery close to this house. Now, mild winters, the old birds sometimes continue to are there not good grounds for believing that this frequent the trees or buildings where they nest. little bird does not migrate, since it has shown itself Their food consists almost entirely of earthworms, able to bear the severe frosts and heavy snows which snails, insects and their larvæ, with an occasional prevailed since its arrival? It stays later than the seed or berry; but these form the exception. In other small emigrants, for I heard it in the woods last autumn they congregate in immense flocks, which year so late as the second week in October. I am repair night after night to the same roosting no believer in the hybernation of birds, but I have place. These flocks begin to assemble as soon as long had an idea that this species does not leave this the first broods leave their nests, and go on in country at all, but retires in winter to sheltered creasing with successive broods till they are, later spots in woods, where it picks up a subsistence from in the season, joined by old birds also. Early in the trunks and branches of trees, like the tits the morning they disperse to their feeding-grounds, and other small birds. The disuse of its song, and again to return with the setting sun to their its small size, would render it very unlikely to be chosen resting-place.-T. Southwell.

noticed by ordinary observers. While on the early

appearance of birds of passage, I may state that the COLLECTION CATALOGUES.--I observe, among Blackcap (Curruca atricapilla) has been in full song the advertisements in SCIENCE-Gossip, an an here since the 30th of March, and that I noticed nouncement of the publication of a printed form of 1 three sand-martins (Hirundo riparia) about their old catalogue, prepared by Mr. Harting. It is no haunts the following day.-W.H, Warner. doubt a useful plan, but it does not fully explain itself. Will some one who has experience in | Paste EELS.-With some others I have often cataloguing explain how he would set about to been troubled to procure these creatures, though make a catalogue of a collection of say 2,000 carefully following the directions of the books. At botanical specimens, supposing that the specimens others, I have found them abundantly in paste have already the necessary particulars attached to which has been put away and not touched. I have each, but not collected in a book, and that the often seen it stated that some peculiar ears of corn, collection is still rapidly increasing in all depart. when soaked a short time, will abound with eels in ments, pbanerogamic and cryptogamic? It is easy the grains; and if so, may not the difficulty some enough to write out a catalogue of a completed persons find in getting them, proceed from the flour collection, either alphabetically or in the order of not baving any of these particular corns ground up classification; the difficulty lies in dealing with the with it? As to their "spontaneous generation," I additions, so as to avoid future confusion. Is there believe they are generated one from another, as is any better plan than the day-book and ledger; that | evident in the eggs and young ones.-E. T. S. is, to enter every addition consecutively in one book, with a consecutive number to each, and

PASTE EELS.-I have tried “F. K.'s” plan for afterwards post them into a fully classified cata obtainivg A. glutinis several times, and I have not logue ? This plan is cumbersome and slov.-F. 7. succeeded once. The following is a better (at any Mott.

rate cleaner) way of preserving them when they ap

pear than "F. K.'s.” Í copy it from Dr. Jabez Hogg's DOES GAS-LIGHT KILL PLANTS ?-I should be work on the microscope. He says: “The best glad if some of your able correspondents would means of securing a supply for any occasion, consists inform me whether gas, or the gas-light, kills in allowing any portion of a mass of paste in which plants? It is commonly supposed it does, but I they show themselves, to dry up, and then lay it by should think wrongly, as the gas given off must for stock : if at any time a portion of this is introform nourishment rather than otherwise.-E. T. duced into a little fresh-made paste, and the whole

kept warm and moist for a few days, it will be MITES.-A neighbour last summer requested the

found to swarm with these curious little worms."writer to inspect his daughter's house, as it was,

W. Sargant, Junior, especially the drawing-room, which had been lately newly furnished, infested with a very minute PASTE EELS.-My little random shot has induced species of mite. So extreme was the nuisance, "F.K." to shelter himself behind Mr. Pritchard, and that the maker of the furniture had been sent for thus brought me face to face with a giant; but the from a town a long way off to examine it, and even little wrigglers in question, having been myoccasiona. pets for more than forty years, I may, perhaps, be was well identified day by day, till, becoming inallowed to indulge a little obstinacy in holding my cautious, he leapt down, and was immediately killed. opinion still. I am compelled to notice this subject There is one peculiarity with these rats, viz., their again, because “F. K." has become catechist. I very often building or making their nests in the leave my unknown questioner to guess for himself, trees. I bave in India several times found rats' assuring him, at the same time, that my little scraps nests in trets; but then they have always been stolen of scientific knowledge induce me to attribute nests, such as deserted abodes of the squirrel or “Apostolic succession” alike to cats, rats, mice, sparrow; but here my friend, who is no naturalist, and-Paste Eels; and to the belief that there is a tells me that they construct them principally of much greater difference between “Paste Eels” and fir spines, on the ends of the boughs, some twelve or “Wheat Eels” than there is between a sheep and a

fifteen feet from the ground, in the common fir-trees. goat.-4. Nicholson,

The spots selected are just where the overlapping

bough nearly meets the lower one. He said that THE ERMINE IN NORTH WALES (p. 71).-Your all know the rats' nests, and that he had seen them correspondent “W. P.” is, it seems, unaware that fired at, when many rats were killed, and fell out to the Ermine is in reality the Stoat in its winter the ground. He could tell me no more, and I think dress. This animal, like the Scotch or varying that, if original nests, as he held them to be, some hare (Lepus-variabilis), turns white in winter. The grass must be woven in during their construction, change from brown to white is more apparent in as fir spines have but little power of cohesion. Northern Europe, but I have myself seen a speci The situation of these nests was worthy of notice, men of the Mustela erminea hanging up in a wood although there is scarcely a situation where a rat's here which was quite white, except a tinge of nest has not been found.-C. Horne, F.Z.S. brown along the back. The M. erminea, whether

GRYLLUS VIRIDISSMUS.-I am sorry I cannot at in its summer or winter dress, whether as a stoat or an ermine, may easily be distinguished by the tip

present render much assistance to “E.A.M.” (p.59). of the tail being always black.-W. H. Warner.

I have occasionally kept these large green grass

hoppers for a few days : they never voluntarily atTHE ERMINE.-I believe the cause of the con

tempted to eat anything; but when a fly, stuck on fusion is that the majority of stoats do not, in this

the point of a needle, was held near the mouth, they comparatively mild climate, fully change their coat

would readily take and eat it. If possible, next in winter. They are seldom pure white.-G. E. R.

summer I intend to study this insect more minutely :

the larva is very pretty, and a brighter green colour THE ERMINE IN NORTH WALES (p. 71).-It than is the perfect insect.-C. G. R. would seem probable that the discrepancy in ques. LIPARIS DISPAR.–At p. 69 Mr. Laddiman extion may be due to the comparative mildness of our

presses a desire for information respecting this inclimate, and the exceptional mildness of the past sect. I have reared several broods ("in-and-in"); winter. It appears quite certain that the change in 1870 my moths were very fine, most of them, both observed in the fur of our stoat, the Mustela

males and females, were as large as those figured erminea, is a result of the effect of severe cold. As by Mr. Newman. I have this day carefully a boy I was familiar with the Stoat in farms at the measured a female in my collection, and find it to south of England, but I never met with it in what

be, from tip to tip of the expanded wings, two inches is called its winter coat. The finest ermine comes and three-quarters, which is exactly equal to the from northern latitudes. If all our stoats were figure in “British Moths.” Measuring a male in found to produce the fur called ermine in perfec. the same manner, I find he exceeds Mr. Newman's tion, no doubt we should cultivate the trade for our

by one-twentieth of an inch. Last summer my home market.-4. H.

L. dispar were not so fine, but I believe this was

owing to the unfavourable season, as several other RATS AT ST. HELENA.-A gentleman who has

species were comparatively small. I have not met passed many years of his life at St. Helena, told

with much variety in L. dispar; the principal variame lately several stories about rats, so curious

tion consists in the general ground-colours, most that I thonght them worthy of record. He said

observable in the female, some being of a creamy, that at one time the common brown rat was ex

while others are of an ashy-white tint, with the tremely common all over the island, in fact, a per

blackish wavy lines more or less developed. Alfect pest; and to avoid its attacks his father bad

though my moths were not so large, they were well constructed a large store, rat-proof; i.e., a rat once

marked last year, and the males displayed more in could not get out again. A number, however,

variety than usual, the upper wings of some apcame in with produce and goods from the ships, and

proaching to a sandy-brown colour, and others were bred there. Around this store were venetian blinds

quite dark or cinerous. I have a few eggs of L. dispar to the windows, and one day one of his men, when

to part with. If Mr. Laddiman or Mr. Henderson it was raining, watched a rat sitting on the venetian,

would like to have some of this strain, I shall be and putting out his tail to collect on it the drippings

most happy to oblige them. The Editor has my of water at the edge: be then withdrew it and

address, and will kindly furnish it if required. licked it. The servant told his master, who imme

C. G. R. diately understood that the rats could get no water inside the store, and therefore directed that a but How to STOCK A Pond.— Will one or other of ter firkin should be cut down to four or five inches, your experienced readers give me some hints for and in the top a large circular wire rat-cage trap stocking with fish a newly-made lake of water conshould be fixed. Several small planks were placed sisting of about two acres ? The depth averages for the rats to get up to the entrance to the cage, 2 feet 9 inches, with several holes of deeper water. which exactly fitted the firkin. No food would The bottom is gravelly. There is a constantly runhave induced the rats to enter the trap, but water ning spring, but not very rapid. What fish should I did, and many were thus captured. When caught put in with a view to angling ? Would it be any use they were given to the dogs; but there was one rat to try trout? Where should I obtain a supply of which would not leave the trap for many days. He | fish for the purpose ?-F. C.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

errace, Cirencewerby's "Grassestchase, Nos.

E. W.-The larva is that of Meloë angusticollis. For a full account of this and other parasites on the bee, see article in SCIENCE-GOSSIP for 1870, pages 2 and 3, entitled “The Parasites of the Honey Bee," by Dr. A. S. Packard.

ENQUIRER.-We have received the piece of gummed paper said to contain specimens of mites. We do not undertake to name specimens unless sent in a fit state for examination. We cannot ask those gentlemen (all of whom are authorities in their special departments) who kindly undertake to assist us, to prepare specimens for examination. It is also neces. sary that the sender should furnish us with all the informa. tion as to habitat, &c., he is able to give. We are always anxions to assist the student in natural history, but he must also put his own shoulder to the wheel.

L. T.-The moss is the commonest that grows, the Screw Wall-moss (Tortula muralis).

New SUBSCRIBER.-Answer next month.

IGNORAMUS.- The small larvæ- cases found on espalier apple-tree are those of Coleophas anatipennella.

A. L., Scarborough.-You will find Stark's “British Moss. es” (Lovell Reeve & Co.), price 7s. 6d., a capital introduc. tory book to the study of mosses, containing a good number of coloured illustrations.

R. DE L.-The jelly-like substance adhering to leaves is probably the ova of some species of shell-fish, perhaps of Limnea. It is not the common stickleback, which builds a nest.

RICHARD SMITH, Belper.-Tissues may be placed in the carmine staining fluid as soon as cut, unless maceration in glycerine is requisite to soften them. You will find all the in. formation required for staining the various tissues in Dr. Beales's “How to work with the Microscope."

UNSCIENTIFIC ASTRONOMER.-There is a society called the "Observing Astronomical Society," different from the Royal Astronomical Society. The Hon. Secretary's name is Wil. liam F. Denning, from whom all information may be obtained. -Address Messrs. Wyman, 74, Great Queen Street, London.

A. H. A., Liverpool.- The Poduræ in the piece of wall-paper are Achorutes purpurescens, common in damp places. S. J. Mol.

B. E. P.-Mineralogy is now included as part of chemistry, rather than of geology, as was formerly the case. There can be no doubt that the connection between the two former is far more natural, although mineralogy is of great service to the geologist, especially in his lithological investigations.

Roy. You will find a foll account of the natural history position, functions, and habits of the sponges in Nicholson's

* Advanced Text-book of Zoology,” or in the “Manual of Zoology,” vol. i., by the same author.

A. SMITH.-The parcel of grass sent is the Sweet-scented Vernal Grass (Anthoranthum odoratum). It is the presence of this grass which gives the well known scent to newly-mown

WANTED, Coal-measure Fossils for Mountain Limestone and Limestone Shale Fossils.-Send list to S. Bormingham, Arkendale, Richmond, Yorks.

A Fossil Tooth in coal (mounted), for any human parasite also mounted.-J. M. Hoare, The Hill, Hampstead, London.

UREDO POTENTILLARUM; for specimens of this fungus send stamped envelope to J. R. Focklington, The Oval, Red. land, Bristol. Apy object of interest acceptable.

WANTED to exchange, rooted named specimens of the rarer Sedums and Saxifrages ; also wanted to purchase, Nos. from 23 to the conclusion of Sowerby's “ Grasses."--Address J., 3, Bromley Terrace, Cirencester.

WANTED Silkworms or eggs, for British ferns.-J. Stalker, Brathay, Ambleside.

TOUS LES Mois, the largest known starch, offered for any nbject or material.-- Address W. F. Henley, Wilts Dorset Bank, Warminster.

WANTED, three or four specimens of the Large Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus), for dissection, for microscopic slides. - Address J. S. Harrison, 86, Portland Street, Hull.

CYCLOSTOMA ELEGANS and Helix pomatia for other British shells.-B. F. Buxton, Easneye, Ware.

Wings and sections of British and Foreign Lepidoptera, named, for other good microscopic material.-Chas. J. Wat. kins, Painswick, Gloucestersbire.

For Hair of Buffalo (unmounted) send stamped envelope and object of microscopical interest to E. Lovett, Holly Mount, Croydon.

COLLECTION of Norwich Crag Fossils in exchange for books on Geology.-G.S. Tooke, King Street, Norwich.

For Puccinia Anemone (Anemone Brand) send stamped envelope; no exchange required.-Thos. Brittain, 52, Park Street, Green Heys, Manchester.

For Parasite of Humble Bee, send stamped envelope and any microscopic object to J. Sargent, Jun., Fritchley, near Derby.

Sections of Uterine Tumour stained with carmine and mounted in glycerine, in exchange for other equally good objects.-R. Smith, Jun., Stone House, Belper.

Eggs of Kestrel, Dipper, Water-rail, &c., for eggs of Spar. rowhawk, Nightjar, Green Woodpecker, &c.- Arthur Smyth, Parracombe, N. Devon.

TRACHEA of Centipede or Ox Parasites, in exchange for well-mounted Polycistina.-H. B. Thomas, 13, Market-place, Boston, Lincolnshire.

For Cuticle of Cotyledon Umbilicus prepared for the polariscope (unmounted), send stamped envelope and any object of microscopical interest.-W. H. Gomm, Somerton, Taunton.

ENTIFIC ASTRO with the Microserious tissues

hay.

A. J. D.-A capital chapter on “Mimicry" will be found in Wallace's "Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection.” Bates first broached the doctrine in his “Naturalist on the Amazon." See article in last number of the Entomological Magazine on mimicry in insects.

J. B.-Hypnum commutatum : a little Anodus will be acceptable.-R. B.

BOOKS RECEIVED. “ The American Naturalist." March. “The Canadian Entomologist." Nos. 2 and 3. “Annals and Magazine of Natural History." April. "Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science.” April. “ The Journal of Botany." April. "'The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine." April. “ The Zoologist.” April.

“Notes on Chalcidiæ." Part VI. By Francis Walker, F.L.S. London: E. W. Janson & Co.

“Les Mondes." March.
“Land and Water." Nos. 322, 323.

Timb's “ Year-book of Facts for 1872." London: Lock. wood & Co.

“ Journal of Applied Science."
“Popular Science Review.” April.
“ Mustrirte Natur Wissenschaft." No. 13.

“Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalist's Society, 1871, May to December.

EXCHANGES. NOTICE.-Only one “ Exchange" can be inserted at a time by the same individual. The maximum length (except for correspondents not residing in Great Britain) is three lines. Only objects of Natural History permitted. Notices must be legibly written, in full, as intended to be inserted.

For Pollen of Convolvulus send stamped directed envelope to John H. Martin, 86, Week Street, Maidstone.

FOREIGN Coleoptera offered for British ditto or Lepidoptera. -W. H. Groser, 13, Thornhill Road, Barnsbury, N.

TWELVE varieties of cotton wool (named). Send stamped envelope and any microscopical material to Levi Tetlow, Lees, near Manchester.

For Hematopinus suis (Pig Louse) and Poly.renus Lagurus (Pencil-tail), unmounted, send well mounted object of interest to C. F. George, Kirton Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

BADHAMIA CAPSULIFER, the new British leaf-fungus, for other objects of interest.-Address, with list, Thos. Brittain, 52, Park Street, Green Heys, Manchester.

SEPIOSTAIRE (Cuttle-bone) and Puccinia umbilici offered for stamped envelope and any object of interest.-H. Munro, Lyme Regis, Dorset.

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JAMES L. DENMAN, WINE MERCHANT, Importer and Introducer of GREEK and HUNGARIAN WINES,

20, PICCADILLY, LONDON, Solicits a trial of the following PURE and UNBRANDIED WINES, which for price and quality cannot be surpassed :GREEK BURGUNDY (Red and White) possess all the qualities of the finer sorts of French Burgundy,

and are most strongly recommended for their body, flavour, and bouquet. Unapproachable at the price.-In quan.

tities of not less than four dozens.................................................................(per aus.) Single dozen .................................................................................................. LA GAUPHINE CLARET, a full-bodied South of France Wine.--In quantities of not less than four dozens.

(per doz.) Single dozen ......................

............................................................... NATURAL SHERRY, from CADIZ, a very clean and nice dry Wine, without acidity.-In quantities of not less than four dozens .

............ (per doz.) 158. Od. Single dozen .....

..............

18s. Od. (Can be tasted free.) The above Wines will greatly improve with age in bottle; are very full-bodied and clean on the palate ; are admirably adapted for luncheon and dinner, and will upon trial be found, from their distinctive characters, to fulfil every domestic requirement. I can most confi. dently and conscientiously recommend them to your notice as being pure and free from added spirit (either at home or abroad), as beneficial to the system, and unsurpassable at the price. Cases and bottles to be returned or paid for. Cross Cheques National Bank. Detailed Priced Lists forwarded on application. JAMES L. DENMAN, 20, PICCADILLY, LONDON.

Just published, price 128. 6d. FLORA OF MIDDLESEX: A Topographical and Historical Account of the Plants found in the County; WITH SKETCHES OF ITS PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE,

AND OF
THE PROGRESS OF MIDDLESEX BOTANY DURING THE LAST THREE CENTURIES.

By HENRY TRIMEN, M.B. (Lond.), F.L.S.,
Botanical Department, British Museum, and Lecturer on Botany, St. Mary's Hospital; and

WILLIAM T. THISELTON DYER, B.A.,
Late Junior Student, Christ Church, Oxford ; Professor of Natural History, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester.

WITH A MAP OF BOTANICAL DISTRICTS.

The object of this book is to give a complete and accurate catalogue of the plants which have at any time been recorded to grow in Middlesex, either as natives or in a more or less completely naturalized state ; to indicate the special localities where found, and to trace the history of their discovery. The existence of many of these is attested only by records in scarce or little-known books, or by the original specimens prescrred in old collections.

LONDON: ROBERT HARDWICKE, 192, PICCADILLY, W.

pate to indicate the special localities where they have been

PART I. now Ready. In course of publication, in Four Parts, to form Two Volumes Demy 8vo., with a Plate in Chromolithography, and

300 Illustrations on Wood, price, each part, 78. 6d. A TREATISE ON LOCALIZED ELECTRIZATION, And its Application to Pathology and Therapeutics.

By Dr. G. B. DUCHENNE.
Translated from the THIRD EDITION of the original, now passing through the Press, by

HERBERT TIBBITTS, M.D., L.R.C.P.LOND.,
Medical Superintendent of the National Hospital for the Paralyzed and Epileptic.
WITH NOTES AND ADDITIONS BY THE TRANSLATOR.

LONDON: ROBERT HARDWICKE, 192, PICCADILLY, W.

“ By a thorough knowledge of GRATEFUL-COMFORTING. the natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a careful application of the fine properties of

(BREAKFAST) well-selected cocoa, Mr. Epps has provided our breakfast tables with & delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills." — Civil Service

Each Packet is Tin-lined and LabelledGarette.

JAMES EPPS & CO., HOMEOPATHIC CHEMISTS. immo Cocoa is also prepared with condensed milk, and sold in tins labelled "Epps's MILKY Cocoa."

E PPS's COCO A.

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