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PAGE.

PAGE. Rapid, The.... 480 Thompson v. Powles....

410 Regina c. Cunningham. 44 Tousig's Case..

228 Regina v. Leslie.. 187 Trent, The..

480 Reliance, The.. 129 Trimble's Case..

158 Respublica r. De Longchamps. 104 Trois Frères, Les.

248 Ricord r. Bettenham,

312 Ripperda, Duke of.

1:39 United States The Ambrose Rivers, European, Navigation of... 40 Light.....

200 Rose v. Himely. 195. United States v. Baker.

204 Rothschild v. Queen of Portugal... 82, United States v. Dickelman..

United States r. Grossmayer. 298 Sa's ('ase... 86 United States 0. Jeffers.

140 Sale of Arms to France. 159 United States v. Liddle.

104 Sally, The.... 314 United States v. Moreno..

375 Salvador, The... 4.5.) United States v. Ortega..

104 San Jose Indiano, The.. 312 United States v. Percheman.

21 Santa Cruz, The....

3.38 United States v. Prioleau. Santa Lucia.... 12 United States v. Quincy.

412 Santissima Trinidal, The.. 408 United States v. Raascher.

151 Scotia, The.. 1 United States v. Rice..

361 Sea Lion, The 300 United States v. Smith.

1.96 Seton v. Low.. 475 United States v. Trumbull.

443 Shenandoah, The.. 429 United States v. Wagner.

79 Silesian Loan, The..

243 Sotello's Case.. 147 Vavasseur v. Krupp.

72 Sound Dues, The... 41 Venus, The......

319 Stephen Hart, The.. 509 Villasseque's Case.

380 St. Albans Raid, The.. 162 Virginius, The..

179 St. Lawrence, Navigation of the... 35 Volant, Il....

472 St. Lawrence, The.. 290 Vrow Henrica, The.

356 St. Marks, Seizure of 178 Vrow Margaretha, The.

350 Sumpter, The..

430 Swineherd, The. 388 Wagner's Case.

225 Ware v. Hylton...

200 Tacony, The... 131 Wheaton's Case.

94 Tallahassee, The.. 431 Wheaton, Op. of..

32 Taylor v. Best.. 90 Wildenhus' Case.

126 Tempest, The..

122 Willendson v. The Försöket.. 132 Terceira Affair, The. 421 William, The.

505 Teutonia, The.. 250 William Bagalay, The.

293 Texan Bonds. 18 Williams, I., Case of.

215 Thetis, The.... 389 Wolff v. Oxholm..

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SYLLABUS.

[Explanation of References. The references in this Syllabus to the standard modern authors, are to the following editions of their works:

Bluntschli, 2d French Ed., translated by M. C. Lardy (1874); Calvo, 5th Ed. (1888); Creasey, “First Platform of International

;

“ Law," (1876); Hall, 3d Ed. (1890); IIalleck, Ed. by Sir S. Baker (1878); Heffter, 4th French Ed. by F. II. Geffcken, translated by J. Bergson (1883); Phillimore, 3d Ed. (1879- ); Walker, T. A. “The Science of International Law” (1893); Wheaton, Ed. by Lawrence (1863), and by Dana (1866), referred to by title Wheaton (L) and (D); Woolsey, Ed. by T. S. Woolsey (1890); Wharton's “ Digest of International Law” will be referred to as “ Wharton's Digest.”

This collection of Cases and Opinions will be cited as Cases and Op.]

INTRODUCTION.

1. Definitions of International Law, or the Law of Nations. (Hal

leck, I., 41 ; Wheaton (L), 26, (D), 23; Hall, 1 ; Woolsey, 2 ; Creasey, 1 ; Calvo, I., 139.)

2. Origin of the terms“ Law of Nations,” and “International Law.”

Compare with the terms Jus Gentium,Jus Naturale," “Droit des gens," “ Droit international," " Völkerrecht." (Wheaton (L), 14-21 and notes, (D), 4-6, 16–21 and note 7; Woolsey, 10; Creasey, 17-21.)

3. Is International Law a branch of true Law? Objections by Aus

tin and his followers to the term “law" as used in “international law," on the ground that there is no superior power to enforce it: it has no “sanction.” In accordance with this view see, (Austin's Jurisprudence, abridged Ed., pp. 5-18, 5963, 74, 85 ; Stephen's History of the Criminal Law, II., 32 et seq. ; Holland's “Jurisprudence,” 96-97, 291-293.) '

xiii

Opposed to this view (Sir Henry Maine: “International
Law," 26-53; T. J. Lawrence: “Essays on International
Law", 1; Hall, 1+-17; Bluntschli, 2-10 ; Woolsey, 26–29;
Walker, 1-40, 45-56 ; Creasey, 70-76.)

4. The Sources and Nature of International Law. (Wheaton,

chapter I. ; Halleck, I., chapter II. ; Hall, 1-14; Bluntschli, 1-19; Sir H. Maine, 1-25; Calvo, I., 139-167; Phillimore, I., chapter III.)

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5. Historical sketch of International Law. (Halleck, chapter

I., Walker, 57–112 ; Calvo, I., 1-137. For extended works, see Ward's Law of Nations ; Wheaton's History of the Law of Nations ; Laurent : L'Histoire de l'Humanité, etc.)

6. International Law is a part of the law of States. (Cases and

Op., 1-4; Woolsey, & 29.)

7. The leading writers on International Law. (Calvo, I., 27-32,

45-46, 51-55, 61-63, 70-73, 101-120; Halleck, I., chapter I.)

8. Private International Law, or the Conflict of Laws. (Hall, 54;

Woolsey, SS 73-7+; Calvo, I., 120-125.)

PART I.

INTERNATIONAL LAW IN TIME OF PEACE.

I. SOVEREIGN STATES-DE FACTO STATES.

(a) Sovereign States.

9. Sovereign States are the Subjects or Persons of International

Law. (Hall, 18-19; Bluntschli, Arts. 17-27; Phillimore,
I., 79; Heffter, 43; Wheat. (D), S 16.)

10. Definition and Nature of Sovereign States. (Wheaton (L),

31-33, 58 (D), 29-31; Hall, 18-21, 24, 25; Bluntschli, Arts. 18-21, 64; Woolsey, 3+36; Halleck, I., 55-59 ; Phillimore, I., 81-85; Creasey, 6, 93; Calvo, I., 168170; Heffter, 45.)

11. Distinction between Internal Sovereignty and External Sov

ereignty of States. (Wheaton (D), 31 (L), 35 ; Bluntschli, Art. 64; Holland : Jurisprudence, 40, 276, 295.)

12. Internal changes in a State do not affect its standing in

International Law. (Hall, 22, 23; Wheaton (L), 39, (D), 33-34 ; Bluntschli, Arts. 39-40; Creasey, 99-109; Woolsey, 38, 39; Phillimore, I., 202-212.)

13. The fundamental Rights and Duties of States. (Hall, 45-47;

Halleck, I., 80-82; Wheaton (L), 115, (D), 89, 90.)

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14. Classification of States : “ Centralized States,” “ Personal Union,” “Real Union,” (Bunderstaat), “Confederate Union,"

" (Staatenbund), Protected State, Neutralized State. (Hall, 2531; Bluntschli, Arts. 70-76 ; Wheaton (D), 40-41, 73, 78, 82, and note 32 (L), 71-76; Halleck, I., 62-66 ; Phillimore, I., 94-101 ; Calvo, I., 173-179; Creasey, 135-142.)

15. The Equality of States. (Wheaton (L), 58, (D), 52; Hal

leck, I., 99-193 ; Heffter, 65-70; Woolsey, 5+; Bluntschli, Art. 81; T. J. Lawrence, Essays, No. 5.)

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16. Date of the commencement of States. (Hall, S7-90;

Wheaton (L), 46-47; (D), 41 ; Bluntschli, Art. 29;
Halleck, I., 74 and note 1.)

17. Effects of the recognition of a new State by the parent State,

and by third States. (Hall, SS-93; Bluntschli, Art. 30; Wheaton (D), 32; Halleck, I., 72 and note 1.)

18. When is the recognition by third States of a new State claining

independence, proper ? (Cases and Op., 13; Hall, 90-93 ; Bluntschli, Arts. 31-35 ; Halleck, I., 72-74; Wheaton (L), 46-47; (D), 41-46 and note 16 ; Creasey, 677-681 ; Phillimore, II.)

19. Methods of Recognition–The Congo State. (Hall, 88, note

133, S 26.*)

20. The effect of a change of Sovereignty upon public rights and

obligations. (Case of the Texan Bonds, Cases and Op., 18, and 20, n.; Opinion of Kent, 16., 21; Hall, 102-103 ;

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