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by a notary public or other person who has legal authority to administer oaths.
(32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967, as amended at 36 FR 5702, Mar. 27, 1971. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and further amended at 44 FR 75149, Dec. 19, 1979)
8 702.2 Authorization for hearing.
Under section 105(f) of the Act the Commission or, on the authorization of the Commission, any subcommittee of two or more members, at least one of whom shall be of each major political party, may, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the Act, hold such hearings and act at such times and places as the Commission or such authorized subcommittee may deem advisable; and the holding of hearings by the Commission or the appointment of a subcommittee to hold hearings pursuant to this section must be approved by a majority of the Commission, or by a majority of the members present at a meeting at which at least a quorum of four members is present.
or resides or is domiciled or transacts business, or has appointed an agent for receipt of service of process except that, in any event, the Commission may issue subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of written or other matter at a place within 50 miles of the place where the witness is found or resides or is domiciled or transacts business or has appointed an agent for receipt of service of process.
(d) The Chairman shall receive and the Commission shall dispose of requests to subpena additional witnesses except otherwise provided in $ 702.6(e).
(e) Requests for subpena shall be in writing, supported by a showing of the general relevance and materiality of the evidence sought. Witness fees and mileage, computed pursuant to $ 702.15, shall be paid by the person at whose instance a witness is subpenaed.
(f) Subpenas shall be issued at a reasonably sufficient time in advance of their scheduled return, in order to give subpenaed persons an opportunity to prepare for their appearance and to employ counsel, should they so desire.
(g) No subpenaed document or information contained therein shall be made public unless it is introduced into and received as part of the official record of the hearing. (32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 44 FR 75149 Dec. 19, 1979)
8 702.3 Notice of hearing.
At least 30 days prior to the commencement of any hearing, the Commission shall cause to be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER notice of the date on which such hearing is to commence, the place at which it is to be held, and the subject of the hearing.
8 702.4 Subpenas.
(a) Subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses or the production of written or other matter may be issued by the Commission over the signature of the Chairman and may be served by any person designated by the Chairman.
(b) A witness compelled to appear before the Commission or required to produce written or other matter shall be served with a copy of the rules in this part at the time of service of the subpena.
(c) The Commission shall not issue any subpena for the attendance and testimony of witnesses or for the production of written or other matter which would require the presence of the party subpenaed at a place outside the State wherein the witness is found
8 702.5 Conduct of proceedings.
(a) The Chairman shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the proceeding.
(b) Following the opening statement, the Commission shall first convene in executive session if one is required pursuant to the provisions of $ 702.6.
(c) The Chairman shall, subject to the approval of the Commission
(1) Set the order of presentation of evidence and appearance of witnesses;
(2) Rule on objections and motions;
(3) Administer oaths and affirmations;
(4) Make all rulings with respect to the introduction into or exclusion from the record of documentary or other evidence;
(5) Regulate the course and decorum known residence or business address of of the proceeding and the conduct of such person. the parties and their counsel to insure (3) The date of service, for purposes that the proceedings are conducted in of this section, shall be the day when a fair and impartial manner.
the material is deposited in the United (d) Proceedings shall be conducted States mail or is delivered in person, as with reasonable dispatch and due the case may be. When service is made regard shall be had for the conven- by certified mail, the return post ience and necessity of witnesses.
office receipt shall be proof of service; (e) The questioning of witnesses in all other cases, the acknowledgment shall be conducted only by Members of the party served, or the verified of the Commission, by authorized return of the one making service shall Commission staff personnel, or by be proof of the same. counsel to the extent provided in (c) If a person receiving notice under $ 702.7.
this section notifies the Commission (f) In addition to persons served within five days of service of such with a copy of the rules in this part notice, or where service is by mail pursuant to $8 702.4 and 702.6, a copy within eight days of service of such of the rules in this part will be made notice, that the time scheduled thereavailable to all witnesses.
in constitutes a hardship, the Commis(g) The Chairman may punish sion may, in its discretion, set a new breaches of order and decorum by cen- time for such person's appearance at sure and exclusion from the proceed- the executive session. ings.
(d) In the event such persons fail to
appear at executive session at the time 8702.6 Executive session.
and place made available under para(a) If the Commission determines graph (b) or (c) of this section, they that evidence or testimony at any shall not be entitled to another opporhearing may tend to defame, degrade, tunity to appear at executive session, or incriminate any person, it shall re- except as provided in $ 702.11. ceive such evidence or testimony or (e) If such persons intend to submit summary of such evidence or testimo- sworn statements of themselves or ny in executive session.
others, or if they intend that witnesses (b) The Commission shall afford any appear in their behalf at executive sespersons defamed, degraded, or incrimi. sion, they shall, no later than 48 hours nated by such evidence or testimony prior to the time set under paragraph an opportunity to appear and be heard (b) or (c) of this section, submit to the in executive session, with a reasonable Commission, all such statements and a number of additional witnesses re- list of all witnesses. The Commission quested by them, before deciding to will inform such persons whether the use such evidence or testimony.
number of witnesses requested is rea(1) Such person shall be served with sonable within the meaning of paranotice in writing of the date, time, and graph (b) of this section. In addition, place made available for the appear. the Commission will receive and disance of witnesses at executive session, pose of requests from such persons to at least 10 days prior to such date, or subpena other witnesses. Requests for where service is by mail at least 14 subpenas shall be made sufficiently in days prior to such date. This notice advance of the scheduled executive shall be accompanied by a copy of the session as to afford persons subpenaed rules in this part and by a brief sum- reasonable notice of their obligation to mary of the information which the appear at that session. Subpenas reCommission has determined may tend turnable at executive session shall be to defame, degrade, or incriminate governed by the provisions of $ 702.4. such person.
(f) Persons for whom an executive (2) The notice, summary, and rules session has been scheduled, and perin this part shall be served personally sons compelled to appear at such sesby depositing the same in the United sion, may be represented by counsel at States mail as certified mail, or by such session to the extent provided by leaving a copy thereof at the last $ 702.7.
(g) Attendance at executive session shall be limited to Members of the Commission, authorized Commission staff personnel, witnesses and their counsel at the time scheduled for their appearance, and such other persons whose presence is requested or consented to by the Commission.
(h) In the event the Commission determines to release or to use evidence or testimony which it has determined may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any persons, in such a manner as to reveal publicly their identity, such evidence or testimony, prior to such public release or use, will be presented at a public session, and the Commission will afford them an opportunity to appear as voluntary witnesses or to file a sworn statement in their own behalf and to submit brief and pertinent sworn statements of others.
8 702.8 Evidence at Commission proceed
ings. (a) The rules of evidence prevailing in courts of law or equity shall not control proceedings of the Commission.
(b) Where a witness testifying at a public session of a hearing or a session for return of subpenaed documents offers the sworn statements of other persons, such statements, in the discretion of the Commission, may be included in the record, provided they are received by the Commission within 24 hours in advance of the witness' appearance.
(c) The prepared statement of a witness testifying at a public session of a hearing, in the discretion of the Commission, may be placed into the record, provided that such statement is received by the Commission 24 hours in advance of the witness' appearance.
(d) In the discretion of the Commission, evidence may be included in the record after the close of a public session of a hearing, provided the Commission determines that such evidence does not tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person.
(e) The Commission will determine the pertinency of testimony and evidence adduced at its proceedings, and may refuse to include in the record of a proceeding or may strike from the record any evidence it considers to be cumulative, immaterial, or not pertinent.
(32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
8 702.7 Counsel.
(a) Persons compelled to appear in person before the Commission and any witness appearing at a public session of the Commission will be accorded the right to be accompanied and advised by counsel, who will have the right to subject their clients to reasonable examination, and to make objections on the record and to argue briefly the basis for such objections.
(b) For the purpose of this section, “counsel” shall mean an attorney at law admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States, or the highest court of any State or Territory of the United States.
(c) Failure of any persons to obtain counsel shall not excuse them from attendance in response to a subpena, nor shall any persons be excused in the event their counsel is excluded from the proceeding pursuant to $ 702.5(g). In the latter case, however, such persons shall be afforded a reasonable time to obtain other counsel, said time to be determined by the Commission. (32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
[32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979; 44 FR 76798, Dec. 28, 1979)
8 702.9 Cross-examination at public ses
sion. If the Commission determines that oral testimony of a witness at a public session tends to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, such person, or through counsel, shall be permitted to submit questions to the Commission in writing, which, in the discretion of the Commission, may be put to such witness by the Chairman or by authorized Commission staff personnel.
[44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
8 702.10 Voluntary witnesses at public ses
sion of a hearing. A person who has not been subpenaed and who has not been afforded an opportunity to appear pursuant to $ 702.6 may be permitted, in the discretion of the Commission, to mal an oral or written statement at a public session of a hearing. Such person may be questioned to the same extent and in the same manner as other witnesses before the Commission.
8 702.11 Special executive session.
If, during the course of a public session, evidence is submitted which was not previously presented at executive session and which the Commission determines may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, the provisions of g 702.6 shall apply, and such extensions, recesses or continuances of the public session as it deems necessary shall be ordered by the Commission, except that the time and notice requirements of $ 702.6 may be modified by the Commission provided reasonable notice of a scheduled executive session is afforded such person, and except that the Commission may, in its discretion, strike such evidence from the record, in which case the provisions of $ 702.6 shall not apply. 8 702.12 Contempt of the Commission.
Proceedings and process of the Commission are governed by section 105(g) of the Act, which provides:
In case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena, any district court of the United States or the United States court of any territory or possession, or the District Court of the United States for the District of Colum. bia, within the jurisdiction of which the inquiry is carried on or within the jurisdiction of which said person guilty of contumacy or refusal to obey is found or resides or is domiciled or transacts business, or has appointed an agent for receipt of service of process, upon application by the Attorney General of the United States shall have jurisdiction to issue to such person an order requiring such person to appear before the Commission or & subcommittee thereof, there to produce pertinent, relevant and nonprivi. leged evidence if so ordered, or there to give testimony touching the matter under investigation; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by said court as a contempt thereof.
8 702.13 Intimidation of witnesses.
Witnesses at Commission proceedings are protected by the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 1505, which provide:
Whoever corruptly, or by threats of force, or by any threatening letter or communication, endeavors to influence, intimidate, or impede any witness in any proceeding pending before any department or agency of the United States, or in connection with any inquiry or investigation being had by either House, or any Committee of either House, or any joint committee of the Congress; or
Whoever injures any party or witness in his person or property on account of his attending or having attended such proceeding, inquiry, or investigation, or on account of his testifying or having testified to any matter pending therein; or
Whoever, with intent to avoid, evade, prevent, or obstruct compliance in whole or in part with any civil investigative demand duly and properly made under the Antitrust Civil Process Act willfully removes from any place, conceals, destroys, mutilates, alters, or by other means falsifies any documentary material which is the subject of such demand; or
Whoever corruptly, or by threats of force, or by any threatening letter or communication influences, obstructs, or impedes or endeavors to influence, obstruct, or impede the due and proper administration of the law under which such proceeding is being had before such department or agency of the United States, or the due and proper exercise of the power of inquiry under which such inquiry or investigation is being had by either House, or any committee of either House or any joint committee of the Congress
Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
8 702.14 Transcript of Commission pro
ceedings. (a) An accurate transcript shall be made of the testimony of all witnesses at all proceedings of the Commission. Transcripts shall be recorded solely by the official reporter, or by any other person or means designated by the Commission.
(b) Every person who submits data or evidence. shall be entitled to retain or, on payment of lawfully prescribed costs, procure a copy or transcript thereof, except that witnesses in a hearing held in executive session may for good cause be limited to inspection of the official transcript of their testimony. Transcript copies of public sessions may be obtained by the public upon the payment of the cost thereof.
(c) Persons who have presented testimony at a proceeding may ask within 60 days after the close of the proceeding to correct errors in the transcript of their testimony. Such requests shall be granted only to make the transcript conform to their testimony as presented at the proceeding. (32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
documents for inclusion in the record of a proceeding, required to be submitted in advance, must be submitted to the Chairman, or such authorized person as the Chairman may appoint, at an office located in the community where such hearing or proceeding is scheduled to be held. The location of such office will be set forth in all subpenas issued under the rules in this part and in all notices prepared pursuant to $ 706.2. (44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
8 702.15 Witness fees.
Pursuant to section 102(j) of the Act: A witness attending any session of the Commission shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States. Mileage payments shall be tendered to the witness upon service of a subpena issued on behalf of the Commission or any subcommittee thereof. (32 FR 4063, Mar. 15, 1967. Designated at 42 FR 14108, Mar. 15, 1977, and amended at 37 FR 23185, Oct. 31, 1972)
8 702.16 Attendance of news media at
public sessions. Reasonable access for coverage of public sessions shall be provided to the various communications media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, newsreels, and television, subject to the physical limitations of the room in which the session is held and consideration of the physical comfort of Commission members, staff, and witnesses. However, no witnesses shall be televised, filmed, or photographed during the session nor shall the testimony of any witness be broadcast or recorded for broadcasting, if the witness objects. [44 FR 75150, Dec. 19, 1979)
702.18 Commission reports.
(a) If a Commission report tends to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, the report or relevant portions thereof shall be delivered to such person at least thirty (30) days before the report shall be made public in order that such person may make a timely verified answer to the report. The Commission shall afford such person an opportunity to file with the Commission a verified answer to the report or relevant portions thereof not later than twenty (20) days after service of the report or relevant portions thereof upon such person as provided by the regulations in this part.
(1) Such person shall be served with a copy of the report or relevant portions thereof, with an indication of the section(s) that the Commission has determined tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate such person, a copy of the Act and a copy of the regulations in this part.
(2) The report or relevant portions thereof, the Act, and regulations in this part shall be served by depositing the same in the U.S. mail via certified mail, return receipt requested, or by leaving a copy thereof at the last known residence or business address of such person.
(3) The date of sevice for the purposes of this section shall be the day the material is delivered either by the post office or otherwise, to such person or the agent of such person or at the last known residence or business address of such person. The acknowledgement of the party served, or the verified return of the one making service shall be proof of service except that when service is made by certified
8 702.17 Communications with respect to
Commission proceedings. During any proceeding held outside Washington, D.C., communications to the Commission with respect to such proceeding must be made to the Chairman or authorized Commission staff personnel in attendance. All requests for subpenas returnable at a hearing, requests for appearance of witnesses at a hearing, and statements or other