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session. In 1874 a voluminous report known as the Windom report was published in two large volumes (43d Cong., 1st sess., S. rept. no. 307). The so-called Reagan bill providing for a government commission to regulate interstate commerce was introduced in 1878. Debates in Congress on the billare noted on page 43 of this List. Reagan's report forms House report no. 245 of Forty-fifth Congress, second session. The subject was before Congress in each succeeding session without resulting in legislative action until 1887 when the Interstate commerce act was passed. In 1882 an important hearing was given by the House committee on commerce when arguments were presented by Wayne MacVeagh, Albert Fink and others (47th Cong., 1st sess., H. misc. doc. no. 55). In 1886 the Cullom report was presented (49th Cong., 1st sess., S. rept. no. 1571) which laid the foundation for the enactment of the Interstate commerce law. The speeches in Congress on this law are noted on pages 49-53 of this List.
For the operation of this law see the reports of the Interstate commerce commission, documents noted on pages 27–30 of this List. For discussions of the interstate commerce law see H. C. Adams's “A decade of federal railway regulation;" Clough's "The effect of the interstate act;" Cooley's “The interstate commerce act;" Dos Passos's “The interstate commerce aet, an analysis of its provisions;" Hadley's “The workings of the interstate commerce law;" Ingalls's “The railroads and the interstate law;" Johnson's “American railway transportation;" Lewis's “The standing of the interstate commerce commission before the federal courts;" Walker's “The amendment of the interstate commerce law.” Articles in periodicals discussing the effect of the law are listed in chronological order on pages 35–42 of this List; among these the following may be noted: Bacon's “The inadequate powers of the Interstate commerce commission” in “North American review,” vol. 174, pp. 46–58; Dávis's “The Interstate commerce commission and the public” in “Outlook,” vol. 64, pp. 626–628; Hines's “The proposals of the Interstate commerce commission” in “ Forum,” vol. 33, pp. 3–13; McLean's “Federal regulation of railroads in the United States” in “Economic journal,” vol. 10, pp. 151–171; Newcomb's “A decade in federal railway regulation” in “Popular science monthly,” vol. 51, pp. 811-819; Newcomb's “American statistical practice: The Interstate commerce commission” in “Yale review,” vol. 11, pp. 164 197; and his “The Industrial commission on transportation” in “Political science quarterly," vol. 17, pp. 568–608; Prouty's “Powers of the Interstate commerce commission” in “Forum,” vol. 27, pp. 223236; see also “North American review,” vol. 167, pp. 543–557; Ripley's “The Industrial commission on transportation” in “Political science quarterly,” vol. 18, pp. 313–320; Sedgwick's “Ten years of federal railway regulation” in “Nation,” vol. 66, pp. 219–220; Smith's “The powers of the Interstate commerce commission” in “North American review,” vol. 168, pp. 62–76, and his “The inordinate demands of the Interstate commerce commission” in “Forum,” vol. 27, pp. 551-563.
Meyer's “Railway legislation in the United States” presents “a condensed analysis of the private and public laws which govern railways in the United States, and of the important decisions relating to interstate commerce.” A chapter is devoted to the proposed “Cullom bill.” An appendix contains the text of the “Elkins law” of 1902.
State railway legislation.--C. F. Adams's “The regulation of all railroads through the state-ownership of one;" Clark's “State railroad commissions, and how they may be made effective;" Dana's "Federal restraints upon state regulation of railroad rates of fare and freight;"" Dixon's “State railroad control, with a history of its development in Iowa;" Hendrick's “Railway control by commissions;" Hines's “Legislative regulation of railroad rates;” McLean's “State regulation of railways in the United States;" Meyer's "A history of early railroad legislation in Wisconsin;" Million's “State aid to railroads in Missouri;" New York, State, “Report of the Special committee on railroads, appointed under a resolution of the Assembly, Feb. 28, 1879, to investigate alleged abuses in the management of railroads” (Hepburn report); Sterne's “The railway problem in the state of New York;" United States, Forty-eighth Congress, second session, Senate report no. 46, “Report of the Senate select committee on interstate commerce.” See also chapters in Dabney's “The public regulation of railways;" Hadley's “Railroad transportation;" Johnson's "American railway transportation;" and Larrabee's "The railroad question.”
State railroad commissions.—The Library of Congress contains reports of railroad commissioners of the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin. States having no railroad commissioners are: Arizona, Delaware, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
Trans-Missouri decision.—Attorney General Harmon's brief for the Government in the case of the United States v. the Trans-Missouri freight association is given in the “Yale law journal” for January, 1897. The text of the decision of the Supreme court is given in 166 U. S. 290 and is reprinted in the “Railway age” for March 26 and April 2, 1897, and in Senate document no. 12, Fifty-fifth Congress, first session, entered in this List under U. S. Supreme court. The decision is discussed in “ American law review,” vol. 31, May-June, 1897, pp. 451-454; “Central law journal,” vol. 44, Apr. 16, 1897, pp. 319–321; “Chicago legal news,” vol. 29, Apr. 3, 1897, pp. 263–264; “Railway age,” vol. 23, pp. 241–243, 271,272, and by George R. Blanchard in the “Forum” for June, 1897.
Histories of great railroad corporations.-Chapman's “The Northern Pacific railroad;" Davis's “The Union Pacific railway;" Hollander's “The Cincinnati Southern railway” (Johns Hopkins university studies, 12th ser., nos. 1-2); Reizenstein's “The economic history of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, 1827–1853” (Johns Hopkins university studies, 15th ser., nos. 7–8); Robinson's "The octopus. A history of the construction, ... of the Central Pacific, Southern Pacific of Kentucky, Union Pacific, and other subsidized railroads;" Smalley's “History of the Northern Pacific railroad;” Smith's "A history and description of the Baltimore and Ohio rail road;" White's “History of the Union Pacific railway;" and W. B. Wilson's "History of the Pennsylvania railroad company.”
A series of articles by Edward S. Meade entitled “The great American railways systems” appearing in the Railway World beginning in the number for Nov. 21, 1903, deals with the “The Wabash railroad,” “The greater Wabash as an investment," " The Reading," “ Community of interest among the anthracite roads," "The Lehigh valley," " The New York Central,” “The New York Central: expansion and traffic results," “ The Pennsylvania,” “ The Pennsylvania: its financial policy,” “The Pennsylvania: its growth and expansion,” “Future direction of railway traffic,” “The Illinois Central,” “The Missouri Pacific,” “The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe,” “The Atchison: its financial history,” “The Baltimore and Ohio,” and “The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy." These articles are to be published in book form when completed.
The Library of Congress receives currently the following periodicals relating to railroads:
American engineer and railroad journal, New York; Bulletin of the International railway congress (English edition); Brussels; The Commercial & financial chronicle: Railway and industrial section, New York; International railway journal, Philadelphia and Chicago; The Official railway equipment register, New York; The Railroad employee, Newark, N. J.; Railroad gazette, New York; The Railway age, Chicago; Railway and locomotive engineering, New York; The Railway engineer, London; Railway line clearances and car dimensions, New York; Railway machinery, locomotive and car equipment, New York; The Railway magazine, London; The Railway news, London; Railway world, Philadelphia and New York; Roadmaster and foreman, the American railway track journal, Chicago.
A. P. C. GRIFFIN
Chief Bibliographer HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress
Washington, D. C., July 1, 1904
LIST OF BOOKS RELATING TO RAILROADS IN THEIR RELATION TO THE
GOVERNMENT AND THE PUBLIC
Acworth, W. M. English and American railways—a comparison
and a contrast.
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 139–147. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.) Government interference in English railway management.
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 267–276. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.)
The state in relation to railways.
(In Mackay, Thomas, ed. A policy of free exchange, pp. 163–210.
London, 1894. 8o.)
Adams, B. B., jr. The treatment of railroad employes.
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 203–208. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.) Adams, Charles Francis. The interstate commerce law.
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 178–174. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.)
Railroads: their origin and problems.
Speech on behalf of the Massachusetts board of railroad commis
sioners, made before the joint standing legislative committee on railways, February 14, 1873.
Adams, Henry C. A decade of federal railway regulation.
(In Atlantic monthly, vol. 81, Apr., 1898, pp. 433–443.)
Service of a bureau of railway statistics and accounts in the
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.)
Alexander, E. Porter. Long versus short haul. .
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 197-202. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.) Railroad consolidation.
(In Compendium of transportation theories, pp. 260–266. Wash
ington, D. C., 1893. 8o.) Reply to questions of the special committee on railroad trans
portation of the New York chamber of commerce. 1881. Bradley, Gilbert & Mallory, Louisville, Ky. 38 pp. 12o. Railway practice, its principles and suggested reforms re
viewed. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1887. (2), 60 pp. 12o. (Questions of the day, no. 36.)
A discussion of the railway problem as involving only the principles upon which tariffs are formed and competition between water lines and rival railroads are conducted. Holds that railway tariffs must be based upon value of service rendered, and limited by a reasonable profit upon cost of service and investment employed; and, also, that stability, publicity, and uniformity of rates can only exist where there is a community of interest between the carriers, while such community can only exist under a pool or
under consolidation. Atkinson, Edward. The distribution of products; or the mechanism
and the metaphysics of exchange. Three essays: What makes the rate of wages? What is a bank? The railway,
the farmer, and the public. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1885. v, (3),
303 pp. 120. Memorandum in regard to the equity in the case between the
Government and the Union Pacific Railroad. [Boston, 1871.] 22 pp. 80. The railroads of the United States. A potent factor in the
politics of that country and of Great Britain. Boston: A. Williams and company, 1880. 18, 20 pp. Folded
sheet. 89. Baker, Charles Whiting. Monopolies and the people. 3d ed., rev.,
and enlarged. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1899. xxiii, (3),
368 pp. 12° Baldwin, Simon E. American railroad law.
Boston: Little, Brown, and company, 1904. lxxvi, 770 pp. 89. Barker, Wharton. The great issue. Reprints of some editorials from
The American, 1897–1900.
Pp. 32–69 contain editorials on aspects of the railroad question.