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44.G 74/7: 002

OCEAN DUMPING OF RADIOACTIVE
WASTE OFF THE PACIFIC COAST

HEARING

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SIXTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

OCTOBER 7, 1980

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

UNIVERSITA

CIS RECORD ONLY:

STANFORD

DEC

1982

LIBRARY

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1981

79-486 O

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JACK BROOKS, Texas, Chairman L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

FRANK HORTON, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania JOHN W. WYDLER, New York BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California DON FUQUA, Florida

THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

ROBERT S. WALKER, Pennsylvania CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

ARLAN STANGELAND, Minnesota JOHN L. BURTON, California

M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia RICHARDSON PREYER, North Carolina LYLE WILLIAMS, Ohio ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

JIM JEFFRIES, Kansas GLENN ENGLISH, Oklahoma

OLYMPIA J. SNOWE, Maine ELLIOTT H. LEVITAS, Georgia

WAYNE GRISHAM, California
DAVID W. EVANS, Indiana

JOEL DECKARD, Indiana
TOBY MOFFETT, Connecticut
ANDREW MAGUIRE, New Jersey
LES ASPIN, Wisconsin
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California
FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana
PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania
TED WEISS, New York
MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma
ROBERT T. MATSUI, California
EUGENE V. ATKINSON, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM M. JONES, General Counsel
JOHN E. MOORE, Staff Administrator
ELMER W. HENDERSON, Senior Counsel
JOHN M. DUNCAN, Minority Staff Director

ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY, AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE

TOBY MOFFETT, Connecticut, Chairman ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

JOEL DECKARD, Indiana ANDREW MAGUIRE, New Jersey

ARLAN STANGELAND, Minnesota PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

Ex OFFICIO
JACK BROOKS, Texas

FRANK HORTON, New York
JOHN R. GALLOWAY, Staff Director

BARRY HAGER, Senior Counsel
D. ANN SEYFRIT, Special Assistant

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CONTENTS

Page

Hearing held on October 7, 1980.

1

Statement of -

Barlow, Glenn, Friends of the Earth ......

285

Burton, Hon. John L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California

3

Cohen, Jerry, northern California section, American Nuclear Society;
accompanied by Craig Smith..

157
Cunningham, Richard, Director, Division of Fuel Cycle and Material
Safety, Nuclear Regulatory Commission

194
Davis, W. Jackson, Ph. D., professor of biology and environmental studies,

and chairperson, psychobiology, University of California at Santa Cruz.. 114

Golich, Conrad F., private consultant .....

285

Hawkins, David, Assistant Administrator, Office of Air, Noise, and Radi-

ation, Environmental Protection Agency; accompanied by Roger Matt-

son, Director, Surveillance and Emergency Preparedness Division; and

Robert Dyer, senior staff oceanographer

16

Herz, Dr. Michael, Oceanic Society and chairman of the Ad Hoc Scientific

Committee on Oceanic Dumping of Radioactive Wastes; accompanied

by Jerold M. Lowenstein, M.D.

97

Hirsch, Daniel, Committee To Bridge the Gap.......

285

Kopp, Quentin, San Francisco; accompanied by Gary Patton, Santa Cruz

County

261

Moffett, Hon. Toby, a Representative in Congress from the State of Con-

necticut, and chairman, Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources
Subcommittee: Opening statement

1

Myers, Beverlee, director, California State Department of Health Serv-

ices; accompanied by Dr. Donald O. Lyman, deputy director, public and

environmental health division; Joseph O. Ward, chief, radiologic health

section; Kenneth Fess, health physicist; and John M. Heslep, chief,

laboratory services branch..........

185

Panetta, Hon. Leon E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California.

Risebrough, Robert W., the U.S. Mussel Watch Committee

285
Russ, Dr. Hal, Project Tektite.

285
Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record.by-
Barlow, Glenn, Friends of the Earth: Prepared statement

328-332
Beilenson, Anthony C., a Representative in Congress from the State of
California: Prepared statement..

153-154
Cohen, Jerry, northern California section, American Nuclear Society:
Material relevant to the hearing ..

.161-180

Cunningham, Richard, Director, Division of Fuel Cycle and Material

Safety, Nuclear Regulatory Commission:

Handbook 58 entitled "Radioactive-Waste Disposal in the Ocean”. 199-235

Prepared statement ......

238-258

Davis, W. Jackson, Ph. D., professor of biology and environmental studies,

and chairperson, psychobiology, University of California at Santa Cruz:

Prepared statement

115-140

Dyer, Robert, senior staff oceanographer, Office of Radiation Programs,
Environmental Protection Agency: Prepared statement.

87-97

Golich, Conrad F., private consultant: Prepared statement..

342-365

Hawkins, David, Assistant Administrator, Office of Air, Noise, and Radi-

ation, Environmental Protection Agency: Prepared statement

55-86

[blocks in formation]

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by—Continued

Herz, Dr. Michael, Oceanic Society and chairman of the Ad Hoc Scientific Page Committee on Oceanic Dumping of Radioactive Wastes: Prepared statement

98-105 Hirsch, Daniel, Committee To Bridge the Gap: Prepared statement 296-315 Kopp, Quentin, San Francisco:

Article entitled “Navy Considers Scuttling Old Nuclear Subs”. 271-272
August 20, 1980, minutes of the Ad Hoc Coastal Counties Supervisors
Committee on Nuclear Waste ....

.265-268 Resolution requesting the EPA to release its report concerning the Farallon Islands nuclear disposal sites.....

263 Lagomarsino, Hon. Robert J., a Representative in Congress from the State of California: Prepared statement..

155-156 Moffett, Hon. Toby, a Representative in Congress from the State of Con

necticut, and chairman, Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources
Subcommittee:
October 1, 1980, letter from NRC Chairman Ahearne concerning
ocean disposal of nuclear waste ....

37-54 U.S. Department of Energy statement for the record.

260 Myers, Beverlee, director, California State Department of Health Services: Prepared statement

190-193 Panetta, Hon. Leon E., a Representative in Congress from the State of California: Prepared statement.

12-16 Resolution adopted by the board of supervisors in and for the county of Monterey

150-152 Patton, Gary, Santa Cruz County: Prepared statement..

.277-283 Risebrough, Robert W., the U.S. Mussel Watch Committee: Prepared statement

287-295 Ross, Dr. Hal, Project Tektite: Prepared statement.

316-318

APPENDIX

Additional statements submitted for the record..

369

OCEAN DUMPING OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE OFF

THE PACIFIC COAST

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1980

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY,
AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

San Francisco, Calif. The subcommittee_met, pursuant to notice, at 9 a.m., at 450 Golden Avenue, San Francisco, Calif., Hon. Toby Moffett (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Toby Moffett and Paul N. McCloskey, Jr.

Also present: Representatives John L. Burton, Phillip Burton, and Leon E. Panetta.

Staff present: Barry Hager, senior counsel, and Catherine Sands, minority professional staff, Committee on Government Operations.

OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN MOFFETT Mr. MOFFETT. The subcommittee will come to order, please.

In recent weeks, considerable public alarm has been sparked by new information and analysis regarding the past dumping of radioactive wastes into the ocean.

The public concern was fueled for some time by the tardiness of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency in releasing important analyses of dump sites, notably those relating to the Farallon Islands site less than 50 miles from this room.

The Subcommittee on Environment, Energy and Natural Resources, in cooperation with Representatives John Burton and Leon Panetta, responded in August by requesting that EPA produce to the subcommittee those reports as well as fresh analysis of the health implications of the past dumping.

We also jointly requested all the relevant data on this problem from the two Federal agencies that are the bureaucratic successors to the old Atomic Energy Commission which supervised the dumping at the Farallons and elsewhere, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy.

In an important sense, this action was the continuation of the work begun by this subcommittee 4 years ago, under the direction of then Chairman Leo Ryan and of Representative John Burton. In 1976 they held hearings which put a significant amount of important information about the dumping at the Farallons on the public record for the first time.

As a result of our recent requests, however, the agencies in the past few days have made available to the subcommittee significant

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