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FOREIGN OPERATIONS APPROPRIATIONS
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1964
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN OPERATIONS
GERALD HORDS Michigan
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
FRANCIS G, MERRILL, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee
(PAGES 1133 TO 2729)
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1963
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman
BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa
WALT HORAN, Washington
GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan
HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina
MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
JOHN R. PILLION, New York
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Hlinois
EARL WILSON, Indiana
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Wyoming | MLER
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire
KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staf Director
FOREIGN OPERATIONS APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1964
WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1963.
NEAR EAST AND SOUTH ASIA
WILLIAM S. GAUD, ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR, NEAR EAST SOUTH }
ASIA, AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
EASTERN AND SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS
SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS, STATE
NEAR EAST-SOUTH ASIA REGION, AID
CLARENCE J. MARTIN, CONGRESSIONAL LIAISON STAFF, AID
Mr. PASSMAN. The committee will come to order.
CONTINUING PROJECTS FOR WHICH NO ADDITIONAL FUNDS ARE REQUESTED
Mr. Pagsman. The committee will come to order. I should like to ask Mr. Flinner, assistant to Mr. Tennant, to provide us a statement as to the number of projects in each area for which you are not requesting any funds to be used in fiscal year 1964, but which have unliquidated funds to their credit. It is true that some projects may be terminating, but also there are projects which are not terminating and will require funds in future pears. We request a listing on those also.
(The information supplied follows:)
AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Number of projects with unliquidated obligations as of Mar. 31, 1963, for which no
funds are being requested in fiscal year 1964
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
UrliquiNumber of dated obli- Number of dated obli- Number of dated obllprojects gations, projects gations projects gations
INCREASE OF PROJECT FUNDING THROUGH PRESIDENTIAL DETERMINATION
Mr. PassMan. Presidential determinations are usually made, I suppose after the agency has justified to the President the need for Presi- home dential determination so that funds may be made available for a project?
Mr. GAUD. That is right, sir.
ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR LAOS
Mr. PASSMAN. It would appear that on June 29, there was a Presidential determination to make additional funds available to Laos.
Could you tell us whether or not you funded this item, with which some of you are familiar, out of the regular Military Assistance Program, or out of some other account?
Mr. MILLER. There was a modification, was there not, an increase from $to $
Mr. PASSMAN. Maybe you.could term that action a "modification." would term it a "straight-out increase” at the end of the year, from - up to $
Out of what account were the funds obtained! Mr. MILLER. My recollection is, it was an increase of $
- out of 1963 funds.
Mr. PASSMAN. Out of military assistance, or some other account?
Mr. MILLER. I do not have the determination with me. I would have to check it for the record. I would be glad to provide the information. 1 (The information follows:)
The additional funds were made available from funds appropriated for military assistance.,
Mr. PASSMAN. We were told many times in previous years that we would not be blackmailed into providing aid." But it would appear that we are getting a bit soft on this point.
I have another document here, and I quote: We have been informed by the government that while it would prefer not to accept military assistance from Communist countries, it will do so if Western countries are not willing to provide adequate assistance.
Pres: point in years. appespansion and that what is now at stake is the entire balance of power
That is either blackmail or Webster has changed the definition of
We have with us today Mr. William S. Gaud, Assistant Adminis-
SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS
political and economic developments of the past year in the Near East TATION and south Asia.
Since we met a year ago this important part of the world has been Is touched by far-reaching and sometimes dramatic developments. Per
haps most significant was Red China's assault on India last October and India's determined resistance, assisted by the free world. In Iran the Shah's sweeping reform program is being pressed ahead and should substantially strengthen that crucial Soviet border area. In the Arab world Communist prestige and influence are at their lowest
The political and social movements in the area are generally forward and in the direction of those objectives that we and the nations of the region share. This favorable situation can be ascribed in part to the encouragement and assistance given by the people of the Western World, notably the United States. Without that assistance many of
the political developments would undoubtedly have been less favorable on." 11 or might have taken a different direction. must frankly recognize
that farge problems remain, problems of political instability, inadequate development planning, and intraregional animosities, and so forth—but the peoples of the area, by and large, now have new hopes, plans
, objectives, and a substantial part of the tools for constructive development
. Our patient but firm cooperative and dependable assistance can be a continuingly significant factor in determining whether the gains already made are to be consolidated and assured or are to
The Communist Chinese attack on India during the past year rehat we moves any doubt that south Asia is a prime target of Communist
im Asia and the political system that will dominate half of mankind. It is essential that the countries comprising the indivisible whole of this strategic area remain free and independent, that they are enabled to continue and succeed in their heroic efforts to maintain political freedom and to resist the inroads and pressures of a powerful force dedicated to the destruction of their way of life.
d here nation
be allowed to wither away.
efer not Vestern