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Sources of Information

Table 9 summarizes the survey responses regarding the sources of information stored in Federal data banks. Only 469 (or 86 percent) of the 544 data bank responses analyzed 90 provide information on sources. Of these 469 data banks for which information about sources is available, by far the largest number (71 percent) rely on existing records for data. In other words, many of these data banks themselves derive their contents from other data banks. This is especially true in the case of computerized files, most of which ultimately rely on manual dossiers for data. Some of these "existing records” are rather mysterious. For example, the Naval Investigative Service provides the rather unhelpful response that much of its information comes from “'investigative reports," without elucidating the ultimate sources of the reports themselves.

Almost as frequently, the responses cite the subjects themselves as a source of information. Of the 469 data bank responses providing source information, 64 percent state that subjects provide at least some of the data. Some agencies, such as the Internal Revenue Service, the Decennial Census and Selective Service, compel individuals on pain of criminal penalties to provide information. In others, such as the Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention's CODAP system, the price of federally funded drug abuse treatment is the patient's disclosure of a great deal of highly personal, and in some cases potentially damaging, information.

Relatively fewer (41 percent) of the data bank responses providing source information state that these systems collect data from third parties. Security clearance and background check files are typical of such systems. Other data banks, such as the National Science Foundation's National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel collect information exclusively from third parties, in that case, from various professional societies.

It is perhaps not surprising that one-quarter of the data bank responses providing information state that they collect data from all available sources: subjects, existing records and third parties. Conclusion

The subcommittee's study of 858 data banks on individuals maintained by 54 Federal agencies developed a massive amount of information about Federal data banks which can only be summarized here. The detailed responses submitted by the agencies themselves contain by far the most important results of the subcommittee's survey. These responses reveal the agencies' own understanding or lack of understanding both of their own data systems as well as of the rights of individuals whose records are contained in these systems. Far more than the facts and numbers presented in this summary, these more subtle factors determine the real nature and extent of the impact these Federal data banks have on the constitutional rights of individual citizens.

* See footnote 81 above.

TABULAR SUMMARIES

TABLE 1.–NUMBER OF DATA BANKS, COMPUTERIZATION AND NUMBER OF RECORDS

Number of Number of computerized data banks data banks

Number of data banks not reporting number of

records

Agency

Number of

records

0

6 0 9 3 1 13 6 8

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73 385 20

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19 61 27

1 19 4 2 18 46 4

0 3 12

ACTION..
Administrative Conference of the United States.
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts..
Appalachian Regional Commission.
Civil Aeronautics Board.
Civil Service Commission.
Department of Agriculture..
Department of Commerce.
Department of Defense:

Department of the Air Force.
Department of the Army.
Department of the Navy.
Miscellaneous Department of Defense offices and

agencies.
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Department of the Interior...
Department of Justice
Department of Labor..
Department of State..
Department of Transportation.
Department of the Treasury.
Environmental Protection Agency -
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Export-Import Bank of the United States.
Farm Credit Administration..
Federal Communications Commission.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation..
Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Federal Maritime Commission
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.
Federal Power Commission..
Federal Reserve Board.
Federal Trade Commission
General Services Administration.
Indian Claims Commission.
Interstate Commerce Commission.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
National Credit Union Administration..
National Labor Relations Board.
National Mediation Board.
National Science Foundation.
Office of Economic Opportunity -
Office of Emergency Preparedness.
Office of Management and Budget
Railroad Retirement Board...
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Selective Service System.
Small Business Administration.
Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention.
Subversive Activities Control Board.
Tennessee Valley Authority -
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights-
U.S. Information Agency.
U.S. Postal Service
U.S. Tariff Commission.
Veterans Administration.
White House...

0

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351, 700

0 757,000

0

0 18, 972, 800

5,539, 200 204, 165,500 18,001, 109 34, 467, 849 6, 154, 368

2,626, 090 402, 428, 158 9, 862, 305

79, 800 139, 031, 722 24,000,000

243, 135 6, 194, 430 155, 571, 458

41, 200 131,000

0 2, 900 2, 253, 481 30,000

0

0 1,000 1, 100 1, 369

0 119,000, 160

0 1, 750 26, 931 512

0

0 375, 505

108, 360 1,905,000

2,083 15, 468,000

679, 500 14, 860, 811

884, 000 23,000

0 146, 150 1,088, 600

379 17,696 23,000

0 72, 604, 326

151, 940 1, 245, 699, 494

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4 13

9 6

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6

2 2 29 7

21
4

Total...

741

93

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ACTION
Administrative Conference of the United States
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts..
Appalachian Regional Commission..
Civil Aeronautics Board.
Civil Service Commission.
Department of Agriculture.
Department of Commerce.
Department of Defense:

Department of the Air Force.
Department of the Army...
Department of the Navy..
Miscellaneous Department of Defense offices and

agencies..
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Department of the Interior.
Department of Justice..
Department of Labor.
Department of State.
Department of Transportation.
Department of the Treasury-
Environmental Protection Agency..
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Export-Import Bank of the United States.
Farm Credit Administration..
Federal Communications Commission.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Federal Maritime Commission.
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
Federal Power Commission..
Federal Reserve Board.
Federal Trade Commission..
General Services Administration.
Indian Claims Commission..
Interstate Commerce Commission,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
National Credit Union Administration..
National Labor Relations Board.
National Mediation Board.
National Science Foundation.
Office of Economic Opportunity
Office of Emergency Preparedness.
Office of Management and Budget.
Railroad Retirement Board
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Selective Service System...
Small Business Administration,
Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention.
Subversive Activities Control Board..
Tennessee Valley Authority
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
U.S. Information Agency -
U.S. Postal Service
U.S. Tariff Commission.
Veterans Administration.
White House..

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1

2

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Total..

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ACTION.
Administrative Conference of the United States.
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts..
Appalachian Regional Commission.
Civil Aeronautics Board..
Civil Service Commission.
Department of Agriculture..
Department of Commerce..
Department of Defense:

Department of the Air Force.
Department of the Army -
Department of the Navy..
Miscellaneous Department of Defense offices

and agencies.
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Department of Housing and Urban Development..
Department of the Interior.
Department of Justice.
Department of Labor.
Department of State.
Department of Transportation.
Department of the Treasury.
Environmental Protection Agency -
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Export-Import Bank of the United States.
Farm Credit Administration...
Federal Communications Commission.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Federal Maritime Commission..
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.
Federal Power Commission.
Federal Reserve Board.
Federal Trade Commission.
General Services Administration.
Indian Claims Commission.
Interstate Commerce Commission,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Credit Union Administration.
National Labor Relations Board.
National Mediation Board.
National Science Foundation.
Office of Economic Opportunity-
Office of Emergency Preparedness.
Office of Management and Budget.
Railroad Retirement Board.
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Selective Service System...
Small Business Administration.
Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention.
Subversive Activities Control Board.
Tennessee Valley Authority
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights-
U.S. Information Agency.
U.S. Postal Service..
U.S. Tariff Commission.
Veterans Administration..
White House...

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Total.

87

115

247

96

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ACTION.
Administrative Conference of the United States.
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts..
Appalachian Regional Commission..
Civil Aeronautics Board..
Civil Service Commission.
Department of Agriculture..
Department of Commerce.
Department of Defense:

Department of the Air Force.
Department of the Army.
Department of the Navy-
Miscellaneous Department of Defense offices

and agencies.-
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Department of Housing and Urban Development..
Department of the Interior.
Department of Justice..
Department of Labor..
Department of State.
Department of Transportation.
Department of the Treasury..
Environmental Protection Agency.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Export-Import Bank of the United States.
Farm Credit Administration...
Federal Communications Commission.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Federal Maritime Commission.
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.
Federal Power Commission.
Federal Reserve Board.
Federal Trade Commission.
General Services Administration.
Indian Claims Commission.
Interstate Commerce Commission
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ---
National Credit Union Administration.
National Labor Relations Board.
National Mediation Board.
National Science Foundation,
Office of Econɔmic Opportunity-
Office of Emergency Preparedness.
Office of Management and Budget.
Railroad Retirement Board...
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Selective Service System.--
Small Business Administration.
Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention.
Subversive Activities Control Board.
Tennessee Valley Authority -
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission-
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
U.S. Information Agency -
U.S. Postal Service.
U.S. Tariff Commission.
Veterans Administration.
White House..

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