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Re-enter Angelo, Mariana, Peter, and Provost.
I do, my lord.
Isab. Duke. For this new-married man, approaching here,
Whose salt imagination yet hath wrong'd
(Being criminal, in double violation
We do condemn thee to the very block Where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like haste;
Away with him.
O, my most gracious lord, I hope you will not mock me with a husband! Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a husband:
Consenting to the safeguard of your honour,
O, my dear lord,
I crave no other, nor no better man.
(1) Angelo's own tongue.
You do but lose your labour:
Away with him to death.-Now, sir, [To Lucio.] to you,
Mari. O, my good lord!-Sweet Isabel, take my part;
Lend me your knees, and all my life to come
Duke. Against all sensel you do impórtune her:
Mari. Gentle my liege,—
Duke. He dies for Claudio's death.
Most bounteous sir,
Look, if it please you, on this man condemn'd,
His act did not o'ertake his bad intent,
And must be buried but as an intent
That perish'd by the way: thoughts are no subjects; Intents but merely thoughts.
Merely, my lord.
Duke. Your suit's unprofitable; stand up, I say.-I have bethought me of another fault :Provost, how came it, Claudio was beheaded At an unusual hour?
(1) Reason and affection.
It was commanded so.
Duke. Had you a special warrant for the deed? Prov. No, my good lord; was by private mes
Duke. For which I do discharge you of your office: Give up your keys.
Pardon me, noble lord:
His name is Barnardine. Duke. I would thou had'st done so by Claudio.Go, fetch him hither; let me look upon him.
Escal. I am sorry, one so learned and so wise As you, lord Angelo, have still appear'd, Should slip so grossly, both in the heat of blood, And lack of temper'd judgment afterward.
"Ang. I am sofry, that such sorrow I procure : And so deep sticks it in my penitent heart, That I crave death more willingly than mercy: 'Tis my deserving, and I do entreat it.. Re-enter Provost, Barnardine, Claudio, and Juliet. Duke. Which is that Barnardine?
Prov. This, my lord. Duke. There was a friar told me of this man :Sirrah, thou art said to have a stubborn soul, That apprehends no further than this world, And squar'st thy life according. Thou'rt condemn'd; But, for those early faults, I quit them all; And pray thee, take this mercy to provide For better times to come .- -Friar, advise him; I leave him to your hand.-What muffled fellow's
Prov. This is another prisoner, that I sav'd, That should have died when Claudio lost his head; As like almost to Claudio, as himself.
[Unmufles Claudio. Duke. If he be like your brother, [To Isabella.]
for his sake
Is he pardon'd; And, for your lovely sake,
I find an apt remission in myself:
And yet here's one in place I cannot pardon; You, sirrah, [To Lucio.] that knew me for a fool, a coward,
One all of luxury,2 an ass, a madman;
Lucio. 'Faith, my lord, I spoke it but according to the trick:3 If you will hang me for it, you may, but I had rather it would please you, I might be whipp'd.
Duke. Whipp'd first, sir, and hang'd after.Proclaim it, provost, round about the city; If any woman's wrong'd by this lewd fellow (As I have heard him swear himself, there's one Whom he begot with child,) let her appear, And he shall marry her: the nuptial finish'd, Let him be whipp'd and hang'd.
Lucio. I beseech your highness, do not marry me to a whore! Your highness said even now, I made you a duke: good my lord, do not recompense me, in making me a cuckold.
Duke. Upon mine honour, thou shalt marry her.
Thy slanders I forgive; and therewithal
Lucio. Marrying a punk, my lord, is pressing to death, whipping, and hanging.
Duke. Sland'ring a prince deserves it.-She, Claudio, that you wrong'd, look you restore.Joy to you, Mariana!-love her, Angelo; I have confess'd her, and I know her virtue.Thanks, good friend Escalus, for thy much goodness: There's more behind, that is more gratulate.2 Thanks, provost, for thy care, and secrecy; We shall employ thee in a worthier place: Forgive him, Angelo, that brought you home The head of Ragozine for Claudio's; The offence pardons itself.-Dear Isabel, I have a motion much imports your good; Whereto if you'll a willing ear incline, What's mine is yours, and what is yours is mine So, bring us to our palace; where we'll show What's yet behind, that's meet you all should know. [Exeunt.
The novel of Giraldi Cinthio, from which Shakspeare is supposed to have borrowed this fable, may be read in Shakspeare Illustrated, elegantly translated, with remarks which will assist the inquirer to discover how much absurdity Shakspeare has admitted or avoided.
I cannot but suspect that some other had newmodelled the novel of Cinthio, or written a story which in some particulars resembled it, and that Cinthio was not the author whom Shakspeare immediately followed. The emperor in Cinthio is named Maximine: the duke, in Shakspeare's enumeration of the persons of the drama, is called Vin
(2) To reward.