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FY

NUCLEAR MATERIALS PROGRAM continued
Richland

1972: $
Separations facilities (UNH to U03) standby between campaigns

2,121,722
Deactivation and surveillance of reactors and related facilities

FY 1973:

$

3
2.

452,000

088,000 1,364,000

FY 1974:

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3,030,000
1,825,000
1,205,000

The Purex separation facility and the plant for conversion of liquid uranyl nitrate to solid uranium oxide was placed in wet

The Purex facility will be maintained in standby until the last quarter of FY 1974,
to be incurred on the KE and KW reactors in FY 1974. Surveillance costs will be incurred on Redox and

standby during the first quarter of FY 1973.
to restart processing N reactor fuels.

The uranium oxide plant will be started up in early FY 1975. Deacti-
is scheduled
when it
vation costs will continue

C, D, DR, F, Hand KE and KW reactors.
the B,
Savannah River

FY 1972; $ 983,687 FY 1973: $ 330,000 FY 1974: $
provided for L and r reactors in standby.
In FY 1973, $330,000 standby costs are provided for L and R reactors and cleanup of the High Level Caves.

100,000
In FY 1974, $100,000 is

I.

Transportation and Security Shipments

FY 1972: $ 1,664,573 FY 1973: $ 1,711,000 FY 1974: $ 2,700,000
This category includes the cost of transportation, security guard services and related items in the shipment of AEC special
nuclear materials. Following is the breakdown of costs by operations offices.
Oak Ridge

FY 1972: $ 1,209,510 FY 1973: $ 1,337,000 FY 1974: $ 1,525,00
Included in this estimate are costs of interplant product flows for the gaseous diffusion sites; shipments between the FMPC, RMI
and the reactor sites of fuel and target elements for the Richland and Savannah River reactors; FMPC costs to ship 103 to Paducah
and thorium nitrate to commercial processors; AEC patrol costs for transporting and for guarding in transit classified matter
chargeable to the nuclear materials program; and miscellaneous other shipments. The FY 1974 increase reflects increased tonnages
of reactor fuels shipped from the FMPC to RMI and to the reactor sites.
Richland

FY 1972: $ 297,931 FY 1973: $ 114,00 FY 1974: $ 155,000
Enriched uranyl nitrate is converted to uranium oxide at the U03 plant at Richland and shipped to the FMPC to be recycled to
additional reactor fuel. In addition, plutonium metal and irradiated tritium targets are shipped to other sites such as Savannah
River and weapon production facilities. The increase in FY 1974 is caused by an increase in the scheduled number of shipments of
UO3 and tritium targets.
Savannah River

FY 1972: $ 148,999 FY 1973: $ 200,000 FY 1974: $ 175,000
The FY 1974 estimate provides for a high level of U-235 shipments to Oak Ridge offset by a decrease in miscellaneous shipments
and shipments from Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc.
Idaho

FY 1972: $ 8,133 FY 1973: $ 60,000 FY 1974: $ 60,000
Enriched uranyl nitrate is converted to uranium oxide at the ICPP and shipped to Y-12 for conversion to Savannah River fuel, or
to Portsmouth for conversion to UF6 cascade feed.
Grand Junction

FY 1972: $
0 FY 1973: $

0 FY 1974: $ 785,000 The FY 1974 estimate provides for the shipment of 19,000 tons of U308 to Fernald for conversion to 103.

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Oak Ridge

FY 1972: $ 2,644, 185 FY 1973: $4,600,000 FY 1974: $ 4,305,000
Costs include warehousing uranium of various forms at all sites, storage of contaminated feed plant equipment at the ORGDP,
conversion of depleted UF to UF, at Paducah to achieve lower cost storage, and, beginning in FY 1973, processing, storage and
distribution of U-233 ($1,615,000); studies performed for the Division of Production and Materials Management by the Atomic
Energy Combined Operational Planning (AECOP) staff ($600,000) as well as special management studies, including conceptual design
work (other than for new separation plants) performed at the gaseous diffusion plants ($1,550,000); and work performed by the
Oak Ridge contractors and operations office which is not specifically related to other activities ($540,000). The decrease in
FY 1974 is attributed to a general reduction in the management studies level.

Richland

FY 1972: $ 379,239 FY 1973: $ 976,000 FY 1974: $ 1,750,000 FY 1974 costs include warehousing vo. ($5,000); Douglas United Nuclear employee group insurance costs in excess of employee payments ($530,000); seismic studies to better understand earthquake risks in the Hanford region ($160,000); the cleanup of approximately 2,000 acres of contaminated land associated with the B and C waste disposal cribs located south of the 200 east chemical processing area ($750,000); AEC's commitment to pay the employer's share of insurance (life and health) premiums for certain employees who retired under the General Electric Co., former principal contractor at Richland ($225,000); Douglas United Nuclear employee severance payments ($60,000); work performed by the operations office which is not specifically related to other activities ($20,000). The increase in FY 1974 over FY 1973 of $774,000 is primarily due to the B and C crib cleanup, DUN severance payments and an offsetting decrease in seismic investigations.

Savannah River

FY 1972: $ 862, 203 FY 1973: $ 825,000 FY 1974: $ 855,000
FY 1974 costs provide for the continuation of Savannah River's land management program conducted by the U. S. Forest Service
for the control of erosion and wildlife and management of an extensive timber stand ($475,000) 1/, warehousing of depleted
uranium oxide ($ 130,000), and continuation of the Cf-252 market development program aimed at promoting the optimum utilization
of the product and predicting the potential demand through loans and sales of material for use in industry, medicine, education,
environmental control and other fields ($250,000) 21.

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55,000

Grand Junction

FY 1972: $
FY 1973: $

FY 1974: $
FY 1974 costs provide for the maintenance and necessary redrumming of Uzog inventory at Grand Junction, Colorado.

1/ The estimated market value of the timber on the Savannah River site was $30.0 million as of June 30, 1972, and is increasing

about $1.0 million annually. Land management program costs and revenues from timber sales are:
Land management program
Operating costs

FY 1972: $ 427,534 FY 1973: $ 455,000 FY 1974; $ 475,000
Revenues (included in revenues applied program)

263,847
375,000

375,000 2/ CF-252 Market development program

Revenues (included in revenues applied program) FY 1972: $ 124, 106 FY 1973: $ 800,000 FY 1974: $ 1,550,000

NI'CLEAR MATERIALS PROGRAM

- continued

K

Washington Headquarters

FY 1972: $

0 FY 1973: $ 148,000 FY 1974: $ 35,000
Costs provide for fire inspection by Factory Insurance Associates and Factory Mutual Research Corporation of contractor sites.
Other Procurement and Production

FY 1972: $ 1,360,563 FY 1973: $ 1,279,000 FY 1974: $ 1,900,000
For detailed justification see classified page NM-41.

L. Process Development

FY 1972: $ 30,685,111 FY 1973: $ 32,247,000 FY 1974: $ 39,000,000 This category covers development efforts at each site which are directed toward achieving program objectives in a safe, efficient and economical manner. It includes programs to improve the technology and demonstrate the reliability and economic feasibility of separating uranium isotopes by the gas centrifuge process; improvements in gaseous diffusion technology which can be incorporated into the cascade improvement and cascade uprating programs (CIP and CUP); development of technology to assure ability to respond to change in requirements for reactor produced isotopes; and efforts to improve performance, reduce costs, increase safety, and improve management of radioactive wastes. For detailed justification see classified pages NM-41 NM-46.

continued

$15,000,000

NUCLEAR MATERIALS PROGRAM

2.

Waste Management

The activities associated with the Waste Management program include: (a) the long-term management, and research and development related thereto, of all radioactive wastes generated by AEC operations and of all high-level wastes generated by the nuclear industry; (b) the operation of AEC sites for the management of low-level solid wastes generated by AEC operations and liquid waste disposal by hydraulic fracturing; (c) the development of policies, plans and priorities for decontamination and decommissioning of obsolete AEC equipment and facilities and for decontamination and release (for restricted or unrestricted use) of surplus AEC land, and the administration of certain general research and development activities related thereto; and (d) collection of data, establishment of policies and administration of certain research and development related to the safe, efficient transport of radioactive materials.

SUMMARY OF ESTIMATES BY CATEGORY

Actual FY 1972

Estimate FY 1973

Estimate FY 1974

Category

Page No.

$ 2,665,000 10,455,000 1,035,000

380,000 465,000

Storage Operations and Related Activities. Technology Development.. Development of Airborne Waste Treatment Methods.. Studies of Decontamination and Decommissioning Methods Studies of Transportation Methods and Packaging...

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

NM-18
NM-19
NM-24
NM-25
NM-25

$1,765,000 4,950,000 510,000

0 175,000

$1,253,224 4,423,851 553,000

0 15,500

$15,000,000

$ 7,400,000

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$ 2,665,000

Storage Operations and Related Activities.

A.

These funds provide for a number of activities related to the operation of AEC radioactive solid waste storage and burial sites, liquid waste disposal by hydraulic fracturing and the evaluation of general site characteristics at various AEC facilities by AEC contractors and other independent groups such as the United States Geological Survey (USGS).

The increase of $0.4 million (from $1.5 million in FY 1973 to $1.9 million in FY 1974) is specifically related to the increased volume of transuranium waste requiring retrievable storage at AEC burial grounds.

The burial ground effort includes receipt, handling and conventional pit or trench burial for the majority of the sites

Wastes contaminated with transuranium nuclides (primarily plutonium) are placed in special locations or structures in order to be readily retrievable for at least a 20-year period. This will allow minimum costs

radioactive solid wastes.

NUCLEAR MATERIALS PROGRAM

continued

in rehandling when a decision is reached regarding final treatment and disposition of the transuranium waste. Other radio-
active solid wastes receive special handling at the burial ground and require special burial techniques. In addition
to the burial function, overall burial ground operations include preparation of permanent records of the location of each
waste emplacement and monitoring required to assure there is no significant migration of radioactivity through the soil
from buried wastes.
The $0.4 million increase (from $0.2 million in FY 1973 to $0.6 million in FY 1974) represents an increased program of
site evaluations and studies of AEC monitoring techniques. Site characterization studies and monitoring appraisals are
needed to provide the knowledge of site geology, hydrology and current site conditions for predicting and verifying the
fate of radioactivity at AEC onsite burial grounds. The funds for these activities provide for a variety of studies at
several AEC locations related to current and proposed waste storage practices, current site monitoring efforts, the suitabil-
ity of sites for long-term storage of radioactive solid wastes, detection and control of migration of radioactivity, stabil-
ization of burial ground surfaces to minimize or prevent migration, potential methods for removal or underground treatment,
and the potential for radio-isotope migration from various waste forms.

The FY 1974 budget estimate provides $0.1 million for hydraulic fracturing of waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
The concentrate from the liquid waste handling system is mixed with cement and other additives and injected deep underground
where it sets up as thin sheets of concrete between layers of shale. Periodic injections are required to empty out tank
storage space needed to provide for continued operation of the liquid waste handling system. The underground injections
require careful control and detailed surveillance.

B. Technology Development.

$10,455,000

These funds provide for the development and conceptual design associated with storage and waste repackaging facilities,
feasibility studies of new and improved methods of accommodating radioactive waste and the investigation of waste treatment
and handling processes. Included in the types of waste to be accommodated for long-term storage are the AEC-produced
solid and aqueous waste and commercially generated high-level waste.

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