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judges of Sacheverell; but voted for a mild fenterce. Being now no longer in favour, he contrived to obtain a writ for summoning the electoral prince to parliament as duke of Cambridge.

At the queen's death he was appointed one of the regents; and at the acceffion of George the First was made earl of Halifaxy knight of the garter, and first commiffioner of the treasury, with a grant to his nephew of the reversion of the auditorship of the Exchequer. More was not to be had, and this he kept but a little while ; for on the 19th of May, 1715, he died of an inflamınation of his lungs.

Of him, who from a poet became a patron of poets, it will be readily believed that the works would not miss of celebration. Addison began to praise him early, and was followed or accompanied by other poets's perhaps by almost all, except Swift and Pope, who forbore to flatter him in his life, and after his death spoke of him, Swift with flight censure, and Pope in the character Bufo with acrimonious contempt.


He was, as Pope says, “ fed with dedi* cations ;" for Tickell affirms that no dedication was unrewarded. To charge all unmerited praise with the guilt of flattery, and to suppole that the encomiast always knows and feels the falsehoods of his affirtions, is surely to discover great ignorance of human nature and human life. To determinations depending not on rules, but on experience and comparison, judgement is always in some degree subject to affection. Very near to adiniration is the wish to admire.

Every man willingly gives value to the praise which he receives, and considers the sentence passed in his favour as the sentence of discernment. We adinire in a friend that understanding that selected us for confidence; we admire more, in a patron, that judgement which, instead of scattering bounty indiscriminately, directed it to us; and, if the patron be an author, those performances which gratitude forbids us to blame, affcctation will easily dispose us to exalt.

Vol. II.



To these prejudices, hardly culpable, interest adds a power always operating, though not always, because not willingly, perceived. The modesty of praise wears gradually away; and perhaps the pride of patronage may be in time fo increased, that modeft praise will no longer please.

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Many a blandishment was practifed upon Halifax, which he would never have known, had he no other attractions than those of his poetry, of which a short time has "withered the beauties. It would now be esteemed no honour, by a contributor to the monthly bundles of verses, to be told, that, in strains either familiar or folemn, he fings like Montague.

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HÈ Life of Dr. PARNELL is a task

which I should very willingly decline; since it has been lately written by Goldsmith, a man of such variety of powers, and such felicity of performance, that he always seemed to do best that which he was doing; a man who had the art of being minute without tediousiiess, and general without confusion; whose language was copious without exuberance, exact without constraint, and easy without weakness.

What such an author has told, who would tell again? I have made an abstract from his larger narrative ; and have this gratification from my attempt, that it gives me an oppor


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tunity of paying due tribute to the memory of Goldsmith.

Το γαρ γέρας έςι θανόνων.

THOMAS PARNELL was the fon of a commonwealthfınan of the same name, who at the Reitoration left Congletoni in Cheshire, where the family had been established for several centuries, and, settling in Ireland, purchased an estate, which, with his lands in Cheshire, descended to the poet', who was born at Dublin in 1679: and, after the usual educatiou at a grammarschool, was at the age of thirteen adınitted into the College, where, in 1700, he became master of arts; and was the fame year ordained a deacon, though under the canonical age, by a dispensation from the bishop of Derry.

About three years afterwards he was made a priest; and in 1705 Dr. Alhc, the bishop of Clogher, conferred upon him the archdeaconry of Clogher. About the same time he married Mrs. Anne Minchin, an amiable lady, by whoin he had trio fons, who died


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