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(h) The Hostage Relief Act of 1980, or

(i) The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986.

(3) The War Orphans' Educational Assistance Act of 1956;

(4) 38 U.S.C. Chapters 30, 32, 34, 35 and 36 and the former Chapter 33; (5) 10 U.S.C. Chapters 107 and 1606;

(6) Section 903 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1981,

(7) The Hostage Relief Act of 1980, and

(8) The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3681) [34 FR 843, Jan. 18, 1969, as amended at 48 FR 37976, Aug. 22, 1983; 50 FR 27826, July 8, 1985; 51 FR 16316, May 2, 1986; 54 FR 33887, Aug. 17, 1989; 57 FR 29800, July 7, 1992; 61 FR 20728, May 8, 1996; 61 FR 26113, May 24, 1996)

PAYMENTS; EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE

ALLOWANCE

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3695(a))

(b) Limit on combining assistance received under Chapter 31 with assistance under another program. No person may receive assistance under Chapter 31, Title 38 U.S.C. in combination with any provisions of law listed in paragraph (a) of this section in excess of 48 months (or the part-time equivalent) unless the Department of Veterans Affairs determines that additional months of benefits under Chapter 31 are necessary to accomplish the purpose of the veteran's rehabilitation program.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3695(b)) [48 FR 37976. Aug. 22, 1983, as amended at 51 FR 16316, May 2, 1986; 57 FR 29800, July 7, 1992; 61 FR 20728, May 8, 1996) $21.4022 Nonduplication programs

administered by VA. A veteran or eligible person who is eligible for education or training benefits under more than one of the provisions of law listed in this paragraph based on his or her own service or based on the service of another person cannot receive such benefits concurrently. The individual must elect which benefit he or she will receive for the particular period or periods during which education or training is to be pursued. Except for an election between 38 U.S.C. chapters 32 and 34 which is irrevocable once a check has been negotiated, the person may reelect at any time. (a) 38 U.S.C. chapter 30, (b) 38 U.S.C. chapter 31, (c) 38 U.S.C. chapter 32, (d) 38 U.S.C. chapter 34, (e) 38 U.S.C. chapter 35, (1) 10 U.S.C. chapter 1606,

(g) Section 903 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1981

$21.4131 Commencing dates.

VA will determine the commencing date of an award or increased award of educational assistance under this section. When more than one paragraph in this section applies, VA will award educational assistance using the latest of the applicable commencing dates.

(a) Entrance or reentrance including change of program or educational institution: individual eligible under 38 U.S.C. chapter 32. When an eligible veteran or servicemember enters or reenters into training (including a reentrance following a change of program or educational institution), the commencing date of his or her award of educational assistance will be determined as follows:

(1) If the award is the first award of educational assistance for the program of education the veteran or servicemember is pursuing, the commencing date of the award of educational assistance is the latest of:

(i) The date the educational institution certifies under paragraph (b) or (C) of this section;

(ii) One year before the date of claim as determined by $21.1029(b);

(iii) The effective date of the approval of the course, or one year before the date VA receives the approval notice, whichever is later; or

(2) If the award is the second or subsequent award of educational assistance for the program of education the veteran or servicemember is pursuing, the effective date of the award of educational assistance is the later of

(i) The date the educational institution certifies under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section; or

(ii) The effective date of the approval of the course, or one year before the

date VA receives the approval notice, whichever is later.

creased award of educational assistance will be the first day of classes.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3672, 5103, 5110(b), 5113) (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3481(a), 3680(a); Pub. L.

98–525) (b) Certification by school-the course or subject leads to a standard college de (C) Certification by school or establishgree. (1) When the student enrolls in a ment-course does not lead to a standard course offered by independent study, college degree. (1) Residence school: See the commencing date of the award or paragraph (b) of this section. increased award of educational assist (2) Correspondence school: Date first ance will be the date the student began lesson sent or date of affirmance pursuit of the course according to the whichever is later. regularly established practices of the (3) Job training: First date of emeducational institution.

ployment in training position. (2) Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3), (b)(4) and (b)(5) of this section (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3481, 3687) when a student enrolls in a resident

(d) Entrance or reentrance including course or subject, the commencing date

change of program or educational instituof the award or increased award of edu

tion: individual eligible under 38 U.S.C. cational assistance will be the first

chapter 35. When a person eligible to rescheduled date of classes for the term,

ceive educational assistance under 38 quarter or semester in which the stu U.S.C. chapter 35 enters or reenters dent is enrolled.

into training (including a reentrance (3) When the student enrolls in a resi

following a change of program or edudent course or subject whose first

cational institution), the commencing scheduled class begins after the cal- date of his or her award of educational endar week when, according to the assistance will be determined as folschool's academic calendar, classes are lows: scheduled to commence for the term, (1) If the award is the first award of quarter, or semester, the commencing educational assistance for the program date of the award or increased award of of education the eligible person is pureducational assistance allowance will suing, the commencing date of the be the actual date of the first class award of educational assistance is the scheduled for that particular course or latest of: subject.

(i) The beginning date of eligibility (4) When a student enrolls in a resi- as determined by $21.3041(a) or (b) or by dent course or subject, the com- $21.3046(a) or (b), whichever is applicamencing date of the award will be the ble; date the student reports to the school (ii) One year before the date of claim provided that

as determined by $ 21.1029(b); (i) The published standards of the (iii) The date the educational instituschool require the student to register tion certifies under paragraph (b) or (c) before reporting, and

of this section; (ii) The published standards of the (iv) The effective date of the approval school require the student to report no of the course, or one year before the more than 14 days before the first date VA receives the approval notice, scheduled date of classes for the term, whichever is later; or quarter or semester for which the stu (2) If the award is the second or subdent has registered, and no later than sequent award of educational assistthe first scheduled date of classes for ance for that program, the effective the term, quarter or semester for date of the award of educational assistwhich the student has registered.

ance is the later of(5) When the student enrolls in a resi- (i) The date the educational institudent course or subject and the first day tion certifies under paragraph (b) or (c) of classes is more than 14 days after of this section; or the date of registration, the com- (ii) The effective date of the approval mencing date of the award or the in- of the course, or one year before the

date VA receives the approval notice, whichever is later.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3014, 3023, 3034, 3672, 5103)

(e) (Reserved]

(1) Liberalizing laws and Department of Veterans Affairs issues. In accordance with facts found, but not earlier than the effective date of the act or administrative issue.

(g) Correction of military records. Eligibility of a veteran or eligible person may arise as the result of correction or modification of military records under 10 U.S.C. 1552, or a change, correction or modification of a discharge or dismissal under 10 U.S.C. 1553, or other competent military authority. In these cases the commencing date of educational assistance allowance will be in accordance with the facts found, but not earlier than the date the change, correction or modification was made by the service department.

tion or discontinuance is involved, the earliest date will control.

(a) Death of veteran or eligible person. (1) If the veteran or eligible person receives an advance payment pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 3680(d) and dies before the period covered by the advance payment ends, the discontinuance date of educational assistance shall be the last date of the period covered by the advance payment.

(2) In all other cases if the veteran or eligible person dies while pursuing a program of education, the discontinuance date of educational assistance shall be the last date of attendance.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3680)

(b) Election to receive educational assistance under the Montgomery GI BillActive Duty. If a veteran makes a valid election, as provided in $21.7045(d), to receive educational assistance under the Montgomery GI Bill-Active Duty in lieu of educational assistance under the Post-Vietnam Era Veterans' Educational Assistance Program, the discontinuance date of educational assistance under the Post-Vietnam Era Veterans' Educational Assistance Program shall be the date on which the election was made pursuant to procedures described in $21.7045(d)(2).

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3462(b), 3501(d))

(h) Individuals in a penal institution. If a veteran or eligible person is paid a reduced rate of educational assistance or no educational assistance under $21.3132 (a) or (b) or $21.5139, the rate will be increased or benefits will commence effective the earlier of the following dates:

(1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid under another Federal program, or a State or local program, or

(2) The date of the release from the prison or jail.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3482(g), 3532(e))

(1H1) (Reserved] (31 FR 6774, May 6, 1966, as amended at 39 FR 43220. Dec. 11, 1974; 41 FR 47929, Nov. 1, 1976; 46 FR 62060, Dec. 22, 1981; 48 FR 37977 and 37978, Aug. 22, 1983; 49 FR 5113, Feb. 10, 1984; 50 FR 48581, Nov. 26, 1985; 51 FR 16318, May 2, 1986; 54 FR 28677, July 7, 1989; 57 FR 40614, Sept. 4, 1992; 61 FR 6782, Feb. 22, 1996; 61 FR 26113, May 24, 1996; 64 FR 23772, May 4, 1999; 66 FR 38938, July 26, 2001)

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3018C(c)(1))

(c)(d) [Reserved)

(e) Course discontinued; course interrupted; course terminated; course not satisfactorily completed or withdrawn from. (1) If the individual receives all nonpunitive grades, or withdraws from all courses other than because of being ordered to active duty, and no mitigating circumstances are found, VA will terminate the individual's educational assistance allowance effective the first date of the term in which the withdrawal occurs.

(2) If the individual withdraws from all other courses other than courses in paragraph (e)(3) of this section and with mitigating circumstances, or withdraws from all courses such that a punitive grade is or will be assigned for those courses:

(i) Residence training: Last date of attendance.

$21.4135 Discontinuance dates.

The effective date of reduction or discontinuance of educational assistance allowance will be as specified in this section. If more than one type of reduc

(ii) Independent study: Official date of change in status under the practices of the institution.

(3) If the individual withdraws from correspondence, flight, farm cooperative, cooperative or job training, benefits will be terminated effective:

(i) Correspondence training: Date last lesson is serviced.

(ii) Flight training: Date of last instruction

(iii) Job training: Date of last training.

(iv) Farm cooperative training: Date of last class attendance.

(v) Cooperative training: Date of last training.

not received within 60 days, in the c of an advance payment, the act facts will be determined and adju ment made, if required, on the basis facts found. If student failed to enr termination will be effective the beg ning date of the enrollment period.

(i) False or misleading statements. $21.4006.

(j) Disapproval by State approu agency (21.4259(a)). If a State appr ing agency disapproves a course, date of discontinuance of payments those receiving educational assista while enrolled in the course will be follows:

(1) The date on which payments in were sus ded by the Director of a facility as provided in $21.4210, if approval were preceded by such as pension.

(2) End of the month in which approval is effective or notice of approval is received in the Departm of Veterans Affairs, whichever is lat provided that the Director of a Depa ment of Veterans Affairs facility not suspend payments prior to the approval.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3680(a))

(f) Discontinued by VA (98 21.4215, 21.4216). If VA discontinues payments of educational assistance as provided by $$ 21.4215(d) and 21.4216, the effective date of discontinuance will be as follows:

(1) The date on which payments first were suspended by the Director of a VA facility as provided in $21.4210, if the discontinuance were preceded by such a suspension.

(2) End of the month in which the decision to discontinue is effective pursuant to $21.4215(d), if the Director of a VA facility did not suspend payments prior to the discontinuance.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3690)

(g) Unsatisfactory progress, conduct or attendance $21.4277. The date the veteran's or eligible person's enrollment is discontinued by the school or the date determined under $21.4277, whichever is earlier.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3672(a), 3690)

(k) Disapproval by Department of erans Affairs (88 21.4215, 21.4259(c)). I disapproves a course, the date of d continuance of payments to those ceiving educational assistance wh enrolled in the course will be as i lows:

(1) Date on which payments fi were suspended by the Director of a facility as provided in $21.4210, if d approval were preceded by such a si pension.

(2) End of the month in which d approval occurred, provided that t Director of a Department of Vetera Affairs facility did not suspend pa ments prior to the disapproval.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3474, 3524)

(h) Required certifications not received after certification of enrollment (S$ 21.4203 and 21.4204). (1) If required certification of attendance of a veteran or eligible person enrolled in a course not leading to a standard college degree is not timely received, payments will be terminated date of last certification. If certification is later received, adjustment will be made based on facts found.

(2) If verification of enrollment and certificate of delivery of the check is

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3671(b), 3672(a), 3690)

(1) Conflicting interests (not waive ($21.4005). Thirty days after date of le ter notifying veteran or eligible perso unless terminated earlier for other re son.

(m) Incarceration in prison or penal i stitution for conviction of a felony. The provisions of this paragraph app to a veteran or eligible person who

educational assistance must be discontinued or who becomes restricted to payment of educational assistance allowance at a reduced rate under $21.3132(a) or (b) or $21.5139.

(2) The reduced rate or discontinuance will be effective the latest of the following dates.

(i) The first day on which all or part of the veteran's or eligible person's tuition and fees were paid by a Federal, State or local program,

(ii) The date the veteran or eligible person is incarcerated in prison or penal institution, or

(iii) The commencing date of the award as determined by $21.4131.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3482(g), 3532(e))

( HO) (Reserved) (p) Error; payee's or administrative. (1) Effective date of award or day preceding act, whichever is later, but not prior to the date entitlement ceased, on an erroneous award based on an act of commission or omission by a payee or with his or her knowledge.

(2) Date of last payment on an erroneous award based solely on administrative error by VA or error in judgment by VA.

(ii) The individual received a lumpsum payment for the quarter, semester, term or other enrollment period during which he or she reduced training; and

(iii) There are mitigating circumstances, or the individual receives a punitive grade for the portion of the course from which he or she withdrew.

(3) VA will reduce an individual's educational assistance allowance effective the date on which an individual reduces training when:

(i) The reduction does not occur at the beginning of the term;

(ii) The individual did not receive a lump-sum payment for the quarter, semester, term or other enrollment period during which he or she reduced training; and

(iii) There are mitigating circumstances, or the individual receives a punitive grade for the portion of the course from which he or she withdrew.

(4) If the individual reduces training by withdrawing from a part of a course and the withdrawal does not occur because the individual was ordered to active duty; there are no mitigating circumstances; and the individual receives a nonpunitive grade from that portion of the course from which he or she withdrew; VA will reduce the individual's educational assistance effective the later of the following:

(i) The first date of enrollment of the term in which the reduction occurs; or

(ii) December 1, 1976. See paragraphs (e) and (w) of this section also.

(5) An individual who enrolls in several subjects and reduces his or her rate of pursuit by completing one or more of them while continuing training in others, may receive an interval payment based on the subjects completed, if the requirements of $21.4138(f) of this part are met. If those requirements are not met, VA will reduce the individual's educational assistance allowance effective the date the subject or subjects were completed.

Authority: 38 U.S.C. 5112(b)(10) and 5113) (9) Fraud; forfeiture resulting $ 21.4007). Beginning date of award or day preceding date of fraudulent act whichever is later.

(T) Treasonable acts or subversive actirities, forfeiture (821.4007). Beginning date of award or date preceding date of commission of treasonable act or subFersive activities for which convicted, whichever is later.

(8) Reduction in rate of pursuit of course (821.4270). (1) VA will reduce an individual's educational assistance allowance effective the first date of the term in which the individual reduces training by withdrawing from part of a course, if the reduction occurs at the beginning of the term.

(2) VA will reduce an individual's educational assistance allowance effective the earlier of the end of the month or end of the term in which an individual reduces training by withdrawing trom part of a course when:

(1) The reduction does not occur at the beginning of the term;

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 5113, 3680)

(t) Change in law or Department of Veterans Affairs issue, or interpretation. See 83.114(b) of this chapter.

(u) Ercept as otherwise provided. On basis of facts found.

(v) [Reserved]

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