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Their noxious vapour, or inur'd not feel,
Thus Belial with words cloth'd in reason's garb
Either to disenthrone the King of heaven
220. This horror will grow gold and silver, and that he was mild, this darkness light,] It is the architect of Pandemonium, quite too much, as Dr. Bentley or the infernal palace, where the says, that the darkness should evil spirits were to meet in counturn into light: but light, I con cil. His speech in this book is ceive, is an adjective here as
every way suitable to so dewell as mild ; and the meaning praved a character. How prois, This darkness will in time per is that reflection, of their become easy, as this horror will being anable to taste the happigrow mild; or, as Mr. Thyer ness of heaven were they acthinks, it is an adjective used in tually there, in the mouth of the same sense as when we say one, who while he was in heaven, It is a light night. It is not well is said to have had his mind expressed, and the worse as it dazzled with the outward pomps rimes with the following line. and glories of the place, and to
227. Counselld ignoble ease,] have been more intent on the Virgil. Studiis ignobilis oti, Georg. riches of the pavement, than on iv. 564.
the beatific vision! I shall also 228. Mammon spake.] Mam- leave the reader to judge how mon's character is so fully drawn agreeable the following sentiin the first book, that the poet ments are to the same character. adds nothing to it in the second. We were before told, that he
-This deep world
Of darkness do we dread ? How oft was the first who taught man amidst, fic. kind to ransack the earth for
We war, if war be best, or to regain
233. —and Chaos judge the and asks how an altar can strife.] Between the King of breathe flowers, especially when heaven and us, not between Fate flowers are, as here, distinguished and Chance, as Dr. Bentley sup- from odours ? But when the altar poses. Pearce.
is said to breathe, the meaning 234. The former vain to hope] is that it smells of, it throws out That is to unthrone the King of the smell of, or (as Milton exheaven, argues as vain the latter, presses it, iv. 265.) it breathes out that is to regain our own lost the smell of &c. In this sense right.
of the word breathe, an altar 242. With warbled hymns,] may be said to breathe flowers, “ Warbled song,". Comus, 854. and odours too as a distinci thing; "Warbled string,” Arcades, 87. for by odours here Milton means T. Warton.
the smells of gums and sweet 244. -and his allar breathes spicy shrubs, see viii. 517. Not Ambrosiat odours and ambrosial unlike is what we read in Fairflowers,]
fax's Tasso, cant. xviii. 517. Dr. Bentley would read from for and,
Flowers and odours lly smeli'd. Ambrosial odours from ambrosial
In heav'n, this our delight; how wearisome
254. Live to ourselves,] Hor. Imitated from Psalm xviii. 11, Epist. i. xviii. 107.
13. He made darkness his secret -Ut mihi vivam
place; his pavilion round about Quod superest ævi.
him were dark waters, and thick
clouds of the skies.—The Lord and Persius, Sat. iv. 52.
also thundered in the heavens, and
the Highest gave his voice, hailTecum habita.
stones and coals of fire. And from 263. –How oft amidst
Ps. xcvii. 2. Clouds and darkness Thick clouds and dark &c.] are round about him, &c.
Wants not her hidden lustre, gems and gold ;
274. Our torments also may in firmed by the whole host of length of time
angels. And accordingly at the Become our elements, &c.] opening of the council he proEnforcing the same argument poses for the subject of their that Belial had urged before, ver. consideration, which way they 217; and indeed Mammon's whole would make choice of, ii. 41. speech is to the same purpose as Whether of open war or covert guile, Belial's; the argument is im We now debate: proved and carried farther, only Moloch speaks to the purpose, with such difference as is suitable and declares for open
war, to their different characters.
ver. 51. 278. The sensible of pain.]
My sentence is for open war: of The sense of pain. Tò sensibile,
wiles the adjective used for a substan More unexpert, I boast not, 8c. tive. Hume.
But Belial argues alike against 279. To peaceful counsels,]
war open or concealed, ver. 187. There are some things wonder
War therefore, open or conceald, fully fine in these speeches of the
alike infernal spirits, and in the differ
My voice dissuades; for what can ent arguments so suited to their force or guile &c. different characters: but they Mammon carries on the same have wandered from the point in arguments, and is for dismissing debate, as is too common in quite all thoughts of war. So other assemblies. Satan had de
that the question is changed in clared in i. 660.
the course of the debate, whether -Peace is despair’d,
through the inattention or intenFor who can think submission ? War tion of the author it is not easy
then, war, Open or understood, must be resolv'd.
281. —with regard Which was approved and con Of what we are und where,] VOL. I.
Of what we are and where, dismissing quite
He scarce had finish’d, when such murmur fill'd
It is thus in the first edition : in equally just and proper. The the second edition it is, with re- intent of Juno's speech was to gard of what we are and were : rouse and inflame the assembly and it is varied sometimes the of the gods, and the effect of it one and sometimes the other in is therefore properly compared the subsequent editions. If we by Virgil to the rising wind : read with regard of what we are but the design of Mammon's and were, the sense is, with re speech is to quiet and compose gard to our present and our the infernal assembly, and the past condition; if we read with effect of this therefore is as proregard of what we are and where, perly compared by Milton to the the sense is, with regard to our wind falling after a tempest. present condition and the place Claudian has a simile of the where we
are; which latter same kind in his description of seems much better.
the infernal council. In Rufi285. -as when hollow rocks num, i. 70. retain &c.] Virgil compares the
-ceu murmurat alti assent given by the assembly of Impacata quies pelagi, cum flamine the gods to Juno's speech, Æn.
fracto x. 96. to the rising wind, which
Durat adhuc sævitque tumor, du
biumque per æstum our author assimilates to its de
Lassa recedentis fluitant vestigia creasing murmurs,
venti. -cunctique fremebant And in other particulars our auCælicolæ assensu vario: ceu flamina
thor seems to have drawn his prima, Cum deprensa fremunt sylvis, et
council of devils with an eye to cæca volutant
Claudian's council of furies; and Murmura, venturos nautis proden. the reader may compare Alecto's tia ventos.
speech with Moloch's, and MeHume.
gæra's with Belial's or rather The conduct of both poets is with Beëlzebub's.