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to meet a particular Member's request except in that way if they are to get it out within the deadline.

I am sure, certainly I would hope, that you have also had some experience where we have helped you with research in depth.

Senator Monroney. That is true, but at other times it comes through and you think, well, this is something that you have sent an office boy to pick up. You are sending reference books or mimeographed material so old and so general that any Member would be ashamed to use it in any floor presentation.

Buildup Of Staff

Mr. Jayson. This is the reason why we want to build our staff up to where we can do a good job.

Senator Monroney. I think Congress wants to build your staff up, too, and we want to be sure we are building a staff up for the heavy duties of Congress rather than frivolous items.

Incidentally, one of the peculiar mysteries, and I don't think it obtains any longer, was that the books we used to get from the Legislative Reference Service all came over wrapped in the daily racing form.

Senator Proxmire. Wrapped in the daily racing form?

Senator Monroney. Yes.

Mr. Jayson. I would say this came from the loan division.

Senator Monroney. I just wondered where all this research was going.

Work Of Science Policy Research Division

Mr. Jayson. Let me mention, Senator, again, about our work for committees and the like. The Science Policy Research Division, which was just organized about a year and a half ago, during a 12-month period up to April handled 940 Members' inquiries from 48 different Senators, 120 different Congressmen, 16 subcommittees, plus constituent inquiries.

It rendered direct assistance with 12 different committee hearings. It had almost 300 personal consultations with Members and their staff and prepared several very major studies that have been published as House and Senate documents and have had direct, impact on the laws.

This is within a very brief period and by one division.

The latest paper that they have prepared is this committee document entitled "Policy Planning for Aeronautic Research and Development." They also prepared reports about the National Science Foundation, and studies on weather research and the like, so we do find our staff doing a great deal for committees, but not as much they would like.

Continuing Workload When Congress Is Xor i>- Session

Senator Monroxey. You show here month by month the continuing workload in the months that Congress is obviously out of session. Does that mean that Members are writing from their home States to get research information that they do not find available there, or from their Washington offices?

Mr. Jayson. This conies both ways. Their staffs are here. The committees are still here and the inquiries pour in. This was a remarkable set of monthly figures during this past calendar year.

I might also mention that we expect an even greater impact next year, what with the authorization for 435 new staff people that has been added to the House staff very recently.

Senator Pkoxmike. You find as the staffs increase that your work increases?

Mr. Jaysox. Directly, because these staff people have assignments. They have to do research and they turn to us for help also, and very

Senator Pkoxmire. So if we inci eased the staff of the Judiciary Committee to handle this kind of thing, instead of having them take over this kind of inquiry on housing legislation they are more likely than ever to turn to you?

Impact Of Interns

Mr. Jaysox. Not necessarily, but we do implement their staff and we act on the assumption that the better informed the member or the committee is, in the long run the better legislative decision they are going to make. We do find that, when you bring in let us say a thousand interns on the Hill such as we are having this summer, it will have an enormous impact on us, because they come to us for guidance. They come to us for materials and they are working on projects for the members that the member couldn't otherwise have done if he didn't have the manpower in his office implemented by what the Library of Congress can do.

Senator Proxmire. Except that it is one thing for an intern or a staff member to come to a library for material. It is something else to request a study of some kind be done or that this kind of work be done that the Judiciary Committee requested that you do.

It seems to me a great deal of that could have been done by members of the staff of the Judiciary Committee.

Mr. Jaysox. But they were involved in other things in taking care of other aspects of the problems that they had. Of course, we are never in a position to question an office or a committee when they ask us for help. We can't just say, "Well, do it yourself."

Our very reason for being is to give the assistance.

Breakdown Of Committee And Member Requests

Senator Proxmire. Do you have a breakdown of the requests between the committees and the members in terms of hours as well as

Mr. Jaysox. Yes, the chart I showed you before.

Senator Proxmire. Is that inhere?

Mr. Jaysox. No. Here is a copy.

During the calendar year 1965, when we had a total of 53,000-pIus member and committee inquiries, of that, 45,000 were member inquiries and 8,000 were committee inquiries.

Senator Proxmire. Do committee inquiries tend to take longer?

Mr. Jaysox. Generally, yes. Some of these studies involve a great deal of time.

Senator Moxhoxey. Would you like that put in here?

Senatord Proxmire. I think it would be helpful.

Submission Of Tables And Summary

Senator Moxroxey. I would like to put tables 1, 2, and 3, and also the breakdown or summary of those and also the breakdown of inquiries answered in fiscal year 1965 from members, committees, constituents, and total. (The documents follow:) INQUIRIES-AvERAGES AND MEDIANs

TABLE 1.—Member and constituent inquiries combined

Fiscal 1963 Fiscal 1964.1 | Fiscal 1965

Average number per Member (House and Senate combined)-- 149 153 174

edium number per Member--------------------------------- 92 109 124 Average number per Senator- - - 306 313 343 Median number per Senator----------- - 209 229 275 Average number per Representative--- - - - - 113 118 136 Median number per Representative----------------- - - - - - - - 84 93 111

1 Figures for fiscal 1964 and fiscal 1963 are not strictly comparable due to the inclusion of “spot inquiries” (telephone inquiries answered immediately) from February to June 1964.

TABLE 2.—Member inquiries

Fiscal 1963 | Fiscal 1964.1 Fiscal 1965

| Average number per Member (House and Senate combined)-- 49 # 70

Median number per Member--------------------------------- 34 51 Average number per Senator--- 96 119 146 Median number per Senator---------------------------------- 79 93 108 Average number per Representative-------------------------- 38 47 55 Median number per Representative-------------------------- 29 35 43

1 Figures for fiscal 1964 and fiscal 1963 are not strictly comparable due to the inclusion of “spot inquiries” (telephone inquiries answered immediately) from February to June 1964.

TABLE 3.—Constituents inquiries

| | Fiscal 1963 Fiscal 1964.1 | Fiscal 1965 Average number per Member (House and Senate combined).-- 99 96 104 Median number per Member---------------------------------- 57 56 68 Average number per Senator- 210 194 203 Median number per Senator----------------------------------- 130 114 140 Average number per Representative-------------------------- 74 71 81 Median number per Representative----- - - - - - - - - - - - 51 50 60

1 Figures for fiscal 1964 and fiscal 1963 are not strictly comparable due to the inclusion of “spot inquiries" telephone inquiries answered immediately) from February to June 1964.


Breakdown of inquiries answered, fiscal 1965 by time category and source of inquiry

Member Committee Research and reference time Estimated Estimated Estimated Estimated category Number of | Percent of Percent of percent of rcent of Number of | Percent of Percent of percent of 'rcent of member member all member all research I committee committee all committee all research inquiries inquiries inquiries research and and- inquiries inquiries inquiries research and and reference reference reference reference - time time- time time – – – 0 to 34 hour----------------------- 15,945 42.3 16.0 || || 2.0 1.3 3,086 45.8 3.1 1.8 0.3 34 to 1 hour----------------------- 11,399 30.2 11.4 7.1 4.7 1,856 27.5 1.9 5.2 .8 1 to 4 hours----------------------- 6,875 18.3 6.9 19.6 13.0 1,218 18.1 1.2 15.9 2.3 5 to 16 hours---------------------- 2,419 6.4 2.4 25.3 16.8 346 5.1 .3 16.5 2.4 17 to 40 hours--------------------- 796 2.1 .8 22.0 14.6 136 2.0 ... 1 17.1 2.5 41 hours, up---------------------- 252 .7 ... 3 24.0 15.9 100 1.5 ... 1 43.5 6.3 Total----------------------- 37,686 100.0 37.8 100.0 66.3 6,742 100.0 6, 7 100.0 14.6 Constituent Totals Research and reference time category Estimated Estimated Estimated Number of Percent of Percent of percent of percent of Percent of percent of constituent | constituent all constituent all Total all all, inquiries inquiries inquiries research and I research and inquiries research and reference reference reference time time time 0 to 24 hour---------------------------------------------------- 39,501 71.3 39.6 17.4 3.3 58, 532 58.7 4.9 % to 1 hour---------------------------------------------------- 11,739 21.2 11.8 25.3 4.8 24,994 25.1 10.3 1 to 4 hours---------------------------------------------------- 3,749 6.8 3.8 37.2 7.1 11,842 11, 9 22.4 5 to 16 hours-------------------------------------------------- 356 .6 .3 13.0 2.5 3, 121 3.0 21.7 17 to 40hours------------------------------------------------- 53 ... 1 0 5.1 1.0 985 .9 18, 1 41 hours, up------------------------------------------------- - 6 0 0 2.0 .4 358 .4 22.6 Total---------------------------------------------------- 55,404 100.0 55.5 100.0 19.1 99,832 100.0 100.0

Request Fob Additional Positions

Senator Monroney. You are asking for an increase of 46 positions I believe, is that not correct?

Mr. Jayson. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. Since fiscal 1960 the staff increased a total of 48 over the years, and for the year 1966 you have a total of 228 positions.

Now you are asking in 1 year for 46 additional. This is because of the increasing workload and the complexity of the research that you are asked to develop?

Mr. Jayson. Yes, sir. As to the 228 positions, actually we have 223 budgeted positions plus a $25,000 temporary fund for 5 employees.

Senator Monroney. But you have been unable to fill?

Mr. Jayson. No; we fill them. We make fine use of that temporary fund, but when that was set up, the committee thought it would provide help that was the equivalent of five positions. Times have changed. Wages have gone up and that money doesn't stretch as far as it used to, mit between 1961 and the present time, once you rake out eight people that were given to us for our new Science Policy Research Division, the other increases in our staff have been mostly at the clerical level rather than the professional level.

In our justification we point out that between 1961 and 1964 we had 12 new positions. Ten of these were at the clerical and referenceassistance level. But there has been no substantial increase since 1961.

Space Pboblem

Senator Monroney. Did you have any space shortage to accommodate these additional people?

Mr. Jayson. The Librarian of Congress has turned over to us part of the exhibit area in the main building. This was an agonizing decision for him but we will be there on a temporary basis until the new building is constructed.

Senator Monroney. That will lie a long time, 5 or 6 years.

Mr. Jayson. Yes, but the question of space is an important one and the needs of the Congress are also important. This additional space, we hope, will ease the situation a bit.

Mr. Lorenz. In summary, we can house the staff, Senator, that will be provided.

Senator Monroney. All right, sir.

This is all on the Legislative Reference Service.

We thank you for the completeness of this testimony. It is something we needed to get.

Request Fob Super Grades

What recommendations would you make for the improvement other than the personnel you need? I think you have a request in another bill before the Post Office and Civil Service Committee for some super grades.

Mr. Jayson. Yes, sir. Our senior specialists at the present t ime are grade 17 and by statute are not included within the super grade quota.

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