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Providing round-the-clock armed guards was considered,
but being a costly proposition, is not recommended. Instead,
funds are requested for 1967 to provide for improved light-
ing of the grounds and for installation of a closed-circuit
television system, similar to systems now employed by the
Department of Defense, other Government agencies, and in
private industry, which will provide a reasonable degree of
security against trespassers, regardless of their intent, and
safeguard the plant against Vandalism and illegal entry
With malicious intent.
An expenditure of $7,500 is proposed for installation of
high-intensity lighting along the boundary-line fence en-
closing the grounds of the plant, in replacement of existing
inadequate lighting. The necessary lighting standards and
mercury vapor lamps required for this purpose are now
available in surplus stock, having been recently removed
from the former parking lot South of the Longworth House
Office Building that ceased to be used for such purpose upon
commencement of construction of an underground garage in
that location. The $7,500 will cover the cost of installing
the 25 lighting standards and the lamps now available;
also, the procurement and installation of the necessary
cables, controls, and accessories. The Metropolitan Police
Department advocates that public streets, parking lots, and
other public areas in the District of Columbia, be equipped
with high-intensity lighting in the interest of the public
safety, and the action proposed to be taken at the Capitol
Power Plant will be in conformity with this practice.
It is believed that the installation of this protective light-
ing will, in itself, considerably reduce incidences of unau-
thorized entry into the plant's property.
In addition to this protective measure, it is recommended
that $7,500 be expended for the installation of a closed-
circuit television system, consisting of 4 cameras, 4 monitors,
weatherproof equipment, wiring, and miscellaneous acces-
sories. Such an installation would further reduce unauthor-
ized entries by continuous visual detection.
It is proposed to install the cameras at the high points of
the building or on adjacent structures. 1 camera, with a
standard lens, would be focused on the main entrance gate
on the north side of the property. The other 3 cameras,
with wide-angle lenses, would be directed at the south gate
and at the 2 truck gates, with adequate range to include the
cooling towers at the southeast corner of the property. The
4 monitors, each connected to 1 of the 4 cameras, would be
located in the operating area on the 1st floor of the plant,
where they could be periodically observed 24 hours each day,
or as required.
If these funds are allowed, it is believed that adequate
protection can be provided for this plant, which is essential
to the operations of the Congress.

Total estimate for 1967-------------------------------


+$82,000 2,778,000

Senator MoNRoNEY. You are requesting $15,000 for the installation of protective lighting and visual detection system and $45,000 for the replacement of the stokers. I understand the latter is the first allot

ment of the pro

stokers. Is that right?
Senator MoNRoNEY. Will you explain that?

posed 3-year rehabilitation program for all three

Mr. STEWART. May I ask Mr. Rubel, who has direct charge of the plant, to respond?

Mr. RUBEL. There are three large coal-fired boilers at the Capitol Power Plant, each equipped with a so-called spreader-type stoker used for feeding the coal across the firebed. They are made up of numerous metallic parts such as rollers, pins and other wearing parts. Also cast-iron grate bars that deteriorate with usage. The average useful life of a stoker of that type ranges anywhere from 10 to 12 years. Our stokers were installed at the Capitol Power Plant in 1954. There is significant evidence of deterioration of the wearing parts. Therefore it seems to be good judgment to start a replacement program now because the last stoker to be replaced will be 15 years old before the proposed 3-year program is completed.

Senator MONRONEY. It seems to me like this is a very good idea to stage your replacement, such as rugs, furniture or materials, so that we don't get hit all at once with a complete renovation job for a great deal of the material and repairs that are necessary on the Capitol Grounds. It keeps the appropriations on a level line.


What is the visual protective lighting and visual protective system? What does that do?

Mr. RUBEL. The Power Plant grounds comprise an area of about seven and a half acres. It has a chain-link fence around the perimeter of the grounds. That is really the only protection we have to keep the intruders, the youngsters, and other unauthorized persons from entering the grounds. There are many items of operating equipment on the grounds such as high voltage switch gear, high voltage motors, cooling towers and coal handling apparatus that are hazardous to uninformed persons.

We have had difficulty particularly in keeping the teenage boys and vandals out of the place. In past years we have considered asking for uniformed guards to be engaged and assigned on a three-shift basis at the Capitol Power Plant grounds, a rather expensive expedient.

CLOSED TELEVISION SYSTEM In recent years the electronic industry has developed closed television systems which are being used extensively by many industrial plants for the very purpose that we need. By placing television cameras at strategic points on the building and at other locations on the grounds, we can continually maintain surveillance of the grounds on several monitors located within the building where employees are on duty 24 hours a day. That system seems to be the most practical and economical way to detect the presence of unauthorized persons 24 hours a day, and particularly during the night when fewer employees are on duty.

Senator MONRONEY. Do you have any standby lighting system?

Mr. RUBEL. Yes, sir. We have an emergency generating system at the Power Plant.

Senator MONRONEY. Did you get it since the blackout of the east coast?

Mr. RUBEL. No, sir. It was installed in 1954.

Senator MONRONEY. So we are independent of central power station service.

Mr. RUBEL. Yes sir, to a limited degree. All of the buildings on Capitol Hill have some emergency power facilities. Some of them, the Old Senate Office Building, the Cannon Building, the Longworth Building and the Supreme Court Building have storage battery power which takes care of the lighting in the corridors and stairways. Storage battery facilities may not be considered adequate now in view of the recent extensive blackout in the Northeast. Many people were trapped, as you know, in elevators. In the Capitol Building we have sufficient diesel generating power to take care of essential lighting in the corridors and stair wells, and also enough to operate the elevators. The same is true in the Rayburn Building. In the Library Buildings we have only enough emergency generating capacity to take care of the corridor and stairway lighting.


Senator MONRONEY. The next item is “Library Buildings and grounds, structural and mechanical care."

I ask that pages 116 to 126 of the justification be placed in the record.

(The justification follows:) 1966 appropriation in annual act-

$879, 000 Wage board pay supplemental in H. Doc. 405..

13. (K)

Total appropriations, 1966.


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Care of grounds : Improving landscaping in the northwest courtyard,

Main Building: Nonrecurring item allowed for 1966, not required

for 1967-Repairs to marble floor tile, Main Building, 10th year allotment of

repair program.-Clean and restore ceiling and wall decorations, Main Building: 3d

year allotment of improvement program.-Installation of floor tile: Main Building, new floor tile in new locker

room, toilet and work spaces in west cellar; Annex, replacement of

tile in Serial Record and Manuscript Division offices, 3d floor----Improved lighting, office areas, both buildings: 2d year allotment to

improve the lighting in various office and work spaces, both build

ings_Replacement of book conveyor between the Main Building and the

Capitol: Nonrecurring item allowed for 1986, not required for

1967__ Repairs and replacements, sidewalks surrounding Main Building:

Replacement of approximately 3,500 square yards of deteriorated

concrete sidewalks_ Materials cleaning and handling equipment : Replacement of a fork

lift truck, a transporter, and a power sweeper: Nonrecurring item

allowed for 1:#06, not required for 1967.. Replacement of paper baler: Nonrecurring item allowed for 1836, not

required for 1907

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$12, 847




Wage rate increases authorized by Public Law 763, 83d Congress----

Under the provisions of Public Law 763, 83d Congress, 62 laborers and mechanics on the Library buildings and grounds roll are compensated on a wage-board, prevailing-rate basis. Public Law 763 provides that the compensation of such employees shall be fixed and adjusted from time to time as nearly as is consistent with the public interest in accordance with prevailing rates.

An increase of $7,400 is requested for 1967 to meet on a full year basis the cost of increased wage rates established as a result of a general survey of government and industrial employees wages in the Washington metropolitan area, conducted during the past year. The new rates went into effect Dec. 5, 1965, in accordance with the provisions of Public Law 85–872, 85th Congress. This increase is necessary in order that the Library buildings and grounds wage-board employees may be compensated on a fullyear basis in the fiscal year 1967 in accordance with present prevailing rates.

An increase of $5,447 is requested for 1967 to meet the cost of within-grade promotions and other changes falling due in that year, authorized by Public Law 763 under the wage board

system, for employees compensated under that act. Within-grade promotions authorized by the Classification Act of 1949,

as amended, for employees compensated under that act. Overtime and holiday pay allotment increased from $101,500 to


This increase is adjusted on the basis of actual current costs

and results from increases in basic pay rates. Contribution to retirement fund—increased from $28,700 to $30,100.

This increase results from increase in basic pay rates and is required to cover the cost of Government contribution to retire

ment fund authorized by Public Law 854, 84th Congress. Maintenance and repairs, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems, increased from $11,000 to $15,600.-

This increase is requested to cover anticipated costs for the maintenance and upkeep of additional equipment now installed and being installed under phase III of the heating, cooling and ventilating system for the Main Library Building, authorized by Congress in 1962. This additional equipment, which will soon be completely installed, will provide service for the office areas in the south perimeter of the building, east front, part of the west front, and decks 37 and 38. Phase III is the final phase of

the air-conditioning program. Supplies and materials increased from $25,000 to $35,000_

This increase is needed to assure a more adequate stock of a variety of engineering, electrical, plumbing, carpentry, sheet metal, and other supplies and materials required for the maintenance and care of the two Library buildings. Continuing space adjustments, advancing age of the buildings, increased personnel and rise in costs, have resulted in the need for more supplies and materials at increased costs. Expenditures for this purpose exceeded $33,000 in 1964, about $35,000 in 1965, and at the present

rate will be at least $35,000 in 1966. Annual care of grounds...

4, 600

10, 000


This increase is a nonrecurring item for 1967 and is requested for the purpose of obtaining a new generator set to operate grass trimmers and other electric power tools on the grounds where

electric outlets are not now available. Repairs to marble floor tile, main building—11th year allotment.

It is requested that this item be reduced from the $31,000 requested in the 1967 budget to $10,000. The larger amount was requested to provide funds for repairs to the marble floors in the east and west entrance lobbies, ground floor, main building. Due to traffic and occupancy conditions, it has been determined advisable to defer the work in the west lobby to a future date. The amount now requested ($10,000) will permit necessary repairs in

31, 000




50. 000

the east lobby, where the work can be done without undue traffic interference and will probably be the last request for this type of work for several years—perhaps at least until a third Library building is available and certain spaces in the main building can be freed for a resumption of the program. Because of the highly specialized nature of the work, the skilled service required, and the shortage of qualified artisans, it is requested that the work be authorized to be done without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, as has been authorized in previous

appropriations for this purpose. Clean and restore ceiling and wall decorations, main building

This item is requested to permit continuation of work of this nature completed in the last few years in decorated areas located primarily in the west side of the main building, including the Great Hall. Work remaining to be done includes restoration in the four corner pavilions of the second floor and some sections

of the ground floor corridors. Installation of floor tile, main building

Funds are needed for the replacement of cork floor tile on decks A, B, 37 and 38, main building. Present tile on decks A and B was installed in 1929 and on decks 37 and 38 in 1927, is now in very bad condition, and should be replaced to facilitate maintenance and eliminate safety hazards. There are approximately

39,000 square feet of floor tile to be replaced under this allotment. Improved lighting, office areas, both buildings.

Funds allowed in fiscal year 1964 provided for the replacement of the inefficient lighting in the perimeter office areas, first floor, annex. No funds were requested for this purpose in 1965, but an allotment of $35,000 allowed for 1966 is providing for the improvement of lighting in office areas on the ground floor of the main building, including 2 reading rooms, as well as lighting in offices on the first floor, main building. west north curtain. In order to continue the program, $50,000 is requested for 1967, an increase of $15,000 over 1966. This increase is desired in order to permit some acceleration in the program and to help offset increases in the costs of materials and labor that have occurred since the original allotment in fiscal year 1964.

As indicated, funds allowed in 1964 and 1966 for improved lighting in office areas will permit replacements on 2 floor levels primarily, including reading rooms. This still leaves a considerable amount of office and reading room space still to be covered in the program. The funds requested for fiscal year 1967 would be used to continue the work in the main building abore the ground floor. Aside from offices above the ground floor, there are the Law, Prints and Photographs, and Congressional Reading Rooms which are also in need of improved illumination.

A survey conducted in typical offices, reading rooms, and work areas revealed foot-candle readings ranging from a low of 8 to a high of 62 foot-candles, as compared to present-day accepteri

standards of 75 foot-candles for Library work. Clean and refinish bronze doors, west entrance, 1st floor, main building

This request is to permit the cleaning and refinishing of the three pairs of massive sculptured bronze doors at the west en. trance to the main building, first floor. This work was last done in 19960 but needs to be done again as the doors are again be coming corroded and discolored from exposure to the weather

and dirt conditions in the air. Air conditioning, deck 1, south, annex

This area contains the Library's master negative microfilm col. lection of numerous newspapers, books. periodicals. manuscripts. music, prints and photographs, and similar material. The coller. tion consists of 76,911 rolls of microfilm. The building's central air-conditioning system, installed in 1938, is not designed to

2. 500


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