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ADDITIONS—continued granite pool, complete with appurtenances. The existing defective sidewalks would be removed and replaced with new exposed aggregate sidewalks, and additional walks of exposed aggregate paving would be constructed, leading into the pool areas.

The breakdown of the estimate is detailed on the white sheets in the body of the hearings. It shows that $24,300 would be expended for sidewalk construction ; $3,600 for 18 granite benches; $26,600 for 2 pools, with appurtenances; $10,000 for plant material, flowers, flowering trees and shrubs.

+ $168.000

Total estimate for 1967

790, 000

BUDGET REQUEST 1967, HOUSE ALLOWANCE Senator MONRONEY. You are requesting $790,000 for fiscal year 1967 and the House has allowed $690,000, at the same time denying fivebut allowing two of the seven requested-additional gardeners and one additional treeworker.


The House also denied your proposal to spend $64,500 to landscape the two small triangular areas abutting the Plaza at both ends. I would like to hear more about this proposal to beautify these areas and to provide a place of relaxation for visitors to the Nation's Capitol.

Mr. STEWART. May I ask Mr. Pincus, our landscape architert, to answer your question?

Senator MONRONEY. This is the drawing here, I believe.

Mr. Pincus. Yes, sir. The northeast and southeast triangles are located on the east front grounds of the Capitol. Each area is similar in size, measuring approximately 11,300 square feet or one-fourth acre.

At the present time, both the northeast and southeast triangles are planted with grass with several large old shrubs. Drinking fountains were installed in both triangles in March 1965, and a wrought iron settee is located in the northeast triangle.

There are wide existing sidewalks along the west sides of each of the triangles, which are in poor condition. Sections of these side. walks have, over a long period of time, gradually become broken, raised or severely cracked, and should be replaced with expose ! aggregate paving in the public interest.

DEVELOPMENT OF PARK-LIKE GARDENS There are very few areas on the Capitol Grounds where the mans visitors to the Capitol can rest and relax for a time, wait for their friends or members of their families, or assemble comfortably in small groups. Similarly, there are very few areas of the Capitol Grounds that can suitably be developed into small park-like gardens.

The proposed development of the northeast and southeast triangles would accomplish both the foregoing desired results. The two ir angles would be developed into park-like resting areas and planted with flowerbeds, flowering trees and shrubs. Sine granite benches would be placed around each area and each triangle would contain a small granite pool, complete with appurtenances.


Existing defective sidewalks, of approximately 800 square yards, would be removed and replaced with new exposed aggregate paving. Additional walks of exposed aggregate paving, consisting of approximately 620 square yards, would lead into the pool areas of the two triangles. The proposed development of the northeast and southeast triangles would utilize an opportunity to enhance the beauty of the Capitol Grounds, while also providing small park-like resting areas for visitors, and at the same time replacing defective walks requiring an immediate remedy. The wrought-iron settee, presently located in the northeast triangle, would be moved across the plaza to the east side of the triangular areas at the intersection of Constitution Avenue and the Capitol Plaza.

Senator MONRONEY. This would come to some $64,500; is that correct?

Mr. Pincus. Yes, sir.


Senator MONRONEY. The House denied your proposal on that as well. What would it cost to replace walks with smaller walks, perhaps, and convert the land area into flower gardens that would be planted to flowers that would be blooming throughout the year!


Mr. Pincus. That would eliminate the pool area of $26,600 for both pools.

Senator MONRONEY. Aren't you going to have a lot of trouble with those pools getting contaminated, people throwing refuse of all kinds in? You have told us time after time in the testimony that the treatment of facilities on the Capitol Grounds has been rather disastrous.

Mr. Pincus. Our feeling, sir, is that these areas, being on the east front, will be under the surveillance of many of the visitors and the police, and not in a secluded location.

Senator MONRONEY. I am thinking of the pool, collecting dirt, refuse, banana peels, candy cartons.

Mr. PINCUs. Pool or no pool, you will find this type of debris everywhere, sir.

Senator MONRONEY. Pool or no pool, I would not like to see it floating around in the pool.

Mr. Pincus. This same development can be accomplished without the pools. We will still have the central sitting area. That will eliminate $26,600.

Senator MONRONEY. I am asking for advice, whether the pool from a practical standpoint and your experience would be productive of beauty or be a contaminated area.

Mr. Pincus. I feel that the pools are desirable features in that location, which will tend to give a cool appearing area.

Senator MONRONEY. How big is the pool ?


Mr. PINCUS. Each pool will be 10 feet in diameter. It is not very large.

Senator MoRRONEY. How deep?

Mr. PINCUs. It will be around 12 inches deep.

Senator MonRONEY. What will it cost to merely clean out the old park and leave that as a green park in between the highways, the roadways?

Mr. PINCUs. The cost for the sidewalks will be $22,500. The rest of the work will be done by Capitol Grounds forces. We have the plant material at the Botanic Garden nursery.

Senator MoRRONEY. You could supply that as a flower garden if you were not ready to go into this yet?

Mr. PINCUs. Yes, sir.


Senator MoNRONEY. I want to ask you about the House cutting out the various employees that were allowed. You requested seven, I believe, for the Capitol Grounds, gardeners.

Mr. PINCUs. Yes, sir.

Senator MonRONEY. You could maintain a far better appearance of the Capitol Grounds, flowerbeds, things of that kind, if you were given the seven gardeners than if we just allowed you two?

Mr. PINCUs. Yes, sir.

Senator MonRONEY. I have been anxious to see us bring up the beauty of the Capitol Grounds. I have been very critical in the past of some of the ill-looking shrubs, treatment and bare ground and blighted spots in the Capitol area here. If we gave you seven more personnel, that would be # devoted to the Capitol Grounds area, in front and the rear of the Capitol?

Mr. PINCUs. Yes, sir. This drawing shows the division of the Capitol Grounds forces [indicating on map]. The terracotta colored areas represent the Senate Office Buildings grouping. The green areas represent the old Capitol Grounds and the beige areas represent the House Office Buildings grouping. Presently, as far as the gardeners are concerned, we have five gardeners maintaining this House area. The old Capitol Grounds have 13 gardeners and the Senate Office Buildings group has 6 gardeners maintaining the areas.


Senator MoNRONEY. If you had seven, how would you divide them? Mr. PINCUs. Three gardeners would be detailed for the under. ground garage areas when they are completed. Senator £ Will that be planted on top? Mr. PINCUs. Yes, sir. Senator MoRRoNEY. Like the one on top of the Senate garage? Mr. PINCUS. Yes, sir. There would be two gardeners assigned to this area—south of Independence Avenue—which has been planted this spring; one gardener assigned to the main Capitol Grounds to take care of the two triangles, if allowed; and one gardener would be assigned to this section, new grounds. Senator MoRRoNEY. It seems to me the rattiest part of the Capitol is the central area. Don't you need more gardeners there? Mr. PINCUs. We are in the process of developing that area now. Th: has been a great improvement so far as I am concerned over st year.

Senator MONRONEY. Do you get enough fertilizer, enough materials to do all you think is required?

Mr. PINCUS. Yes, sir.

Senator MONRONEY. This should be the most beautiful grass, beautiful shubbery in the country, because it is a focal point. People come here expecting to see something fabulous. You go to these smaller countries you find many times their capitols are beautifully landscaped and the grounds beautifully maintained. We seem to have difficulty in getting ours attractive.


How about your treeworker?

Mr. PINCUS. I would prefer to have the treeworker back, if we could get him.

Senator MONRONEY. That would give you the five gardeners that were disallowed by the House and the one treeworker; is that correct?

Mr. Pincus. Yes, sir. Senator MONRONEY. You have some old historic trees, many of them planted nearly a century ago.

Mr. Pincus. Yes, sir.

Senator MONRONEY. Those require additional care and help and maintenance ?

Mr. Pincus. Yes, sir.

Senator MONRONEY. Once they are allowed to run down or branches break off, they could very easily die.

Mr. Pincus. That is right, sir.
Senator MONRONEY. I think it would be penny wise

and pound foolish when we fail to consider the beautification of the Capitol Grounds. The First Lady of the land is certainly doing her best. It ill behooves us to do less, trying to keep up with what is happening in other parts of the area.

Thank you very much.


We next have the Senate Office Buildings. Pages 57 to 59 will be inserted in the record.

(The justification follows:) 1966 appropriation in annual act--

$2, 458, 700 Supplemental for replacement of plumbing system and renewal of

electrical wiring system, old building, provided in the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1966-

405, 000 Wage-Board pay supplemental in H. Doc. 405_

31, 000 Total appropriations—1966_

2, 894, 700


Replacement of plumbing system, old building: Nonre.

curring item allowed for 1966, not required for 1967-- $250, 000 Renewal of electrical wiring system, old building: Non

recurring item allowed for 1966, not required for 1967 155, 000 Replacement of fire hose and fog nozzles : Nonrecurring item allowed for 1966, not required for 1967

10, 000

(-)415, 000

Base for 1967--

2, 479, 700


$22, 700

Wage-rate increases authorized by Public Law 763, 83d Cong--

Under the provisions of Public Law 763, 83d Cong., 287 laborers and mechanics on the Senate Office Buildings roll are compensated on a wage board, prevailing-rate basis. Public Law 763 provides that the compensation of such employees shall be fixed and adjusted from time to time as nearly as is consistent with the public interest in accordance with prevailing rates.

An increase of $15,252 is requested for 1967 to meet on a fullyear basis the cost of increased wage rates established for these wage board positions as a result of a general survey of Government and industrial employees' wages in the Washington metropolitan area, conducted during the past year. The new rates went into effect Dec. 5, 1965, pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 85–872, 85th Cong. The increase is necessary in order that the Senate Office Buildings' wage board employees may be compensated on a full-year basis in the fiscal year 1967 in accordance with present prevailing rates.

An increase of $7,448 is requested for 1967 to meet the cost of within-grade promotions and other changes authorized by Public Law 763 under the wage board system for employees com

pensated under that act. Within-grade promotions under the Classification Act of 1949, as

amended, for employees compensated under that act.Increased pay costs due to Public Law 89–301, approved Oct. 29,

1965, Federal Employees Salary Act of 1965, to cover increases which went into effect Oct. 1. 196.5, under authority of that act

and must be met on a full-year basis in 1967.Contribution to retirement fund-increased from $108,500 to $108,

915: This item is required to cover the cost of Government contribution to retirement fund required by Public Law 84, 84th Cong.. "Title IV-Civil Service Retirement Act Amendments of 1936." The additional cost results from increase in basic pay rates and is

adjusted on the basis of current costs. An allotment of $10.000, over and above the regular annual

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amount of $25,000, requested for 1967 for the replacement of rugs, cushions and floor coverings in 5 5-room suites in the New Senate Office Building. The rugs in the new building have now been in use for 7 years and the point has been reached where a gradual replacement program is becoming necessary-

$10,000 An allotment of $9.000 is requested for 1967 for the

purchase of 200 end table lamps for Senators' offices and suites to meet numerous requests being received for such lamps----

9. 000

+50, 300

Total estimate for 1967----

2, 530,000

1967 BUDGET REQUEST Senator MONRONEY. The amount you are requesting for fiscal 1967 is $2,530,000, which is $364,700 less than that appropriated for fiscal 1966. I realize that this is due to several large nonrecurring items in fiscal 1.967.

Rro REPLACEMENT PROGRAM However, you are apparently embarking on a rug replacement pro gram for the New Senate Oflice Building and are requesting S1011**) additional for this purpose this year. Please give us the details about this

Mr. STEWART. May I ask Ur. Caraway to discuss that item.

Mr. Caraway. Senator, we have not replaced any of the carpeting in this building. It has been over 7 vears now and some of the carpet needs replacing very badly. This figure will increase over a period

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