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what part of that, if any, would be by handling business that is not contracted out—none?

Mr. Harrison. This is savings in our inplant productions and this is broken down on page 10 of the brochure which you have.

This reflects the operation as it was 2 years ago. We have not attempted to bring this up to date, so that saving, we think, would even be increased because of the increased costs of operation.

Replacement Of Equipment

Senator Monronzy. Is this $49 million figure inclusive of your equipment?

Mr. Harrison. No, sir; that does not include equipment, except built-in equipment, Senator.

Senator Monroney. Your normal printing equipment will either be moved from the old location or replaced with new equipment.

Mr. Harrison. That is right, sir.

Senator Monronet. Have you any estimate of how much new equipment will be put in as you leave the old building?

I am sure you will try to modernize. It would be foolish to modernize the plant and use obsolete press equipment.

Mr. Harrison. We are forecasting the completion of this building at least 4 years from now, and perhaps a little more. Within the next 12 months we will have examined as nearly as we can, every piece of equipment in our plant to see whether we think in 4 years it is going to be something we can move or if it will pay us to move it or if it will pay us to junk it and buy new or trade it in on new equipment.

But this we hope to be able to cover out of our operating funds.

Amortization Through Savings

Senator Monronet. And I believe you say that you can save enough money in how many years to pay for this?

Mr. Harrison. In 11 years.

Senator Monronet. The savings in the overhead costs of an in-line plant versus an up and down plant, would allow that to be paid out in 11 years?

Mr. Harrison. Overall. That is right.

Disposition Of Present Buildings

Senator Proxmire. $1.5 million of that $4.5 million savings is based on your estimate of rentals of the old building?

I have looked at the old building and, as Chairman Hayden just mentioned to me, he is dead right, it is a building that raises some question in mind at least, as to its attractiveness to people who would like to locate an office.

I cannot imagine going into that building if I had a small business of any kind and wanted office facilities.

All of the new buildings that are going up around town, this $3 a square foot estimate, have you revised that in view of the present rental situation here in Washington?

Mr. Harrison. We know good rental space is higher than that. Air conditioned, well lighted, like our office space is.

Senator Monroney. Industrial space, you will note, romes to almost 1 million feet, 322,000 square feet will be costed out at $1 per square foot for dead storage, and the other industrial space at $1.50 per square foot, which is 594,933 square feet.

Senator Proxmire. How old is that?

Mr. Harrison. Building 3 about 1940, building 4 about the same time, the others were in 1903 and 1929: we have nad no shortage of applicants for these buildings.

Mr. Schmidt could talk on that, but \ve have had any number of people in to look it over

Senator Proxmire. Is that right?

Mr. Schmidt. Yes, sir. These are Government departments that are now either using inadequate space or rented space that could fit into this.

Senator Proxmire. My wife's grandfather worked in the old Printing Office down there: it must have been around 1910, I guess it is your oldest building, but except for—how much of your space is in the buildings built since 1940 * Roughly, half?

Mr. Harrison-. I^ess than half. Building 3 has 564,000 square feet; the oldest, building, building 1, has 468,000 square feet; building 2, which is built just on the rear of building 1, has 178,000; and our warehouse across North Capitol, which the Post Office Department wants very badly, has 162,000.

Senator Proxmire. There has been no discussion or talk of the possibility if you evacuated, of simply leveling this building?

Mr. Harrison. That would be up to the GSA. I would think the building would be much too valuable to do that.

Senator Proxmire. In spite of its age.

Senator Monroney. Not 1940.

Mr. Harrison. They are well maintained and for certain uses they would suit admirably for office space or light, uses, but they are no longer adequate for the type of equipment that, the printing industry is developing today.

Senator Proxmire. I want to thank you very much, and I want to thank you, sir.

Xkw Commercial Phintino Plants

Senator Monroney. I would like to ask a question of the Charles T. Main representative.

Is it a fact that in the development of new types of printing plants the trend is toward a one-line, one-story operation wherever possible (

Mr. Flint. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroxey. That the up and down type of building is a relic of the past?

Mr. Flint. Yes, sir; with a few exceptions.

Senator Monroney. We hear from the printing industry that the Donnelley Co. has a multistory ojM>ration. I have seen the plant along the old railroad tracks, that it is all up and down, that it does not have the broad, in-line development.

Mr. Flint. With the one exception or few exceptions, I think you will find that the new addition for the National Geographic Magazine, all production is on one level. I think if you go through the plant you will find that insofar as it is -possible for them to do so for the individual publications thev can handle, they put as much of the production facility on one floor as they can. This does not eliminate the necessity for moving paper vertically, and this I understand and know. And they nave made attempts within their complex of buildings to put conveyor systems and automation in as far as they can go, but it reaches a point where economics will not permit you to go any further with automation and they do have bottlenecks whicli I think they will readily admit they have, which do increase their costs of operation.

Senator Monronky. In other words, it is impossible to install much automation as you said earlier in an up and down, old-fashioned plant—because of the space to get the automation equipment in?

Mr. Flint. That is correct.

Senator Monroney. And the in-line is easier to install and can be put in at the time the building is built and, therefore, the cost of automating a phint would be very greatly reduced; would it not?

Mr. Flint. This is correct.

Labor Cost

Senator Monronky. And the labor cost is what percentage, may I ask, or considered in the industry of the finished job'.

Mr. Flint. I would rather Mr. Harrison answer.

Mr. Harrison. About two-thirds.

Senator Monroney. You figure two-thirds of the cost of the job would be in labor. So if you can more efficiently use your labor and reduce the cross haul and the wasted time and effort in moving paper up and down, and across, into an in-line production, that you are workiiig on two-thirds of the cost.?

Mr. Flint. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. And if you are able to effect savings in 11 years, you would have amortized your plant in that time, you might say from savings? The plant would have, perhaps what, a 50-year life?

Mr. Flint. We would expect that; yes.

Initial Space Distribution

Mr. Harrison. Senator, there is one other thing we must not lose sight of, this is the tremendous savings in the handling of the initial distribution, which can again run as much as the savings which we have found to be possible in materials handling, because this again is materials handling.

Senator Monroney. I think it would be helpful to us to have in the record the amount of space in the building that will be office space, the amount that will be actual printing production space, the amount that will be storage space, the amount that will be space for the document room, and the space for the packaging room for the various departments. So we will have some way of judging, shall we say, the extracurricular space requirements of this plant over and against the normal requirements that would be generated in the customary commercial plant.

(The information referred to appears on page 193.)

In-line Trend In Printing Plants

Senator Monroney. Also if you could get from Mr. Main's people examples of new printing, new major printing plants that have been built in the last 4 or 5 years, whether they are built on a multilevel as a general rule or on a straight line, single level operation. Could that be supplied for the record?

Mr. Harrison. We can. Last year we gave you pictures of many new printing plants throughout the country and our staff has visited, I would say, the majority of the large printing plants throughout the United States, and we are able also to speak from firsthand knowledge that this one-floor production is not just an exception; it is the trend in the industry.

Senator Monroney. In other words, may I ask Mr. Main's representative, if the Government Printing Office or the Congress were to project an eight-story building today and ask you to build a new building, would you think that they were just a little bit off their rocker?

Mr. Flint. We would recommend against it, sir. That is what we are being paid for, to give our opinion based upon our knowledge and experience, so we would strongly recommend against it.

Senator Monroney. Thank you. That answers my question.

(The information requested follows:)

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