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Senator Monroney. You are advised by the National Science Foundation that they would like to get out of this recurring expense.

I )r. Mumford. Yes, sir.

Senator Moxroxey. However, as you say, about 75 percent of this is scientific data.

Dr. Mcmford. About two-thirds of it is estimated to be in the area of science and technology.

Senator Monroney. Do you have any questions?


Dr. MrMFORD. I would like to stress, Mr. Chairman, that this is an invaluable tool and it would be extremely tragic if it had to be terminated.

Senator Moxroxey. I can see that that would be true. Undoubtedly, if this were to go down the drain, the first one to suffer would be the National Science Foundation.

Dr. MrMFORD. They no doubt use it some. They recognize it is a valuable tool, but it is used by scientists and scholars all over the country.

Senator Moxroney. Whether the National Science Foundation likes it or not, the House bill transferred part of their appropriation to the Library.

Dr. MrMFORD. Yes, sir.

Senator Moxroney. So it comes out that same way.

Senator Yarborough. Is the Science Foundation the one objecting to this transfer?

Senator Monroney. They want to get free of the transfer.

Senator Yarborough. It seems to me like this is the function of the Library to keep the books and if the National Science Foundation doesn't want to build up a library we ought to let the scientific books goto the Library.


Senator Monroney. That is true, but it is the key to our understanding of what Russia is doing in the scientific field. What percent did you say was usable by scientists?

Dr. Mumford. About two-thirds; 65 percent roughly.

Senator Yarborough. It could just as well be in the Library of Congress as the central repository.

Senator Monroney. As the central repository, but the National Science Foundation pays for a portion of the cost as the user agency.

Senator Yarborough. The books will be in the Library of Congress. It is just who is charged.

Senator Monroney. It is just whose account is charged and they don't mind the way it is handled today.

In other words, I think the services that the Library of Congress renders to the National Science Foundation, both in collecting this material and also having it available in this publication, serves a great purpose. The National Science Foundation would perhaps be f reeloading on it, otherwise.

Mrs. Hamer. The list includes not only publications received by the Library of Congress, but also by a number of other American libraries. It is a union list.

Senator Monronet. So you get a greater advantage and the National Science Foundation gets a great advantage.

Dr. Mumford. I should say, Mr. Chairman, that I think the chief argument of the National Science Foundation is on the basis that it is not its policy to support a continuing activity and that such commitments make its funds less flexible for undertaking basic research or other new projects.

Senator Monroney. With respect to this list of universities reporting receipt of publications, these are cooperators with you in making up the list, are they not?

Dr. Mumford. Yes, sir. They report their receipts, which are included here.


Senator Monroney. Following your statement of your appeal from the House appropriations cuts I would like to insert in the record at that point the letter of appeal dated June 10, 1965, submitted to the committee by the Librarian of Congress in which restorations are requested for several items reduced or disallowed in the House bill.

I have a table before me which gives the positions in the Library of Congress by appropriation item for 1964, 1965, and the request for 1966, together with the House allowances and the actual employment as of May 23 which I believe should be inserted in the record.

(The document referred to follows:)


Summary of budgeted position*. 1964, 1986, 1966, House allowance 1966, and employment, May tS, 1966


Note.—The total number In each Instance Includes the full-time equivalent of part-time position*

Personnel Rbqumt

Senator Monroney. I note that your total employment requested over fiscal year 190)5 is 137 in 1 year. Is that correct I

Dr. Mumford. Yes, sir; but part of that is for native personnel under the Public Law 4SO program.

Senator Monroney. That is 45 off of that then. That would be 92.

Dr. Mumford. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. The increase. The major part of that is for 63 jobs in the general appropriation of the Library. Are these jobs in the service end of the book departments?

Dr. Mumford. That is for that main appropriation, "Library of Congress, salaries and expenses," which, as I indicated earlier, the House called the backbone of our funds.

Senator Monroney. Can you break that down a little bit since you are asking for restoration of 13 of those jobs.

Dr. Mumford. You wish a breakdown of the 63, or the 13 which the House did not allow?

Senator Monroney. What would you have to cut off if we stayed with the House figure of 50.


Dr. Mumford. We are still deliberating and discussing that, sir, depending upon what this committee may do. It might, for example, affect the activity of the Order Division. Some of the positions were for handling increased acquisitions, for keeping our catalogs in good condition, for the filing of cards. Several of the positions were for maintenance of the catalogs.

Senator Monroney. None of these is charged to copyrights or to the distribution of catalog cards.

Dr. Mumford. No, sir. Our serial record, for example, which is the most monumental tool of its kind in the world, I think, serves as the central source for all periodicals and serials, and with the increase in publications we have not been able to stay up with the incoming materials. It might affect that, or our gift and exchange operation.

Two positions were for service in the Law Library, and some of the positions were for the application of the new book classification, called class K, for legal materials. We have never had a classification for legal materials. Although we have developed classification schedules for all other fields of knowledge, only recently has a schedule been developed for law, and some positions were for the application of that.

Then for our reference service in the Manuscript, Maps, Music, Orientalia, Prints and Photographs, Serial, and Stack and Reader Divisions positions were requested to strengthen the services, to enable us to provide prompter service.

Other positions are for reading the shelves in the book collections to make sure that the books are in the right place. We have an increase in the number of books not on the shelves, or where they may be out of place or not properly shelved.

In general, all 63 of the new positions requested were intended to try to avoid accumulating more arrearages and to strength our services in the use of the Library. The elimination of 13 positions would adversely affect a number of operations.

Cataloging And Card Indexing

Mrs. Hamer. Also quite a bit of cataloging and other processing work is done in the Reference Department because it has to deal with special material, such as manuscripts, prints, photographs, and maps, and this requires special knowledge. Some of the requested positions are for this work.

Senator Moxroney. None of these is charged to the expense of the distribution of catalogs and cards.

Mrs. Hamek. Xo, sir, and these operations have not been strengthened in recent years. The catalogers that we have been granted in the last 2 years have been for the cataloging of book materials rather than these, special materials.

Senator Monroney. Do you have any question on that personnel part of the appropriation, the first line?

Senator Yarborouoh. Nothing, Mr. Chairman, except it seems to me to be very, very important that they have the personnel to keep accurate accounts and rec-ords, of the books and pursue that with diligence. They have the problem probably of all libraries everywhere of getting books back on time, keeping a record of them, and tracing them.

Dr. Mumford. Mr. Chairman, may I say a further word? The Library of Congress is a growing institution. It is inevitable that it must grow if it is to continue to fulfill its mission. This menus that the Library must obtain more publications. They must be cataloged, classified, and then in these special reference divisions, as Mrs. Hainer said, where material is not in book form but is in the form of manuscripts, maps, prints, and photographs, it is important to keep the material organized so that it can be used. Over many years there has been a lack of personnel to perform this and to keep the materials organized properly, and it is quite important that we get some j>ersonnel to do this.

I.n.!.1 \i;i Items

Senator Yarborough. I do have a question, Mr. Chairman.

Dr. Mumford, how many items do you have in the Library at this time? It is something in the 40 million, isn't it?

Dr. Mumford. Yes, sir. It numbers very closely to 44 million pieces of material. It consists roughly of 13 million books in conventional form—that is, volumes in conventional form—and something like 81 million additional pieces in the form of music, maps, manuscripts, prints and photographs, and other library materials. _ .Senator Yarhorovoh. Would you classify your pamphlets n.s under the 31 million, or as a book in conventional form?

Dr. Munford. They would l>e included in the 13 million conventional form items we list as "volumes and pamphlets."

Senator Yahboroxt.!!. How many do you have data on roujrhly '. IIow many new books and pamphlets are printed each year in tho world, not the total of each item, but how many different items are printed in the whole world each year?


Dr. Mcmford. I don't have readily at hand a world figure. In the United States I believe it is something like 25,000 to 30,00() book-* that are published each year.

Senator Yarborotoii. Not counting pamphlets.

Dr. MrMFORo. Then you have pamphlets, newspapers, periotlirals. and Government publications. It would be pretty hard to arrive at a figure for a world total.

I think our Order Division has some rough figures on world production. May I ask Mr. Welsh?

Mr. Welsh. I can't answer the specific question, but there are many, many thousands of publications issued. The Librarian said there were -25.000 to 30,000 published in the United States. There are another 25,000 published in the United Kingdom and probably another 200,000 to 300,000 published throughout the world.

Senator Yarborough. Of those published in the United States what percentage have copies filed in the Library of Congress each year under the copyrights, would you estimate?

Dr. Mumford. I couldn t give you an exact percentage. Mr. Kaniinstein, the Register of Copyrights, is here. He might be able to do better, but a very large proportion of them, Senator, are copyrighted, and we receive them by way of copyright. There is also a fair amount of material that is issued without copyright.

How many do we register, Mr. Kaminstein?

Mr. Kaminstein. In fiscal year 1964 it was 66,789 books, but that figure includes pamphlets and leaflets.

Senator Yarborough. That were copyrighted?

Mr. Kaminstein. That is right, sir.

Senator Yarborough. Thank you.

Copyright OfficePersonnel

Senator Monroney. In the next item on "Salaries and expenses, Copyright Office," you are asking for 13 employees over your present total. I note that in 1964 you had 252 employees in the Copyright Office. In 1965 you jumped only 3 to 255. You are asking for 268 for 1966. Why is it that your employment as of the 23d of May was only 246?

Dr. Mumford. May I ask the budget officer to report on that?

Senator Monroney. Yes, sir.

Mr. Rossiter. Senator, because of increased publication and other costs, the Copyright Office cannot now afford to employ any more than 246 of their allowed positions. Employment was higher in the early part of the fiscal year.

Senator Monroney. That was because of the absorption of the 10 percent of the pay increase?

Mr. Rossiter. Absorbing other costs which have gone up; yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. You were allowed the positions, but you didn't have the funds to fill them.

Mr. Rossiter. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. This would give you the funds to bring up 13 at a swoop.

Mr. Rossiter. Yes, sir.

Senator Monroney. Isn't that about the largest increase you ever had in 1 year for the copyright office?

Mr. Rossiter. In many years; yes, sir. But all the positions requested are in the lower grades and all are based on increased workload.

Senator Monroney. Why is the 13 so necessary?

Mr. Kaminstein. Mr. Chairman, there has been no increase in the allotted positions since 1961 and in that time there has been a 19

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