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he were a Prince of a phlegmatick nature, and of small activity; yet being prest by the continual solicitation of some eager spirits, he drew all the provinces and Princes which profest the Calvinian doctrines, to enter into a strict league or uoion amongst themselves, under pretence of looking to the peace and happiness of the true religion. It much advantaged the design, that the Calvinians in all parts of Germany had begun to stir, as men resolved to keep the saddle, or to lose the horse."
Describing the progress of the war in Bohemia, he adds: “But their new governours (or directors, as they called them) being generally worsted in the war, and fearing to be called to a strict account for these multiplied injuries, resolve upon the choice of some potent Prince, to take that unfortunate crown upon him. And who more like to carry it with success and honour, than Frederick the fifth, Prince Elector Palatine, the head of the Calvinian party, Son-in-law to the King of England, descended from a daughter of the Prince of Orange, and by his wife allied to the King of Denmark, the Dukes of Holstein and Brunswick, three great Lutheran Princes. These were the motives on their part to invite him to it; and they prevailed as much with him to accept the offer, to which he was pushed for ward by the secret instigation of the States United, whose truce with Spain was now upon the point of expiration; and they thought fit, in point of state-craft, that he should exercise his ara my further off, than in their Dominions. Upon which motives and temptations, he first sends forth his letters to the estates of den age is come, they shew their dreams in their extravagant actions : and, as our fifth-monarchy men, they are presently upon some unquiet rebellious attempt to set up Christ in his kingdom, whether he will or not. I remember how Abraham Scultetus in Curriculo Vitæ suæ confesseth the common vanity of bimself and other Protestants in Gerinany, who seeing the princes in Eugland, France, Buhemia, and many other countries, to be all at once both great and wise, and friends to reformation, did presently expect the golden age : but within one year eitber death, or ruins of war, or back-slid ings, had exposed all their expectations to scorn, and laid the lower than before."-Narrative of his Life and Times.
No one would suppose that the old man who wrote this had been in early life as great a stickler as any of his brethren for tbe seditious schemes of the levellers in Church and State, or that he had attended the Parliamentary forces as Chaplain to a regiment, I could produce quotations from the earliest even of his practical works, which would prove his hopes to have been extremely sanguine about the appearance of “a golden age."-Expressions of the disappointment which he felt at the failure expectations are equally numerous in his writings. Nor was it quite fair for å chaplain in the grand rebellion to brand “ the Fifth-Monarchy men" as the only persons “ who were preseut·ly upon some unquiet rebellious attempt to set up Christ in his kingdoin !"
Baxter had discovered, in the practice of the Triers and Ejectors, and of other select assemblies of gospel ministers under the Protectorate, as many grounds of dissatisfaction and complaint as in the practice of tbose who had previously held the supremacy in affairs ecclesiastical. The inference Bohemia, in which he signified his acceptance of the honour conferred upon him, and then acquaints King James with the proposition, whose counsel he desired therein for his better direction. But King James was not pleased at the precipitancy of this rash adventure, and thought himself unhandsomely handled, in having his advice asked upon the post-fact, when all his counsels to the contrary must have come too late. Bee sides, he had a strong party of Calvinists in his own dominions, who were not to be trusted with a power of disposing of kingdoms, for fear they might be brought to practise that against himself which he had countenanced in others. He knew no Prince could reign in safety, or be established on his throne with peace and honour, if once religion should be made a cloak to disguise rebellions.
e deduces, is exceedingly instructive: "I am much more of the evil of schism," says he,“ aod of the separating humour, and of gathering parties, and making several sects in the Church, than I was heretofore. For the effects have shewed us more of the mischiefs."
uch more sensible
“Upon these grounds of christian prudence, he did not only disallow the action in his own particular, but gave command that none of his subjects should from thenceforth own his sonin-law for the King of Bohemia, or pray for him in the liturgy, or before their sermons, by any other title than the Prince Elector. At which the English Calvinists were extreamly vexed, who had already fancied to themselves upon this occasion the raising of a fifth Monarchy in these parts of Christendom, even to the dethroning of the Pope, the setting up of Calvin in St. Peter's chair, and carrying on the war to the walls of Constanti. nople. No man more zealous in the cause, than Arch-bishop Abbot, who pressed to have the news received with bells and bonfires, the King to be engaged in a war for the defence of such a righteous and religious cause, and the jewels of the crown to be pawned in pursuance of it, as appears plainly by his letters to Sir Robert Naunton, principal secretary of estate. Which letters bearing date on the 12th of December, Anno 1619, are to be found at large in the printed Cabala, p. 169, &c. and thither I refer the reader for his satisfaction. But neither the persuasions of so great a prelate, nor the solicitations of the Princess and her public ministers, nor the troublesome interposings of the House of Commons in a following parliament, were able to remove that King from his first resolution. By which, though he incurred the high displeasure of the English Puritans, and those of the Calvinian party in other places; yet he acquired the reputation of a just and religious Prince with most men besides, and those not only of the Romish, but the Lutheran churches. And it is hard to say which of the two [the Papists or the Lutherans] were most offended with the Prince Élector, for his accepting of that crown; which of them had more ground to fear the ruin of their cause and party, if he had prevailed; and which of them were more impertinently provoked to make head against him, after he had declared his acceptance of it.
.." For when he was to be inaugurated in the church of Prague he neither would be crowned in the usual form, nor by the handsof the Arch-bishop, to whom the performing of that ceremony did of right belong ; but after such a form and manner as was digested by Scultetus, his domestic chaplain, who chiefly governed his affairs in all sacred matters. Nor would Scultetus undertake the ceremony of the coronation, though very ambitious of that honour, till he had cleared the church of all carved images, and defaced all the painted also. In both respects alike offensive to the Romish clergy, who found themselves dispriviledged, their churches sacrilegiously invaded, and further ruin threatened by these innovations. :“ A massy crucifix had been erected on the bridge of Prague, which had stood there for many hundred years before; neither affronted by the Lutherans, nor defaced by the Jews, though more averse from images than all people else: Scultetus takes offence at the sight thereof, as if the brazen serpent were set up and worshipped ; persuades the King to cause it presente ly to be demolished, or else he never would be reckoned for an Hezekian; in which he found conformity to his humour also, and thereby did as much offend all sober Lutherans, (who retain images in their churches, and other places) as he had done the Romish clergy by his former follies. This gave some new increase to those former jealousies which had been given them by that Prince: First, by endeavouring to suppress the Lutheran forms in the churches of Brandenburgh, by the arts and practices of his sister. [She was married to the Marquis of Branden. burgh: see page 249.) And Secondly, by condemning their doctrine at the Synod of Dort, (in which his ministers were more active than the rest of the foreigners) though in the persons of those men whom they called Arminians. But that which gave them greatest cause of offence and fear, was his determination in a cause depending between two sisters, at his first coming to the crown; of which, the youngest had been married to a Calvinian, the eldest to a Lutheran lord. The place in difference was the castle and seignoury of Gutscin, of which the eldest sister had took possession, as the seat of her ancestors. But the King passing sentence for the younger sister, and sending certain judges and other officers, to put the place into her actual possession, they were all blown up with gun-powder by the Lutheran lady, not able to concoct the indignity offered, nor to submit unto judgment which appeared so partial.”
It may be necessary to introduce the account of the Calvinistic prophecies by the following quotation from Brandt's History, in which, after relating the conduct of Peter Du Moulin and other violent Calvinists in imposing the Canons of Dort upon the French Churches, he says: “ Some of the Remon,
strants were of opinion, that there was some mystery of State concealed under these proceedings at Alez in relation to the Canons of Dort, and that the secret spring of all these motions was in Holland ; that some of the Contra-Remonstrants had been the first to commence this matter, by instituting a correspondence between the Reformed of Geneva and those of France, not without having privately concerted it with Du Moulin and others; and that by thrusting the Canons of Dort down the throats of the French Clergy, and by compelling them to swear to their observance, they endeavoured to commu. nicate additional strength to their party, as had been already done in Holland, and at the same time to favour the designs of the Elector Palatine or new king of Bohemia. For it seemed as though some project of a confederacy was forming among those of the Reformed religion [the Calvinists], not only to subdue the little hand-full of the Remonstrant party, but even some of the members of that great body, the Romish Church ; from which confederacy, the author of the Bohemian Trumpet, whom we shall hereafter mention, imagined great consequences would ensue. Thus did they aim at a kind of REFORMED MONARCHY; and, as they viewed all objects with a magnifying glass, the smallest finger which promoted the work, appeared to be a powerful arm :-So easily do men deceive themselves with vain hopes !"
The Prophetical Book, to which allusion is made in the preceding paragraph, is thus described by the same historian : *. The Contra-Remonstrants also published several pieces this same year, [1620, 7**** The Bohemian Trumpet, printed at Amsterdam, by leave of the Burgo-masters. The author, who styles himself Irenæus Philalethius, was in reality Ewout Telingh, the Treasurer of Zealand, brother to William Teelingh minister of Middelburgh, and a great zealot for his own party. He expressed himself to this effect: • That it seemed as if the Lord · had certainly invited many Kings and Princes thither [into * Bohemia] to make a great sacrifice; and that he did not enter.
tain any doubt that God would take vengeance of the great • violation of the public faith, of which both the one and the
other beast [the Emperor and the Pope] had been guilty " towards John Huss and Jerome of Prague, with regard to the • safe-conduct for their appearance at the Council of Constance. • He represented the war in Bohemia, as a war which could not • fail of success, because it was waged against the Pope, whom
he calls Antichrist and the man of sin. He added, that God • had unexpectedly bestowed upon the Elector Palatine such a
noble kingdom as that of Bohemia, and had brought it home "to him, as it were, whilst he slept, by a people who had a right
to dispose of it ; and therefore that it must not be doubled, t that the Lord, who had entrusted him with the keys of that kingdom, would likewise establish bim upon that throne which she had himself prepared for him, and would fix him as a sure • nail, upon which all the Reformed [Calvinistic] churches ' might in future depend.'"-This luminous prophecy was delivered while the Elector's affairs were in a state of prosperity ; but the following narrative refers to a subsequent period when the ejected royal family of Bohemia were exiles in the United Provinces :
“ And yet after they were fully assured of the King's misfore tune, and saw that he and the Queen were forced to seek an asylum at the Hague, some of the greatest bigots among the ContraRemonstrants still cherished the hopes which they had conceived of him-such a strong persuasion had they of his success, which, they believed, would be the certain precursor of the downfall of Popery. Some people thought, that almost all the Protestant kings, princes and states of Christendom, would have armed themselves in order to verify their idle dreams. Nay, even after a longer series of that prince's losses, and nearly two years after Heidelberg and the principal part of the towns in the Lower Palatinate had been besieged and taken, either by the Bavarians or by the Imperial and Spanish forces, William Stephanus, a Doctor in Divinity and one of the ministers of Kampen, published a treatise under the following title : The TRUMPET OF THE Holy WAR, revealed by St. John against the Great Antichrist, the Pope of Rome: The deep and till-this-day concealed Prophecies of this Apostle are now clearly explained according to the true Meaning of them, from the Twelfth to the Twentieth Chapter of his Book of the Revelations. ---Almost all the prophecies contained in those chapters, were applied to the expelled monarch. In the 20th verse of the Fourteenth Chapter, St.John says, he saw in a vision that the blood proceeding from the wine-press of God's wrath came even to the bridles of the horses, for the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs: The Doctor explained it thus : - Fre
deric, the king of Bohemia, shall at the command of God 'fight a great battle. He was the man who had the sharp
sickle in his hand and who was commanded to reap: He shall • defeat the enemies; and the sixteen hundred furlongs denote
the way between Heidelberg and Prague.' -Upon the 20th and 21st verses of the Nineteenth Chapter, the doctor made the following comment: “The Emperor Ferdinand and the king of • Spain shall be taken prisoners, brought before the Supreme •Court of their judge FREDERIC, and condemned to suffer the * most extreme punishments, that is, cast alive into the lake of
fire burning with brimstone, that is, to a perpetual torment or * else to a shameful death. As for the rest of the princes and • potentates of the earth, they shall likewise be punished accord‘ing to the directions of King Frederic, and deprived of all 6 their lands and titles, for having assisted the Emperor and the