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THE impossibility of reducing to modest dimensions a bibliography which should be satisfactory would be ample justification for declining the attempt. But the writer, while compiling his History, has been compelled so often by the limits of space to stimulate without satisfying enquiry, that he has some hope that the list of books here given may be not entirely useless to those who may desire to examine more thoroughly the history of Astronomy. The list is avowedly imperfect, being to a great extent a selection from the present writer's library.


J. C. Houzeau, Vade Mecum de l'astronomie. 1882.

J. C. Houzeau, Bibliographie générale de l'astronomie. Bruxelles, 1887.

Lalande, Bibliographie Astronomique. Up to 18o3.

Royal Society Catalogue of Scientific Papers. 1800 to 1883.

International Catalogue of Scientific Literature. E. Astronomy. 1902 onwards.

Astronomische Jahrsbericht. 1898 onwards.


M. Bailly, Traité de l'astronomie Indienne et orientale. 1787. M. Bailly, Histoire de l'astronomie ancienne. 1718. M. Bailly, Histoire de l'astronomie moderne. 1785. M. Delambre, Histoire de l'astronomie. 6 vols., 1817 to 1827. This is the most detailed critical compendium up to that date. R. Grant, History of Physical Astronomy. 1852. An admirable record of developments of Newtonian theory. W. Whewell, History of the Inductive Sciences. F. Epping and J. N. Strassmeier, Astronomisches aus Babylon. 1889. J. L. E. Dreyer, History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler. 1906. A. M. Clerke, History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century. 1902. W. W. Bryant, A History of Astronomy. 1907. A. Berry, A Short History of Astronomy. 1898.

III. — Historic AL, OR EPoCH-MAKING, Books

N. Copernici, De revolutionibus orbium caplestium libri vi. Nurimburgae, 1543. The last serious support to the Greek epicyclic school. Tycho Brahe, Astronomiae instauratae progymnasmata. 4°, Uraniburgi, 1602. The fundamental work of the inductive school. J. Kepler, Astronomia nova. Fol. Pragae, 1609. Building the Keplerian solar system on the observations of Tycho Brahe by brilliant demonstrations.

G. Galilei, Sidereus nuncius. 4°, Bononiae, 1655. Commencement of the science of observing the physical features of the heavens. J. Horrocks, Astronomia Kepleriana, defensa et promota. 4°, Londini, 1678. Posthumous work containing the clearest conception of gravitation before Newton. Sir I. Newton, Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica. 1687. Expounding, among other matters, universal gravitation and its consequences. The highest example of inductive reasoning ever produced. In the writer's opinion, the only books in the same rank are Euclid's Geometry, Kepler's Astronomia nova, and Clerk Maxwell's Electricity and Magnetism. P. S. de Laplace, Mécanique Céleste. 1802.


Nicol, Cyclopedia of the Physical Sciences. Art. “Lunar Theory.” This is an excellent introduction to the books that follow. G. B. Airy, Gravitation. The clearest explanation of perturbations. H. Godfray, Elementary Treatise on Lunar Theory (revised). 1871. O. Dziobek, Theories of Planetary Motions (translated by M. W. Harrington and W. J. Hussey). Ann Arbor, 1892.


L. Prowe, Nicolaus Coppernicus, 3 vols., Berlin, 1883. J. L. E. Dreyer, Tycho Brahe. Edinburgh, 1890. Contains complete bibliography relating to this incomparable observer.

E. S. Holden, Galileo (reprinted from Popular Science Monthly). 1905. This is the latest and most impartial life of this great natural philosopher. It contains references to best authorities. Sir D. Brewster, Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton. 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1854. W. Airy (Editor), Autobiography of Sir George Biddell Airy. 1896.


Encyclopardia Britannica. Articles: “Telescope,” “Transit-Circle,” “Micrometer" (including the heliometer), etc.

E. W. Maunder, The Royal Observatory, Greenwich. London, 1900.

Chauvenet, Manual of Spherical and Practical Astronomy. 1893.


C. A. Young, A Text-Book of General Astronomy. Rev. ed., 1902; 12s. 6d. Sir J. Herschel, Outlines of Astronomy. Sir G. B. Airy, Six Lectures on Astronomy. S. Newcomb, Popular Astronomy. 18s. Sir R. S. Ball, The Story of the Heavens (beautifully illustrated). Ios. 6d. G. F. Chambers, Handbook of Astronomy. 3 vols.; 2 I S. C. G. Dolmage, Astronomy of To-Day. Seely & Co., 1909; 5s. net.


R. C. Carrington, Observations of Sun-spots. Father Secchi, Le Soleil. These books on the sun, though old, are fundamental. The best modern work is scattered through transactions and journals. F. Neison, The Moon. 1876. J. Nasmyth and J. Carpenter, The Moon. 1874; 5S. P. Puiseux, La terre et la lune. P. Lowell, Mars and its Canals. 1906; Ios. 6d. net. R. A. Proctor, Saturn and his System. 6s. A. Guillemin, The World of Comets. (Translated by J. Glaisher.) London, 1887. W. T. Lynn, Remarkable Comets. Sampson Low, Marston, and Co., 1906; 6d.


S. P. Langley, The New Astronomy. Boston, 1888. H. H. Turner, Modern Astronomy. 1901; 6s. net. A. M. Clerke, Problems in Astrophysics. 1903; 2OS. net. A. M. Clerke, The System of the Stars. 1905; 20s. net. Sir N. Lockyer, The Meteoritic Hypothesis. 1890. S. Arrhenius, Worlds in the Making. (Translated from the Swedish.) 1908; 6s. net.

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