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miration of the power, and wisdom and goodness of the incomprehensible Creator, when he seriously looketh to the sun and stars, to sea and land, to the course of all things, and to the wonderful variety and natures of the particular creatures. And he hath not the heart of a believer in him, who doth not think, . O what a God is it whoin I am bound to serve, and who hath taken me into his covenant as bis child! How happy are they who have such a God, engaged to be their God and happiness! And how miserable are they who make such a God their revenging judge and enemy! Shall I ever again wilfully or carelessly sin against a God of so great majesty? If the sun were an intellectual deity, and still looked on me, should I presumptuously offend him? Shall I ever distrust the power of him that made such a world ? Shall I fear a worm, a mortal man, above this great and terrible Creator ? Shall I ever again resist or disobey the word and wisdom of him, who made and ruleth such a world? Doth he govern the whole world, and should not I be governed by him? Hath he goodness enough to communicate as he hath done to sun and stars, to heaven and earth, to angels and men, and every wight? And hath he not goodness enough to draw, and engage, and continually delight this dull and narrow heart of mine? Doth the return of his sun turn the darksome night into the lightsome day, and bring forth the creatures to their food and labour; doth its approach revive the torpid earth, and turn the congealed winter into the pleasant spring, and cover the earth with her fragrant, many-coloured robes, and renew the life and joy of the terrestrial inhabitants ; and shall I find nothing in the God who made and still continueth the world, to be the life, and strength, and pleasure of my soul ? " Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands: sing forth the honour of his name; make his praise glorious : say unto God, How terrible art thou in thy works - Come and see the works of God: he is terrible in his doing towards the children of men. He ruleth by his power

for ever: his

eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. O bless our God ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard! who holdeth our soul in life, and suffereth not our feet to be moved !" Psal. Ixvi. 1, &c.

Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord, neither are there any works like unto thy works. All nations whom thou


hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord, and shall glorify thy name ; for thou art great and dost wondrous things: thou art God alone;" Psal. lxxxvi. 8—10.

O Lord, how great are thy works! Thy thoughts are very deep, a brutish man knoweth not, neither doth a fool understand this ;' Psal. xcii. 5, 6.

Faith doth not separate itself from natural knowledge, nor neglect God's works while it studieth his word; but saith, “I meditate on all thy works; I muse on the work of thy hands;" Psal. cxliii. 5. “O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches ; so is the great and wide sea,” &c. ; Psal. civ. 24.

Nay, it is greatly to be noted, that as redemption is to repair the creation, and the Redeemer came to recover the soul of man to his Creator, and Christ is the way to the Father; so on the Lord's day our commemoration of redemption includeth and is subservient to our commemoration of the creation, and the work of the ancient sabbath is not shut out, but taken in with the proper work of the Lord's day : and as faith in Christ is a mediate grace to cause in us the love of God, so the word of the Redeemer doth not call off our thoughts from the works of the great Creator, but call them back to that employment, and fit us for it by reconciling us to God.

Therefore it is as suitable to the Gospel church at least, as it was to the Jewish, to make God's works the matter of our sabbath praises, and to say, as Psal. cxlv. 4,5. 10. “One generation shall praise thy works to another; and shall de-.. clare thy mighty acts : I will speak of the glorious honour of thy Majesty, and of thy wondrous works : and men shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts, and I will declare thy greatness.- All thy works shall praise thee, O Lord, and thy saints shall bless thee." "I will wash my hands in innocency, and so I will compass thine altar, O Lord, that I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works ;" Psal. xxvi. 6,7. “I will praise thee O Lord, with my whole heart, I will shew forth all thy marvellous works ;" Psal. ix. 12.

Direct. 14. 'Let faith also observe God in his daily providences; and equally honour him for the ordinary and the extraordinary passages thereof.'


The upholding of the world is a continual causing of it; and differeth from creation, as the continued shining of a candle doth from the first lighting of it. If therefore the creation do wonderfully declare the power, and wisdom, and goodness of God; so also doth the conservation. And note that God's ordinary works are as great demonstrations of him in all his perfections, as his extraordinary. Is it not as great a declaration of the power of God, that he cause the sun to shine, and to keep its wondrous course from age to“ age, as if he did such a thing but for a day or hour ? and as if he caused it to stand still a day? And is it not as great a demonstration of his knowledge also, and of his goodness ? Surely we should take it for as great an act of love, to have plenty, and health, and joy continued to us as long as we desired it, as for an hour. Let not then that duration and ordinariness of God's manifestations to us, which is their aggravation, be looked upon as if it were their extenuation ; but let us admire God in the sun and stars, in sea and land, as if this were the first time that ever we had seen them. :

And yet let the extraordinariness of his works have its effects also. Their use is to stir up the drowsy mind of man to see God in that which is unusual, who is grown customary and lifeless in observing him in things usual. Pharoah and his magicians will acknowledge God, in those unusual works, which they are no way able to imitate themselves, and say, “ This is the finger of God;" Exod. viii. 19. And

“ therefore miracles are never to be made light of, but the finger of God to be acknowledged in them, whoever be the instrument or occasion ; Luke xi. 20.

There are frequently also some notable, though not miraculous providences in the changes of the world, and in the disposal of all events, and particularly of ourselves, in which a believer should still see God; yea, see him as the total cause, and take the instruments to be next to nothing; and not gaze all at men as unbelievers do; but say, “This is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes ;" Psal. cxviii. 23. Sing unto the Lord a new song; for he hath done marvellous things; Psal. xcviii. 1. “ Marvellous are thy works, and that my soul knoweth right well ;" Psal. cxxxix. 14.

Direct. 15. “But let the chief study of faith for the know


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ledge of God, be of the face of Jesus Christ; and the most wonderful mystery of his incarnation, and our redemption.'

For God is nowhere else so fully manifested to man, in that goodness, love and mercy, which it most concerneth us to know; and the knowledge of which will be most healing and sanctifying to the soul : but of this I must speak more in the Chapter next following.

Direct. 16. Let faith make use of every mercy, not only to acknowledge God therein, but to have a pleasant taste and relish of his love.'

For thus it is that they are all sanctified to believers, and this is the holy use of mercies. Remember that as in order to understanding, your eyes and ears are but the passages or inlets to your minds; and if sights and sounds went no further than the senses, you would be no better, if not worse than beasts. So also in order to affection, the taste and sense of sweetness or any other pleasure, is to pass by the sense unto the heart; and what should it do there, but affect the heart with the love and goodness of the giver. A beast tasteth as much of the sensitive sweetness of his food and ease as you do: but it is the believer who heartily saith, 'How good is the Author and End of all this mercy! Whence is it that this cometh ? And whither doth it tend?' “ I love the Lord because he hath heard the voice of my supplication;" Psal. cxvi. l. “O that men would praise the Lord for his goodness;" Psal. cxlv. 15, 16.

. “The eyes of all things wait on thee; thou givest them their meat in due season. Thou openest thy hand, and satisfiest the desires of every living thing. He leaveth not himself without witness in that he doth good, and giveth us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness;" Acts xiv. 17. The near conjunction of soul and body, and the near relation of God and his mercies, do tell us plainly, that every pleasure which toucheth the sense, should touch the heart, and reach unto the soul itself; and that the creature is fitted to the sense, and God is suitable to the soul; so the creature should be but God's servant to knock and cause us to open the door to himself, and the way of his communication and accession to the heart. Therefore so great a judgment is threatened against the Israelites in their

prosperity, if they did not serve God with joyfulness and gladness of heart, for the abundance of




all things; Deut. xxviii. 47. And therefore the days in which men were to rejoice in God with the greatest love and thankfulness, were appointed to be days of feasting, that the pleasure of the bodily senses might promote the spiritual pleasure and gratitude of the mind ; 2 Chron. xix. 21. xxix. 30. Neh. viii. 17. xii. 27. Esther ix. 17-19. Num. X. 10.

Direct. 17. Let faith feel God's displeasure in every chastisement and judgment.'

For we must be equally careful that we despise them not, and that we faint not under them; Heb. xii. 5. They that pretend that it is the work of faith to see nothing in any affliction but the love and benefit, do but set one act of faith against another: for the same word which telleth us, that it shall turn to a true believer's good doth tell us that it is of itself a natural evil, and that as the good is from God's love, so the evil is from our sins, and his displeasure ; and that he would give us the good without the evil, if man were without sin. He therefore that believeth not that it is a castigatory punishment for sin, is an unbeliever, as well as he that believeth not the promise of the benefit; Rom.

12. 14. 16–18. 1 Cor. xi. 30. 32. Jer. v. 25. Micah i. 5. Amos iii. 2.

Yea, this opinion directly frustrateth the first end and use of all chastisements which is to further men's repentance for the evil of sin, by the sense of the evil of punishment, and the notice of God's displeasure manifested thereby : and next to make us warnings to others, that they incur not the same correction and displeasure as we have done. For he that saith, there is no penalty or evil in the suffering, nor no displeasure of God expressed thereby, doth contradict all this. But as it is a great benefit which we are to reap by our corrections, even the furtherance of our repentance and amendment; so it is a great work of faith, to perceive the bitterness of sin, and the displeasure of God in these corrections ; of which more anon.

: Direct. 18. • Faith must hear the voice of God in all his word, and in all the counsel which by any one he shall send us.'

When sense taketh notice of nothing but a book, or of one but a man, faith must perceive the mind and message f God: not only in preachers, (2 Cor. v. 19, 20. 1 Thess.

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