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writings of the Founders of Methodism, and of the moft eminent among those Ministers of the Establishment, who, like the profeffed Methodists, have been diftinguifhed (I think unduly) by the appellation of Evangelical or Gofpel Preachers. From the writings of these authors, to which have been added, as neceffary to the fame purpose, some of the works of Auguftin and of Calvin, my quotations are neither few nor fcanty. In making them, I truft it will appear that I have acted honeftly; and that I am not answerable for the guilt of mifreprefenting or perverting the fentiments of others, for the benefit of my own caufe. At the fame time, it may be proper to add, that, as there are probably comprised under the general defcriptions of our accufers, many individuals, who do not fubfcribe to the opinions which their brethren have avowed, I request that my remarks may not be understood to apply to any man, farther than as he efpoufes the fentiments of thofe, whofe works are particularly noticed.
As to my filence concerning a late publication by a learned Prelate, and the observations to which it has given occafion, it appears respectful to state, that the materials of the following Lectures were collected, and indeed the Lectures themselves were nearly completed in their prefent form, before the "Re
"futation of Calvinifm" was announced. the compofition of my Difcourfes I had avail ed myself of a feafon of comparative leifure, which more numerous and preffing parochial engagements have fince prevented from recurring fo that, had it been my wish, it would hardly have been in my power, to devote due attention to the examination of any fresh publications. The truth however is, that it was not my wifh to be indebted to fo recent a production; especially to one, which, from the exalted ftation and well-known character of the Author, might be expected to be received into general circulation. Although by earlier works, therefore, I have endeavoured to profit, without fcruple or referve, (of which I hope that this general acknowledgment will be deemed fufficient, if at any time I have omitted to specify my obligation,) I determined to deny myself the fatisfaction, for the prefent, of reading the "Refutation," that I might at once avoid both the temptation, and the fufpicion, of being indebted to it.
Perhaps it may be thought, that I should have acted a more prudent part, if I had deelined my own attempt, on the appearance of the Bishop of Lincoln's work. Had I been apprifed of his Lordship's undertaking at an earlier period, it is moft probable that I should never have engaged in mine: or, when I first
became acquainted with that undertaking, had not my Difcourfes been defigned for a specific purpose, and my intention of being a candidate for that particular appointment been declared, the work would then probably have been relinquished. After all, notwithstanding the publication alluded to, if I do not magnify the importance of the Inquiry, in which I have been occupied, I am willing to think that it may not be altogether ufelefs. The course of my subject has led me to notice fome particulars, which can hardly have entered into a "Refutation of Calvinifm:" and even with respect to thofe, which are common to both inquiries, the more fuperficial examination of the Predeftinarian system, to which limits and my my abilities have confined me, may (by the bleffing of God) be not unprofitable to thofe, who have not opportunity for studying his Lordship's more elaborate production.
I have only to add, that being defirous of comprising the whole of my obfervations in the body of the work, inftead of throwing any part of them into notes, I found that moft of the following Difcourfes had run to a greater length than was adapted to the pulpit, and therefore fhortened them in the delivery.
Though I preach the Gospel, I have nothing to
glory of: for neceffity is laid upon me;
CHRISTIAN WORKS A NECESSARY CONDITION OF
And behold, one came and faid unto him, Good
Mafter, what good thing fhall I do, that I
And he faid unto him, Why calleft thou me
good? there is none good but one; that is,
God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep
Then faid one unto him, Lord, are there few
that be faved? And he faid unto them,
Strive to enter in at the ftrait gate: for many,
I fay unto you, will feek to enter in, and
CALVINISM INCONSISTENT WITH THE DIVINE.
ATTRIBUTES, AND WITH THE GENERAL CON-
In the last day, that great day of the feast, Je-