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TO OUR READERS AND CORRESPONDENTS.

We earnestly solicit communications (post paid) from the professors of the arts in general, as well as authors, respecting works which they may have in hand. We con. ceive that the evident advuntage which must accrue to both from the more extensive publicity that will be given to their productions through the medium of the Repository, reeds only to be mentioned, to induce them to fadour us with such information, which shall always meet with the most prompt attention.

The communication of Dr. C. of Sunderland, shall certainly be attended to in our ne,rt number ; the department of our work having been already made up, when his letter came to hund.

We shall take an opportunity of submitting Edward's Enquiry to our readers in our next publication.

J. H. R.'s Slanzas are received. The request made in his letter of June 3d, shall be complied with, beginning with the present month.

Mr. L'Eveque's work shall be duly noticed at an early opportunity.

We are enabled to promise our readers, in our next number, a view of the Monument just erected in Guildhall to the memory of that eminent statesman, the late Right Honourable William Pitt.

We beg to repeat to authors and others by whom we are favoured with articles of Literary Intelligence, that we cannot introduce notices of works already before the public, into that department. Owing to a circumstance which it is unnecessary to explain, we have been obliged, this month, to make up that portion of our miscellany at so early a period, that some communications intended for it are unavoidably postponed,

We have recently received from the Continent a few interesting publications, particularly some of the latest productions of the celebrated Kotzebue, from which we shall occasionally submit selections to our readers.

The Description which should accompany Plate 4, of a French Window-Cartain, we shall gite nert month, being prevented, hy n mistake, from introducing it in the present number.

The Proprietor begs leave to remind such of his Readers as have imperfect sets of the Repository, of the necessity of an early application for the deficiences, in order to prevent disappointment. Those who chuse to return their Numbers to the Publisher, may have them exchanged for Volumes in a variety of bindings, at the rate of 5s. per Volume.

a

Repository

OF

ARTS, LITERATURE, COMMERCE,

,
Manufactures, Fashions, and Polities,

For JULY, 1813.

The Fifty-fifth Pumber.

-The suffrage of the wise,
The praise that's worth ambition, is attain'd
By geuse alone, and dignity of mind.

ARMSTRONG.

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CONVERSATIONS ON THE ARTS.-By JUNINUS.

(Continued from Vol. IX. p. 318.) Miss Eve. The most remarkable convenience of the scholars who of the stadia and gymnasia were, studied, discoursed, or attended the I understand, at Athens, built en- lectures of the philosophers, rhetotirely of white marble. I believe ricians, gramınarians, or other prothe stadia of the Greeks answer to, fessors. The other parts were parand were the originals of, the am- ticularly fitted up for cxercising phitheatres of the Romans. youth in all those bodily arts wlrich

Miss K. The gymnasia were inured them to hardslips, knitted common in every city of Greece, their limbs, confirmed their health, but first founded at Lacedæmon. and trained them up to appear in They consisted of several different the lists of fame, at the games of piles of building united together, their greatest festivals. In one they each of which served for several i wrestled, ran, leaped, boxed; in purposes. They were, properly, a another, they played at ball; in a kind of academy, and all exercises third, they danced : nor were they for the improvement of the mind, without their separate and convenias well as those for strengthening ent apartments for bathing, anointthe body, were cultivated here with ing, dusting, dressing, making the greatest assiduity. The porti- matches, fixing what' sport they coes were filled with seats for the would contend in, and the prize No. LV. Vol. X.

B

of conquest.
These were so or-

of Castro now stands, much redered, that the whole was trans- sorted to formerly, on account of acted without any confusion or in the temple of Apollo and the dark

| terruption to one another, though cave whence the Pythian priestess the chief gymnasium was generally pronounced her oracles, seated on capable of accommodating several | a tripod, swelling and foaming like thousands of spectators at once, one possessed. The lofty summit besides numbers of students and of Parnassus formed two peaks, combatants.

which occasioned it to be called, The stadium was either that part Biceps Parnassus. Below the cleft of the gymnasium, of a large se- rises a spring, supposed to be the micircular form, in which all the ancient l'ons Castalius, where the above-mentioned exercises were Pythian prophetess and the poets performed, and where seats were who pretended to inspiration used raised above one another for the to bathe and drink the waters.-I convenience of the multitudes who I suppose you are acquainted with flocked thither to see these con- the particulars of Delos? tests in skill and strength; or was Miss Eve. Yes: Delos was the built, detached from all other pub-chief of these islands, but the least lic edifices, in the form of a circus. of them all, being no more than The most celebrated of these build six miles in circunference, situings, as you observe, was at Athens, ated a little southward of Mycone composed entirely of white marble; and Tynos. This island was supthe plan of them was afterwards posed by the Greeks to be the copied by the Romans.

place of the nativity of Apollo and Miss Eve. I have lately consi. Diana ; for which reason they indered the Cyclades, or Grecian stituted public festivals, erected Archipelago, with some attention. temples, and sent hither priests, Paros is one of the smallest of these sacrificers, and choirs of virgins, islands, midway between the Mo- to do thein honour; but it is now rea and Asia Minor, famous for its destitute of inhabitants, Does marble, but most famous for its Falconer mention this little island ? excellent statuaries, Phidias and Miss K. Yes. I will repeat what Praxiteles, some of whose works he has written concerning Ithaca, became objects of divine worship. Argos, Helena, Delos, and Lemnos : This island was dedicated to Bac- || Westward of these, beyond the Isthmus, lies chus, on account of the excellent | The long-lost isle of Ithacus the wise, wines which it produced.

Where fair Penelope her abscot lord

Fulliwice ten years with faithful love deplor'd: Miss K. Many of these islands | Tho' many a princely heart her beauty won, and the neighbouring parts of the She, guarded only by a stripling son, continent are subjects of curious Each bold attempt of suitor kings repellid, investigation. Delphos was an

And, undefil'd, the nuptial contract held.

With various arts to wiu her love they toil'd, ciently a great city of Achaia, | But all their wiles by virtuous fraud sbe foiled : now Livadia, in Turkey, situated True to her vows, and resolutely chaste, on the side of the mountain Par- The beauteous priucess triumpli'd at the last. nassus, tep miles north of the

Argos, in Greece forgotten and unknown, gulph of Lepanto, where the town

Still seems her cruel fortune to bemoan ;

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Argos, whose monarch led the Greciao hosts, ap for their manufactories. Juno,
Far o'er th’Egean inai!ı, to disiant coasts:

Samia the Sibyl, Pythagoras, and
Unhappy prince, wilo, on a bostile shore,
Toil, peril, anguish, ten long wiater's bore;

Polycrates, were natives of this Aud when to gative realms restored at last,

island. Here are yet to be seen To reap the larvest of thy labuurs part, abundance of magnificent ruins, A perjur'd friend, alas! and faithless wife,

and among them, part of the temple Tliere sacriticed to impious lust thy life! Fast loy Arcadia stretch these desert plains,

of Juno, the protectress of Samos. And o'cr the land a gloomy tyrant reigns.

Miss Eve. How would you de

scribe Juno? Next the fair isle of Helena is seen,

Miss K. Juno was called the Where adverse winds detaiu'd the Spartan

goddess of kingdoms and riches, queen; For whom io arns combiu'd the Greciau host, and said to be tlie daughter of Sa. Witla vengeance fired, invaded Phrygia's coast; turn and Rhea (otherwise nained For whom so long they Juhoared to destroy The sacred turrets of imperial Troy.

Cybele and Ops), the wife of Jule Here, driven by Juno's rage, the hapless danie, piter, and the queen of the gods. Forlory of heart, from ruju'd llion came. She goes by abundance of names,

and is reported to have bathed Due east from this, appears th' immortal shore *That sacred Phæbus and Diana bore;

every year in a particular fountain, Delos, through all th’ Ægean seas renown'd,

by which she recovered her youth, Whose coast the rocky Cyclades surround: virginity, and rigour. By Phæbus honour'd, and by Greece rever'd, Junonia were certain feasts cele. Her hallow'd groves even distant Persia fear'd; brated in bonour of Juno, when the But now a silent, unfrequented land, No human footsteps mark the track less straud maids of all ages ran races and

petitioned that goddess to give them Then to the north, by Asia's western bound, | husbands. At Rome an altar was Fair Lemnos stands, with rising marble erected to her, as the goddess of

crown'd; Where, in her rage, avenging Juno hurl'd marriage, where the new-married lil-fated Vulcan from th' ætherial world. couple offered either a white cow, There his eternal anvils first he rear'd;

geese, or ravens, from which they Theo, forg'd by Cyclopean art, appear'd

took the gall before they sacrificed, Thouders that shook the skies with dire

and threw it behind the altar, to alarms, And, form'd by skill divine, Vulcanian arms. intimate, that, in this state of life, There, with this crippled wretch, the foul no bitterness of spirit should remain.

disgrace And living scandal of th' empyreal race,

Virgil represents Romulus upThe beauteous Queen of love in wedlock braiding the Trojans with their dwell

softness and effeminacy, and, among lo fires profane can leav'nly bosom's melt?

other things, reproaching them for Samos is an island in the Archi- the make of their tunics, which bad pelago, thirty miles south of Smyr- sleeves, and did not leave the arms na, in Asia Minor, subject to the naked and exposed to the weather, Turks, but inhabited by Greek like the garment worn by the RoChristians, of whom it contains mans. "The poet observes, that the about 12,000. It produces corn, Italians preserved their old lanwine, olives, and other fruits suit-guage and habits, although the able to warm climates, besides very Trojans became their masters; and fine silk. The wool raised here is that the Trojans themselves relin50 good, that the French buy it" quished the dress of their own

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country for that of Italy. This, he || that the main objection to this story tells us, was the effect of a prayer was the great difference between which Juno preferred to Jupiter : the customs, language, and habits This let me beg (and this no Fates withstand), of the Romans and Trojans. To Both for myself and for your father's laud, obviate, therefore, so strong an That when the nuptial bed shall bind the peace, | objection, he makes this difference Which I, since you ordain, consent to bless,

arise from the forecast and preThe laws of either nation be the same: But let the Latins still retain their name,

determination of the gods themSpeak the same language which they spoke selves. before,

On this medal, Nero and Octavia Wear the same habits which their grandsires

are compared to Jupiter and Juno, Call them not Trojans—perish the renowa

who were said to be brother and
And name of Troy with that detested town; sister :
Latium be Latium still; let Alba reign,
And Rome's immortal majesty remain !

Thy sister, bright with every blooming grace,

Will mount thy bed, to enlarge the Claudian It is curious that Virgil should race ; have represented Juno indulging and proudly teeming with fraternal love, such an impotent kind of revenge

Shall reign a Juno with the Roman Jove. as is evinced in this speech. The

They are, therefore, represetrted poet knew, that this was a trifling by the sun and moon, which are request for the queen of the gods the most glorious parts of the ani to make, as we may find by the verse, and are, in poetical genemanner in which Jupiter signifies alogy, brother and sister: his compliance:

Miss Eve. Suppose you describe 'Then thus the founder of mankind replies,

some of the emblems, such as ChasL'nsumed was his fiont, serene his eyes:

tity, Hope, Fear, Security, Equity,
Can Saturu's issue and Heaveu's other heir, Eternity, Victory, Liberty, Ejde-
Such endless anger in her bosom bear? lity, Abundance, Peace, Virtue,
Be mistress, and your full desires obtain,

Honour, Fame, &c.
But quench the choler you foment in vain.
From ancient blood th' Ausonian people

Miss K. Chastity was worship-
sprung,

ped as a goddess, and had her Sball keep their name, their habit, and their

temple: tongue; The Trojans to their customs shall be tied, She sits, her visage veil'd, her eyes concealed; I will myself their common rites provide, By marks like these was Chastity revealed. The natives shall command, the foreigners subside;

She is represented in the habit Avd sball be Latium, Troy without a name, of a Roman matron, in whom that And her lost sous forget from whence they virtue was supposed to reign in its

perfection. So Piety wears the

. It may be supposed, that, in this dress of the vestal virgins, who request to Juno, Virgil had a far- were the greatest and most shining ther' view than his commentatorsexamples of it. have discovered in it. He well In the gallery lately belonging knew, that his Æneid was founded to the Grand Duke of Florence, on a very doubtful story, and that there was a beautiful antique figure, the coming of Æneas to Italy was which some antiquaries call a Piety, not universally received among the and others a vestal virgin. The Romans themselves. Heknew also, |! woman, altar, and fire burning on

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