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Abuse and Mental Health Administration.

LEAA research has continued at

about $5M (a $3M drop from the FY 1978 high) and DOL has continued its

progra at a $2-3M level.

The major portion of funds from LEAA,

DOL, and NIE are not directed toward university-based, investigatorinitiated research in key disciplinary fields of social science.

Thus, they do not overlap extensively the NSF research emphases.

Although basic research at universities retained a share of the

growth during the 1977-1980 period, the average annual rate of increase vas vell under the cost-of-living. The increases were not distributed

uniformly acros fields. Three fields nade stable gains: anthropology ($3.5M to $6.7M), sociology ($7.8M to $10.3M), and political science

($2M to $3.2M).

Economics research averaged a 4.2% annual increase and

the "not elsewhere classified" category averaged 4.9%.

It should be

noted that in each of these major fields (except sociology) the

Foundation is unique in being the only agency that funds investigator

initiated research. Major funding in economics is contributed by DOA,

but this is strongly mission-oriented, non-competitive, and limited to

intramural researchers and those at land grant institutions.

The

Smithsonian Institucion provides support for anthropology, but this is exclusively intramural. For political science, NSF provides essentially

100% of the available research funds.

In summary, NSF funding is vital if we are to maintain a strong

scientific effort in the social and economic fields of research.

APPENDIX

SUMMARY

Allocations of FY 1981 Request

Physiology, Cellular, and Molecular Biology will be increased by

11.1 percent to a total of $74.8 million.

Research in these areas in

the broadest sense represents the forefront of modern (cell) biology

and is moving into an era in which there are likely to be extensive and

rapid coumerical exploitation of the findings.

Instrumentation needs

for these fields continue to be great.

In addition, there is a special

need for advancing studies of cells, cell organelles, and their

functions through techniques that employ immunochemical and recombinant

DNA methods.

Consistent with the explosively advancing developments,

the research activity of this unit remains the largest in the Directorate.

The primary concentrations are on genetic, biochemical, and physiological

properties and functions of living organisms.

Environmental Biology includes the core of the activity most

traditionally associated with biological research.

We request an

increase of about $3 million for these programs in FY 1981 to bring

the total to $40.7 million.

The program will stress research on

(1) nutrient cycling, including the role of the terrestrial biomass

in regulating the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, and the

effects of acid rain on biological productivity, (2) the biology of

tropics where biota of immense scientific and practical interest

are abundant but fast disappearing, (3) long-term ecological research,

and facilities for improved field research capability--essential

components for research in all fields of environmental biology.

I - 2

For the Behavioral and Neural Sciences, we request an increase of

9.2 percent for a total of $38.7 million.

Major emphases of recent

years will continue in neuroscience where fundamental and long-standing

questions about the central nervous system and sensory processes are

yielding answers in unprecedented ways--in particular as we unravel

mechanisms of the neural function.

Key areas to emphasize include the

chemical senses, model invertebrate systems, and the roles of hormones

and neuropeptides. NSF will continue to fund anthropology across its

specialized subareas with particular attention to the study of human

origins. Studies on the development of behavior and of "information processing" that occurs as neural activity proceeds through levels of

the central nervous system will be maintained at current levels.

The increase for research in Social and Economic Science represents

the smallest increase, 6.1 percent or approximately $1.6 million to

raise the research to $27.8 million.

These funds will enable a

continued emphasis on the development of theory, methods, and data

resources. Areas to be highlighted are studies of economic instability,

inflation and employment, both domestic and international; and studies

of allocation processes, decision rules, management behavior, and

dispute resolution particularly in large organizations in business and

government.

BIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

Obligations by Subactivity and Program Element

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Tow

3,003,703

$2.050.000

S07 104,000

$40.700.000

19.03.600

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NOTE:

Broken lincs are based on an al percent inclacion race in 1980.

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