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Abuse and Mental Health Administration.
LEAA research has continued at
about $5M (a $3M drop from the FY 1978 high) and DOL has continued its
progra at a $2-3M level.
The major portion of funds from LEAA,
DOL, and NIE are not directed toward university-based, investigatorinitiated research in key disciplinary fields of social science.
Thus, they do not overlap extensively the NSF research emphases.
Although basic research at universities retained a share of the
growth during the 1977-1980 period, the average annual rate of increase vas vell under the cost-of-living. The increases were not distributed
uniformly acros fields. Three fields nade stable gains: anthropology ($3.5M to $6.7M), sociology ($7.8M to $10.3M), and political science
($2M to $3.2M).
Economics research averaged a 4.2% annual increase and
the "not elsewhere classified" category averaged 4.9%.
It should be
noted that in each of these major fields (except sociology) the
Foundation is unique in being the only agency that funds investigator
initiated research. Major funding in economics is contributed by DOA,
but this is strongly mission-oriented, non-competitive, and limited to
intramural researchers and those at land grant institutions.
Smithsonian Institucion provides support for anthropology, but this is exclusively intramural. For political science, NSF provides essentially
100% of the available research funds.
In summary, NSF funding is vital if we are to maintain a strong
scientific effort in the social and economic fields of research.
Allocations of FY 1981 Request
Physiology, Cellular, and Molecular Biology will be increased by
11.1 percent to a total of $74.8 million.
Research in these areas in
the broadest sense represents the forefront of modern (cell) biology
and is moving into an era in which there are likely to be extensive and
rapid coumerical exploitation of the findings.
for these fields continue to be great.
In addition, there is a special
need for advancing studies of cells, cell organelles, and their
functions through techniques that employ immunochemical and recombinant
Consistent with the explosively advancing developments,
the research activity of this unit remains the largest in the Directorate.
The primary concentrations are on genetic, biochemical, and physiological
properties and functions of living organisms.
Environmental Biology includes the core of the activity most
traditionally associated with biological research.
We request an
increase of about $3 million for these programs in FY 1981 to bring
the total to $40.7 million.
The program will stress research on
(1) nutrient cycling, including the role of the terrestrial biomass
in regulating the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, and the
effects of acid rain on biological productivity, (2) the biology of
tropics where biota of immense scientific and practical interest
are abundant but fast disappearing, (3) long-term ecological research,
and facilities for improved field research capability--essential
components for research in all fields of environmental biology.
I - 2
For the Behavioral and Neural Sciences, we request an increase of
9.2 percent for a total of $38.7 million.
Major emphases of recent
years will continue in neuroscience where fundamental and long-standing
questions about the central nervous system and sensory processes are
yielding answers in unprecedented ways--in particular as we unravel
mechanisms of the neural function.
Key areas to emphasize include the
chemical senses, model invertebrate systems, and the roles of hormones
and neuropeptides. NSF will continue to fund anthropology across its
specialized subareas with particular attention to the study of human
origins. Studies on the development of behavior and of "information processing" that occurs as neural activity proceeds through levels of
the central nervous system will be maintained at current levels.
The increase for research in Social and Economic Science represents
the smallest increase, 6.1 percent or approximately $1.6 million to
raise the research to $27.8 million.
These funds will enable a
continued emphasis on the development of theory, methods, and data
resources. Areas to be highlighted are studies of economic instability,
inflation and employment, both domestic and international; and studies
of allocation processes, decision rules, management behavior, and
dispute resolution particularly in large organizations in business and
BIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
Obligations by Subactivity and Program Element