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I am most pleased to note some real growth in the Federal support

of scientific research since fiscal year 1975, even taking

inflation into account.

Most importantly, the President

this year has proposed a budget that provides a substantial

increase for the NSF program and for research programs of many

other Federal agencies.

I urge you to consider authorizing

the total budget for NSF as requested by the President.

Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the President's support of science and technology as demonstrated by his personal presentation on January 14, 1980, of the National Medal of Science, our highest national scientific award, to

20 distinguished scientists and engineers.

Eleven of these

persons at one time or another have received NSF support.

The Board has also developed the concept of the science

indicator reports, which are similar to the Nation's valuable

economic and social indicator reports.

This series of reports

has evolved into the acceptable and useful form with which

you are

now familiar.

As you know, the President transmitted

the latest of these reports, Science Indicators--1978, to

the Congress on November 19, 1979, with a message commending

it to your attention. The Board is continually expanding and refining the science indicator series in order to describe quantitatively better the condition of science, research, and technology in the United States.

During these past 12 years the Committee on Science and

Technology has made major contributions to the scientific

and technological enterprise of this Nation.

Among many

other accomplishments, it has guided and overseen this Nation's

exploration of outer space, the development of energy research

activities, and the improvement of science education.

In 1968 the Committee was chaired by the distinguished gentleman

from California, Representative George P. Miller.

He took a

special interest in NSF activities, including inspecting

certain national centers supported by NSF (among which were

the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, Kitt

Peak National Observatory in Tucson, Arizona, and the National

Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado).


was succeeded by another of my fellow Texans, Representative

olin E. Teague.

The Committee's efforts are

now directed by

Representative Don Fuqua (D.-Fla.).

Members of the Committee on Science and Technology, notably

members of this Subcommittee, have familiarized themselves

with many NSF activities and facilities, including the U. S.

Antarctic Research Program (USARP). That ice-covered continent,

has a great potential for the world in terms of international

cooperation, weather prediction, natural resources, and

other aspects.

Most recently, Representative John W. Wydler

(R.-N.Y.) of the full Committee was

a member of the group

late last year which commemorated the 50th anniversary of

Admiral Richard E. Byrd's first flight over the South Pole.

My colleagues on the Board appreciate the special interest

evidenced by Committee Members in NSF programs and activities.

Dr. Hackerman and I have also seen many changes in the roles

and relationships of the National Science Foundation, which

according to the NSF Act consists of the "National Science

Board. . . and a Director."

Over the years numerous individuals

have served on the National Science Board, representing in


manner every aspect of the scientific, educational, and

engineering communities.

Many of these people have also

been widely active in public affairs.

We have served with four of the five directors, who are,


you know, ex officio Members of the Board.

Each Director

has played a significant, but different role vis-a-vis the


It has been my experience that the relationships

between the Board and the respective Directors have been

very good.

They appear to be especially close with the

incumbent, Dr. Richard C. Atkinson, whom we consider to be

an outstanding "chief executive officer" of the Foundation.

I think that the inccements in the NSF activities the past

few years are due in part to the confidence of the Administration

and the Board in the Foundation's able Director and his staff,

as well as to the important help of this and other congressional


Although the principal role of the Board is that of policy

making, including counsel and guidance to the Director,

an important aspect of the activities of Board Members is

their relationship and liaison with the Congress, the Office

of Management and Budget, as well as the scientific, educational,

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brought to bear on the issues and problems considered in

the Board's wide-ranging deliberations.

Some elements of the world population have criticized science and technology and have attempted to blame them

The responsibility lies

for many of our present problems.

not with science and technology, but rather on how people

have utilized the fruits of science and technology.


generated by their misuse, as well as

numerous other problems,

appear to me,

as a scientist, to be solvable through better

utilization of existing scientific knowledge and the development

of new knowledge.

These problems cannot be resolved by

withdrawal or by ignoring the problems.

Shortly after I was appointed to the National Science Board the

appropriation of the National Science Foundation amounted

to about $400 million in 1969.

Since then, the budget and

the breadth of the NSF programs have grown substantially.

As you know, the President's Budget for fiscal year 1981

contains a request of $1.148 billion for NSF, almost triple

of that 12 years ago.

In 1968, for example, NSF funded only the research portion

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13 laboratories for materials research, funds a major submicron

research facility at Cornell University, and performs

a list too long to name here of other major responsibilities

as described in our budget request and as authorized by the


I would like to conclude by emphasizing that the Foundation's

budget estimates and proposed programs for fiscal year 1981

have been fully endorsed by the National Science Board.


Committee on Budget, in consultation with the NSF staff,

examines program proposals, studies the balance among NSF

activities, and recommends priorities to the Board.


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