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Dr. MURRAY. I have a few other remarks. There are two notices for congressional fellowships in that same issue of EOS on that same page.
I think the ocean margin drilling program represents a logical continuation of what has been called the deep sea drilling program. It allows us to investigate the last large area in the world, in the oceanic areas, about which we know the least.
It has great scientific potential, and that scientific potential in my judgment could move us into the area of what some people, at least, would call applied research in seeking new mineral resources.
I would like to compliment the committee on the support it has given to the scientific and technological enterprises in the Nation. Many members of this committee, including Mr. Miller, Mr. Fuqua, and others of those among you, have kept themselves well acquainted with the activities and the large programs of the National Science Foundation.
You have indicated your interest quite positively in your recent historical report of your committee, "Toward the Endless Frontier.” I think it is very well done, and I compliment the committee on its interest and on the manner in which it has presented this report for public consumption.
I should note that Dr. Hackerman and I have served with four of the five Directors of the National Science Foundation during our tenure on the Board. Each Director has played a somewhat different role in relationship to the Board.
I particularly want to note that we consider Dr. Atkinson, the incumbent, an outstanding “chief executive officer” of the National Science Foundation, and our relations with him have been extremely good.
Mr. Chairman, some elements of the world population have criticized science and technology and blamed them for many of our current problems. I would observe that the responsibility does not lie in science and technology per se, but rather in the way in which man has used science and technology.
It is my judgment that these problems can only be solved with the development of new knowledge and the application of that knowledge. We certainly cannot solve them by ignoring them.
I would conclude my remarks by emphasizing that the Foundation's budget estimates and proposed programs for fiscal year 1981 have been fully endorsed by the National Science Board. Our Committee on the Budget, in consultation with the National Science Foundation staff, examines program proposals, studies the balance among National Science Foundation activities and recommends priorities to the Board: subsequently, the full Board considers and acts upon these recommendations.
Finally, I want to express my personal appreciation and that of my colleagues on the National Science Board to this committee for its continued understanding and support of science, science education, and engineering through the National Science Foundation.
We urge you to provide the full authorization for the National Science Foundation for the fiscal years 1981 and 1982, as proposed by Dr. Atkinson.
Thank you, sir.
STATEMENT OF DR. GROVER E. MURRAY
VICE CHAIRMAN, NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD
COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
February 5, 1980
Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee:
It is a sincere privilege to appear before your Committee today
in support of the authorization for fiscal years 1981 and 1982
of the National Science Foundation (NSF).
It is a distinct
personal pleasure for me since this event culminates my
twelfth year on the National Science Board (NSB).
first appointed by my fellow Texan, President Lyndon B. Johnson, in 1968 and reappointed in 1974 by President Gerald R. ford.
Hence, I have had the privilege of serving under two Democratic
administrations and two Republican administrations. I deeply appreciate their enhancement of the welfare of mankind through
the support of science and technology, a situation reflective
of the impartiality and universality of the scientific endeavor.
During 10 of those 12 years it was my honor to be represented
in the Congress by your former fellow Member, Representative
George H. Mahon, from Lubbock, Texas, the distinguished former Chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations.
you know, Representative Mahon deeply appreciated the central role
of science and technology in our Nation, and he was generous in
his counsel to me
as a Member of the National Science Board
regarding the potential contributions and the role of the
NSF in using science, engineering, and technology to improve
our way of life.
My district is now represented by the able Representative
Kent R. Hance, a former member of the faculty at Texas Tech
University at the time I served as its President.
As Dr. Norman Hackerman, the Chairman of the National Science
Board, informed the full Committee on Science and Technology on
January 30, 1980, he and I will conclude our second terms on
the Board in May of this year.
It has been a particular
privilege for each of us to have been associated with the NSF during this period of rapid change and growth. of the 116 persons appointed to the National Science Board by the
President, with confirmation by the United States Senate,
I understand that we
are the 16th and 17th persons to
be fortunate enough to have been reappointed to a second term.
As you know, the National Science Foundation was created by
an act passed by the Congress just 30 years ago.
that time it has made a substantial contribution to science,
engineering, and science education in this Nation.
result of subsequent actions of the Congress in appropriating
monies, thousands of young scientists have received funds
to enable them to pursue their chosen careers and many more
established scientists have received support for their
The original NSF Act assigned to the National Science Board
the responsibility for establishing policy for the Foundation,
Indeed, the Board devotes the majority of its time fulfilling
this role, through the development of the budget requests, new and revised programs, and the consideration of specific transactions with policy implications. I commend to you
the Chairman's statement of January 30, 1980, to the
Committee on Science and Technology containing details on
the Board's activities.
When Dr. Hackerman and I were appointed to the Board in 1968,
the Congress had just passed the amendments to the NSF Act
proposed by this Subcommittee under the direction of
Representative Emilio Q. Daddario (D.-Conn.).
actions, those amendments clarified and expanded the Board's
The amendments also granted a new opportunity for
and responsibility to the Board--that of submitting an
annual report on the status and health of science to
We have participated in
the Congress via the President.
the submission of twelve such NSB reports, beginning with
Toward a Public Policy for Graduate Education in the Sciences
prepared by a Board committee chaired by Dr. Philip Handler, currently President of the National Academy of Sciences.
I have served on three of the Board report committees
and as Chairman of the Committee on the 10th NSB Report
which prepared Basic Research in the Mission Agencies.
that report the Board examined and reaffirmed its long-standing
support of plurality in support of research through encouragement
of the mission agencies of the Federal Government to maintain
strong basic research programs in areas that have the potential
of contributing to their objectives.
In this regard the President's fiscal year 1981 Budget to this
Congress proposes several relatively large increases for
agencies to expand the knowledge base as well as
critical national problems--e.g., Department of Energy,
Department of Defense, the Department of Agriculture, in addition to a proposed increase for the NSF. In his Budget
Message on January 28, 1980, the President stated that:
The payoff, particularly for basic research, is