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Dr. MURRAY. I have a few other remarks. There are two notices for congressional fellowships in that same issue of EOS on that same page.

I think the ocean margin drilling program represents a logical continuation of what has been called the deep sea drilling program. It allows us to investigate the last large area in the world, in the oceanic areas, about which we know the least.

It has great scientific potential, and that scientific potential in my judgment could move us into the area of what some people, at least, would call applied research in seeking new mineral resources.

I would like to compliment the committee on the support it has given to the scientific and technological enterprises in the Nation. Many members of this committee, including Mr. Miller, Mr. Fuqua, and others of those among you, have kept themselves well acquainted with the activities and the large programs of the National Science Foundation.

You have indicated your interest quite positively in your recent historical report of your committee, "Toward the Endless Frontier.” I think it is very well done, and I compliment the committee on its interest and on the manner in which it has presented this report for public consumption.

I should note that Dr. Hackerman and I have served with four of the five Directors of the National Science Foundation during our tenure on the Board. Each Director has played a somewhat different role in relationship to the Board.

I particularly want to note that we consider Dr. Atkinson, the incumbent, an outstanding “chief executive officer” of the National Science Foundation, and our relations with him have been extremely good.

Mr. Chairman, some elements of the world population have criticized science and technology and blamed them for many of our current problems. I would observe that the responsibility does not lie in science and technology per se, but rather in the way in which man has used science and technology.

It is my judgment that these problems can only be solved with the development of new knowledge and the application of that knowledge. We certainly cannot solve them by ignoring them.

I would conclude my remarks by emphasizing that the Foundation's budget estimates and proposed programs for fiscal year 1981 have been fully endorsed by the National Science Board. Our Committee on the Budget, in consultation with the National Science Foundation staff, examines program proposals, studies the balance among National Science Foundation activities and recommends priorities to the Board: subsequently, the full Board considers and acts upon these recommendations.

Finally, I want to express my personal appreciation and that of my colleagues on the National Science Board to this committee for its continued understanding and support of science, science education, and engineering through the National Science Foundation.

We urge you to provide the full authorization for the National Science Foundation for the fiscal years 1981 and 1982, as proposed by Dr. Atkinson.

Thank you, sir.
[The prepared statement of Dr. Murray follows:]




February 5, 1980

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee:

It is a sincere privilege to appear before your Committee today

in support of the authorization for fiscal years 1981 and 1982

of the National Science Foundation (NSF).

It is a distinct

personal pleasure for me since this event culminates my

twelfth year on the National Science Board (NSB).

I was

first appointed by my fellow Texan, President Lyndon B. Johnson, in 1968 and reappointed in 1974 by President Gerald R. ford.

Hence, I have had the privilege of serving under two Democratic

administrations and two Republican administrations. I deeply appreciate their enhancement of the welfare of mankind through

the support of science and technology, a situation reflective

of the impartiality and universality of the scientific endeavor.

During 10 of those 12 years it was my honor to be represented

in the Congress by your former fellow Member, Representative

George H. Mahon, from Lubbock, Texas, the distinguished former Chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations.


you know, Representative Mahon deeply appreciated the central role

of science and technology in our Nation, and he was generous in

his counsel to me

as a Member of the National Science Board

regarding the potential contributions and the role of the

NSF in using science, engineering, and technology to improve

our way of life.

My district is now represented by the able Representative

Kent R. Hance, a former member of the faculty at Texas Tech

University at the time I served as its President.

As Dr. Norman Hackerman, the Chairman of the National Science

Board, informed the full Committee on Science and Technology on

January 30, 1980, he and I will conclude our second terms on

the Board in May of this year.

It has been a particular

privilege for each of us to have been associated with the NSF during this period of rapid change and growth. of the 116 persons appointed to the National Science Board by the

President, with confirmation by the United States Senate,

I understand that we

are the 16th and 17th persons to

be fortunate enough to have been reappointed to a second term.

As you know, the National Science Foundation was created by

an act passed by the Congress just 30 years ago.


that time it has made a substantial contribution to science,

engineering, and science education in this Nation.

As a

result of subsequent actions of the Congress in appropriating

monies, thousands of young scientists have received funds

to enable them to pursue their chosen careers and many more

established scientists have received support for their


The original NSF Act assigned to the National Science Board

the responsibility for establishing policy for the Foundation,

Indeed, the Board devotes the majority of its time fulfilling

this role, through the development of the budget requests, new and revised programs, and the consideration of specific transactions with policy implications. I commend to you

the Chairman's statement of January 30, 1980, to the

Committee on Science and Technology containing details on

the Board's activities.

When Dr. Hackerman and I were appointed to the Board in 1968,

the Congress had just passed the amendments to the NSF Act

proposed by this Subcommittee under the direction of

Representative Emilio Q. Daddario (D.-Conn.).

Among other

actions, those amendments clarified and expanded the Board's


The amendments also granted a new opportunity for

and responsibility to the Board--that of submitting an

annual report on the status and health of science to

We have participated in

the Congress via the President.

the submission of twelve such NSB reports, beginning with

Toward a Public Policy for Graduate Education in the Sciences

prepared by a Board committee chaired by Dr. Philip Handler, currently President of the National Academy of Sciences.

I have served on three of the Board report committees

and as Chairman of the Committee on the 10th NSB Report

which prepared Basic Research in the Mission Agencies.


that report the Board examined and reaffirmed its long-standing

support of plurality in support of research through encouragement

of the mission agencies of the Federal Government to maintain

strong basic research programs in areas that have the potential

of contributing to their objectives.

In this regard the President's fiscal year 1981 Budget to this

Congress proposes several relatively large increases for

agencies to expand the knowledge base as well as

to address

critical national problems--e.g., Department of Energy,

Department of Defense, the Department of Agriculture, in addition to a proposed increase for the NSF. In his Budget

Message on January 28, 1980, the President stated that:

The payoff, particularly for basic research, is
long-term, but immense. We benefit today--in
new industries, in millions of jobs, in lives
saved, and in lives protected--from the
investments in science made decades ago. We
must continue such investments today to reap
similar returns tomorrow.

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