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APPROPRIATION BILL FOR 1942

HEARINGS

BEFORE

SUBCOMMITTEES OF THE
M.S. Congra. COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS,

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

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4924 A1 19429

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia JOHN TABER, New York LOUIS LUDLOW, Indiana

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts MALCOLM C. TARVER, Georgia

WILLIAM P. LAMBERTSON, Kansas
JED JOHNSON, Oklahoma

D. LANE POWERS, New Jersey
J. BUELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania J. WILLIAM DITTER, Pennsylvania
EMMET O'NEAL, Kentucky

ALBERT E. CARTER, California
GEORGE W. JOHNSON, West Virginia ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania
JAMES G. SCRUGHAM, Nevada

CHARLES A. PLUMLEY, Vermont JAMES M. FITZPATRICK, New York EVERETT M. DIRKSEN, Illinois LOUIS C. RABAT'T, Michigan

ALBERT J. ENGEL, Michigan DAVID D. TERRY, Arkansas

KARL STEFAN, Nebraska JOHN M. HOUSTON, Kansas

FRANCIS H. CASE, South Dakota JOE STARNES, Alabama

FRANK B. KEEFE, Wisconsin
ROSS A. COLLINS, Mississippi

NOBLE J. JOHNSON, Indiana
CHARLES H. LEAVY, Washington ROBERT F. JONES, Ohio
JOSEPH E. CASEY, Massachusetts
JOHN H. KERR, North Carolina
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas
HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California
BUTLER B. HARE, South Carolina
HARRY P. BEAM, Illinois
ALBERT THOMAS, Texas
VINCENT F. HARRINGTON, Iowa
JOE HENDRICKS, Florida

MARCELLUS C. SHEILD, Clerk

JOINT SESSIONS

OF THE SUBCOMMITTEES ON DEFICIENCY AND WAR DEPARTMENT

APPROPRIATIONS

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEFICIENCIES

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia JOHN TABER, New York LOUIS LUDLOW, Indiana

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts
J. BU'ELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania WILLIAM P. LAMBERTSON, Kansas
EMMET O'NEAL, Kentucky

J. WILLIAM DITTER, Pennsylvania
GEORGE W. JOHNSON, West Virginia
LOUIS C. RABAL'T, Michigan
JED JOHNSON, Oklahoma

SUBCOMMITTEE ON WAR DEPARTMENT APPROPRIATIONS

J. BUELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania, Chairman DAVID D. TERRY, Arkansas

D. LANE POWERS, New Jersey JOE STARNES, Alabama

ALBERT J. ENGEL, Michigan
ROSS A. COLLINS, Mississippi

FRANCIS H. CASE, South Dakota
JOHN H. KERR, North Carolina
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas

II

THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

FEB 11 1942 nevoM OF DOCUMENTS

FOURTH SUPPLEMENTAL NATIONAL DEFENSE

APPROPRIATION, 1942

HEARINGS CONDUCTED AT A JOINT SESSION OF THE SUBCOM

MITTEES OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, IN CHARGE OF DEFICIENCY AND WAR DEPARTMENT APPROPRIATIONS: MESSRS. CLARENCE CANNON (CHAIRMAN), CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, LOUIS LUDLOW, J. BUELL SNYDER (CHAIRMAN, WAR DEPARTMENT SUBCOMMITTEE), EMMET O'NEAL, GEORGE W. JOHNSON, LOUIS C. RABAUT, JED JOHNSON, DAVID D. TERRY, JOE STARNES, ROSS A. COLLINS, JOHN H. KERR, GEORGE H. MAHON, JOHN TABER, RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, WILLIAM P. LAMBERTSON, D. LANE POWERS, J. WILLIAM DITTER, ALBERT J. ENGEL, AND FRANCIS H. CASE; ALSO PRESENT, JAMES G. SCRUGHAM (CHAIRMAN), SUBCOMMITTEE ON NAVAL APPROPRIATIONS; ON THE DAY FOLLOWING, NAMELY:

TUESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1942.

WAR DEPARTMENT

AIR CORPS

STATEMENTS OF LT. GEN. H. H. ARNOLD, DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF

FOR AIR; BRIG. GEN. 0. P. ECHOLS, ASSISTANT FOR PROCUREMENT SERVICES; COL. L. W. MILLER, AIR CORPS; T. P. WRIGHT, OFFICE OF PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT; COL. C. G. HELMICK, GENERAL STAFF; COL. G. J. RICHARDS, GENERAL STAFF; AND LT. COL. R. S. MOORE, FINANCE DEPARTMENT

The CHAIRMAN. A joint meeting is being held of the War Department and Deficiency Subcommittees to consider the Budget estimate that has been sent up here by the President in House Document No. 567 for a new Air Corps program. We are having both subcommittees meet on this estimate in order that we may have present the men who are most familiar with the subject matter, because this is a grave responsibility.

This is the largest estimate for war equipment ever submitted to any committee or any Congress in the history of the world, and it involves the greatest dislocation, readjustment, and conversion of industry that the country has ever seen.

We trust, on account of the extremely confidential nature of the subject matter, that everyone present will be appreciative of the necessity that the evidence given here shall be regarded as highly confidential.

1

We will ask the witnesses to determine what, in their opinion, shall go in the record; and if at any time they are about to give testimony which they think should not go into the record, all that it is necessary for them to do is to indicate to the reporter to lift his pen, and that portion of the testimony will not be recorded. A transcript of the testimony given for the record will be submitted to the witness, and the War Department will be free to eliminate anything judged best to be omitted.

We will hear the statements of the witnesses without interruption and ask members to refrain from putting questions until the conclusion of the witnesses' statements and not to interrupt other members during the course of their examination. May I suggest that if any question occurs to a member concerning a matter which he thinks should be further explored, to make a note of it, and in due time the member will be given an opportunity to ask his questions.

The estimate submitted is in five items, providing for planes, production facilities for planes, armament, equipment, and ammunition, to a total amount of $12,525,872,474. A copy of the estimate will be inserted in the record at this point. (The estimate is as follows:)

THE WHITE HOUSE,

Washington, January 16, 1942. The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith for the consideration of Congress five emergency supplemental estimates of appropriations, totaling $12,525,872,474, fiscal year 1942, to remain available until June 30, 1943, for the military activities of the War Department.

The details of these supplemental estimates of appropriations, the necessity therefor, and the reasons for their submission at this time are set forth in the letter of the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, transmitted herewith, with whose comments and observations I concur. Respectfully,

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT,

BUREAU OF THE BUDGET,

Washington, D. C., January 16, 1942. The PRESIDENT,

The White House. SIR: I have the honor to submit for your consideration five emergency supplemental estimates of appropriations, totaling $12,525,872,474, fiscal year 1942, to remain available until June 30, 1943, for the military activities of the War Department, as follows:

WAR DEPARTMENT

MILITARY ACTIVITIES For additional amounts for the Military Establishment, fiscal year 1942, to remain available until June 30, 1943, to be supplemental to, and merged with, the appropriations under the same heads in the Military Appropriation Act, 1942, including the objects and subject to the limitations and conditions specified under said heads, respectively, in said act, as follows:

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR Expediting production: For expediting production of equipment and supplies for national defense__

$933,000,000

SIGNAL CORPS

Signal Service of the Army: For Signal Service of the Army--

680, 242, 180

AIR CORPS

Air Corps, Army: For Air Corps, Army----

$9, 041, 373, 090

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT

Ordnance Service and Supplies, Army: For Ordnance Service

and Supplies, Army--Chemical Warfare Service, Army: For Chemical Warfare Seryice, Army

1, 547, 948, 529

323, 308, 675

Total----

12, 525, 872, 474

GENERAL PROVISION

Whenever the President deems it to be in the interest of national defense, he may authorize the Secretary of War to sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States, any defense article procured from funds appropriated herein for the Military Establishment, in accordance with the provisions of the act of March 11, 1941 (Public Law 11): Provided, That the total value of articles disposed of under this authority shall not exceed $4,000,000,000.

The purposes of the foregoing supplemental estimates of appropriations are to provide for the further strengthening of the national defense in accordance with the general objectives heretofore approved by you.

The foregoing supplemental estimates of appropriations are to provide for contingencies which have arisen since the transmission of the Budget for the fiscal year 1942. I recommend that they be submitted to Congress. Very respectfully,

HAROLD D. SMITH, Director of the Bureau of the Budget.

GENERAL STATEMENT

The CHAIRMAN. We have with us General Arnold, who will discuss the general features of this estimate. We also have with us, and will have with us, the heads of other branches who will be able to discuss any phase of the matter in which the committee may be interested.

Will you give us a statement at this time on this estimate, General Arnold

General ARNOLD. Mr. Chairman, it was my thought to submit a written statement, which I shall read. I realize that there will be many questions asked, and I think by that means we will be able to clear up in detail the different items as they are presented to you.

The offensive act on December 7, 1941, that suddenly thrust war upon us clearly demonstrated the vital importance of the air arm in our national defense. During the recent period of insecure peace the air force has been working logically step by step for the attainment of a state of preparedness compatible with our national policy as its objective. Our enemies, by their unprovoked and untimely attack, have interrupted our planned air-force augmentation. Now we are not only accelerating the attainment of our original state of preparedness, but we are also conducting combat operations and must concurrently build toward our offensive knock-out blow. Our enemies, with their clear aggressive policies, have the jump on us by having selected their own time for war and their own objectives for attack. By virtue of their national policies, they have long ago laid and pursued their plans for aggressive war. Now, we, by decisive action, must counteract the time advantage of the enemy.

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