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1073. On the 22d Khan Khanan set out in a boat from Shonga and arrived at Lahkigerh: there leaving Diler Khan to bring up the troops, and the rest of the presents, he embarked on the 20th. He reached SimJagerh at the end of the month ; on the fourth of Rejeb, he halted several days at Kajuli where a violent earthquake occurred, preceded by a loud noise in the mountains : the earthquake lasted half an hour-s-he left Kajuli on the 16th and arrived at Bandu opposite to Gohati. On the 14th of the month, Diler Khan marched with the remainder of the treasure. Khan Khanan arrived at Birtetala in Kuch Behar, where finding affairs in a disturbed slate, he appointed Asker Khan to the Government of the district, and moved towards Khizerpur where he died.

The author whom we have thus far followed, takes no further notice of the affairs of Asam : there is no doubt, however, that the subjugation of the country was limited by the presence of the imperial army, and although the Asamese may have learnt from it to respect the imperial boundaries, they continued to enjoy independance; neither were they molested by a foreign enemy, although distracted by internal dissensions, untill the Burman invasion.

Travels beyond the Himalaya,-continued..

From YARKAND TO KASHGAAR. .

( ترانول جا ش) The Custom station or Aurteng of Kerakul Jash

16 yols* (Jp). Half way or to Kokrebat (blas sas) we passed a number of stations called Keshlaks but from thence to the Custom house none occurred, except the remains of a mansion built by Abdullah Khan. The winter dwellings of the people of the country who during the summer months reside in tents were originally called by

*This term now first introduced is subsequently thus explained. Yol is a Turkish word, signifying originally road or way, but it has now come to designate à certain distance. One Yol is said by some to contain 360 Fawalik, and one Fawalik is equal to two Guz (or cubits) of Shahjehanabad; others say, that a Yol contains only 360. cubits, two of which in like manner make a Fawalik : 70 or 80 Yols form a moderate stage.

the name of Keshlak, and it has thence come to signify any village. At this station the passports of those going from Yarkand to Kasbghar are examined, and countersigned.

The Aurteng of Chemlun 40 yols. A good road: the passports are here again examined.

Aurteng of Tussaluh 50 yols, another Custom house station : several villages on the road.

Yengi Hissar : this is a city under the Chinese Government: two Chinese officers, and one Mohammedan preside over it: the name of the latter was Hakem Mahmud Beg: he is a kinsman of the Hakem of Cashgher.

Paichánd, a village, and custom house station, 90 Yols,

Cashgher, Ceno b) 90 yols. A well known city, where I arrived on the second day of the Mohurrem' in the year 1813 : we alighted at the house of Samijon, a Tashkend merchant, to whom we brought letters: the wife of the Hakem sent me a dressed skin, and a Jama of Khatai: the Hakem of Kashgher was named Yunas Beg. He had left the city to pay his respects to the Khan of Khatai on the 2nd Shaban, and settle the rate of tribute. Kasbgher pays six thousand Tangehs a month.

Mullah Nazr of Kashgher had accompained Secander Beg, the wang of the ruler of Kashgher, twice to Pekin, and had kept a register of the stages of his route. He allowed me to take a copy of his journal and added orally such observation as he recollected: the following account is derived from his information,

ROUTE FROM PEKIN TO KASHGHER.* [The account which Izzet Ullah received from his friend, the Mullah, presents so barren a list that it is with some hesitation, we offer it to our readers, and it is only inserted under an impression that it may be of some use to the geography of an extensive tract of country, very imperfectly known. There is no reason to question its general accuracy: we can trace the principal places on the whole of the route in D’Anville's Atlas derived from the surveys or information of the Jesuits: the provinces of China proper were actually measured by them, but they were compelled to rest contented with such materials, as the present route, and native reports, for the road from Shen Si to Kashgher : we shall point out such coincidences as we have been able to discover. Tr.]

[graphic]

* From the enumeration of his tours given in the commencement of the Journal, we had every reason to suppose this was Izzet Ullab's own.

50 لیی نعی

Probably the Leam heam of

Pekin ets. The capital of China, and the resideáce of the sovereign, whose title is Khan, and who belongs to the nation of Manchus The present monarch is named Cha Chateh ; he has been eighteen years on the throne : his father Cha tun reigned about ten years : his predecessor Ai Zin Khan was the emperor who wrested Kashgher aud other places from the power of the Khajehs. Yol, Langsang,

the map. Tr. Jo jo,

70 Tso cheou, Do. Tr. Be kha, Anshowi,

70 Yomtchien hie, Do. Tr. Bu din fun Jing tengi,

. .Pe keou ho

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Do
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جو جو "

بینا
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انشوي
50 برد بنفو

جنیندگی
45

د وشن
وان
45

وانگجو
60

.Pas ting fou Do

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. ,Wang do shen

,Wang ju '

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